OLMEC - Pre-Columbian civilization living in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico.

y

OLMEC CULTURE Bloodletting and sacrifice speculations  No explicit representation of Olmec bloodletting in the archaeological record, there is nonetheless a strong case that the Olmecs ritually practiced it.  Instituted human sacrifice is significantly more speculative. No Olmec or Olmec-influenced sacrificial artifacts have yet been discovered and there is no Olmec or Olmec-influenced artwork that unambiguously shows sacrificial victims. Writing First civilization in the Western Hemisphere to develop a writing system. Dating to 650 BCE and 900 BCE Mesoamerican ballgame Olmec "rubber people" in the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs are strong candidates for originating the Mesoamerican ballgame so prevalent among later cultures of the region and used for recreational and religious purposes. MAYA CIVILIZATION  Noted for the only known fully developed written language, its art, architecture, and mathematical and astronomical systems.  Established during the Pre-Classic period (c. 2000 BC to 250 AD)  Maya cities reached their highest state development during the Classic period (c. 250 AD to 900 AD), and continued throughout the Post-Classic period until the arrival of the Spanish.  Shares many features with other Mesoamerican civilizations due to the high degree of interaction and cultural diffusion that characterized the region.

Flourished during Mesoamerica's Formative period, dating roughly from as early as 1500 BCE to about 400 BCE.

y

First Mesoamerican civilization and laid many of the foundations for the civilizations that followed.

y

First ritual bloodletting and played the Mesoamerican ballgame,

OLMEC ART
y y

Colossal heads. Olmec artworks considered among ancient America's most striking and beautiful, and among the world's masterpieces.

y y

Olmec culture was first defined as an art style. Used a large number of media: jade, clay, basalt, and greenstone, etc;

y y

Reveals fantastic anthropomorphic creatures. Highly stylized, using an iconography reflective of a religious meaning.

y

Motifs include downturned mouths and a cleft head, both of which are seen in representations of were-jaguars

y

Adept at animal portrayals.

Stone monuments - Most recognizable feature of Olmec culture. Four classes of monuments: 

Colossal heads - theorized to be ballplayers >Accepted as portraits of rulers, perhaps dressed as ballplayers; made from basalt 

 

Rectangular "altars" (more likely thrones) Free-standing in-the-round sculpture, such as the twins from. Stelae - introduced later than the colossal heads, altars, or free-standing sculptures. Moved from simple representation of figures toward representations of historical events. 

Advances such as writing, epigraphy, and the calendar did not originate with the Maya; fully developed them.

doorways and other features aligning to celestial events; Round temples 

Ball courts - were constructed throughout the Maya realm and often on a grand scale 

Outside influences are found in Maya art and architecture, result from trade and cultural exchange rather than direct external conquest.

WRITING SYSTEM  Combination of phonetic symbols and logograms.  10,000 individual texts have so far been recovered inscribed on stone monuments, lintels, stelae and ceramic pottery.  The Maya also produced texts painted on a form of paper  Writing was done with brushes made with animal hair and quills. Codex-style writing was done in black ink with red highlights; land of red and black. TOLTEC CIVILIZATION y Dominated (ca 800-1000 CE). y Aztec culture saw the Toltecs as their intellectual and cultural predecessors and y Nahuatl language the word "Toltec" came to take on the meaning "artisan". y "Toltecatl" (Toltec) was originally used by the Nahua which means a nomadic huntergatherer y Mixteca-Puebla style of iconography; The existence any meaning of the Mixteca-Puebla art style has also been questioned. y Toltec art is characterized by walls covered with snakes and skulls, images of a reclining Chac-mool (red jaguar), and the colossal statues of the Atlantes, men carved from great columns. AZTEC CIVILIZATION
y

MAYA ART  Most sophisticated and beautiful of the ancient New World.  Carvings and the reliefs made of stucco  Showing a grace and accurate observation of the human form  Hints of the advanced painting of the classic Maya;  Mostly what has survived are funerary pottery and other Maya ceramics,  Ancient murals that survived by chance. A beautiful turquoise blue color that has survived through the centuries due to its unique chemical characteristics is known as Maya Blue or Azul maya  The use of Maya Blue survived until the 16th century when the technique was lost.  Maya architecture spans many thousands of years  Most dramatic and easily recognizable as Maya are the stepped pyramids     Cave sites that are important to the Maya. Built flat limestone plains/ used Limestones Required abundant manpower. Remaining materials seem to have been readily available. 

