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1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.

2. Remove the engine undercover.


3. Drain the engine coolant.
4. Remove the radiator assembly using the procedures found in this section.
5. Remove the throttle body cover.
6. Remove the intake air connector assembly.
7. Remove the drive belt, fluid coupling (fan clutch) and fan pulley.
8. Without disconnecting the power steering lines, unbolt the power steering pump and
wire it out of the way.
9. Remove the drive belt idler pulley by removing the bolt, cover plate, then the pulley.
10. Remove the right-side timing belt cover (Toyota calls it the "RH No. 3 Timing Belt
Cover").
11. Remove the left side timing belt cover (Toyota calls it the "LH No. 3 Timing Belt
Cover"). Use care when detaching the camshaft position sensor wire.
12. Remove the timing belt cover that is next to the drive belt pulley position (Toyota
calls it the "No. 2 Timing Belt Cover").
13. Without disconnecting the refrigerant lines, unbolt the air conditioning compressor
and wire it out of the way.
14. Unbolt the fan bracket. Use care. The bolts are different lengths with different head
sizes. Identify and mark the bolts are they are removed so they can be installed in the
same locations.
15. If reusing the timing belt, look for installation marks on the timing belt. Check that
there are three installation marks on the timing belt by turning the crankshaft pulley
clockwise. Look for marks at the crankshaft and camshaft pulleys. If the installation
marks have disappeared, place a new mark on the timing belt before removing each
part.
16. Loosen (but do not remove) the crankshaft pulley bolt. A holding tool may be needed
to keep the crankshaft from turning as the bolt is broken loose.
17. Set the engine up so No. 1 cylinder is at Top Dead Center (TDC) of the compression
stroke, using the following as a guide:
1. Turn the crankshaft pulley and align its groove with the timing mark 0 of the
No.1 timing belt cover.
2. Check that the timing marks of the camshaft timing pulleys and timing belt
rear plates are aligned. If not, then the No. 1 cylinder is not on the
compression stroke. Turn the crankshaft clockwise exactly one revolution until
the crankshaft pulley groove is aligned with the timing mark 0 of the No.1
timing belt cover.
3. Now remove the crankshaft pulley bolt, using care not to allow the pulley to
turn off TDC.

