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Class Test MAGNETIC FORCE

SINGLE CORRECT

1. An electron is moving along positive x-axis. A uniform electric field exists towards negative y-axis. What should
be the direction of magnetic field of suitable magnitude so that net force of electron is zero
(A) positive z- axis (B) negative z-axis (C) positive y-axis (D) negative y-axis

G
2. A particle of charge q and mass m starts moving from the origin under the action of an electric field E E 0 î
G G
and B B0 î with velocity v v0 ĵ . The speed of the particle will become 2v0 after a time
2 m v0 2 Bq 3 Bq 3 mv0
(A) t = (B) t = (C) t = (D) t =
qE m v0 mv0 qE

3. An electron is projected with velocity v0 in a uniform electric field E perpendicular to the field. Again it is
projetced with velocity v0 perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field B/ If r1 is initial radius of curvature just after
entering in the electric field and r2 is initial radius of curvature just after entering in magnetic field then the ratio
r1 r2 is equal to
Bv 02 B Ev 0 Bv 0
(A) (B) (C) (D)
E E B E
G
4. A uniform magnetic field B B0 ĵ exists in a space. A particle of mass m and charge q is projected towards
negative x-axis with speed v from the a point (d, 0, 0). The maximum value v for which the particle does not hit
y-z plane is
2 Bq Bqd Bq Bqd
(A) (B) (C) (D)
dm m 2dm 2m
G
5. Two protons move parallel to each other, keeping distance r between them, both moving with same velocity V .
Then the ratio of the electric and magnetic force of interaction between them is
(A) c 2 V 2 (B) 2c 2 V 2 (C) c 2 2 V 2 (D) None

V Vo î  Vo ĵ in
G
6. A charged particle of specific charge D is released from origin at time t = 0 with velocity
G S
magnetic field B Bo î . The coordinates of the particle at time t are (specific charge D= q/m)
Bo D
§ V 2V  V · §  Vo ·
¨ o ,
(A) ¨
o
, o ¸
¨¨ , 0, 0 ¸¸
¸ (B)
© 2B o D DB o B o D ¹ © 2B o D ¹
§ 2Vo Vo S · § Vo S 2V ·
(C) ¨¨ 0, , ¸¸ (D) ¨¨ , 0,  o , ¸¸
© Bo D 2 Bo D ¹ © Bo D BoD ¹

7. Three ions H+, He+ and O+2 having same kinetic energy pass through a region in which there is a uniform
magnetic field perpendicular to their velocity, then :
(A) H+ will be least deflected. (B) He+ and O+2 will be deflected equally.
+2
(C) O will be deflected most. (D) all will be deflected equally.
Magnetic Force Page 2

8. An electron having kinetic energy T is moving in a circular orbit of radius R perpendicular to a uniform magnetic
induction B . If kinetic energy is doubled and magnetic induction tripled, the radius will become

3R 3 2 4
(A) (B) R (C) R (D) R
2 2 9 3
9. An electron (mass = 9.1 × 1031 ; charge =  1.6 × 1019 C) experiences no deflection if subjected to an electric
field of 3.2 × 105 V/m and a magnetic field of 2.0 × 103 Wb/m2 . Both the fields are normal to the path of
electron and to each other . If the electric field is removed, then the electron will revolve in an orbit of radius :
(A) 45 m (B) 4.5 m (C) 0.45 m (D) 0.045 m
G
5î  4 ĵ . The path of the
G
10. A charged particle moves in a magnetic field B 10 î with initial velocity u
particle will be
(A) straight line (B) circle (C) helical (D) none

11. A electron experiences a force 4.0 î  3.0 ˆj × 10–13 N in a uniform magnetic field when its velocity is 2.5 k̂ u10 7

ms–1. When the velocity is redirected and becomes 1.5 î  2.0 ĵ u 10 7 ms–1, the magnetic force of the electron
o
is zero. The magnetic field vector B is :
(A) – 0.075 î  0.1 ˆj (B) 0.1 î  0.075 ˆj (C) 0.075 î  0.1 ˆj  k̂ (D) 0.075 î  0.1 ˆj