 

Ceremonial platforms - limestone platforms; less than four meters; accented by carved figures Palaces - highly decorated; close to the center of a city E-Groups - complexes are oriented and aligned according to specific astronomical events;

ethnic groups of Mexico, Aztec culture had rich and complex mythological and religious traditions; remarkable architectural and artistic accomplishments.

y

observatories; accompanied by iconographic reliefs 

Pyramids and temples - religious temples sat atop the towering Maya pyramids; extensive use of pyramids as tombs; contain burials.

AZTEC ART
y

Song and poetry were highly regarded; presentations and poetry contests at Aztec festivals. 

Observatories - keen astronomers and had mapped out the phases of celestial objects;

y

Dramatic presentations that included players, musicians and acrobats.

y

Remarkable amount of this poetry survives, having been collected during the era of the conquest.

y

"Poetry" was in xochitl in cuicatl a dual term meaning "the flower and the song" and was divided into different genres.

City-building and architecture
y

City plan was based on a symmetrical layout that was divided into four city sections called campans.

y

City was interlaced with canals which were useful for transportation.

The Bird And The Worm lyrics Songwriters: Theissen, Matt; Young, Adam; If you're the bird whenever we pretend it's summer Then I'm the worm, I know the part, it's such a bummer But fair is fair, if my segments get separated I'll scream and you'll be there Close your eyes, close my eyes Slide the cotton off of your shoulder And feel the shine, feel the shine I'm hooked so toss me over and cast a line, oh I'll try Oh, throw a party and greet my undersea friends It depends, as they arrive, if they arrive You and I left our troubles far behind, troubles far behind But I still have just one more question on my mind For all my pals who live in the oceans and the seas With friends like these well, who needs enemies If I'm your boy, let's take a short cut we remember And we'll enjoy, picking apples in late September Like we've done for years Then we'll take a long walk through the corn field And I'll kiss you between the ears If you're my girl, swirl me around your room with feeling And as we twirl, the glow in the dark stars on your ceiling Will shine for us, as love sweeps over the room 'Cause we tend to make each other blush, you make me blush You and I left our troubles far behind, troubles far behind But I still have just one more question on my mind For all my pals who live in the oceans and the seas With fronds like these well, who needs anemones? You're the bird and I'm the worm and it's plain to see That we were meant to be We were meant to be We were meant to be If you're the bird If you're the bird

Then I'm the worm We were meant to be

Dental Care lyrics
Songwriters: Young, Adam;

Cave In lyrics
Songwriters: Young, Adam;

I brush my teeth and look in the mirror And laugh out loud as I'm beaming from ear to ear I'd rather pick flowers instead of fights And rather than flaunt my style I'd flash you a smile of clean pearly whites I've been to the dentist a thousand times So I know the drill, I smooth my hair Sit back in the chair But somehow I still get the chills "Have a seat", he says pleasantly As he shakes my hand and practically laughs at me "Open up nice and wide", he says peering in And with a smirk he says, "Don't have a fit This'll just pinch a bit", as he tries not to grin When hygienists leave on long vacations That's when dentists scream And lose their patience Talking only brings the toothaches on Because I say the stupidest things So if my result goes south I'll swallow my pride with an Aspirin And shut my mouth Golf and alcohol don't mix And that's why I don't drink and drive Because good grief, I'd knock out my teeth And have to kiss my smile goodbye I've been to the dentist a thousand times So I know the drill, I smooth my hair Sit back in the chair But somehow I still get the chills

