Tactics of SAMBO Wrestling

By A. Kharlampiev
State Press, Moscow 1958
Translated by Scott Anderson* From the Author During the writing of this book, many training techniques and study aids were devised to portray a unified system to instruct the beginning SAMBist to reach the highest levels of athletic skill demonstrated by master SAMBists. SAMBO tactics seems to be a subject of interest to practitioners of other wrestling styles. However, SAMBO is a brilliant, ongoing experiment with so much more to be studied and developed. With pleasure, I thank my highly decorated and energetic fellows from the Moscow SAMBO Institute for their dedicated advice and criticism of this book. Introduction SAMBO tactics were born in the earliest forms of the national wrestling styles of the Soviet Union. With the advent of SAMBO itself, the studied and managed development of this wrestling style contributed greatly to wrestling tactics. As SAMBO skills and tactics matured, the sport grew and adopted a coherent scheme for development. Obviously, flaws in SAMBO training must be corrected by well designed training regimens or possible defeat is but a step away. Therefore, this book outlines tactics as an organic part of SAMBO wrestling to be linked with SAMBO techniques, excellent physical conditioning, and the strong will to win of the quality athlete. However, no one book can cover all of SAMBO. Finding an excellent coach or exemplary role model to guide one's training is the best means of exploiting the technical school's SAMBO curriculum. Distinguished wrestling performance demands that the SAMBist pay avid attention to the tactical portion of the curriculum. This is achieved by drilling the basic curriculum techniques and learning the ploys to convert these techniques into reliable skills that when executed in matches dissipate nervous energy, waste little energy in their execution, and defeat the opponent. Proper execution relies on learning the basic material, remaining vigilant for the opening to use the techniques, and possessing the firm and lasting will to win. Without this character and moral development, the SAMBist will lack these qualities to exploit his tactical knowledge. This book examines the tactics for the SAMBO wrestler to employ in his matches.


Chapter 1 The Standard Situation Chapter 2 The Offense (1)Gripping as Part of Offense (2)Breaking through the Opponets's Defensive Holds (3)Exploiting the Advantageous Moment for Offense (4)Expert Preparation to Attack for the Throw (5)Attack Combinations off a Throw Chapter 3 Enduring Pursuit to Clean Victory or Victory by Evident Advantage (1)Pursuit from Standing to the Hold Down (2) Pursuing the Successful Ploy to Develop the Throw (3)Achieving Ultimate Victory (4) Victory by Clear Advantage in a Short Time *Disclaimer and note about the translation from the translator: "Apparent textual errors are most likely not Anatoly Kharlampiev's fault but my own. I do not speak or read Russian. This translation was produced based on a English/Russian dictionary, a hand held translating computer, and my own imperfect knowledge of sombo."

Chapter 1
The Standard Situation
Basic SAMBO wrestling tactics are evident in the methods exemplified by master SAMBO technicians in their matches as they display their correct use and knowledge of SAMBO against opponents. Their techniques are streamlined and efficient, and their tactical planning is visible in each match. In the whole of SAMBO wrestling, there is victory based on systems and methods. To achieve this, the wrestler must be trained to fight well and to not train alone and just for him. The basics of SAMBO wrestling require knowledge of both offense and defense. Therefore logically, there must be training to support both aspects. Pursuing an opponent by pressing him with constant attack appears to be the most obvious plan toward victory on the mats. However, this method requires great energy and can be thwarted by good counter wrestling. The SAMBO wrestler must have several ploys ready to use against his opponent. He must show only what is needed for each basic plan and no more. Tactics may allow victory without great expenditures of energy or strength. Tactics demand that the SAMBist must:

Study his opponent for strengths and weaknesses


• •

Disguise his own intentions toward the opponent Manipulate the opponent into weaker defensive situations. The manipulation is where the tactics of SAMBO begin. In the well-controlled bout, the SAMBist uses the correct techniques at the best moments using the methodologies of his SAMBO system. He does what is needed to win and no more.

Basic match planning may involve some or all of the following tactics:
• • • • •

Sudden, surprise attacks Suppressing the opponent's ability to attack Harassing and wearing down the opponent and his defenses Distracting the opponent from his own match plan Luring the opponent into traps and set-ups for your own techniques.

Choosing the right attack plans allows the master SAMBist to enjoy many victories based on this technical and tactical SAMBO wrestling. Each wrestling strategy must have a distinct path to victory. 1. Offense- Put oneself into the match, finish off the adversary quickly and always demonstrate improvement in gaining the tactical advantages needed to win. Attack- Apply the SAMBO principles to the match and boldly take the initiative in the match to develop successful offense. Expend all efforts to attain clear and ultimate victory. 2. Active Wrestling- Strong SAMBO basics are needed to survive in competition while being in a position to harass and wear down a strong opponent. Active and technical SAMBO wrestling is needed to fight and negate the powerful opponent's strengths. The strong SAMBist's training and desire must be up to intercepting and negating the adversary's offensive initiatives while scheming on how best to defeat him. 3. During the match in SAMBO Wrestling- Determine what the desire and physical qualities of the adversary are. Study his strengths and skills demonstrated in his SAMBO techniques and tactics. Determine his abilities to be able to recognize the manner of his offense. 4. Against the Adept SAMBist- Reconnoiter the adversary. Determine your best techniques to use and camouflage their identity until the opportunity to strike presents itself. Tactical knowledge is often the means for creating this opportunity. If well done, the adversary will have no clue that the technique is being implemented. 5. Maneuver for the Attack- Initial SAMBO training provides the SAMBist with the techniques and defensive stances to position himself for offense by allowing him to exploit any flaws that appear in the opponent's defense. Intelligent SAMBO planning manifests itself in powerful wrestling demonstrated by experienced SAMBO veterans. True SAMBO reacts to the match environment adapting the tactics and techniques to fit the circumstances and the adversaries. For example, active defense often leads 3

1. Part of this effort requires that the SAMBist take the initiative to set the tempo for the fight.ensure SAMBO wrestling success by exploiting victory from a strong opponent's body by tactically moving him into a position of vulnerability for a series of techniques. this book expounds on various plans to combine techniques with tactics. not evident. pursuit. will to win. In turn. Wearing out the adversary is also an excellent and aggressive defensive ploy.ensure SAMBO wrestling success by distracting the opponent to promote breaking the adversary's concentration. Well planned SAMBO wrestling may be disguised. 4. the SAMBist arranges the match advantage that allows his opponent to fall into a tactical trap to initiate the winning techniques. This negates his strength or long instilled training to leave him unprepared for the SAMBist's attack. but it is the one condition always demonstrated by veteran SAMBists. Block off the opponent's offensive techniques and cause him to overestimate your strength. Method of Suppressing the Opponent-. Therefore. and ultimate victory. Force the opponent to hesitate and to lose his match plan. maneuverability.ensure SAMBO wrestling success by wearing down the opponent's strength to enable the SAMBist to equalize or even gain superior strength over an adversary who is physically stronger than the SAMBist. Method of Element of Surprise-. Method of Setting-Up the Opponent-. and experience of the adversary.to the chance to reconnoiter the adversary's prowess. abilities. 5. This will sap his will to win. This ploy works best with deception. Exploiting the element of surprise is a basic tenet of controlled wrestling with distinct applications to offense. Distraction may be employed in all aspects of controlling wrestling. 3. Suppressing the opponent's ability to attack is basic SAMBO wrestling. The means of inviting the adversary into the set-up applies universally and basically to a well-developed and controlled wrestling approach. The SAMBist then has the ability to set-up his advantages over his opponent to exploit what opportunities develop for victory throughout their competition. The plan should be laid out long before the opportunity for the technique occurs.the pursuit to ultimate victory in every SAMBO wrestling match. Techniques combined with varied plans of wrestling control adapt to the situation. 2. Appropriate levels of intricacy for the ploys correspond to the talents.ensure SAMBO wrestling success with very little effort or risk by taking advantage of the unprepared opponent. Making good use of good fighting methods.ensure SAMBO wrestling success by mentally unbalancing the opponent to make him lose and never recover his confidence. and well rehearsed ploys for set-ups. so that he is indecisive in his offense. this leads to time for determining the maneuvers and disguises for the set-ups needed to implement the proper offense. but other ploys may have to be exploited as part of controlled wrestling tactics. This is based on the SAMBist's training. Method of Distracting the Opponent-. It is part of the offense-. talent. and thus. 4 . Method of Wearing Down the Opponent-.

the SAMBist applies excellent defensive measures. If the opponent will not let the SAMBist win with mere defense. the SAMBist must exploit opportunities in secondary. Often. determination. so that the liability for defeat rests solely with the opponent. Controlled wrestling forces the opponent into weaker positions that present opportunities to defeat the adversary. in most cases. Controlled offensive wrestling requires excellent technical preparation coupled with strong physical and mental training. A common denominator in offense is vigilant pursuit and pressure for victory over an adversary. the SAMBist must take what opportunities come his way to best the adversary. and a belief in one's self. Offense demands courage. Then. There are basic methods for attack. so that he is both momentarily unprotected and unprepared to defend himself against an alert and ready SAMBist.gain advantage over the opponent for the fast victory. Powerful offense must also apply all methods of good SAMBO wrestling. what works best for one SAMBist is not always what works best for another. follow-up techniques generated by an opponent's inability to counter entirely or correctly a previous or feinted attack.Chapter 2 Offense Total Offense-. the adversary may be forced into committing himself strongly but inappropriately. By appearing to launch one technique while intending to use another. the spirit to win. The SAMBist must be aware of and act on the distinct opportunities available in secondary offensive efforts. Favorable outcomes derive from distraction if the opponent can be provoked into reacting to a feint or other ploy that sets up a powerful primary or secondary technique for the SAMBist. The SAMBist must be: • • • • • • Strong Quick Durable Untiring Supple And possessing unwavering alertness. There are many physical and moral qualities needed to sustain aggressive and controlled offense. 5 . it is evident that the formula dictated for controlled wrestling leading to fast victory necessitates pressing the attack on the adversary while using excellent gripping skills and maintaining excellent defense. Surprise secondary attacks achieve victory when the adversary has committed recklessly to countering the original offensive gambit. Of course. offense is the means to score points over the opponent. As a means to offense. Distraction can force the opponent from maintaining his own active offense. Consequently.