12. A mass spectrometer is a device which select particle of equal mass. An iron
with electric charge q > 0 and mass m starts at rest from a source S and is
accelerated through a potential difference V. It passes through a hole into a
G
region of constant magnetic field B perpendicular to the plane of the paper
as shown in the figure. The particle is deflected by the magnetic field and
emerges through the bottom hole at a distance d from the top hole. The mass
of the particle is
qBd qB2 d 2 qB2 d 2 qBd
(A) (B) (C) (D)
mV 4V 8V 2mV

13. Electrons moving with different speeds enter a uniform magnetic field in a direction perpendicular to the field.
They will move along circular paths.
(A) of same radius
(B) with larger radii for the faster electrons
(C) with smaller radii for the faster electrons
(D) either (B) or (C) depending on the magnitude of the magnetic field

14. In the previous question, time periods of rotation will be :


(A) same for all electrons
(B) greater for the faster electrons
(C) smaller for the faster electrons
(D) either (B) or (C) depending on the magnitude of the magnetic field

15. A metal ring of radius r = 0.5 m with its plane normal to a uniform magnetic field B of induction 0.2 T carries a
current I = 100 A. The tension in newtons developed in the ring is:
(A) 100 (B) 50 (C) 25 (D) 10
Magnetic Force Page 3

16. A particle having charge of 1 C, mass 1 kg and speed 1 m/s enters a uniform magnetic field, having magnetic
induction of 1 T, at an angle T = 30° between velocity vector and magnetic induction. The pitch of its helical path
is (in meters)

3S S
(A) (B) 3S (C) (D) S
2 2

17. A charged particle is released from rest in a region of uniform electric and magnetic fields, which are parallel to
each other. The locus of the particle will be
(A) helix of constant pitch (B) straight line
(C) helix of varying pitch (D) cycloid

18. A particle of specific charge (charge/mass) D starts moving from the origin under the action of an electric field
G G
E E 0 î and magnetic field B B0 k̂ . Its velocity at (x0, y0, 0) is ( 4î  3ˆj) . The value of x0 is:
13 DE 0 16 DB0 25 5D
(A) (B) (C) (D)
2 B0 E0 2D E 0 2B 0

19. A particle of specific charge (q/m) is projected from the origin of coordinates with initial velocity
[ui – vj]. Uniform electric magnetic fields exist in the region along the +y direction, of magnitude E and B. The
particle will definitely return to the origin once if
(A) [ vB 2SE] is an integer (B) (u2 + v2)1/2 [B SE] is an integer
(C) [ vB SE] in an integer (D) [uB SE] is an integer

G
2 î m/s at a point in a magnetic field experiences a force F1 2 ĵN .
G
20. An electron moving with a velocity V1
G
m/s at the same point, it experiences a force F2 2 î N . The
G
If the electron is moving with a velocity V 2 ĵ
2
G
force the electron would experience if it were moving with a velocity V3 2k̂ m/s at the same point is

(A) zero (B) 2k̂N (C)  2k̂N (D) information is insufficient

21. Two particles of charges +Q and –Q are projected from the same point with a velocity v in a region of uniform
magnetic field B such that the velocity vector makes an angle q with the magnetic field. Their masses are M and
2M, respectively. Then, they will meet again for the first time at a point whose distance from the point of
projection is
(A) 2SMv cos T QB (B) 8SMv cos T QB (C) SMv cos T QB (D) 4SMv cos T QB

22. A particle of charge Q and mass M moves in a circular path of radius R in a uniform magnetic field of magnitude
B. The same particle now moves with the same speed in a circular path of same radius R in the space between the
cylindrical electrodes of the cylindrical capacitor. The radius of the inner electrode is R/2 while that of the outer
electrode is 3R/2. Then the potential difference between the capacitor electrodes must be
(A) QBR(ln3) M (B) QB2 R 2 (ln3) 2M
(C) QB2 R 2 (ln3) M (D) None
Magnetic Force Page 4

