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STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATION FOR

BULKHEAD SUPPORT STRUCUTRE


INDEX
STRUCUTURAL DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR BULKHEAD SUPPORT STRUCTURE
1. INTRODUCTION
2. GEOMETRY
3. MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
4. DESIGN CODES AND REFERENCE
5. GENERAL ARRANGEMENT
6. LOADING ON SUPPORT STRUCTURE
7. DESIGN OF SUPPORT STRUCTURE
8. CONNECTION DESIGN
9. CONCLUSION
10. APPENDIX – A: STAAD OUTPUT FOR THE BULKHEAD SUPPORT STRUCTURE
11. APPENDIX – B: CONNECTION DESIGN BY HILTI ANCHOR BOLTS

STRUCTURAL DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE BULKHEAD SUPPORT STRUCTURE

1. INTRODUCTION
This report covers the structural design of the supporting structure for Bulkhead.

The structural consists of a frame type structure supporting at concrete surface and the levels
and dimensions are shown as per the shop drawings.

Steel Tubes are used for supporting structure are placed at 1200mm c/c analyzed and
designed with the STAAD software as per relevant Design Code i.e. BS5950. It is shown that
all the structural members are adequately sized to carry the expected loads within the elastic
domain of stresses and deflections within the serviceability criteria laid down by the British
and relevant local stipulations.

2. GEOMETRY (USED FOR CALCULATIONS PURPOSE)


As per the drawings

3. MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
Steel Sections
Horizontal & Vertical Members - RHS Tubes 40X20X2.5

4. DESIGN CODES USED


In general, the design is carried out as per the following codes and standards.
a. BS 5950 - Steel Design Code

5. GENERAL ARRANGEMENT

The Frame structure is designed as per the shop drawings

6. LOADING ON THE SUPPORTING STRUCTURE

a. DEAD LOAD
The Dead loads are applied on the structure apart from the self weight of the beams as
follows:

Dead Load calculated as follows:

a. Dead Load of the Gypsum 12mm Thick + Wood 18mm Thick =50Kg /m2 = 0.5KN/m2

1. Spacing Between Vetical Frames is 1.2 m c/c

= 0.5 KN/m2 x 1.2 m

=0.6 KN /m

2. Spacing Between Horizontal Members is 0.15 m c/c

Load Distributed in 2 horizontal members Equally

=Load x (Spacing/2)

=0.50KN/m2 X (0.15 /2) = 0.0375 KN/m


b. Live Load on the Structure = 0.6 Kn/m2

1. Spacing Between Horizontal Members is 0.15 m c/c

Load Distributed in 2 horizontal members Equally

=Load x (Spacing/2)

0.6KN/m2 X (0.15 /2) = 0.045 KN/m

2. Spacing Between Vetical Frames is 1.2 m c/c

= 0.6 KN/m2 x 1.2 m

=0.72 KN /m

Load Combinations

Design & Ultimate factors are considered.

as per BS standard,

UL = 1.4 DL + 1.6 LL

UL = 1.0 DL + 1.0 LL (Deflection Check – Service Load Combination)

Deflection Check:-

Max Deflection in Horizontal Beams= 0.632( STAAD Results)

Allowable Deflection Limit =L/200

= 1200/200

=6mm

Actual Deflection < Allowable Deflection

Hence Safe.

7. DESIGN OF STEEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE – BULKHEAD

Using STAAD software, the design calculations is being carried out by taking the above
mentioned loads and load combination as per BS 5950.
Hence, the output is attached here with calculations to provide that the sections used in the
Cradle support structure are safe and stable.

8. CONNECTION DESIGN
The connection details is analyzed using the connection design software “HILTI” is attached
herewith in Appendix – B and the maximum reaction values were taken from STAAD output
calculations.

CONNECTION AT JOINT OF ALL VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL BEAMS:

Force from STAAD output

Max Axial and Shear Force – 6.0 KN

Check for Weld between the Vertical and Horizontal Beams:

Considering the Weld Size = 3mm thick weld,

Minimum Tube Side length 20mm

Length of the Weld = 2 X (20) = 40mm (Smaller both sides of RHS Section)

Allowable Shear Stress in Weld = 220 N/mm2

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 0.707 X 3X 220 = 466 N

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 466 N

Total Strength of the Welded Length = Length X Strength of Weld per mm

Referring to shop drawing,

Hence, the Total Shear Strength of the Welded Length = 466 X 40 = 18.64KN

Hence, the welded length provided at the connection is safe.

BASE CONNECTION AT END OF VERTICAL BEAM:

Forces from STAAD output

Tension = 6.0 KN

Using Hilti Software, the Anchor bolts are designed to resist the above mentioned forces.
Also, the base plate is being checked for the above forces as well.

Check for Weld between the Base Plate and Vertical Members :

Considering the Weld Size = 3mm thick weld,

Length of the Weld = 2 X (40+20) = 120mm (both sides of Tube)

Weld Capacity = 1.2 KN/mm

Tension Force on Welding = FYX 1.4/L = 6.0 X 1.4 /120 = 0.07< 1.2 KN/mm

Allowable Shear Stress in Weld = 220 N/mm2

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 0.707 X 3 X 220 = 466 N

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 466 N

Total Strength of the Welded Length = Length X Strength of Weld per mm

Referring to shop drawing,

The length of weld available as per the shop drawings on either side of angle

L = 120 mm

Hence, the Total Shear Strength of the Welded Length = 466 X 120 = 55.92KN

Hence, the weld is safe against Shear, Tension and Moment acting at the base.

BASE PLATE THICKNESS TO BE CHECKED (100x100X8mm thick)

Check for Moment:

Width of Base Plate – 100mm

Moment acting on the Base Plate

M = V X d1

M = 6 X (30/1000)

M =0.18KNm
Fy =275N/mm2

Tp = SQRT (6M/0.9fyXb)

Tp =SQRT (6X0.18 X 1000 X 1000) / (0.9X275X100)

Tp = 6.6mm

Thickness provided is 8mm for Base plate

Hence, Base Plate thickness is Safe.

CHECK FOR ANCHOR BOLT (2No. M10) – Gr 8.8, Grade Fy=375 N/mm 2)

Shear force and Tensile / Compressive forces acting at Joint / Node 1 with UltimateLoad Case
Combination

The following shear and tensile forces are acting at the Joint.

Maximum Tensile Force = 6.0 KN for Two Bolts,

Tensile force on each Bolt = 6.0/2 = 3.0 KN

Anchorage depth required from the above force,

Ld = 3.0 X1000 /(1.73 X 3.14 X10)

Ld = 55.2mm

As per the attached Data Sheet of HSV Hilti Anchor Bolts,

Using M10 HSV Bolts,

Recommended Loads resisted by each M8.8Bolt for anchorage depth of 100mm are as
follows:

Hence, 2 Numbers of M10 Anchor Bolts are safe.

9. CONCLUSION

All sections used and provided are structurally sufficient and meet its intended purpose.
10. APPENDIX –A : STAAD OUTPUT FOR THE STRUCTURE
11. APPENDIX –B: HILTI ANCHOR BOLTS DATA SHEET