open him up for the moment of his defeat. direction. For instance. In deceptive offense. This is the way to go to war: carry the attack to the opponent. the adversary must do something immediately or risk defeat. may turn the advantage back to the opponent and force the SAMBist into a purely defensive position from which he cannot attack. as the adversary approaches. the SAMBist must use similar analysis to determine the proper ploy and technique for inflicting defeat on the opponent. Surprise. Grips as a Part of Offensive Ground Wrestling Grips and holds in ground wrestling strikingly serve to bolster the SAMBist's offense. the SAMBist must take into account distance. stamina. physical skills. and at the right time. By necessity. Gripping techniques are best used suddenly and by surprise if possible. This is based on both wrestlers' physiques. unanticipated grips and holds may be defensive ploys too but they are productive outside of the realm of defense for they contribute to the SAMBist's offense.to distract the opponent from implementing his own controlled wrestling. Lastly. Ploys that cause pain to the adversary are acceptable because they immediately sap the opponent's stamina and determination. When ready to attack. the SAMBist must determine correctly what the best method to unbalance the opponent is. Either case is unprofitable defensively and offensively. Another option is to seize the opponent's 6 . the exact technique (or series of techniques) most applicable to the offensive requirements. 1. Grip the opponent immediately in the fight right after the referee blows the whistle and immediately after a break in the action throughout the entire match. He must devise the most expedient means to break through the adversary's defensive wrestling grips and techniques. the technique strikes accurately and effectively because it was based on expert training and preparation. he must yield or be distracted from his controlled wrestling plan. the SAMBist determines from the vast array of SAMBO's arsenal of techniques. After this need is met. An experienced opponent is a wary fighter. and wrestling skills of the adversary before deciding on the best moment and opportunity for the attack. Holds for ground techniques also are designed and structured around ploys to be used on the opponent. attack with the technique dictated by the situation. apply a burst of speed to implement a high double leg takedown. and the SAMBist must seek out the ways to unbalance him-. Gripping as a Part of Offense Effortless and fluid gripping of the opponent contributes to strong offense and plays a crucial role in both standing wrestling and ground wrestling (mat work or "par terre"). As part of this analysis. and technical abilities. Poor choices when implemented. break down and through his defenses. SAMBO ground wrestling tactics are based on anticipating the opponent's methods and mannerisms.Always strive to find the advantage in the moment and the situation that exposes the flaws in the adversary's SAMBO wrestling. If the opponent finds himself in an unstable position.

Often. Once they are intercepted. He was confused by holds that advanced a right hand grip to his left sleeve while your left hand was able to execute many deceptive motions to scare and confuse him from attempting his own active holds for offense. surprise holds derive from firm.kurtka with one hand. From the onset. then each fighter must continue to work various ploys while actively working to wrest his own arm from the adversary's grips. he was finished off. the SAMBist can shift his right hand down to grip the opponent's belt to unbalance him. Seek to actively confuse the opponent about your offense. If the opponent draws back. attempt to move behind him and trip him to the mat. surprise holds on an adversary's arm. he was set-up to over extend him. For instance. take a right-handed grip that drives your right arm around your opponent's neck and implement a technique to throw him across your back. Coming to grips with the opponent should come conveniently out of the basic defensive grips made possible by immediately conceiving and implementing tactical ploys which set up the techniques to finish off the adversary. By forcing the adversary behind him by pulling on his belt. a left hand hold on a right-handed opponent's right arm. 2. All ploys should adapt to the opponent being fought. If both SAMBists attempt this same ploy. if the selected ploy and/or technique begins at the first tie-up with a right hand grip behind across and behind the opponent's neck while his left hand holds the adversary's right sleeve. As the adversary loses his balance. Note the following two facets of coming to grips: 1. secure grips where one fighter's arm or hand grabs the other fighter's arm or hand to guide him into a ploy that sets up a technique. immediately act to tie-up with the opponent at the very onset of the match by taking hold of the back of one of his arms with both of your hands (Russian Tie-up). the SAMBist may release the belt grip 7 . grabbing beneath his elbow permits attacks from many angles. the SAMBist can use his hold to throw the adversary around his legs. Then use a variety of leg attacks from the outside while noting how the adversary reacts. conduct holds that move the opponent around based on your grip beneath the sleeve surrounding his arm to move him into a risky position caused by your grip on his clothing. To consistently attain sudden. the SAMBist must transition from the interception to developing the ploy that will set up the hold and the sportive technique that finished off the adversary. If need be. This requires many attempted holds and grips against the opponent's feet and legs. When the opponent was off balanced. Coming to Grips-. For instance. At the proper moment. Coming to Grips-. grab onto his arm and execute a rolling scissors technique. Perhaps the SAMBist might grip the opponent under his elbow with one hand while gripping the front of his belt with the other hand. This why an opponent's techniques must be intercepted. generates many possible deceptive movements. For example. Another surprise left-handed grip attacks the opponent's left leg from the outside that the SAMBist was behind from the beginning.must be convenient and safe. To fluently and easily deceive the opponent with excellent gripping skills requires preparation and training. If the adversary extends forward. This is made possible by immediately conducting the tricks to set up the opponent. To attack both of the opponent's legs for a throw one might suddenly shift straight to the sport technique.with comfort and security begins with implementing the proper plan.

Consider next what new holds and methods are implemented efficiently to support the basic ploys that each SAMBist uses based on long and thorough training. At the optimum moment in the counter technique. By gripping the opponent's neck sleeve beneath the elbow from the onset of the encounter. Wrestling Holds Leading to Ground Attack Part of the offensive grips and tie-ups for ground wrestling begins. if the opponent attempts a hip throw across his left hip. The finishing technique is augmented completely by the opponent's disrupted balance. their ploys may not work in the determined match. This technique was strengthened by the combination of ploys and techniques that unbalanced the opponent. For conducting and emphasizing a ploy one need not only to use various grips and holds but a variety of methods as well to accomplish the ploy to finishing technique. the SAMBist can step back in front of his opponent and sweep his opponent's leg with his own right leg. he lands on his back. the SAMBist shifts his collar grip to the adversary's left elbow to strengthen his ploy. The SAMBist must select the ploy and lead the opponent into it. Left-hand grips to the opponent's right sleeve with the SAMBist's right arm on the adversary's collar or neck block out his left arm from offense and defense while leaving him open to attack. This is done as the opponent is unbalanced by shifting the SAMBist's right hand grip to the opponent's left sleeve just before sweeping his leg. The opponent was attacked from the onset and never could recover or implement ploys of his own. Feigned holds are expedient ploys to set up the basic groundwork to execute techniques needed to win. This also leaves the opponent open to sweeps from the SAMBist's left leg.to return to his neck hold while maintaining his sleeve grip to step into a right handed head and arm throw. with the advantages taken with the ploys and grips started during the standing portion of the match. For example. The attack carries on 8 . the SAMBist may again use the belt hold to unbalance the adversary to set up a foot sweep to the opponent's left leg.are those where a good SAMBist gains an advantage by appearing either injured or otherwise open to attack or too well protected from attack. The variety of prepared ploys allows a variety of holds that surprise and distract the opponent's attention from his fight. Feigned holds must be approached with common sense to develop the ploy best suited for the scenario. so that the opponent fears a danger to his position and reacts in what he believes is a strong defensive measure that afterwards turns out to be his undoing. Without these preparations. so that it improperly focuses the opponent's attention to hurt his offense by drawing him into a lapse in his defensive schemes or by causing him to hesitate in implementing his own offensive ploys. Feigned Holds-. One the opponent is unbalanced. the SAMBist may use his right collar grip to push back against the opponent's chest while his left hand maintains control of the opponent's right sleeve.

After this. Forget about your original hold until the opponent begins to release his hold on you. maneuver his arm to over extend his elbow between your legs (Fig 1). Swing your right leg over the opponent's chest and use your right hand to grip his wrist. the opponent cannot challenge your hold on his arm. The opponent must be distracted to divert his attention from the points of attack and to steer him unknowingly into the technique. you drew him into the transition for your attack. Using great force. If you want to secure a cross body arm lock. The opponent is lying on his back while you are on your knees beside his right flank.The distraction grip on the opponent's leg sets up the cross body arm lock. so that the element of surprise contributes to finishing off the opponent. simultaneously attack his arm while pressing the opponent with your legs by lying him down on his left side and using your left forearm to submit the opponent. That is why you must induce him to break off his defensive hold by feigning an attack to his near leg with your right hand.from standing to the ground to develop the control and domination for the groundwork. From this situation. Your opponent was beneath you and tried to hold you back from his side with his bent leg between your bodies. He is fending off your attempted submission hold by planting the shin of his bent near leg in your chest to block your attack. You may now release your leg attack as the grip is no longer needed. use your left hand to grip his uniform sleeve above his elbow. You moved to prop your right shin against his chest. If the movement is set-up properly and not overly elaborate in design. Your left arm's grip is aided in keeping his arm hostage by the pressure exerted by your right calf being scissored to your left shin to press against the far side of his chest. Universal necessity dictates conducting the tactical grips that disguise the attack. swing your left leg over his head to attack his neck and sit on your left buttock. This grip will not distract him from his defense. Plant your opponent's arm by your chin and quickly force your right shin to the opponent's far side and place your left foot on the other side of the adversary's head. you attempted your distraction hold with your right arm feigning a right ankle hold while your left hand gripped beneath the opponent's near sleeve. 9 . When the adversary is distracted sufficiently. the SAMBist must discern the grips needed for the attack to tighten up the ground attack. Fig 1. Quickly attack the opponent's arm with your left forearm. His elbow is over extended thanks to the fluent finish caused by the combination of your arms augmented by your legs. Here. In this case. Below are the examples of offensive grips for ground wrestling.