23. A particle with charge +Q and mass m enters a magnetic field of magnitude B, existing
only to the right of the boundary YZ. The direction of the motion of the particle is
m
perpendicular to the direction of B. Let T = 2S . The time spent
QB
by the particle in the field will be

§ S  2T · § S  2T ·
(A) TT (B) 2TT (C) T ¨ ¸ (D) T ¨ ¸
© 2S ¹ © 2S ¹

24. In the previous question, if the particle has –Q charge, the time spend by the particle in the field will be

§ S  2T · § S  2T ·
(A) TT (B) 2TT (C) T ¨ ¸ (D) T ¨ ¸
© 2S ¹ © 2S ¹
25. The direction of magnetic force on the electron as shown in the diagram is along
(A) y-axis (B) –y-axis
(C) z-axis (D) –z-axis

G
26. A particle having charge q enters a region of uniform magnetic field B (directed inwards) and is deflected a
distance x after travelling a distance y. The magnitude of the momentum of the particle is:

qBy qBy qB §¨ y 2 ·
¸ qBy 2
 x
(A)
2
(B)
x
(C)
2 ¨© x ¸
¹
(D)
2x

27. A block of mass m & charge q is released on a long smooth inclined plane magnetic
field B is constant, uniform, horizontal and parallel to surface as shown. Find the
time from start when block loses contact with the surface.
m cos T m cos ec T
(A) (B)
qB qB
m cot T
(C) (D) none
qB
28. A particle moving with velocity v having specific charge (q/m) enters a region of
3mv
magnetic field B having width d = at angle 53° to the boundary of magnetic
5qB
field. Find the angle T in the diagram.
(A) 37° (B) 60° (C) 90° (D) none

29. A charged particle enters a uniform magnetic field perpendicular to its initial direction travelling in air. The path
of the particle is seen to follow the path in figure. Which of statements 1–3 is/are correct?
[1] The magnetic field strength may have been increased while the particle was travelling in air
[2] The particle lost energy by ionising the air
[3] The particle lost charge by ionising the air
(A) 1, 2, 3 are correct (B) 1, 2 only are correct
(C) 2, 3 only are correct (D) 1 only
Magnetic Force Page 5

30. A straight rod of mass m and length L is suspended from the identical
spring as shown in the figure. The spring stretched by a distance of
x0 due to the weight of the wire. The circuit has total resistance R:.
When the magnetic field perpendicular to the plane of the paper is
switched on, springs are observed to extend further by the same
distance. The magnetic field strength is
mgR
(A) ; directed outward from the plane of the paper
HL
mgR
(B) ; directed outward from the plane of the paper
2 H x0
mgR mgR
(C) ; directed into the plane of the paper (D) ; directed into the plane of the paper
HL Hx 0

31. A conducting wire bent in the form of a parabola y2 = 2x carries a current i = 2 A


G
as shown in figure. This wire is placed in a uniform magnetic field B 4 k̂
Tesla. The magnetic force on the wire is (in newton)
(A)  16 î (B) 32 î (C)  32 î (D) 16 î

32. A semi circular current carrying wire having radius R is placed in


x-y plane with its centre at origin ‘O’. There is non-uniform magnetic field
G Bo x
B k̂ (here Bo is +ve constant) is existing in the region. The magnetic
2R
force acting on semi circular wire will be along
(A) – x-axis (B) + y-axis
(C) – y-axis (D) + x-axis

33. A circular current loop of radius a is placed in a radial field B as


shown. The net force acting on the loop is
(A) zero (B) 2SBaIcosT
(C) 2SaIBsinT (D) None

34. A conductor of length l and mass m is placed along the east-west line on a table. Suddenly a certain amount of
charge is passed through it and it is found to jump to a height h. The earth’s magnetic induction is B. The charge
passed through the conductor is:

1 2gh gh m 2gh
(A) (B) (C) (D)
Bmgh Blm Blm Bl
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MULTI - CORRECT

1. Which of the following statement is correct :


(A) A charged particle enters a region of uniform magnetic field at an angle 850 to magnetic lines of force. The
path of the particle is a circle.
(B) An electron and proton are moving with the same kinetic energy along the same direction. When they pass
through uniform magnetic field perpendicular to their direction of motion, they describe circular path.
(C) There is no change in the energy of a charged particle moving in a magnetic field although magnetic force
acts on it.
(D) Two electrons enter with the same speed but in opposite direction in a uniform transverse magnetic field.
Then the two describe circle of the same radius and these move in the same direction.

2. Two identical charged particles enter a uniform magnetic field with same speed but at angles 30° and 60° with
field. Let a, b and c be the ratio of their time periods, radii and pitches of the helical paths than
(A) abc = 1 (B) abc > 1 (C) abc < 1 (D) a = bc

3. Consider the following statements regarding a ch arged particle in a magnetic field . Which of the statements are
true :
(A) Starting with zero velocity, it accelerates in a direction perpendicular to the magnetic field.
(B) While deflecting in magnetic field its energy gradually increases .
(C) Only the component of magnetic field perpendicular to the direction of motion of the charged particle is
effective in deflecting it.
(D) Direction of deflecting force on the moving charged particle is perpendicular to its velocity.

4. A particle of charge q and velocity v passes und eflected through a space with non-zero electric field E and
magnetic field B. The undeflecting conditions will hold if.
(A) signs of both q and E are reversed.
(B) signs of both q and B are reversed.
(C) both B and E are changed in magnitude, but keeping the product of |B| and |E| fixed.
(D) both B and E are doubled in magnitude.

5. Two charged particle A and B each of charge +e a nd masses


12 amu and 13 amu respectively follow a circular trajectory in chamber X
after the velocity selector as shown in the figure. Both particles enter the
velocity selector with speed 1.5 × 106 ms–1. A uniform magnetic field of
strength 1.0 T is maintained within the chamber
X and in the velocity selector.
(A) Electric field across the conducting plate of the velocity selector is – 106 NC–1 î .
(B) Electric field across the conducting plate of the velocity selector is 106 NC–1 î .
(C) The ratio rA rB of the radii of the circular paths for the two particles is 12 13 .
(D) The ratio rA rB of the radii of the circular paths for the two particles is 13 12 .
Magnetic Force Page 7

6. An electron is moving along the positive X-axis. You want to apply a magnetic field for a short time so that the
electron may reverse its direction and move parallel to the negative Xaxis. This can be done by applying the
magnetic field along
(A) Y-axis (B) Z-axis (C) Y-axis only (D) Z-axis only

7. In a region of space, a uniform magnetic field B exists in the y-direction. A proton is


fired from the origin, with its initial velocity v making a small angle D with the y-direction
in the yz plane. In the subsequent motion of the proton,
(A) its x-coordinate can never be positive
(B) its x- and z-coordinates cannot both be zero at the same time
(C) its z-coordinate can never be negative
(D) its y-coordinate will be proportional to the square of its time of flight

8. A rod AB moves with a uniform velocity v in a un iform


magnetic field as shown in figure.
(A) The rod becomes electrically charged.
(B) The end A becomes positively charged.
(C) The end B becomes positively charged.
(D) The rod becomes hot because of Joule heating.

9. A conductor ABCDE, shaped as shown, carries a cu rrent i. It is placed in the xy plane with the ends A and E on
the x-axis. A uniform magnetic field of magnitude B exists in the region. The force acting on it will be
(A) zero, if B is in the x-direction
(B) OBi in the z-direction, if B is in the y-direction
(C) OBi in the negative y-direction, if B is in the z-direction
(D) 2aBi, if B is in the x-direction