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DON HONORIO VENTURA TECHNOLOGICAL STATE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE


DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

RESEARCH REPORT
IN
ECE TECHNOLOGY III
TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR
BY

POWER OF VI
(GROUP NAME)

BALANSAG, JAMIE F.
GAMBOA, PRINCESS ANNE S.
MANDAC, RECHELLY L.
NAPILI, JONALYN V.
PINEDA, RONALYN M.
SAMPANG, GABRIELLE JAN M.

ENGR. DOROTHY JOY M. TONGOL


(INSTRUCTOR)

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
HISTORY OF TELEVISION
- Television, or TV, is one of humanity's most important means of communication. It brings
pictures and sounds from around the world into millions of homes. The invention of the
television was the work of many individuals in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Television is an electronic system of transmitting transient images of fixed or moving objects
together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound
into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound.

Reasons the world loves TV


TV has authority
Today information is everywhere. But television has a particular authority. If you see
something on TV, you know that millions of others are also seeing it, and that it has been
verified, produced and created by professionals. That’s why television remains the most popular
and trusted platform for news, culture, sports and entertainment.

TV creates communities
Great television programmes create communities around them. TV shows, live events and
news make animated conversation for friends, family and colleagues. They bind people together
and trigger reactions on social networks..

TV inspires the mind


Television is a fantastic educational tool. It broadens knowledge of different cultures,
promotes tolerance and global understanding of international issues. Through current affairs,
discovery, lifestyle, cooking shows and children’s programmes, television encourages scientific
and cultural curiosity.

TV delivers quality
Thanks to the hard work of talented people on and off-screen, building on decades of
experience and on new ways of working and communicating with audiences, the production
quality of television programming has never been better than it is today.

TV gives a voice to good causes


Thanks to its unrivalled reach and emotional power, television enables effective calls for
action during humanitarian crises, natural disasters and social emergencies. It reaches out to
society through programmes and communication campaigns on environment, healthy eating,
physical activity, responsible sexual attitudes and responsible alcohol consumption, and many
others.

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
TV goes hand-in-hand with sport
Without television, professional sport would be unrecognisable. Millions enjoy watching live
sport every week from all parts of the world in ever-higher picture quality, and enjoy the sense
of unity that sports coverage creates. Televised sport has other benefits: it promotes sport’s
values and ethics, and it inspires people to follow healthy role models.

TV stimulates the economy


The global media sector of which television is a major part employs millions of skilled
workers across the world; over 1.2 million people are estimated to work in the audiovisual sector
in the European Union alone*. In addition, the success of commercial television as an advertising
medium generates revenue which can be reinvested in even more great programming for
viewers.

TV embraces the digital age


Consumers now have more opportunities to enjoy television content than ever before.
Viewers can watch on multiple screens and interact within fan communities and social
platforms. The social television experience is completed with exclusive online content, pre-
release of sequences before linear-TV broadcast, digital video interviews, making of videos,
backstage photos and many others.

TV reaches consumers & builds brands


Television ensures that consumers know about new products, services, ideas and projects. It
strengthens the position of existing brands and reassures consumers about the choices they
make.

TYPES OF TELEVISION
Cathode Ray Tube - The CRT, or cathode ray tube, has been around since 1897, and it’s
been used in television sets since 1934.

Digital Light Processing - DLP, or digital light processing, projectors were first designed in
1987, and now they can be found in most movie theaters

Plasma -displays represent a paradigm shift that swept through the television industry
around 2000.

Liquid-Crystal Display -LCD TVs use a thin layer of liquid-crystals to display an image. A
1080p LCD TV contains more than 2 million individual pixels, which display colors
independently from one another.
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
Light-Emitting Diode - LED, or light-emitting diode, TVs are actually LCD TVs in disguise
because they also use liquid-crystal displays. Instead of fluorescent bulbs, LEDs generate light,
which shines through the LCD screen to generate a visible image, and they use less electricity
and generate less heat than LCD TVs.

High Refresh Rate TVs - Most cable programming broadcasts at just 30 fps, or frames per
second, which is about how fast the human eye can process different images. TVs typically
operate at 60Hz — in other words, they can update their images up to 60 times every second.