the SAMBist must meet and weaken the adversary's defenses to take the advantage to trick the opponent into being taken in by a ploy. your releasing maneuver can twist off his grip. to break through the opponent's defenses. Breaking through the Opponent's Defensive Holds To cross through the opponent's defensive grips. that the SAMBist consolidates is self-confidence in his victory while possibly panicking the opponent and sapping his will to win. rehearsed plan to implement effectively as the opportunity presents itself. To release the opponent's grip when facing him. Methods exist for breaking through an opponent's defenses-. Therefore. the SAMBist Must wear down the adversary's strong and secure defensive posture. use the element of surprise. the yanking motions or spurts of activity against the opponent are achieved to surprise him to weaken his grips by moving him backwards in one direction while strengthening your position facing him. the SAMBist must finish off the opponent by initiating his own grips to control the opponent's elbow. If the opponent grips your uniform on the sleeve. by smashing the opponent's defenses. Executing a swift and strong movement frees your arm. the opponent grips your sleeve beneath your elbow.whether the fighters are on their feet or down on the mat. It is then. In order to break through the defenses. Breaking through the opponent's defensive grips may require the SAMBist to push and pull at the adversary's grips or attack in spurts to twist out of defensive holds to permit an attack to follow. This permits the SAMBist to slip through even the talented and skilled adversary's defenses when the opening occurs. This counter should be a sudden upward and inward motion to release the attacking hold. If for example. 10 . the SAMBist needs an accurate. Simultaneously with this release movement. Breaching the Defenses of the Standing Adversary Offensive ploys to break through a standing opponent's defenses may be conducted by means of slipping past the blocking arms to close in on the opponent. you must press on to execute a downward release maneuver against his attacking arm. to exploit offensive ploys.2. or at least partial surprise. There exist numerous means of breaking through defensive holds when the SAMBist makes breaching opportunities by adjusting his own grips or better still. Slipping the Defensive Holds To gain opportunities to slip past defensive grips. by forcing the opponent to adjust his own grips.

If while facing the opponent. the driving motion of the arms must lead the opponent's arm downward and to the backside to exploit this retreat by the opponent by crouching and drop stepping into the opponent's hips to the adversary into a double leg throw (Fig 2). use the forearm to next hook up for a quick grip followed by the quick throw. This forearm bump must be executed close to the opponent's grip. the opponent can be thrown using suddenly applied holds. a grip on his uniform on the lapel. If the opponent's controlling grip is applied to a uniform breast or lapel. or clavicle can be used to drive or steer an opponent off balance. Grips that Catch the Opponent's Arms Easily capturing and restraining an opponent's arms plays a role in maintaining a defensive posture while biding time for the circumstances to defeat the opponent. his right hand grasps over left shoulder. The legs must be slightly squatting. If only one gripping hand is released. raise your left arm upwards inside the 11 . You may then use your arm to drive into his armpit. This requires turning to the right to drive with the hips. To frustrate the opponent until he may be scored upon requires advance planning and rehearsed ploys. To deal with the opponent's reaching in to grip you. The gripping hand drives and wraps over the opponent's wrist from below and inside. Fig 2 Breaking through a defensive grip with the clavicle grip counter to throw the opponent down the high double leg throw. After releasing his grip. If facing the opponent. If the opponent's controlling grip is on your back under one of the SAMBist's arms. get close with your goal being a counter grip upon either the uniform lapel or the chest itself by wrapping an arm under the adversary's gripping arm to restrain his attack. can slip him out of his preferred defensive position. collar. he evades and brings down the opponent for an abrupt finish with an upward bump and shove executed by the left forearm strike against the inside of the opponent's attacking arm. escape this hold with a brusque bump and shove with the left forearm over and sharply outward against the opponent's wrist and continue the motion upward.A counter grip on the opponent's uniform at the trunk or belt. In that moment.

the opponent must have his offense frustrated and his defenses broken down.not at the place that he expects and is prepared for. the opponent grabs your sleeve on either arm. In this case. but in another zone completely. drive into the opponent with your left forearm while gripping his right arm by the uniform near his armpit. Drop yourself downward to throw the opponent over your head with a propping shin in the abdomen (fig 3). Then. If while facing him. In order for the attack to occur.opponent's right arm to drive powerfully to take a left grip deep inside his right armpit. If the opponent uses a right hand grip on your lapel move your left hand beneath his right armpit. Approaching the opponent with an offense delivered obliquely reduces the width of quadrangle angles allowing safer approaches that permit slipping past the opponent's guard to trip him like felling a tree with a sweep behind his leg or with both hands attacking behind both knees. the relationship of the bodies has become a quadrangle with sharply obtuse angles. Your intent should be to close in at that moment by distorting the rectangle formed by the locked arms and torsos of both SAMBists. To make this happen. step forward and to the left on the left leg with great force to distort the opponent's grip to his right side. the SAMBist must close in with the opponent by means of a series of specialized approaches that lead to throws. Your right hand grips his clothes near his right armpit and you drive into him with your hips to decay his balance. the opponent cannot have a chance to defend himself because your dropping weight over extends his arms lowering his hands as well. Fig 3 Breakthrough defensive grips to catch the opponent's arm to throw him overhead with a shin planted in his abdomen. The opponent cannot restrain the SAMBist using his prior gripping arrangement and altitude in relation to his torso and center of balance. If the opponent grips your uniform sleeves for either or both arms. Form the standing rectangle 12 . Approaching the Opponent's Defensive Grips The skillful approach permits the SAMBist to break through the opponent's defenses-. For any attack to succeed. Instead of a rectangle. twist the fabric out of his grasp to deter him from closing in. twist out of his grasp to deny his offense while allowing you to close in on him by squatting downward and forward with a small step ahead.

Once locked in this position. a planned and well rehearsed attack can be employed successfully to submit the opponent. there is comfortable and easy access to double and single leg throws. Employ the strength of your back combined with your arms dragging against his left forearm to unlock his hands.the more obtuse the angles. move his locked hands forward of his torso and move your legs to wrap around and behind his grip but forward of his torso. use both of your hands to grip his left forearm and lie down by his left side. 13 . Therefore. As the hands separate apply a hyperextension on the elbow with help of the legs (Fig 4). or your own leg. the opponent cannot generate further defense much less mount an offense. Specialized grips must be employed against an opponent defending against the submission hold by locking his hands to prevent hyperextension of an arm. To gain the most extension against locked hands as a defensive hold. The techniques in this section will concern SAMBO techniques for unlocking the opponent's locked hands. even a strong opponent's gripped hands can be worn down. the defenses employed will be mainly to protect against submission holds. you may have to grip your own uniform. Usually. to gain leverage. after the grip breaks. Fig 4 Breaking locked hands for applying a hyperextension of the elbow with the help of the legs in the hold. By maintaining our hips and hands at about the same altitude as the opponent's hips. Guide your right forearm between his locked hands and drive your left foot sole into his ribs and underneath his body to the other side. Here. your opponent's uniform. In the following paragraphs there will be examples of how to put in motion breaking through the opponent's defensive grips while wrestling on the mat. the better. If you find yourself on the mat by the opponent's left side with his hands locked with his forearms and knees planted firmly against the mat. Breaking through Defensive Grips in Ground Wrestling (Par Terre) When wrestling near the ground. attack begins by converting the rectangle to a quadrangle-.defined by the arms and trunks for the SAMBists down to the mat. Cross your legs in front of the opponent's torso and align your legs against his head.

If you attempt to hold down your opponent from on top of him. and he restrains your attack by locking his hands behind your back. lean your body into his torso to weigh down on his hands to slide his body toward your buttocks. Force his hands to disconnect. shift position by sitting through to be near his left side and carry out a reverse elbow lift by attacking his right arm (Fig 6). Fig 5 Disconnect hands locked behind your back when applying a hold down and hyperextend his elbow between his legs. Then. first grip your opponent's left sleeve with your right hand and pin him to the right side. With the opponent's hands clasped tightly behind your back. attack with a reverse elbow lift. Press then your left side to his right hand. Kneel on the mat with your legs on either side of his head and move your left hand under his chin. Press down on his chin and bend the opponent backward toward the mat to induce him to disconnect his hands. At the suitable moment. shift your hand beneath his buttocks to block his retreat. Lean heavily to the right and downward on his torso against his locked hands. The opponent's hands come apart-. If the opponent the opponent is in this position with his head facing your head with his hands locked behind your back. press him downward. begin to break his locked hands. and he locks his hands around your back. If your opponent so permits. 14 .conduct the technique to hyperextend the elbow.If your hold down covers your opponent's sides with your legs. Take care to block off his right side. The disconnected grip leads to an attack to hyperextend his elbow by scissoring your legs around his arm (Fig 5). place your left knee by the side of the opponent's head while pushing his body down to the mat with your right hand on his right side. Step up and slide him under your buttocks by crossing your left hand to the right side. If face down on the opponent in a tightly closed body position caused by him locking his hands behind your back.

