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Problem 2.10 Determine VL in the circuit of Fig. P2.10.

5Ω 5Ω

+ +
12 V _ 6Ω 10 Ω 4Ω 6Ω V
_L

5Ω 5Ω

Figure P2.10 Circuit of Problem 2.10.

The parallel combination of the 4 Ω and 6 Ω resistors is

4×6
R= = 2.4 Ω.
4+6
By voltage division ! "
2.4
VL = 12 = 2.32 V.
5 + 2.4 + 5

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Problem 2. Do not reproduce or distribute. which gives I3 = 0.16. © 2016 National Technology and Science Press .16 Determine currents I1 to I4 in the circuit of Fig. KCL at the bottom left node gives I4 + I1 − 4 = 0. All rights reserved. KVL for the left-most loop is −12 + 4 × 1 + 4I1 = 0.5 = 1. or I4 = 4 − I1 = 4 − 2 = 2 A. which leads to I1 = 2 A. P2.16. Solution: Application of KVL to the outer-parameter loop gives −12 + 4 × 1 + 8I3 + 5 − 1 = 0.5 A.16: Circuit for Problem 2. KCL at the top center node gives 4 − I1 − I2 − I3 = 0 or I2 = 4 − I1 − I3 = 4 − 2 − 0.5 A. 1Ω 4A 8Ω I3 I1 I2 + + 12 V + _ + _ 5V 4Ω 6Ω 1V I4 +_ + Figure P2.

V3 .27 Circuit of Problem 2. and V4 after assigning node V1 as the ground node.27. Determine node voltages V2 . and I3 = 24/81 A. 81 3 All rights reserved. 3 81 V4 = V1 + 6 − 9I1 ! " 42 4 = 0+6−9 = V.27. Solution: At node V3 . © 2016 National Technology and Science Press . KCL gives I2 + I4 − I3 = 0. or 24 42 18 I4 = I3 − I2 = − = − A. 81 81 81 I3 9Ω I4 6Ω V2 6Ω V3 V4 9Ω 6V 6Ω 6V 9Ω I2 I1 _ + V1 _+ V1 − 6 Fig. Do not reproduce or distribute. I2 = 42/81 A.27 (a) V3 = V1 − 6 − 9I2 42 −4 = 0−6+9× = 1. P2. I3 9Ω 6Ω V2 6Ω V3 V4 9Ω 6V 6Ω 6V 9Ω I2 I1 _ + V1 _+ Figure P2. 81 3 V2 = V3 − 6I4 ! " 4 18 = − −6 − = 0.Problem 2. P2. I1 = 42/81 A.27 In the circuit of Fig.33 = V.

−18 + 3 × 2 + 8I1 = 0.14. KCL at node a gives 3 − 1 − I1 − I2 = 0 I2 = 2 − I1 = 2 − 1.14 Determine currents I1 to I3 in the circuit of Fig.5 = 1. All rights reserved. 1A 2Ω 3A a I2 I1 + 12 Ω 18 V _ 8Ω 7Ω 4Ω I3 b Figure P2. Solution: For the loop containing the 18-V source. I1 = 1. KCL at node b gives 1 + I2 − I3 = 0 I3 = 1 + I2 = 1 + 0.5 A.14.5 A.5 = 0. P2.5 A. Do not reproduce or distribute.Problem 2. © 2016 National Technology and Science Press .14: Circuit for Problem 2. Hence.

Moving from a to b via the 12-V supply. © 2016 National Technology and Science Press . 2Ω 2Ω a 2Ω I + + + _ 6V Vab 12 V _ _ b Figure P2. All rights reserved. Solution: For the lower loop. Do not reproduce or distribute.20.20: Circuit for Problem 2. KVL gives −6 + 4I + 12 = 0. Vab = (−1. or I = −1.5 A.Problem 2. P2.20.20 Find Vab in the circuit in Fig.5) × 2 + 12 = 9 V.

3 A 2 2 I3 = I1 + I2 = 0. All rights reserved.2 V _ 0. I4 V3 4 I _ 1 + + I2 + V0 _ V4 4 V1 2 _ + _ V2 2 + _ 1 Vout = 0.43: Circuit _ 3 + for Problem 2. Solution: I5 + V5 8 I Figure P2.2 A 1 V2 I1 I2 = = (2 + 1) = 0. © 2016 National Technology and Science Press .65 I5 = I3 + I4 = 1. P2.43 Apply voltage and current division to determine V0 in the circuit of Fig.Problem 2.2 I1 = = 0.8 V.43.5 A V4 V3 +V2 4I3 + 2I2 I4 = = = A 4 4 4 = 0.43 given that Vout = 0. Do not reproduce or distribute.15 A V0 = V4 +V5 = 4I4 + 8I5 = 11.2 V.

© 2016 National Technology and Science Press .30.Problem 2. P2. All rights reserved. 2+R R2 is in parallel with 6-Ω resistor: ! " 2R 6× +5 2+R R3 = . Hence 2R R2 = R1 + 5 = + 5.30: Circuit for Problem 2. 2+R R1 is in series with 5-Ω resistor.30 so that Req = 4 Ω? 1Ω a 2Ω Req 6Ω R 5Ω b Figure P2. 2R 11 + 2+R Solving for R leads to R = 2 Ω. Solution: The parallel combination of R and 2-Ω resistor is 2R R1 = .30 What should R be in the circuit of Fig. 2R 6+ +5 2+R and ! " 2R 6× +5 2+R Req = 1 + R3 = 1 + = 4. Do not reproduce or distribute.