3D TVs - Some TVs are equipped with 3D capabilities. Viewers will need to wear
special glasses that come with their 3D TVs to experience the special effects, and
they can disable the 3D mode to watch movies and shows in 2D. Unfortunately,
most content only comes out in 2D, and 3D TVs can be up to twice as expensive as
2D models.
Smart TVs - Manufacturers have started marketing smart TVs that can connect to
the Internet and access additional content. Cable subscribers can connect to their
home networks with a Wi-Fi connection or Ethernet cable, and they can stream
movies, shows, music, and other media from their computers or websites. Most
smart TVs can be controlled with tablets or smartphones.

TROUBLE SHOOTING
is a problem-solving process with the goal of returning an item to its as-
designed state. The item doesn’t work at all, doesn’t work correctly, doesn’t work
efficiently, or doesn’t stop working. You can fix anything if you know how to
troubleshoot it. And you can troubleshoot if you understand how an item works
and how to figure out why it doesn’t work.

SAFETY GUIDELINES IN TROUBLESSHOOTING


These guidelines are to protect you from potentially deadly electrical shock
hazards as well as the equipment from accidental damage.

 Don't work alone - in the event of an emergency another person's presence


may be essential.
 Always keep one hand in your pocket when anywhere around a powered
line-connected or high voltage system.
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
 Wear rubber bottom shoes or sneakers.
 Don't wear any jewelry or other articles that could accidentally contact
circuitry and conduct current, or get caught in moving parts.
 Set up your work area away from possible grounds that you may accidentally
contact.
 Know your equipment: TVs and monitors may use parts of the metal chassis
as ground return yet the chassis may be electrically live with respect to the
earth ground of the AC line. Microwave ovens use the chassis as ground
return for the high voltage. In addition, do not assume that the chassis is a
suitable ground for your test equipment!
 If circuit boards need to be removed from their mountings, put insulating
material between the boards and anything they may short to. Hold them in
place with string or electrical tape. Prop them up with insulation sticks -
plastic or wood.
 If you need to probe, solder, or otherwise touch circuits with power off,
discharge (across) large power supply filter capacitors with a 2 W or greater
resistor of 100 to 500 ohms/V approximate value (e.g., for a 200 V capacitor,
use a 20K to 100K ohm resistor). Monitor while discharging and verify that
there is no residual charge with a suitable voltmeter. In a TV or monitor, if
you are removing the high voltage connection to the CRT (to replace the
flyback transformer for example) first discharge the CRT contact (under the
suction cup at the end of the fat HV wire). Use a 1M to 10M ohm 5 W or
greater wattage (for its voltage holdoff capability, not power dissipation)
resistor on the end of an insulating stick or the probe of a high voltage meter.
Discharge to the metal frame which is connected to the outside of the CRT.
 For TVs and monitors in particular, there is the additional danger of CRT
implosion - take care not to bang the CRT envelope with your tools. An
implosion will scatter shards of glass at high velocity in every direction. There
are several tons of force attempting to crush the typical CRT. While implosion
is not really likely even with modest abuse, why take chances? However, the
CRT neck is relatively thin and fragile and breaking it would be very
embarrassing and costly. Always wear eye protection when working around
the back side of a CRT.
 Connect/disconnect any test leads with the equipment unpowered and
unplugged. Use clip leads or solder temporary wires to reach cramped
locations or difficult to access locations.
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
 If you must probe live, put electrical tape over all but the last 1/16" of the
test probes to avoid the possibility of an accidental short which could cause
damage to various components. Clip the reference end of the meter or scope
to the appropriate ground return so that you need to only probe with one
hand.
 Perform as many tests as possible with power off and the equipment
unplugged. For example, the semiconductors in the power supply section of
a TV or monitor can be tested for short circuits with an ohmmeter.
 Use an isolation transformer if there is any chance of contacting line
connected circuits. A Variac(tm) is not an isolation transformer! The use of a
GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) protected outlet is a good idea but
will not protect you from shock from many points in a line connected TV or
monitor, or the high voltage side of a microwave oven, for example. (Note
however, that, a GFCI may nuisanse trip at power-on or at other random
times due to leakage paths (like your scope probe ground) or the highly
capacitive or inductive input characteristics of line powered equipment.) A
fuse or circuit breaker is too slow and insensitive to provide any protection
for you or in many cases, your equipment. However, these devices may save
your scope probe ground wire should you accidentally connect it to a live
chassis.
 Don't attempt repair work when you are tired. Not only will you be more
careless, but your primary diagnostic tool - deductive reasoning - will not be
operating at full capacity.
 Finally, never assume anything without checking it out for yourself! Don't
take shortcuts!