If your opponent is not aware of your motion and activity. it is expedient in the tie-up to single out the main factor in order to focus on victory. so if you are not successful in exploiting his first mistake. it is more convenient to throw him either forward or backward if you can develop a narrow stance inside his stance. Before ever tying up with the opponent. first of all analyze your opponent and note the areas of his strength.the most powerful factor-. Always strive at once to exploit the opponent. it is his mistake. However. During the match. 15 . The layout of his foot positions is individual and has a geometry of axes and distances. attack strongly. If the opponent's feet are in a short or frontal stance. Your opponent's stylistic tendencies will be observable in the position of his feet. He may not repeat his mistake. left. and legs. Therefore. take stock of the opponent. seek another factor to defeat him. torso. and then. and forward. Direction and position of the feet allows him to create stances for movements to the right. Exploiting the Advantageous Moment for Offense It may be asserted that there is no instant in a tie-up when the SAMBist is not at a point that may be converted to an advantageous situation for offense based on the opponent's motion or activity. there are many factors used to determine how to distract the opponent's attention with movements that appear insignificant. The insignificant movement is used to slip the opponent's defensive grips to a more powerful position that solves the total effect of the opponent's defenses. reverse) and appears as a long stance while the apparent distance between the feet in front (to the right-. Below are detailed the most characteristic examples to in the tie-up to exploit successfully the opponent's movement and activity. disconnect the opponent's hands from behind your back by slipping to a reverse arm lock and lifting up on his elbow. Exploit Observations in any Successful Offensive Position to Finish off the Opponent To enter into a tie-up.Fig 6 From the a front chest to chest hold down. That is the way to focus on taking advantage of any position or action of the opponent. The distance between the feet determines direction (ahead vs. it works to the best advantage-. 3.for example) is narrow or wide.to appear in your opponent's grips for the briefest instant.

you must attack the lead leg that is sticking out.torso and pelvis-. immediately attack one or both legs. it is expedient to attack this knee tendons-. If when nearing the opponent for a tie-up. Pull on opponents to enter their defensive zones or if they attempt to retreat. he must cross his weight through his body toward his back and behind his torso. If you find your opponent in either a right or left narrow stance. rear trip. Good defense demands that you center your own body weight as the opponent shifts his positions in an attempt to get your weight ahead of or behind your base. When the opponent adopts the common tendency to lean forward with the torso. his tendency is to lean his torso forward. execute throws where your hands grip low on his arms to throw him over your hip. If the technique cannot be executed safely. Pull the opponent in the direction that most often uses his own motion to move him into positions where he may be attacked. If the opponent's arms tend toward the forward position while his pelvis remains back.to move backward in the rectangle. attack his feet from inside his stance with a reap or foot hook or snag. or inside hook. he attempts to drive forward while keeping his pelvis and feet back. it is best to break off from this position and adopt the protective stance. he will have a countering tendency to lean forward promoting an arms forward and pelvis back stance. executing a throw without advanced and expert preparation is dangerous since one may find oneself unable to recover from the opponent's counterattack. Apply pressure near the opponent's frontal zone to generate offense. Direct the opponent to lean his torso in the direction that opens up the opportunities for your best techniques to throw and submit him. If your pull causes the opponent to lean in two directions at 16 .The position of the legs and torso has a larger role in stance.by seizing the leg. When examined. If you find your opponent in either a right or left wide stance while leaning forward. If when tying-up with the opponent. In defense. so execute attacks in the foreground to trip the opponent by cutting him down at the kneecap or shin. When he adopts the "sugar foot" front stance. a short leg clip. When the opponent is in the front stance. you may conduct all attacks in the direction that he is leaning. he tries to keep his pelivis and legs back from the tieup. By pressuring the frontal zone of your opponent's torso. It is characteristic for his body position-. it is expedient to execute all forward throws. Offense is possible by driving backward and downward at his legs. If by pulling on your opponent he leans to one side to compensate. these positions reveal the relationship between the opponent's direction and his power.

he can lose his balance. it is not recommended to attempt any throw if a marked lean or other flaw in the opponent's stance cannot be detected. 2) Exploiting the moment when the opponent attempts to recover his balance.it is best to conduct all throws in the direction of his lean plus forward (front reap. If the opponent begins to move to the side. front trip-. and each step and the rise and fall of each knee may be anticipated. rear reap.when you force him to his rear. If in the tie-up. move to the side to get the opponent to expose his legs to attack. attack his fulcrum point for the legs (roughly to the left) and commit to an attack 17 . it is expedient to conduct all throws backwards in the direction of the opponent's lean (rear trip. Whatever technique is carried out in a certain direction-. That is. the opportunity to throw at the evident moment depends on immediately anticipating and recognizing his position on the mat. As the opponent exposes his legs while shifting his position.say forward-. and scissors). If the opponent can be directed to shift his stance. To proceed against this protected stance. This calls for the SAMBist to move first and to use his skills and experience to define (to anticipate) the instant when the opponent begins his forward motion. If the opponent loses his balance. A reap may lead to another reap. he becomes predictable. it is recommended to conduct a front cut off sweep to the opponent's knee the moment that he begins to step in that direction. This is best used when the opponent reacts forward along the original line of attack.once-.forward and to one side-.based on always being alert for opportunities). If the opponent adopts a wide. an inside hook or such wrestling holds and throws with hand holds beneath his arms. strong front stance. The opponent's strong forward lean can be exploited to conduct a throw by two methods: 1) Exploiting the moment when the opponent loses his balance. you move his legs out of the fulcrum point that maintains his balance. If the opponent maintains the strong front stance. he can be forced to expose his legs in either a forward or a backward direction.the opponent must first counter by shifting part of his weight behind his fulcrum point in that direction. attack to the side and with a rear reap or an inside reap (this depends on how the opponent moves in reaction to the attack). For example-. When maintaining his stance becomes difficult. the SAMBist assumes the advantage. When he commits to such motion. or he can recover his balance appropriately to the front. his legs may be vulnerable to lateral trips or rear reaps. picks. The opponent shifts his stance to keep his legs away from you. To realize the throw in the moment when the opponent attempts to recover his balance. you must exacerbate his body's motion by pulling him with your hands to open his legs to attack or engage his body with the proper leverage. In the moment when he leans back. the opponent's body simultaneously leans back with a side turned forward.

If the SAMBist allows the opponent's center of gravity to get below his own.to the leg on that side (roughly to the rear and to the right of the ploy). As you drop step on the opponent. or side slip the arms upward and sag around his body. good results may stem from the surprise attack-especially if the opponent becomes uncertain. In the moment when the opponent moves his leg(s). In such occurrences. Then. the opponent drops into a sitting position (from on the mat or directly from the standing position) apply a painful Achilles tendon stretch.. Exploiting Misdirection of Attention Sometimes in the tie-up one can create a situation where the opponent believes that he is leading the attack when in reality he is merely defending himself. for example. he is commencing to lose his balance. Usually. If. If the opponent is on the mat beneath you on his back or on his all fours. Seldom do you want to engage the opponent from straight ahead. In such moments. In the moment when the opponent must move his leg(s) backward. the SAMBist must conduct an expert attack immediately from a skillful. carrying the attack to the opponent gives him few opportunities to think about defense-especially on the mat in par terre wrestling. You must move in to attack laterally with a reap or a rear trip to either side. you must push immediately into your opponent with your legs to force him into the forward stance. As this occurs. If the opponent is down on all fours or prone. If the opponent attempts a ploy form on his back. If the opponent attempts a ploy. The SAMBist must act on the next tie-up to conduct the double leg throw or rear trip. push against his knee or kneecap. If the opponent droops or hangs on to the SAMBist. use your mat "sense" to examine the foreground and to wait for the moment to carry out the attack. As the opponent steps in or against you or even leaps in against you. the opponent is restricted from offense until the SAMBist can employ his submission ploy. When the opponent lifts his knee. foot hook (with powerful snatch). he has lost his advantage in potential energy. From this blocked position. If you find your opponent between 18 . move beneath his forward leaning legs to throw him by reap. balanced position. it is desirable to be cautious and evade lest the opponent find an opportunity to secure a throw for himself. That leg is now exposed to a reap. usually you will drop down to engage the opponent's leg from behind. it becomes convenient to conduct a rear trip to the left leg. so that he may be maneuvered into an opportunity for submission. the SAMBist must grip to restrain him fast. the SAMBist must drag him across his legs in such a direction to cause one foot to stick out on the mat. you may launch a surprise attack on the opponent that leads to a submission hold. then conduct a block or finishing technique to the inside. he has little possibility to create his ploys (sometimes he cannot even be able to calculate his ploy).

These experts are powerful at the points where the two wrestlers' rectangles overlap. he may not hurry to the center of the mat if he is fatigued. grips. After controlling the overlap with the opponent. catch his lower leg in the crook of your elbow and apply the submission hold with just the crooked elbow hold or with the assistance of your legs. Before this point of controlled overlap. The SAMBist must consider his repertoire of ploys. Protracted pressure on the opponent can strain his concentration to prepare for ensuing attacks by causing him to alter his stance imprudently. conduct the knee submission hold on one of his legs with your legs. Usually. he must consider the physical and moral qualities of both himself and his opponent. the ready SAMBist may realize the opportunity for action by pressuring his opponent. If the opponent struggles out of your submission hold. Such quick actions identify the SAMBist who has been prepared expertly. so that he must struggle to maintain his base. He is said to have a strong stance. Attack him from the side if possible. discover his intentions and means. beside and behind an opponent who is on all fours. advantage is gained by excellent SAMBO preparation. Expert Preparation to Attack for the Throw When in a match with an opponent who can evade successfully the tie-ups. and attacks to select his tools for the bout. so before you attack. the opponent may attempt to divert your attention for his own ploys. Even then. if the opponent slowly rises from a fall with difficulty or after the referee blows the whistle. Seize the moment for the surprise (or sudden) attack. do not wait for the referee to blow his whistle. If you find yourself on your knees. but look immediately for the next hold that he may be susceptible to. It is time to take to him with continuous attack. 19 . Constant attack may deliver the opponent to the ideal opening and location to execute the winning throw. the opponent is free to move his center of gravity either forward or backward without eroding his base. This weakened state of recovery can create the opportunity to conduct the successful throw.your legs. The most common evidence of the prepared SAMBist is his ability to designate and use a particular throw on an opponent. first consider what is needed to deceive an evenly developed and deliberate opponent. For the SAMBist to choose his match preparation. 4. this occurs down on the mat when one wrestler breaks a hold before the referee can blow his whistle. Nevertheless. To exploit the opponent's condition. Adept standing skills will prepare the SAMBist to maneuver his opponent into unstable and awkward positions from whose recovery strains his resources.