Please take a long hard look through your textbook 'Cause I'm history When I strap my helmet on I'll be long gone 'Cause I've been dying to leave Yeah, I'll ride the range and hide All my loose change in my bedroom 'Cause riding a dirt bike down A turnpike always takes its toll on me I've had just about enough of quote "Diamonds in the rough" Because my backbone is paper thin Get me out of this cavern or I'll cave in If the bombs go off, the sun will still be shining Because we've heard it said that Every mushroom cloud has a silver lining Though I'm always undermining too deep to know Swallow a drop of gravel and blacktop 'Cause the road tastes like wintergreen The wind and the rain smell of oil and octane Mixed with stale gasoline I'll soak up the sound, try to sleep on the wet ground I'll get ten minutes give or take 'Cause I just don't foresee myself getting drowsy When cold integrity keeps me wide awake Get me out of this cavern or I'll cave in Get me out of this cavern or I'll cave in I'll keep my helmet on just in case my head caves in 'Cause if my thoughts collapse or my framework snaps It'll make a mess like you wouldn't believe Tie my handlebars to the stars so I stay on track And if my intentions stray I'll wrench them away Then I'll take my leave and I won't even look back I won't even look back

Fuzzy Blue Lights lyrics If I could look across the country From California to New Jersey Then I would count the parks and lake resorts And number all the jets and airports All those rather dreary rain clouds still bother me Cuz I look through the camera eyepiece and cannot see If I could open up my window And see from Tampa Bay to Juneau Then I would survey all those open miles And line them up in single file Everywhere I look I see green scenic sublime And all those oceanic vistas are so divine If I was standing on the balcony And you were walking down below I'd feel rather depressed and out of place And lonely just to watch you go If you were swinging from the highway overpass Within the western hemisphere I'd feel rather afraid and insincere If you began to disappear If I was walking through a sad art gallery And you were driving through the night I'd feel rather alone and ill at ease Beneath the brilliant showroom light If I was flying on a plane above your town And you were gazing at the sky Somehow I'd feel intact and reassured If you began to wave goodbye

Dancing In The Moonlight lyrics
Songwriters: Kelly, Sherman;

We get it almost every night When that moon is big and bright It's a supernatural delight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Everybody here is out of sight They don't bark and they don't bite They keep things loose, they keep 'em tight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight We like our fun and we never fight You can't dance and stay uptight It's a supernatural delight Everybody was dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight We get in almost every night And when that moon is big and bright It's a supernatural delight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight Dancing in the moonlight Everybody's feeling warm and bright It's such a fine and natural sight Everybody's dancing in the moonlight

Power Of Two lyrics
Songwriters: Saliers, Emily Ann;

Adding up the total of a love that's true Multiply life by the power of two

Now the parking lot is empty Everyone's gone someplace I pick you up and in the trunk I've packed A cooler and a two day suitcase 'Cause there's a place we like to drive Way out in the country And five miles out of the city limit we're singin' And your hand's upon my leg So we're ok, we're fine Baby I'm here to stop your crying Chase all the ghosts from your head I'm stronger than the monster beneath your bed Smarter than the tricks played on your heart Look at them together then we'll take them apart Adding up the total of a love that's true Multiply life by the power of two You know the things that I am afraid of I'm not afraid to tell And if we ever leave a legacy It's that we loved each other well Because I've seen the shadows of so many people Still trying on the treasures of youth But a road that fancy and fast ends in a fatal crash And I'm glad we got off to tell you the truth So we're ok, we're fine Baby I'm here to stop your crying Chase all the ghosts from your head I'm stronger than the monster beneath your bed Smarter than the tricks played on your heart Look at them together then we'll take them apart Adding up the total of a love that's true Multiply life by the power of two All the shiny little trinkets of temptation Something new instead of something old All you gotta do is scratch beneath the surface And it's fool's gold, fool's gold, fool's gold Now we're talking about a difficult thing Your eyes are getting wet I took us for better and I took us for worse And don't you ever forget it Now there's steel bars between me and a promise Suddenly bend with ease The closer I'm bound in love to you The closer I am to free So we're ok, we're fine Baby I'm here to stop your crying Chase all the ghosts from your head I'm stronger than the monster beneath your bed Smarter than the tricks played on your heart Look at them together then we'll take them apart