TROUBLESHOOTING TIPS
Many problems have simple solutions. Don't immediately assume that your
problem is some combination of esoteric complex convoluted failures. For a TV, it
may just be a bad connection or blown fuse. Remember that the problems with
the most catastrophic impact on operation like a dead TV usually have the simplest
solutions. The kind of problems we would like to avoid at all costs are the ones
that are intermittent or difficult to reproduce: the occasional interference or a TV
that refuses to play 'StarTrek Voyager'. If you get stuck, sleep on it. Sometimes,
just letting the problem bounce around in your head will lead to a different more
successful approach or solution. Don't work when you are really tired - it is both
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
dangerous (especially with respect to TVs) and mostly non-productive (or possibly
destructive). Whenever working on precision equipment, make copious notes and
diagrams. You will be eternally grateful when the time comes to reassemble the
unit. Most connectors are keyed against incorrect insertion or interchange of
cables, but not always. Apparently identical screws may be of differing lengths or
have slightly different thread types. Little parts may fit in more than one place or
orientation. Etc. Pill bottles, film canisters, and plastic ice cube trays come in
handy for sorting and storing screws and other small parts after disassembly. This
is particularly true if you have repairs on multiple pieces of equipment under way
simultaneously. Select a work area which is wide open, well lighted, and where
dropped parts can be located - not on a deep pile shag rug. The best location will
also be relatively dust free and allow you to suspend your troubleshooting to eat
or sleep or think without having to pile everything into a cardboard box for
storage. Another consideration is ESD - Electro-Static Discharge. Some components
(like ICs) in a TV are vulnerable to ESD. There is no need to go overboard but taking
reasonable precautions such as getting into the habit of touching a **safe**
ground point first. A basic set of precision hand tools will be all you need to
disassemble a TV and perform most adjustments. These do not need to be really
expensive but poor quality tools are worse than useless and can cause damage.
Needed tools include a selection of Philips and straight blade screwdrivers, socket
drivers, needle nose pliers, wire cutters, tweezers, and dental picks. For
adjustments, a miniature (1/16" blade) screwdriver with a non-metallic tip is
desirable both to prevent the presence of metal from altering the electrical
properties of the circuit and to minimize the possibility of shorting something from
accidental contact with the circuitry. A set of plastic alignment tools will be useful
for making adjustments to coils and RF transformers. A low power (e.g., 25 W) fine
tip soldering iron and fine rosin core solder will be needed if you should need to
disconnect any soldered wires (on purpose or by accident) or replace soldered
components. A higher power iron or small soldering gun will be needed for dealing
with larger components. CAUTION: You can easily turn a simple repair (e.g., bad
solder connections) into an expensive mess if you use inappropriate soldering
equipment and/or lack the soldering skills to go along with it. If in doubt, find
someone else to do the soldering or at least practice, practice, practice, soldering
and desoldering on a junk circuit board first! See the document: Troubleshooting
and Repair of Consumer Electronic Equipment for additional info on soldering and
rework techniques. For thermal or warmup problems, a can of 'cold spray' or
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
'circuit chiller' (they are the same) and a heat gun or blow dryer come in handy to
identify components whose characteristics may be drifting with temperature.
Using the extension tube of the spray can or making a cardboard nozzle for the
heat gun can provide very precise control of which components you are affecting.
For info on useful chemicals, adhesives, and lubricants, see "Repair Briefs, an
Introduction" as well as other documents available at this site.

TEST EQUIPMENT
Don't start with the electronic test equipment, start with some analytical
thinking. Your powers of observation (and a little experience) will make a good
start. Your built in senses and that stuff between your ears represents the most
important test equipment you have.

Multimeter (DMM or VOM) - This is essential for checking of power supply


voltages and voltages on the pins of ICs or other components

Oscilloscope - While many problems can be dealt with using just a multimeter, a
'scope will be essential as you get more into advanced troubleshooting

Video signal source - both RF and baseband (RCA jacks). Unless you are
troubleshooting tuner or video/audio input problems, either one will suffice. RF
sources include a pair of rabbit ears or an outdoor antenna, a cable connection, or
a VCR with a working RF modulator. This will be more convenient than an antenna
connection and will permit you to control the program material. In fact, making
some test tapes using a camcorder or video camera to record static test patterns
will allow you full control of what is being displayed and for how long.

Color bar/dot/crosshatch signal generator - This is a useful piece of equipment if you are
doing a lot of TV or monitor repair and need to perform CRT convergence and chroma
adjustments

Soldering Equipment - Soldering equipment is used for electronics work. These pieces of
equipment can include the electric soldering iron. This iron can be fitted with a number of tips
that range from blunt to fine. The soldering gun is also another tool that can be used. This gun
is used for portable appliances. It heats up before use.

