You are on page 1of 1

#NMCA RESILIENCE CONCEPTS

Community Bank Resilient Housing Healthcare


The following concepts were generated by project participants as measures that can protect our environment Cooperatively Owned Microgrids (cont’d from Urban Agriculture)
Financial services should be the multiagency Building Healthy
True victory in the climate struggle is Healthcare services should not
while reducing socio-economic inequality. Logos indicate potential partnerships, not formal agreements. Both the City and state government Service Corps to revise “ConEd’s
not simply based on the preservation only be expanded to provide aid
have called for an expansion standby tariffs to lessen economic provided by local institutions Communities Initiative. NYCHA’s
Writing and layout by: Aurash Khawarzad (@khawarzad), Hand-drawings by: Mateo Fernandez-Muro (@Matufis) connected with the community. of physical conditions, but also on to more people: they must also be
of distributed generation (DG) impediments to DG”. Microgrids Gardening and Greening program is
More info at: http://weact.nyc/climate Locally-run finance can shift the also working to expand accessibility the achievement of lasting security made resilient enough to continue to
technology, including wind, solar, and provide multiple benefits, including
geothermal. This plan supports the reliable power when the main grid focus of banks away from their to community gardens. Our for communities that are now under function during the next superstorm,
implementation of DG in the form experiences a blackout, reductions short-term profit, towards long- partners, such as the Corbin Hill threat of displacement. Therefore, heatwave or other crisis. Post-
Coastal Protection of microgrids that are deployed in in energy costs, more control for term investment in infrastructure, Food Project, are deeply engaged affordable housing should be a Sandy healthcare resilience efforts
Coastal areas, particularly vulnerable areas and/or are managed residents over their own energy development of small businesses, with these issues and are mapping priority for climate advocates, just include installing infrastructure to
Waterfront Management Advisory as it is for the Mayor’s office and protect against flooding, building
those in the floodplain shown by local stakeholders. The City is consumption, and employment and other much-needed out an effective model for a
Board and includes pledges to many NYers. Supporting NYCHA by distributed generation systems
in Figure 1, are in need of green currently undertaking a microgrid opportunities. investments in shared resources sustainable food system in Northern
undertake feasibility studies for reinvesting in its infrastructure is a (and microgrids), and connecting
infrastructure that provides feasibility study and removing policy that will benefit the community. Manhattan.
construction and restoration of necessary first step, but we must precarious demographic groups with
ecosystem and flood protections. flood-prone areas. DEP has also roadblocks to microgrid construction
NYC is currently implementing a by working with ConEd and the Public Places of Worship Participatory Budgeting also ensure that further price hikes health services. Healthcare providers
spent over $40 million to-date on
coastal protection project worth Churches, mosques, synagogues, In April 2015, over 51,000 NYC do not happen and that NYCHA should establish connections with
wetlands restoration and other
$3.7 billion and has released its and other religious institutions residents voted on how to allocate property leased to private developers local emergency response systems
coastal protections. What remains
first-ever comprehensive coastal provide flexible spaces for $32 million to various locally- does not cause further gentrification. so that people who need special
to be seen is the extent to which
protection plan, A Stronger, More community planning and emergency developed capital projects across 24 Simultaneously, alternative models health services during a crisis can be
developments will encompass
Resilient New York. The plan seeks services, while conveying important NYC Council Districts. Participatory for transitional housing, such as the reached and treated quickly.
community-based plans or be
to deepen public participation climate-related messages through budgeting is a clear example of how Sugarhill development by Broadway
leveraged to gentrify waterfront
in waterfront restoration and religious practices. Many churches, residents can be made to engage Housing Communities should be
areas.
protection by expanding the urged on by Pope Francis, are joining directly with governance systems to explored.
the struggle for climate justice. tailor policy to their needs. Given the
level of site specificity essential to It is particularly important to ensure
Urban Agriculture effectively address climate change that homes are cool enough for the
Networked technology controls energy usage Local agriculture is an integral elderly. Between 2000 and 2011,
issues, PB should be expanded
and monitors environmental conditions. component of climate resiliency, 85% of those who died from heat in
to encompass more of the City’s
as it helps build communities’ self- NYC died in their own homes. 3333 Broadway Drew Hamilton Houses
budget, green projects, and longer-
reliance while reducing the massive term investments.
petro-chemical footprint of existing “NYCHA has an important role to play
industrialized food systems. The in reducing this city’s carbon footprint
City plans to increase its number of and I look forward to [making] our public
community gardens by partnering housing more efficient and resilient”
with schools, helping gardeners sell -Council Member Ritchie Torres
Wagner Houses Sugarhill Houses
their produce at farm stands, and
supporting urban farms through

Councilman Councilman Councilwoman


Ydanis Mark Melissa Dyckman Houses Jackie Robinson Houses
Community Land Trusts (CLT) Rodríguez Levine Mark-Viverito
Organizing property ownership through
a CLT is one way to preserve affordable
housing by removing properties from
the speculative market. CLTs also allow
participants to collectively use space
for local agriculture, energy production,
recreation, and even social services such
as childcare. Such shared governance
structures can help rebuild the commons in
terms of how we use space/resources.