20 . the opponent will most often slightly flex his leg at the knee to counter the force of the pull down. Pulling down on the opponent to one side places the reaction against one leg and prepares the opponent for a rear trip or reap. the SAMBist can examine each technique as described in the book SAMBO Wrestling (1957). To prepare a course of direction to augment the rear throw. inside hook. It is recommended to prepare the opponent to work against himself to weaken his stance and his balance. c) near the front. Exploit such set ups to conduct effortless forward reaps and head and arm throws. it is recommended when attacking from the front to push backward on the opponent-. such preparatory pulls are used to set up backward techniques while such preparatory pushes are used to set up forward techniques. For the appropriate take down or throw. To prepare a course of direction to augment the forward throw. Use such tactical preparation to effortlessly conduct the rear trip. do push the opponent in the reciprocal direction of the throw and exploit the liability inherent in his strong opposing action. In answer to a pull. Fig 7 indicates the directions for unbalancing the opponent leading to throws or take downs: a) near the right side. In order to push or pull the opponent to set up the throw (augmented by the element of surprise). and double leg take down. b) near the left side. do pull hard forward and down on the opponent's uniform (in the reciprocal direction to the throw) to exploit his strong counter reaction to the yank. This same gripping ploy allows successful outside attacks using double leg take downs or scissors. Pulling down on the opponent can deliver him into positions where he may not succeed in keeping his leg(s) free from attack. rear clip. Preparing/setting up the opponent to be thrown may exploit the opponent's reaction to a push or pull. Basically.to push him in the opposite direction of the intended throw to set him up to augment the power of the attack. From each direction there derives a corresponding series of throws. The graphic in Fig 7 portrays the various directions for throwing.This throw must be hatched after disrupting the opponent's balance in any direction.

or slightly before. For instance. the SAMBist bumps his left knee into the opponent's knee from inside. Influencing the opponent's retreat from a throwing technique may expose other parts of his body to follow up grips to cause him to lose his balance or allow the SAMBist to go lower inside his stance to search for other throwing opportunities. This establishes the well conducted rear trip or inside reap behind his leading leg. inside hooks. the SAMBist grips the opponent's belt from behind with his right hand beneath the opponent's arm. While pulling on an opponent's back. the SAMBist should steer the opponent circularly with his hands to the right with his tie-up. IN this case. the SAMBist must influence and exploit any erosion in the opponent's center of gravity base. He has concentrated his weight on his right side and forward right leg. By his legs. or a rear reap. Fig 8 shows a throw conducted across the hip that may also be executed as a front trip. the SAMBist can draw the arc that can lead to front reaps. This grip will draw the opponent into a left stance as the turn is completed. inside trips. After such a turning maneuver. Simultaneous to this exposure. it may be easy to conduct a rear throw across the chest. Influencing alteration in the opponent's stance may cause the opponent to expose sides or parts of his body that the SAMBist is prepared to attack. This is why the SAMBist then pulls and turns the opponent toward his left side. the opponent is delivered into the preordained position. When the opponent attempts to improve his position by stepping rightward. When the opponent is forced to preserve his balance by twisting his torso away from the SAMBist. This leads to effortless and safe attack. Another ploy: the opponent's weight is concentrated into a right stance with the weight on the front leg. the SAMBist will find that the base beneath the opponent's legs is open to a rear trip or a front throw. Another ploy: a strong steering hand to the opponent's left arm may be initiated to rotate him toward the SAMBist's left side to launch a rear trip or side throws across the hip. For instance. or back. Move his center of gravity backward this way in order to cross his left side over his right leg(s). At. the opponent is in a right side stance. Such preparations are designated as influenced retreats. Slightly turn him to the left side as if steering an automobile. this retreat sets up a new throwing direction.Always work to contort the opponent's torso in every possible attack to augment the disruption of his stance when preparing him for a series of offensive techniques. and front throws. 21 . the left stance is established. These must be executed as the grips present the opportunity to throw. a rear trip. This may move the opponent's leg(s) to the front. sides.

a throw with a grip on both arms. Thus. The SAMBist does not want to set up the opponent's counter throw. he can recover his strong position by concentrating his weight and leverage in a direction counter to the direction of the attack. initiating a throw across the hip or as a front trip becomes risky. Fig 9 Preparation/set up to throw the opponent across the hip when he is influenced to react by retreating from a shoulder jammed into his chin. a throw with a grip on one arm. If the opponent bows or dips his head to counter the forward pull. a front reap. a throw across the hip. or a throw across the chest. If the opponent develops a strong lean. Throwing the Opponent by Counter Shifting his Weight When the opponent is attacked by pulling on his uniform. In order to respond appropriately to the opponent. with the opponent as they near each other. the SAMBist forces him backward by jamming his own right shoulder into the opponent's chin. After his specific set up. it is easy to conduct a throw across the hip or the front trip/throw (Fig 9). Another ploy: the SAMBist is wary when attempting to draw the opponent toward him and turns. This may focus the opponent's force in the wrong 22 . the SAMBist must be wary of putting additional pressure on the opponent in the attacking direction because there is a liability in the continued attack if the opponent recovers his position. Another ploy: the SAMBist takes a right hand grip on the opponent's back and beneath his right arm with his left hand. the SAMBist conducts the throw across the head.Fig 8 Preparation/set up to throw the opponent across the hip when he is influenced to react by retreating from a knee bump.

the SAMBist conducts an inside hook. For the SAMBist to use combinations of throws in his offense. Transitioning from an initial attack to a subsidiary throw must be accomplished with fluid motion. Thus. there occurs an opportunity to attack in another direction where the opponent will lose his balance. disguise. the first throw begins by drawing the opponent's balance away from the direction of the throw.direction to counter the ploy. then it will be difficult to create quick and comfortable transitions between throws. he usually will not successfully notice the transition to the SAMBist's second throw. or the double leg take down throw. so that he never has an opportunity to recover his excellent stance and is eventually overwhelmed when his balance deteriorates. his own opposition can be tapped to successfully conduct a side cut down or an outside hook in conjunction with a sit through. In time and direction. If the SAMBist systematically pulls the opponent rightward. Set up the opponent for the original technique with disguise or other ploys as if it were the only technique. The SAMBist may use the opposite ploy of fast motion and reaction to attack in multiple or varied directions. a rear reap. After this. If the opponent opposes the shift and maintains a steady base. a rear trip. 5. The opponent is forced to use constant counter wrestling motions from the first attack. he must select grips that are not just apt for his first technique. The proper grip is able shift easily to the follow up techniques. The SAMBist may set up his opponent by using the ploy of off speed motion. and vigor. His first attack is relatively show in initiation to allow the opponent to commit to countering its direction of force. In his strong defense to an attack in one direction. This second throw is most successful if is not just based on surprise but augmented by excellent preparatory training and planning. If it is impossible to find an "all purpose" grip. the opponent will unwittingly build his opposing force to that side. If the opponent's attention is focused on countering the first throw. Quick combination attacks are used in order to stop an opponent form mounting his own offense or setting up his defense. The opponent's strong opposition is exploitable by executing a second throw in another direction that can be calculated and be designed to successful. 23 . The counters dictated by the attacks may cause him to over react or fall behind in his counters. the SAMBist quickly shifts to another direction where the opponent will lose his balance. Attack Combinations off of a Throw Excellent preparation allows additional combinations of throwing techniques to develop from a throw that is countered or otherwise fails. This calls for changing to a new ploy/throw as dictated by the situation. The SAMBist shifts to greater speed to unbalance the opponent in the direction of the second throw when he attempts to counter the SAMBist's first throw.

the SAMBist must be wary in his pursuit. A SAMBist's ability to initiate hold downs may wear the opponent down for attack. the SAMBist must be quick and steadfast to: • • • • • • • • • • Orient to the match situation Anticipate match events Remain vigilant Be brave and decisive Maintain the will to win Believe in his own abilities to wrestle Remain strong Remain quick to react Remain ingenious and flexible Maintain the physical endurance to wrestle for the entire match. 24 . so the SAMBist must be prepared to wear down an opponent to weaken him for conquest. This must be done before the opponent becomes oriented to the shifted situation and mounts a powerful opposition to the follow on techniques. If he gets carried away with his offense. 1. By the SAMBist initiating one attack after another. This requires forethought to have the ploys and training to realize this transition. he may unwittingly be drawn into one of the opponent's defensive ploys. For this. This is needed to defeat an opponent who is thrown but must be held down because he was not thrown to clean victory. the SAMBist can pursue the opponent to the mat for a hold down grip. However. Surprise attack alone may not be enough to obtain victory. Examples of techniques and technique combinations are covered in the book SAMBO Wrestling (1957). Pursuit from Standing to the Hold Down After a throw or throw transition is finished. In order to win cleanly or by point advantage.It is recommended that the selection of first throws and follow up combinations be developed from the SAMBist's excellent training program. Chapter 3 Enduring Pursuit to Clean Victory or Victory by Evident Advantage Clean (ultimate) victories or victories by evident advantage (advantage of less than 12 match points) are realized by training for well executed ploys on the mat after the standing opponent is thrown to his back. the SAMBist requires excellent technical preparation and training to exploit the SAMBO tactics of pursuit for his victories. The SAMBist's better training for ploys and techniques will cause the opponent to become a prisoner on his own stance and motion. Constant pursuit is a most effective means to achieve victory. the opponent's defensive resources are strained until he is unable to recover from an attack.