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
Resistors -are electrical components. They are used to limit or regulate a flow of an electrical
current within an electrical circuit. They are also used to provide specific amounts of voltage to
active devices.

Diodes - is a two-way electrical component with low resistance to a current flow in one
direction, and a high resistance flow in the other. The current can also be allowed to pass in
one direction, while the current in the other direction is blocked.

Capacitors - is also known as a condenser. It is a two-way electrical component that is used


in an electrical field to store energy. A capacitor contains at least two electrical conductors
that are separated by an insulator.

Fuses - A fuse’s main function is to block or interrupt the current in order to prevent
overheating by further damage or by fire. The fuse is a low resistance resistor. It acts as a
sacrificial device and provides over current protection of either the source circuit or the load.
An excessive current is caused by overloading, device failure or mismatched loads.

IC Protectors - IC Protectors have a maximum voltage of 50V and they have the appearance
of small plastic packaged transistors that only have two legs. Obtaining replacements can be
tricky due to their similar markings. They can be silk screened with an R, an F, or an ICP prefix
which makes telling them apart extremely difficult. They have an internal resistance of one
tenth of an Ohm.

Duct Tape-Duct tape is available in a large range of colours and sizes, and can be purchased
in any hardware store as well as many convenience stores. This simple tape can be extremely
effective when repairing TV sets. It is safe to use and it also acts as a divider.

TROUBLESHOOTING FOR TV PROBLEMS

These are some of the most common issues on TVs we are asked about, along with the likely
solutions.

CRT television has no image


No image is a very common problem with cathode ray tube TVs. If you are facing such issue
then check the obvious things first i.e. verify whether your TV is plugged in correctly and is
receiving sufficient power for operation. If the power is OK, then check the video settings (like
brightness, sharpness, contrast and picture settings). If the settings are fine then there can
be problem in the video cable and hardware. If the basic diagnosis comes out fine then it
might be the time to call a professional TV repair person. (Picture Source:
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
www.overclockers.com)
Bowed picture or images not lined up
This is a very common picture problem with CRT TVs. It is usually caused by the failure of an
internal circuit called the convergence circuit. The circuit has convergence ICs, which when go
bad create the problem of bowed picture. Sometimes bad or faulty soldered-in fuses and
resistors can also cause image distortion. A technician or a PRO can easily repair this sort of
problem in-home. (Picture Source: www.justanswer.com)
CRT displays one horizontal line in the center when turned-on
Many time it happens that there appears a single thin horizontal line on the CRT TV screen.
The probable cause of this problem can be a faulty yoke with a defective or burned coil inside
it. The other probable cause can be loose contact between the yoke and the main board. The
third possible cause can be a defective capacitor. (Picture Source: www.static.myce.com)
Single vertical line in the center of screen
Some time when you power on your CTR TV you see a single thin vertical line on the screen.
The probable cause of this problem can be a faulty yoke with a defective or burned coil inside
it. Other reason can be defective vertical ICs. The ICs may have lost contacts with solder joints
because of the heat production during operation. (Picture Source: www.jestineyong.com)
CRT TV crackles when powered up or emits a strong electrical odor
This is not a very common problem. The most prominent reason is cathode ray tube failure.
The minor crackling noise is due to high voltage arcing. The possible reason behind the burning
smell is caused by insulation burn. In such situation, immediately unplug the TV from the
power outlet. Call a professional TV repair person and get it corrected.
Colorful shadows on the sides
Whether you have a CRT TV or owned it before, you must have witnessed at some point of
time, a colorful shadow on the sides of the screen (can be seen as reddish orange shadow in
the picture). It is mainly due to presence of any magnetic device near the TV. Magnets placed
near a CRT can damage the set’s “shadow mask,” which can cause the wrong colors to appear
in that area. (Picture Shadow mask is located behind the glass screen, as shown in the above
graphical Cathode Ray Tube picture. High-power magnets can sometime cause
permanent damage to the CRT. (Picture Source: www.wiztech.wikispaces.com)
Bad sound or no sound from the TV
No sound or less sound is a commonly heard problem with CRT TVs. The most possible
reason is faulty speakers. Other reasons can be damaged audio amplifier, a low supply voltage
to the amplifier or a faulty audio IC. There can be other reasons as well like some faulty

