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Safety is the state of being "safe" (from French sauf), the condition of being protected

from harm or other non-desirable outcomes. Safety can also refer to the control of
recognized hazards in order to achieve an acceptable level of risk.

Types of safety
Normative safety
Normative safety is achieved when a product or design meets applicable standards and
practices for design and construction or manufacture, regardless of the product's actual
safety history.
Substantive safety
Substantive or objective safety occurs when the real-world safety history is favorable,
whether or not standards are met.
Perceived safety
Perceived or subjective safety refers to the users' level of comfort and perception of risk,
without consideration of standards or safety history. For example, traffic signals are
perceived as safe, yet under some circumstances, they can increase traffic crashes at an
intersection. Traffic roundabouts have a generally favorable safety record[2] yet often make
drivers nervous.
Low perceived safety can have costs. For example, after the 9/11/2001 attacks, many
people chose to drive rather than fly, despite the fact that, even counting terrorist attacks,
flying is safer than driving. Perceived risk discourages people from walking and bicycling for
transportation, enjoyment or exercise, even though the health benefits outweigh the risk of
Also called social safety or public safety, security addresses the risk of harm due to
intentional criminal acts such as assault, burglary or vandalism.
Because of the moral issues involved, security is of higher importance to many people than
substantive safety. For example, a death due to murder is considered worse than a death in
a car crash, even though in many countries, traffic deaths are more common than
1. Safety means a complete understanding of your work and knowledge of every step that must
be taken (TSTI/AHA) and the realization that mistakes could be costly to yourself and to the

2. Safety means good judgment. Never rely on luck; always be prepared to cope with
unexpected situations and being alert when following your routine.

3. Safety means consideration for the family that depends on you, for the company that employs
you, and for your own welfare.

4. Safety means remembering the safety rules set up by your company and applying them every
minute when you are on the job.

A workplace is a location where someone works for his or her employer, a place
of employment. Such a place can range from a home office to a large office
building or factory. For industrialized societies, the workplace is one of the most important
social spaces other than the home, constituting "a central concept for several entities: the
worker and his/her family, the employing organization, the customers of the organization,
and the society as a whole".[1] The development of new communication technologies have
led to the development of the virtual workplace, a workplace that is not located in any one
physical space.