inside sweep (uchimata). base on your knees and use a hold down near both of your heads. front clip. and he is nearest to your head. front clip. Finish the hold down by moving atop the opponent. or double leg reversed grip throw. Grip him. forward sweep. hip throw. reach behind his sleeve for a convenient hold down grip from the side after completing a rear body drop. hip throw. The ability to pursue this option is realized after a rear body drop. but closer to his back. side sweep. For example. After conducting this turn over to the opponent's back. if the fireman's carry throw grip is maintained beyond the throw. the SAMBist must immediately shift to new grips that are appropriate to hold down the opponents based on the opponent's new body position. side sweep. When the opponent is lying prone (on his stomach). a hold down from 25 . the SAMBist should pull downward and to the left on the opponent's arms from behind the sleeves. use both hands and grip the opponent by one arm and one leg from the inside. The manner of the hold down must be chosen from the circumstances dictated by how the opponent's defense has been deteriorated by the throw or take down. If the opponent's position has decayed to his side or back on the mat. If the opponent lands partly on his back. an inside clip. A hold down beside the head may be easily conducted off a transition grip on a cuff and pulling on the opponent's head from beneath his arm to somersault him across his head with the hold. or rear sweep with an outside grip on the other leg. However. For example. take a hold down from on top. head and arm throw. For example. The pursuit of such a hold down is easy after a double leg grip throw. This shifts the opponent's stance on the mat while simultaneously contributing to turning the opponent over on his back to hold him down by his torso and right leg. transition to one side and take the hold down grip from on top. If the opponent landed on part of his back. or rear sit through with a shin elevator kick. After any sacrifice throw there may be a successful transition to a hold down without changing grips. side sweep after a rear reap attempt. This should be an easy transition in the hold down. or reversed grip double leg throw. Pursue only the hold down opportunity presented after conducting the forward body drop. rear reap from an outside grip on the other leg. if the opponent is on his right knee. work the hold down form the side of his legs. If the opponent is thrown on his side. it is an easy transition to a side hold (head and arm hold down).If the opponent ends up in a strong position on his knees or on all fours. If the throw decays the opponent's position to his side. inside front clip. pick up. the success only occurs if the opportunities for the appropriate maneuvers present themselves. but nearer to your legs than your head. The opponent has a stance on his knee(s). it is expedient to augment the hold down with the weight of your chest to assist in wearing him down whenever he must fight out the hold to improve his situation. forward body drop. Turn him over by his legs and lay him on his back and hold him down from on top.

so his lack of concentration may be exploited. To pursue a hold down across the opponent's body after a throw. In SAMBO. When the SAMBist attempts to throw his opponent. Therefore. To attain his concept. Familiarize with such situations and ploys for the appropriate techniques. Your position should be on your knees to cross over his chest to use both of your hands to attack his free arm to pull him to his back. In one occurrence.the side may appear after conducting a head and arm hip throw without altering the grips on the opponent's extremities. Pursue a hold down on top after a throw across the head (stomach throw) by somersaulting backward over your downed opponent to mount him. However. By conducting a hold down that frustrates the opponent's efforts to move. This may be enough to develop a scoring hold down. Using Weight to Pursue the Throwing Effort 26 . A side hold down may be pursued after a throw with a grip under the opponent's arm providing that the grip is maintained to attack the opponent's head. It is well known that distinguished situational orientation requires study and familiarization. In another occurrence. Pursuing the throwing effort in SAMBO wrestling often leads to a hold down. 2. you must lock hands around the opponent's arm and shift him to a sitting position to move the opponent from either his side or his stomach to his back. The strong transformation of the SAMBist's position and stance must be reworked to a position where there is a true opportunity to throw. In this situation. the opponent's measured defense can be countered by a powerful and varied throwing offense. Each SAMBist must pursue carefully and thoroughly. This pursuit may be enough to attain the throw. initiating the proper ploy depends on creating the next technique that is aptly oriented to the circumstance. the opponent's defense causes the SAMBist to readjust his own position radically. This called pursuing the development of the throw. Finish the ploy with the aim to develop and pursue the throwing opportunity to erode the opponent's defenses. This often halts the selected technique. it is suggested that SAMBists study adding pursuit into the throwing effort as a means to achieve the technique. the opponent's defense may not adjust to a slight alteration in the SAMBist's position. the SAMBist can proceed to transition serially form one hold down to another. his movements sometimes fail or meet the deliberately measured defense. To pursue a hold down after a throw across the chest. Pursuing the Successful Ploy to Develop the Throw Aim to develop and pursue the appropriate throw to overcome the opponent's opposition. it is not advisable to conduct the throw. each SAMBist must succeed to develop the throwing effort that leads to the hold down (this must be incorporated into each SAMBist's basic system of ploys). grip beneath his arm and bend his torso away from lying on his side and move him to his back.

he can shift to a low sweep with his shin. or a rear body drop with a grip on the outside of the opposite leg. For example. For instance. he may shift 27 . or a shoulder throw. for instance. the opponent's effort to counter a rear sweep by pulling back on his supporting leg can be overcome by drawing an arc with the sweeping foot that moves ahead of the retreat of the opponent's supporting leg. a front body drop. When the attacking grip is weakening. These influences form the levers. it is best to appear as if neither wrestler is powerful enough to beat the other. by squatting down. Pursue the Throw As the Opponent Strives to Improve his Base To conduct any throw in a body to body position with the opponent. or a side sweep. To open an opportunity to throw by overcoming the opponent's resistance. Pursue Throws by Using the Powerful Lever The overwhelming majority of throws stem from two strong targets: the lower body and the upper body.When throwing from standing. If the opponent opposes the throw. winding throws (maki komi). As the SAMBist falls to his abdomen. and front body drops. Pursuing the throw by dropping down to both knees may lead to an inside clip. by dropping down on both knees. In this case. To conduct a satisfactory sweeping throw. A strong forward lean of the SAMBist's torso followed immediately by a quick back step on the SAMBist's supporting leg may lead to a front body drop. the SAMBist may sense that the opponent is about to lost his balance while he is still undertaking serious defensive measures to remain standing. hip throws. the SAMBist must alter the pattern of his arms to form the appropriate new levers. If. in order to overcome him. the SAMBist should manipulate his adversary into moving his supporting legs to what he believes is a "better" position. a double leg take down. The lower attacks are influenced by attacking the legs by manipulating the torso or hands while the upper body attacks manipulate the torso and/or arms. The proper grips to leverage the opponent can shift simultaneously or instantly to either lower or upper body attacks. the SAMBist attempts a hip throw form a weakened gripping position. He does so by dropping down on one knee of a supporting leg. front sweeps. the SAMBist may continue to develop his throwing effort by shifting to the next appropriate grip to maintain his offensive series. The SAMBist may successfully exploit a throwing opportunity by using his own body weight. a sweeping hip throw. or by falling to one side or to the abdomen. the SAMBist sometimes must appear to have an ineffective grip. he may find opportunities to conduct a rear reap or a rear sweep. Pursuing a throw by dropping to one knee on a supporting leg may lead to a rear body drop. the SAMBist needs an understanding of the application of his leverage to augment the power of his ploy. Falling to one side may create the opportunity to throw with side sweeps.

Follow on throws that are executed expertly are powerful but basic in nature without being obvious to the opponent. sweeping hip throw. to the right) driving his leg backward into the opponent's leg. Moving to a grip from the sleeve to the lapel over the clavicle may set up the rear body drop. the SAMBist steps in place and turns him onward and backward.from a belt grip behind the opponent's back to a grip to the opponent's neck and arm achieve a body drop or throw across the back. or shin sweep. an opponent's strong defense causes the SAMBist to deviate from his stance. Moving from a simple or reverse elbow grip to a lock behind the opponent's back (under his arms) or under either armpit may transition to a body drop. Shifting from a reverse grip around the opponent's torso to a simple reverse grip opens up the successful side slip. Therefore. expert throwing skills and knowledge can easily turn aside such defensive measures. follow on techniques are a part of the manufacture of throws process. hip throw. or rear knee sweep. At the opponent's left leg. rear sweep. bend the knee. Fig 10 Manufacture the Throw from the Rear Body Drop. 28 . Pursuing the Follow on Technique to Manufacture a Throw Sometimes. Manufacture the Throw from the Rear Body Drop After gripping the opponent for a rear body drop. This places the SAMBist in a situation where he cannot finish the throw that he initiated. Instead. the SAMBist side steps to attack (in this instance. these techniques derive from the situation brought about by attempting the initial throw. rear reap. Experienced SAMBists use many applications to manufacture throws while actively pursuing the opponent. Nevertheless.