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
internal wiring. Other frequent problems with CRT TV are loss of vertical sync and loss of
horizontal sync in the picture.
Television turns on and off by itself :
This is a very common problem with televisions. Try the following to solve it:

 Unplug the TV from the electrical outlet. Keep it without power for a minute and then
plug it back. Sometimes resetting the system can bring it back to function.
 Remove the devices like remote controls/ extenders placed near your television as
infrared signals emitted by them might be interfering with the TV.
 Change the batteries in the remote control

Picture discoloration and distortion:


Sometimes the TV starts normally but after sometimes the picture gets distorted or
discoloration occurs. To solve this switch off the TV and unplug from the socket. Keep it in
power off mode for a minute and then plug it back and turn on the power. If possible check
the TV with other video source like a DVD player or gaming options like play station/Xbox. If
the picture is still distorted, this means your television needs a repair.

TV has picture but no sound or sound without picture:


This can be due to simple problems in the sound or picture setting. So check the sound and
picture settings of your TV

A colored vertical /horizontal line is displayed at the one end of the screen :
This can be due to the magnetic waves coming from the speakers or other electronic devices
placed near the TV. So move them away from your TV. Unplug the television for a while and
then turn it on. See if it works

TV Has no power
Verify The Display Is Not Showing An Image ,If your TV shows a black screen that doesn’t
mean it’s not on. This could be a panel or a source issue rather than a problem with the
power.

 Press the MENU button on your remote or on the side of the TV. If the TV’s menu
appears on the screen after pressing that button then the TV is on and does not have a
power issue. The black screen is more likely the result of a source issue such as a
problem with cable or satellite TV service.

 Use The Power Button On The TV Instead Of The Remote - A problem with the remote
might make you think there is a problem with the TV. It could be that the TV is working
fine but the remote is faulty. Use the power button on the side of the TV determine if
the problem is caused by the remote.
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
 Power Cycle The TV
Power cycling can solve a lot of odd problems with Vizio TVs. First disconnect the TV’s
power cord from the power outlet and leave it unplugged. Then press and hold the
power button on the TV for 10 seconds.After you have held the button for 10 seconds,
let go then try to power the TV on.

 Re-seat The Power Cord


A loose power cord might be causing the problem. The power cord can be detached
from most Vizio TVs. It can easily get disconnected by house pets or if the TV is moved
while cleaning.
Unplug the power cord from the back of the TV, reconnect it again, then test the TV.

 Test The TV When Connected To A New Outlet


Verify the TV is using a functioning wall outlet. You always want to attempt to power the
TV on using a second outlet. Test a new outlet even if other devices work in the first
outlet. Connect the TV’s power cord to a new outlet that you have not used yet then
test the TV again.

Tuner Section
Snowy Picture , Washout Picture , Low Band Channel is missing 2,4,5 ,High Band is missing 7,
9, 3 up.

Tuner Section Solution : Check the Antenna


Check the Antenna Coaxial wire
Check and Re solder the tuner section
Check the Voltage Supply in the tuner section ( 9V,12V,33V)
Check the following components (supportive elements )
Resistor ,Capacitor, Diode, Transistor
Check and Re solder tuner black

Audio Amplifier Section


No Weak Sound , Garbled Sound, Distributed Sound , Humming Sound

Audio Amplifier Section Solution : Check first the audio speaker


Check and Re solder the audio section
Check the voltage supply in the Audio output
(IC or Transistor)
Check the following components
(Transistor, Diodes, Resistors , Capacitors)
Check and Replaced the audio output components

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
Video Amplifier Section
No picture, Retrace line image ,Blurry image , Negative Image , Too Bright

Video Amplifier Section Solution :


Check first voltage supply in the video section (Output) Components (Gz) 400V
Check and Re solder the video Amplifier circuits
Check and Replaced the following Filter, Capacitors polarized 1uf/250V,
10uf/160V 1000uf/50V
Check and Replaced the CRT socket
Check and Replaced the following components(transistor, diode, resistor, capacitor)
Check and Replaced the video/chroma IC
Check and replaced the CRT

Chrominance Section / Color Section|


Black and White, Distorted Color, retrace line with red color , Retrace line with blue color ,
Retrace line with Green Color , Blurry Image

Chrominance Section Solution :


Check and Re solder first the chroma section
Check and Replaced the following filter capacitor (Polarized)
1000uf/35V, 100uf/25V , 47uf/25V 1uf/35V
Check the voltage supply in the Try Gun Transistor in the demodulator
circuit transistor collector pin 135v each
Check and Replaced the 3.58mhz crystal component
Check and Replaced the following Resistor value 12k ohms 15k ohms
Check also the voltage supply in the chroma IC
Check and Replaced the Chroma IC
Check and Replaced the CRT
Vertical Section
Reduced in Height upper part, Reduce in Height Lower part , reduced in Height Both up and
Down, Vertical Rolling , Too long image , Too short image , One Horizontal Bright line, Vertical
Trapezoid.