WARNING
Do NOT turn the crankshaft pulley.
18. Remove the timing belt tensioner, as follows:
1. If reusing the timing belt, look for the installation marks. If the installation
marks have disappeared, before removing the belt, paint two new installation
marks on the timing belt to match the timing marks of the camshaft pulleys.
2. When replacing the timing belt tensioner only, to avoid incorrect meshing of
the timing pulley and timing belt, secure one of them with a string or wire, to
keep the belt tight on the pulley. Place matchmarks on the timing belt and
right-side camshaft pulley.
3. Alternately loosen the two bolts and remove them, then separate the belt
tensioner and dust boot.
19. Disconnect the timing belt from the camshaft pulleys, noting the following:
1. Using a spin spanner or equivalent tool that fits on the camshaft pulleys,
loosen the tension spring between the left side and right-side camshaft timing
pulleys by slightly turning the left side camshaft pulley clockwise.
2. Remove timing belt from the camshaft pulleys.
20. To remove the camshaft pulleys, use a pin spanner or equivalent tool to hold the
camshaft pulleys and keep them from turning, loosen the pulley center bolts and
remove the pulleys. Use care not to turn the pulleys.
21. Remove the alternator.
22. Remove the drive belt tensioner.
23. To remove the crankshaft pulley, the center bolt should have already been removed in
a previous step. Using a suitable harmonic balancer-type puller draw the pulley from
the nose of the crankshaft. Use care not to turn the crankshaft pulley from TDC.
24. Remove the lower timing belt cover (Toyota called it the No. 1 Timing Belt Cover).
25. Remove the timing belt guide and cover spacer.
26. Remove the timing belt from the engine. If reusing the timing belt, and the installation
mark has disappeared from it, paint a new installation mark on the timing belt to
match the dot mark of the crankshaft timing pulley.
27. If necessary, remove the idler pulleys and check them for smooth turning.
28. If it is necessary to remove the crankshaft timing belt pulley, use a suitable gear puller
to draw the pulley from the nose of the crankshaft. Use care not to turn the crankshaft
pulley from TDC.
To install:
29. Inspect the timing belt. Do NOT bend, twist or turn the timing belt inside out. Do
NOT allow the timing belt to come into contact with oil, water, anti-freeze or
solvents.
1. If the belt teeth are cracked or damaged, check that one of the camshafts is
locked.
2. If there is noticeable wear or cracks on the belt face, check for nicks on the
side of the idler pulley and water pump.
3. If there is wear or damage on even one side of the belt, check the belt guide
and the alignment of each pulley.
4. If there is noticeable wear on the belt teeth, check the timing cover for damage
and for foreign material on the pulley teeth.
30. If necessary, replace the timing belt. Do NOT use the timing belt tension when
installing or removing the mount bolt of the camshaft timing pulleys.
31. Check the idler pulleys. Check seal for leaking lubricant. If necessary, replace the
idler pulley. Check the belt tensioner for leaks. Push in on the tensioner pushrod.
Check that it doesn't move. If it does move, replace the tensioner. Measure the
protrusion (the amount the pushrod sticks out of the tensioner. It should be 0.4130.453
inch (10.511.5mm).
32. Inspect the water pump for leaks. See that the shaft turns smoothly, without play.
33. If removed, install the crankshaft timing belt pulley. Align the pulley key with the
groove and install the pulley. It may be necessary to gently tap the pulley in place
with a suitably sided socket or short length of pipe.
34. Install the idler pulleys. Use a small amount of thread-locking compound, Loctite242,
or equivalent, on the bolt threads. Tighten the bolts to 25 ft. lbs. (35 Nm). Verify that
the idler pulleys turn smoothly.
35. Temporarily install the timing belt. Remove any oil or water on the crankshaft pulley,
oil pump pulley, water pump pulley, both idler pulleys and keep them clean. Wipe
them clean with a clean shop cloth. Do NOT use solvents. Align the installation mark
on the timing belt with the timing mark on the crankshaft timing pulley. Install the
belt on the crankshaft timing pulley and over the idler pulleys.
36. Install the timing belt cover spacer. Make sure the gasket (seal) is in position.
37. Install the timing belt guide, facing the cup side outward.
38. Install the timing belt cover and its four bolts.
39. Install the crankshaft pulley. Align the key with the slot and install the pulley. It may
be necessary to gently tap the pulley in place with a suitably sided socket or short
length of pipe.
40. Install the drive belt tensioner (this is not the timing belt tensioner). The bolt should
be 4.18 inches (106mm) in length. Tighten the bolt and nuts to 144 inch lbs. (16 Nm).
41. Install the alternator.
42. Check the crankshaft pulley position. Check that the timing mark of the crankshaft
pulley is aligned with the timing mark 0 on the lower timing belt cover.
43. Install the right and left camshaft timing pulleys. Align the dowel pin on the
camshafts with the groove in the pulleys and slide on the pulleys. Use a pin spanner or
other suitable tool to keep the pulleys from turning and torque the center bolts to 80 ft.
lbs. (108 Nm). Wipe the pulleys clean of any oil or water. Use a clean shop cloth. Do
NOT use solvent.
44. Install the timing belt to the camshaft pulleys using the following as a guide:
1. Turn the left side pulley to align the installation mark on the timing belt with
the timing mark on the camshaft pulley. Hang the belt on the pulley.
2. Turn the left side pulley counterclockwise until there is tension between the
crankshaft timing pulley and the left side camshaft timing pulley.
3. Turn the right side pulley to align the installation mark on the timing belt with
the timing mark on the camshaft pulley. Hang the belt on the pulley.
45. Using a shop press, compression the tensioner pushrod. It may take anywhere from
2202200 pounds of pressure. Align the holes of the pushrod and housing and insert a
0.50 inch (1.27mm) hex wrench or other suitable stiff pin to secure the setting
position of the pushrod. Release the press and install the dust boot. Install the belt
tensioner and alternately tighten the bolts to 19 ft. lbs. (26 Nm). With the tensioner
securely bolted in place, use pliers to pull the restraining pin from the belt tensioner.
46. Check the valve timing. Temporarily install the crankshaft pulley bolt. Slowly turn the
crankshaft pulley two complete revolutions from TDC to TDC. Always turn the
pulley clockwise. Verify that each pulley aligns with the timing marks. If the timing
marks do not align, stop. Remove he timing belt and reinstall it. It can be see how
important is was to make installation marks on the belt before removal, as described
earlier.
47. When satisfied that all timing marks are correctly aligned, tighten the crankshaft
pulley bolt to 180 ft. lbs. (245 Nm). A holding tool may be required to keep the pulley
from turning as it is tightened.
48. Install the fan bracket. Use care to get the bolts installed in the correct location. Some
bolts are 4.17 inch (106mm) long and have a 12mm head. Other bolts are 4.49 inch
(114mm) long and have a 14mm head. Torque the bolts as follows:
1. Bolts with a 12mm head are tightened to 12 ft. lbs. (16 Nm).
2. Bolts with a 14mm head are tightened to 24 ft. lbs. (32 Nm).
49. If equipped with air conditioning, install the compressor.
50. Install No. 2 timing belt cover and tighten the two bolts to 12 ft. lbs. (16 Nm).
51. Install the right side timing belt cover, matching it with the fan bracket Tighten the
bolts and nut to 66 inch lbs. (7.5 Nm).
52. Install the left side timing belt cover observing the following:
1. Install the oil cooler pipe with the nut and bolt.
2. Run the camshaft position sensor wire through the timing belt cover hole.
3. Install the belt cover, matching it with the fan bracket.
4. Tighten the bolts and nut to 66 inch lbs. (7.5 Nm).
5. Install the sensor wire grommet to the cover and attach the sensor connector
and secure to its bracket.
6. Secure the remaining wire clamps for the engine harness, as required.
53. Install the drive belt idler pulley and torque the bolt to 30 ft. lbs. (39 Nm).
54. Install the power steering pump and torque the bolts to 156 inch lbs. (17 Nm).
55. Install the fan pulley, fan, fan clutch and drive belt.
56. Install the air connector assembly.
57. Install the throttle body cover.
58. Install the radiator assembly and fill with coolant.
59. Start the engine and check for leaks and abnormal noises.
60. Recheck the engine coolant.
61. Install the engine undercover.