This draws him to the left and upward to throw him on his back (Fig 10). If the opponent attempts to resist the throw across the head. The SAMBist draws him forward and pushes the opponent straight upward and over using his right foot to the opponent's abdomen. Fig 11 The Throw Across the Head. Another possibility is to do a left shin sweep inside the opponent's right shin to drop him to the left onto his back (Fig 11). to the right) to drive backward into the opponent's legs. He uses his arms to pull the opponent's torso forward. It is important that while dropping to the knees that the SAMBist simultaneously pull with one arm and pull with the other to draw the opponent over him and to drop on his side.The SAMBist pulls strongly with left hand behind the bend in the opponent's left knee to pull the opponent back in on himself. Manufacturing the Throw from the Throw Across the Arm (Fireman's Carry) The SAMBist grips the opponent for the throw across the arm and side steps the hold (for example. the SAMBist plants his shoe sole to the opponent's torso and uses his hands to pull the opponent forward and off of his heels. The SAMBist takes an outside grip on the opponent and drop steps his lead leg between both of the opponent's legs and drops onto to both of his knees. He uses the right leg in the opponent's abdomen to throw the opponent forward and over on to his back. There are two basic requirements for a throwing ultimate victory: 29 . Manufacturing the Throw from the Throw Across the Head (Tomoe-nage) A basic situation in grips: the SAMBist is on his back beneath the standing opponent. 3. The SAMBist does a lateral foot sweep with his left leg lifting the opponent's right leg to drop him over to his back. Achieving Ultimate Victory Ultimate victory may be achieved by employing any throw or submission technique.

lunging stance where the lead leg is bent.requires no little training to ensure completing the techniques for victory. and stamina to be able to face better and better quality opponents. two. or four of the opponent's limbs. To be ready to execute a throw. in order to achieve a throwing ultimate victory. his opponent. and then to unbalance. For this wrestling to be successful. Basic tactics for an all out attack leading to submission holds are to isolate the opponent's extremities to be attacked by moving from extremity to extremity exploiting a quantity of ploys for attacking one. Good Judgment when Finishing Throws For a SAMBist to complete his throw for ultimate victory. the SAMBist is forced to use his own body to manipulate the opponent into shifting his body or raising his center of gravity. Obviously. Powerful submission ploys can stun the opponent when conducted in the instant of the throw or when found on the mat in various ground positions after the throw or throw attempt. This is important firstly because retaining his feet after the throw scores ultimate victory in the sport of SAMBO wrestling. the SAMBist shifts his own legs merely to counterbalance. if the throw cannot score ultimate victory because of the opponent's landing. 30 . The opponent must fall with his full back to the mat either directly or by obvious transition (by rolling). The SAMBist must aspire to create these opportunities in advance. but the weight is evenly distributed over both legs Where the legs are relatively straight. physical attributes. the SAMBist must use one of the three stable stances to deliver the technique: • • • Slightly bent legs with the weight evenly and equally distributed Forward. the SAMBist must know how to keep his balance and remain standing to complete the throw while directing his opponent to fall fully on his back. However the diversity of the throws and setups may daunt the beginning SAMBist in his early studies. A slight misstep is enlarged to present the sudden throwing opportunity. Thus. In such moments.in the standing position and movements to finish the throws-. the strong SAMBist works to improve his own skills. three. expert movement integrating excellent throwing skills is required. the standing SAMBist has a better chance to manipulate and pursue his downed opponent into a weaker position. To finish the throw.• • The SAMBist must remain standing after the throw with only his feet in contact with the mat. Secondly. Developing their setups and positions for execution-. so that he is able to take quick advantage of the openings before his opponent can recover his balance. he must know how to retain his balance and remain on his feet. but the weight is focused on one leg.

lapel throw. front sweeps. contrasting leg attacks. the SAMBist needs one leg to finish the throw. To execute throws from the second group of stances achieves delivery in the last moment of throwing leg attacks on the point where the SAMBist is the one who is able to retain or maintain his balance. and exacting movement. hip throw. Conducting throws form the first group of stances requires corresponding torso deviations. distinguished ability. This requires landing atop the opponent as part of the finishing technique and demands good orientation. foot clips. the inside knee sweep. the sit through with the shin elevator. He does this to attack with a side drop on the side of one of his legs at the opponent's base while pulling on the opponent's same side sleeve to deteriorate further the opponent's base. rear sweeps. For the third group of stances. and pick up techniques. The first group of stances may produce back and front body drops. the SAMBist must move his torso and draw the pelvis backwards to step in front of the opponent in a squatting position (facing in the same direction as the opponent) in order to throw the opponent to the mat further decaying his position for follow up attack. taking on the opponent's weight. and bending of the torso inside of his base. 31 .For the SAMBist to recover his own balance or to increase the stability of his stance. he must apply basic motions: • • • He must bend his torso to make the proper base in conjunction with his legs He must arrange and maintain his torso over his base He must bend his pelvis to develop his base and maintain his balance. The SAMBist must use all groups of stances to finish throws. The second group produces lateral sweeps. Another aspect includes the inside hook while still another aspect includes winding throws. This group includes the outside major reap (osoto gari). outside clips. To conduct throws from the first group of stances achieves delivery for upright leg attacks on both legs and bent torso inside of the opponent's base legs. and over turn throw. the inside hip sweep (uchi mata). the hip throw sweep (harai ogoshi). The balance recovery is achieved by corresponding bends in the pelvis or weight distribution over straightened legs that are quickly moved back to a balanced base. The next throws must be initiated on slightly bent legs: shoulder throw. To finish an inside clip requires a temporary loss of balance followed by a quick recovery as the opponent falls fully to his back (after his weight shifts backward over his base legs). To finish these throws. Such geometry is needed to keep the torso's weight arranged over the feet. and the rear sweep.

the SAMBist's penetrating step goes through the opponent's base while his other hand pushes on the opponent's breast to achieve directing the opponent down onto his back. pick ups. Simultaneously. As the opponent falls. As these throws are executed. or throws across the arm. or on all fours. sit throughs with shin elevators.Appropriate Study to Produce the Throw When the SAMBist attempts to throw. abdomen. In the second throwing/stance group. If the goal is to cover the opponent. the falling opponent can be drawn in behind his arms to have his feet dragged along the mat. the falling opponent is set up from the beginning to be covered and may be dispatched by the SAMBist who concentrates on pulling tightly behind the opponent's sleeves to unbalance him. The basic principle behind covering the opponent resides in each SAMBist constructing his own methods to draw the opponent into the cover at the beginning and ending of the throw. outside major reaps. so the SAMBist must be able to employ a number of ruses to set up the opponent. Covering the opponent may spring from various grips and pulls behind the opponent's legs that shift to leg grips that shift to finished throws and take downs. This may not be the most elegant pose. At the same time. If the SAMBist achieves an outside 32 . Covering the opponent after he has been thrown from standing includes directing the opponent onto his back and preventing his chances to implement aggressive ploys of his own. Using the first group of techniques/stances. front body drops hip throws. Initiate a cover of the opponent by yanking behind an arm when using the two groups of throwing stances. hip throw sweeps. always use both hands to cover the opponent. it is important that the SAMBist pay distinct attention to directing the opponent's landing in the throw to prevent him from landing on his flank. This action is called covering the opponent. the SAMBist executes the deep step against the opponent's feet to sweep him backward while his hand grips behind the opponent's sleeve. and throw with grip on arm. Also. front sweeps. jerk the opponent's collar from behind his neck to shift him into a position to execute lateral drops and reverse throws across the arm. enter to throw with lateral sweeps. the SAMBist's goal is to draw one of his arms behind the opponent's neck and pull the opponent forward and downward. The ability to cover the landing opponent is assisted by the SAMBist's other hand shifting to the opponent's chest and directing him toward the mat. It may be difficult to land the opponent on his back if he has been expertly trained to land on his side. By executing these techniques. When the opportunity presents itself. It must be apparent that throwing an opponent to land on his back is realized after considerable expert preparation and action. so that he may be guided to fall directly onto his back. but the SAMBist will realize satisfaction form the outcome of the situation. the SAMBist enters to execute rear body drops. the opponent will apply every possible kind of defensive ploy.

If the throw only goes to the fall. immediately transition to the par terre ploy. To cover an opponent after the double leg throw. the SAMBist must drop step with penetration at the beginning of the throw to permit his hands to grip. Par Terre Ploys after the Throw Par terre ploys may be employed powerfully after standing throws-. To cover the opponent. the SAMBist's other hand may press on the opponent's breast to direct his fall to his full back upon landing on the mat. lift. As the opponent's base is eroded. If the leg is gripped instead on the inside for a rear sweep. If the throw does not lead to total victory. The ability to cover the opponent for the standing hook or to sweep the opponent's leg may require the SAMBist's leg to bend and twist as far as 180 degrees for the standing throw while both of his hands press the opponent back toward the mat. and draw the opponent's legs into themselves.leg grip. This will enable the SAMBist to cover opponent and direct him rearward by locking his hands around the opponent's waist following the drop step penetration. he uses his other hand to direct the opponent toward a landing on his back. This prevents him from implementing ploys of his own or evasions. as the leg is raised higher. the SAMBist uses his own chest to press forward into the opponent's chest. Par Terre Ploys Found in Various Situations in Ground Wrestling Par terre ploys may be conducted on the opponent in many and varied situations. powerful SAMBO dictates gearing the fall toward par terre ploys. use two hands to attain the reverse double leg grip. as the SAMBist raises the opponent's leg through and past his base. The opponent must never be allowed to move his legs with the SAMBist's grip. The transition from throw to par terre ploy requires painstaking training because an opponent who is caught off guard for a throw is only stunned momentarily before he begins to oppose the desparate situation that he finds himself in. he may use a strong grip and pull behind the leg to conduct either a rear body drop or major outside reap. To complete the cover. If the inside grip is used for a rear body drop or major outside rea. To cover the opponent during an inside sweep established with an inside hook. jerk behind his legs and bump his trunk to initiate the shift of his balance to the rear. the SAMBist steps deeply with his legs to drive the opponent backward while pulling the opponent's sleeve toward the mat.particularly after throws that lead to a fall (the opponent landing on his back). 33 .