Design for Pedestrians + Bicyclists


Affordable Cooperative Housing OneNYC calls for a bike lanes in areas “with
The City plans to create and/or preserve 200,000 units of limited bike infrastructure”. This includes bike
affordable housing between 2015 and 2025. This will be done lanes on the Harlem River bridges and on other
by maximizing use of City-owned land, mandating inclusionary auto-oriented streets. The City’s privately-owned
zoning, and providing tax incentives to developers, among bikeshare service, CitiBike, should be expanded
other things. However, many are skeptical that these efforts will to encompass Uptown areas, while taking on a
provide the necessary amount of housing at truly affordable more public nature. For example, equipments
prices (particularly for vulnerable populations such as the should be manufactured locally. Residents have communications systems,
homeless, criminalized populations, the elderly, etc.). Therefore, including digital and analog alternatives, to
new cooperative homeownership mechanisms such as coordinate emergency response.
community land trusts must be explored.

Social Hubs
Community meeting spaces are crucial to support ongoing
planning efforts, as they are necessary for local organizations to
host educational programs, hold meetings, produce materials,
use for storage, etc. Having a local hub open for community use
can support centralized planning and production activities while Water conservation
remaining grounded in local needs and capacities. systems

Multipurpose Infrastructure Tech Incubator Space for Social Services


New design guidelines should By working with universities, public Flexible space within residential buildings
be implemented so that agencies, community organizations can be used for social services such as
waterfronts promote industrial and members of the “maker” childcare and healthcare, as a meeting
The North River space for local groups, and for other
activities while remaining Sewage Treatment community, a tech incubator can
accessible to the public. be built to help local activists and activities that can build social cohesion
Plant is in the
This can be done through entrepreneurs develop socially while allowing more freedom for working
floodplain
constructing green spaces class people to pursue employment
responsible products, such as
that both mitigate flood and engage in other forms of social
improved software for running green
damage and support water- reproduction. Composting
technologies. OneNYC plans to
based transportation should and recycling
support “Clean Tech” industries by
be constructed. These spaces creating an Advanced Manufacturing
are also important for cooling
Network that will provide affordable
the urban heat island and
workspaces, business support
supporting physical activity,
local agriculture, and more.
services and workforce training
programs. NYCEDC has also funded Information Kiosks Flooding Barriers
several business incubators, including After Hurricane Sandy, locally- The thirteen-plus miles
one that focuses on renewable energy. produced signage played an of coastline in Northern
important role in connecting Manhattan are home to
Local Brewery people with networks and thousands of residents, small
A local brewery in the manufacturing resources that supported businesses, manufacturing
district can build on local tradition recovery efforts. Public signs spaces and important pieces of
and culture while creating a local craft and stands should be created municipal infrastructure. Many
food industry. across the City to provide of these, particularly in East
Storage of food, water,
information on cooling center Harlem, are located within the
and medicine locations, evacuation zones, Hurricane Evacuation Zone and
Affordable Public Transport and other important resources. should therefore be hardened
In recent years, bicycle lanes, bus system facilities, against flooding. Flood
and subway routes have been constructed in Northern protections should be planned
Manhattan. These services can provide important
using design guidelines that
transportation options should other transportation
prioritize the creation of public
resources be damaged in a storm. However, rising
transportation costs are also increasingly limiting space, access to the waterfront,
transportation access for low-income groups. and bicycle route connectivity.
Transportation options should be made more affordable,
Local Markets perhaps by means of more public investments, expansion
Manufacturers, farmers, and other “makers” within the of the bikeshare system, and reduced costs for subway
hub can sell their goods at local markets, which support and bus services. Transportation services should also
non-conventional commerce, including bartering be made free to low-income residents during emergency
networks and alternative currencies. situations.
Sources
1. Baiocchi, Gianpaolo et al., “Evaluating Empowerment: Participatory Budgeting in Brazilian Munici-
palities,” Empowerment in Practice: From Analysis to Implementation, 2006.