Par Terre Ploys from the Side Hold Down Powerful par terre ploys from hold downs are divided into the two groups discussed above (opponent is near the mat or in a hold down position). and knee twist with an assisting leg. To conduct the par terre ploy from the hold down. so that he is led into the trap. To such aims. lock across with a transition to another flank. If well done. head lock. the SAMBist carries out the lock across the opponent's free arm. decisive grips must be concentrated and not released during the hold down. or face down prone. Basic tactics enable the application of actions organized to place the opponent in an untenable position. arm twist with the lifted elbow. This is needed to establish the distraction of the opponent's attention. The opponent senses and reacts to the perceived attack on the arm and is surprised by the attack to his leg. For this. prepare to attack the opponent's leg by distracting him from the ploy with an attack directed toward his arm. leg lock. Par terre ploys that develop from the hold down may be conducted form the initial hold down grip or in the moment when the hold down begins to slip away. the SAMBist carries out the elbow hyperextension across the hip. on all fours. elbow hyperextension after locking hands separate after being pinched between the SAMBist's legs. distraction is a key tactic in transforming the hold down grip into the set up for the submission ploy. The hold down may be applied to lead the opponent into a preconceived ploy. elbow hyperextension aided by the trunk above. Both groups can be used to conduct ploys. The hold down also offers many opportunities to conduct the par terre ploy that leads to submission. The basic tactic relies on surprising the prone opponent and exploiting his weakness in the proper moment. This can wear down the opponent's will to win. he can exploit the opponent's efforts to free himself from the hold down by instituting his ploy designed to work from that hold down. Executing the second group leading to par terre ploys requires that the SAMBist alter the position of his torso and sometimes alter the position of his opponent's torso in the hold down. Using the first group.Most ploys develop from such obvious situations as when the opponent is on both knees. The pressure of the hold down allows the SAMBist to control his opponent to assure his timely motion into the ploy while maintaining strong downward pressure distracts the opponent from his own offense. While the SAMBist has the hold down. the SAMBist must use the element of surprise. For this. Thus. In the moment that the SAMBist initiates the hold down. but the SAMBist may be required to alter the match scenario when using ploys from the first group. The SAMBist must concentrate on bringing into motion several tactical motions to successfully conduct the part terre ploy from the basic hold down. the opponent concentrates his attention on defense and may not notice the beginning of the ploy. Par Terre Ploys from the Hold Down Across or Hold beside the Arm 34 . reverse elbow hyperextension aided by the arm above. the opponent will not be able to recognize his danger.

Par Terre Ploys from the Hold Down beside the Opponent's Head The SAMBist does not need to alter the match situation if the basic tactics have surprised and opened up the opponent to exploit his poor position. his all fours. leg lock with the bent leg when the opponent is on his abdomen or passed to one side. the reverse lock across. Implementing ploys from the first group leads to the lock across. or the Achilles tendon stretch on the prone opponent. or prone and face down demonstrate that the SAMBist is best able to mount his adversary when the opponent is 35 . The basic tactics are conducted on the prone opponent and use complicated motions and attacks to distract the opponent. or Achilles tendon stretch while sitting on the opponent. If the SAMBist must alter the match situation by distracting the opponent's attention. hip stretch. bent knee tendon stretch. Par Terre Ploys from the Hold Down Beside the Leg The hold down beside the leg is the foundation for a surprise attack from the attempted grip on the leg or in the moment when the opponent releases himself from the grip. Par Terre Ploys when the Opponent Is on His Knees.Par terre ploys from hold downs across or holds beside the arm pertain to both groups. and the upward elbow lock. arm knee twist. Using second group ploys leads to hyperextended elbows aided the upward movement of the trunk. knee chocked with inserted leg. arm lock assisted by the legs overtop. he may attempt an Achilles tendon stretch. Using these ploys leads to the Achilles tendon stretch. or Face Down Prone Par terre ploys developed when the opponent is on his knees. Par Terre Ploys from the Hold Down on Top To initiate par terre ploys from the hold down on top. elbow bend with the forearm chocked in the joint. His All Fours. This ploy demands that the SAMBist alter the basic match situation by distracting the opponent's attention from his own offense and defense to implement the cross body arm lock. Conducting ploys from the second group depends on the varied situations of SAMBO wrestling. The ploy ends by carrying out the elbow bend across the forearm. leg twist with knee. This transitions to the cross body arm lock or hyperextension with assistance from his trunk. The first ploy group usually do not require situational adjustment by the SAMBist. or the coiled leg twist. Basic tactics dictate using these ploys on the opponent with the element of surprise to exploit his opening. the elbow bent chocked by a forearm. the SAMBist executes the foundation of SAMBO: the surprise attack to exploit the opened opponent to implement the headlock. or by punishing the muscles with a shin.

To act expediently and preserve the initiative. the SAMBist outflanks the opponent to open up his most poorly protected limbs for submission. By shifting directions of attack. In the opponent is caught standing on one leg or is defending himself from one knee. Par Terre Ploy Combinations When the SAMBist conducts his par terre ploys. He might attack from the elbow bend aided by the arm above but shift to the elbow bend aided by the leg above the opponent's face to shift to the opponent's leg for the reverse knee chock to shift to the elbow bend aided by the leg above. by releasing a hold that the opponent is dedicated to reversing. the transition is a par terre combination that continues the offense by breaking through the opponent's unprepared defense.prone and face down. In this case. To attack using three extremities to using all four limbs would allow the SAMBist to shift to attacks such as the elbow bend gripping the arm between the SAMBist's legs to the elbow bend aided by the leg above. For example. the SAMBist attacks with the reverse elbow bend aided by the leg above after shifting from the elbow bend aided by the arm above. the opponent must be delayed an instant in his actions to permit the SAMBist to complete his ploy. the SAMBist must exploit the original grip as the first step to transition into a new line of motion: attack. For example. Sometimes. From attacking with two limbs to attacking with three limbs allows the SAMBist to shift and exploit more of the opponent's openings more quickly and more strongly. In this situation. A feint leads to a finishing technique by forcing the opponent to react or over react which provides the chance to easily and strongly mount him in the moment of the surprise or distraction. Par Terre Ploy Combinations Based on Pursuit in Attack By conducting par terre combinations using continous motion and attack in subsequent ploys leads the opponent into exposing a number of his extremities while allowing the SAMBist to bring many of his limbs into the attack. this creates the opportunity to hyperextend the elbow with aid from the leg above or the knee chocked from below. This ploy must be conducted by first forcing the opponent from the preliminary position to being on all fours or to the prone and face down position. his opponent may be worn down to the point that his defenses become flawed and fail. or he is thrown from standing. The successful attack derives from distracting the opponent's attention by use of a well conceived plan of attack. his lack of offense allows the SAMBist to surmount his defenses with par terre ploys leading to submission. allows the SAMBist to attack from an opposite and antagonistic angle that offers the chance to shift the initiative to a more fruitful ploy. If the opponent begins to withdraw from the SAMBist's attack. 36 . the opponent is scored upon when he slips to one side. To continue the stalled initial attack is inadvisable since the opponent will recognize the intent of the ploy and succeed in devising a reliable defense.

the SAMBist must gain advantage through careful disguise or misdirection to assure victory by confounding the opponent's vigilance. The SAMBist must select his throw finish distribution from two groups: • • The throw is intended to proceed directly to the par terre ploy. the SAMBist may not win by clear advantage. A combination based on ploys of altered direction is the leg chock conducted from the elbow bend across the hip form the Achilles tendon stretch across the shin from the knee joint twist. A basic combination that shifts from a strongly protected limb to a weaker limb is the knee joint twist assisted by the hip from the knee joint twist assisted by the hip on the leg chock from the elbow bend assisted by the legs above from the elbow bend with the arm gripped between the SAMBist's legs. To do so. the SAMBist can use the tactics of surprise attack by being prepared for par terre wrestling. Such methods of attack reveal. or Where the throw proceeds directly to the hold down. is not the method to begin ground wrestling. Sometimes. Therefore. This frequently is the case. From the strong sports stance. The prepared SAMBist begins his planning while wrestling from standing and quickly implements his par terre ploy in the moment of transition from standing to prone wrestling. the elbow bend assisted by the legs above. a quick and clever alteration in attack can lead to poor defense of the first limb attacked. Victory by Clear Advantage in a Short Time If the opponent opts for withdrawing from the SAMBist's grip and plans to while away the match time. 4. The SAMBist uses misdirection and disguise to distract the opponent from the intended ploy implemented by the proper grip. unexpected attack.Par Terre Ploy Combinations Based on Surprise and Modified Attack Shifting the lines of attack transforms the secondary ploy into a surprise attack achieving successful offense on another of the opponent's limbs. Also. the SAMBist may attain the leg chock from below which the opponent is guided into from the standing wrestling. 37 . Here. the SAMBist must adhere to the rules of SAMBO wrestling and not begin to bend or twistt an opponent's limb while wrestling from standing. for example. Par Terre Ploys Transitioned from Standing When the opponent is engaged in standing wrestling his attention is focused on standing defense and not on guarding his extremities from submission. To succeed. Altering the direction of the ploy exposes the opponent's limbs when he cannot adjust his defenses to the alteration in the new. the SAMBist may not begin the submission attack when only his tow feet are touching the mat. This is prepared from the strong standing sports stance to produce the elbow bend across the forearm with a support arm when the two wrestlers come down to wrestle on the mat.

to finish with clear advantage in the official match time. This can relieve the SAMBist of his need for offense if he is ahead on points with the match clock winding down. Nevertheless. Victory by Clear Advantage in Regulation Time In SAMBO wrestling. Using the second group tactics. In any case. 38 .In using the first group. Tire him to achieve ease in victory to create the junctures for attacks to accumulate the needed points to win. The SAMBist looks directly toward shifting to the par terre attack while the opponent's attention has been directed elsewhere. Gaining the comfortable grasp on the opponent leads to a secure hold down. the opponent may come to rely on his own grips and not attempt to attack. this fall to the mat from the throw leads to the opponent misdirecting his attention from a submission ploy to defend against the hold down. This allows the SAMBist unseen arms to grip themselves around the opponent's neck and back. it would be expedient in mid-grips to pause in the throwing attempts to engage in wearing down the opponent. The SAMBist finishes with locked hands until the four points (or the two points) are accumulated. the point loss is small and has not really put the opponent on guard. the SAMBist carefully prepares to throw the opponent to the hold down. In the second group. it may happen that the opponent loses the throw but subsequently avoids the SAMBist's finishing grip that leads to clear advantage. He accumulates at least two points immediately as SAMBO dictates.

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