Manufacturing Facilities Live/Work Spaces 135th Street Marine Waste Transfer Station 2. BBC News Europe, “Greece Debt Crisis: Tsipras Announces Bailout Referendum,” June 2015.
Northern Manhattan’s coastal One of the most effective (yet For several decades, the Marine Waste Transfer Station at 135th 3. Baussan, Danielle, “Social Cohesion: The Secret Weapon in the Fight for Equitable Climate Resil-
and interior areas provide many currently underutilized) tools for Street polluted the Hudson River alongside West Harlem, the ience,” Center for American Progress, May 2015.
opportunities for light industrial communication in relation to climate neighborhood of Hamilton Heights, and other nearby areas with a 4. Bergad, Laird W., “The Concentration of Wealth in New York City Changes in the Structure of House-
change is the arts. However, it is 24-hour stream of garbage trucks and barges. The now-abandoned hold Income by Race/Ethnic Groups and Latino Nationalities 1990 - 2010,” CUNY, January 2014.
activities (manufacturing of 5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Heat Illness and Deaths - NYC, 2000-2011,” August
Ferry Service consumer goods), which can difficult for young artists to secure facility represents an exciting opportunity to create a permanent
climate resilience center that can support local organizations, 9, 2011.
The West Harlem Piers (pictured below) is a good both provide jobs for low- live/work spaces in NYC, forcing 6. Checker, Melissa, “Wiped Out by the ‘Greenwave’: Environmental Gentrification and the Paradoxi-
location to add ferry services for daily commuters and them to leave NYC for other cities. As educational/cultural programs, freight movement, citizen science, cal Politics of Urban Sustainability,” City and Society, vol. 23, 2011.
income residents and produce
to create alternate evacuation routes. OneNYC calls for a result, OneNYC pledges to develop and other climate-related efforts. Several City Council members, 7. MacKinnon, Danny & Kate Driscoll Derickson, “From Resilience to Resourcefulness: A Critique of
tools for local climate resilience. Manhattan’s Borough President, the Parks Commissioner, local
several new ferry routes. 1,500 live/work spaces, including 500 Resilience Policy and Activism,” Progress in Human Geography, vol. 37, 2013.
Public and private financial affordable units, by 2024. Community Board representatives and others have formally stated 8. Mazria, Edward, “Achieving 80 x 50,” Architecture 2030, July 2015.
institutions, organized labor, and that they are in support of such a project. 9. McKay, Jim, “Sandy Created a Black Hole of Communication,” Emergency Management, January
local organizations that focuses 28, 2013.
on workforce development can 10. NYC Center for Economic Opportunity, “Poverty Data Tool,” n.d.
work together to create local 11. NYC Department of Environmental Protection, “NYC Green Infrastructure: Annual Report,” 2014.
12. NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, “New York City Community Health Survey,” 2013.
employment opportunities, 13. NYC Office of Mayor Michael Bloomberg, “A Stronger, More Resilient New York,” June 2013.
develop green energy technology 14. NYC Office of the Mayor, “One City: Built to Last,” September 2014.
(solar, wind, etc.), green transport 15. NYC Office of the Mayor, “#OneNYC: The Plan for a Strong and Just City,” April 2014.
equipment (bikeshare systems) 16. NYC Office of the Mayor, “Providing Climate Projections Through 2100 for the First Time,” 2015.
Local Media Production and other basic necessities 17. NYC Office of the Mayor, “The CEO Poverty Measure, 2005 - 2012,” April 2014.
Food from the Hudson Valley Dedicated space for critical media outlets, training such as textiles and foodstuffs.
Community
Board 9
Sanitation
Comissioner
Parks
Commissioner
18. Sagrans, Eric, “6 Lessons for the U.S. from Spain’s Democratic Revolution,” In These Times, May
Farms in the Hudson Valley can make use of improved 29 2015.
for citizen journalism, and cooperatively owned Organized labor is already exerting Kathryn Mitchell
19. Salter, Raya & Cecil Corbin-Mark, “New York’s Energy Revolution Will Mean More Clean and
waterfront infrastructures to ship food into NYC, which equipment for digital and hard copy media a strong influence on City climate
García Silver
Renewable Power Projects in Low- to Moderate-Income Neighborhoods,” Natural Resources
can strengthen NY state’s economy while providing production. policies. The City Council has Defense Council
healthier food options for local food deserts. OneNYC announced that it will fund 22 new 20. Seguín, Bécquer & Sebatiaan Faber, “In Spain’s Seismic Elections, ‘It’s the Victory of David over
plans to invest $100 million in marine terminals for cooperatively owned businesses in
Goliath,’” The Nation, May 2015.
freight movements. 21. Tidball, Keith, “Urgent biophilia: Human-nature Interactions and Biological Attractions in Disaster
FY 2016. Borough Councilman Resilience,” Ecology and Society, vol. 17, 2012.
President Mark 22. Trade Unions for Energy Democracy, 2015
Gale Brewer Levine
23. U.S. Census Bureau, “ACS 2010 5-Year Estimates,” 2010.