Vertical Section Solution :


Check and Re solder first the Vertical Section
Check the Voltage Supply in the Vertical(output) component (12V,24V)
Check and Replaced the following filter capacitor (10uf/25V , 1000uf/35V)
Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
Check the following components ( transistors, diodes, resistor, capacitors )
then Replaced the defective components
Check and Replaced the vertical output component (IC or transistor)
Check and Replaced the vertical Yoke (Deflection Yoke )
Horizontal Section
Width Problem Left, Width Problem Right , Width Problem Left and Right , Tearing Picture,
Picture Ringing, Dot Trouble , One Vertical Bright Line, Horizontal trapezoid

Horizontal Section Solution :


Check and Re solder first the horizontal Section
Check the voltage supply in the horizontal output Transistor (135 – 175V)
Check and Replaced the following filter capacitor (100uf/250V,1uf/100V)
Check and Replaced the deflection Yoke
Check and Replaced the Horizontal Fly back x-former
Power Supply /Low Voltage
No Power ,Fuse Always Blown, Low in Supply, Over voltage, Stand by , Hum/Vibrate

Power Supply /Low Voltage Solution


Check first the voltage supply in the power supply section (Output)
component (115V 135V)
Check and Re solder the power supply section
Check the following components (ICP, fuse Switch)
Check and replaced the following components
(Transistor, Diode, Capacitor)
Check also the chopper – x former
Check and Replaced the regulator out components (IC – Transistors )
System Control Circuits/Memory IC
No power, stand by , blinking image

System Control Circuit Solution


Check first the voltage Supply in the System control
Check and Re solder the system control circuits
Check and Remove the memory IC then restore to the ciruits
Check and Replaced the System Control IC or Memory IC

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
TV REPAIR
Unlike VCRs or CD players where any disasters are likely to only affect your pocketbook, TVs
can be dangerous. Read, understand, and follow the set of safety guidelines provided later in
this section whenever working on TVs, monitors, or other similar high voltage equipment.
If you do go inside, beware: line voltage (on large caps) and high voltage (on CRT) for long after
the plug is pulled. There is the added danger of CRT implosion for carelessly dropped tools and
often sharp sheetmetal shields which can injure if you should have a reflex reaction upon
touching something you should not touch. In inside of a TV or monitor is no place for the
careless or naive.

Having said that, a basic knowledge of how a TV set works and what can go wrong can be of
great value even if you do not attempt the repair yourself. It will enable you to intelligently
deal with the service technician. You will be more likely to be able to recognize if you are being
taken for a ride by a dishonest or just plain incompetent repair center. For example, a faulty
picture tube CANNOT be the cause of a color television only displaying shows in black-and-
white. The majority of consumers probably do not know even this simple fact. Such a problem
is usually due to a bad capacitor or other 10 cent part.

This document will provide you with the knowledge to deal with a large percentage of the
problems you are likely to encounter with your TVs. It will enable you to diagnose problems
and in many cases, correct them as well. With minor exceptions, specific manufacturers and
models will not be covered as there are so many variations that such a treatment would
require a huge and very detailed text. Rather, the most common problems will be addressed
and enough basic principles of operation will be provided to enable you to narrow the
problem down and likely determine a course of action for repair. In many cases, you will be
able to do what is required for a fraction of the cost that would be charged by a repair center.

Should you still not be able to find a solution, you will have learned a great deal and be able to
ask appropriate questions and supply relevant information if you decide to post to
sci.electronics.repair. It will also be easier to do further research using a repair text such as the
ones listed at the end of this document. In any case, you will have the satisfaction of knowing
you did as much as you could before taking it in for professional repair. With your new-found
knowledge, you will have the upper hand and will not easily be snowed by a dishonest or
incompetent technician.

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI
REPAIR OR REPLACE
If you need to send or take the TV to a service center, the repair could easily exceed half the
cost of a new TV. Service centers may charge up to $50 or more for providing an initial
estimate of repair costs but this will usually be credited toward the total cost of the repair (of
course, they may just jack this up to compensate for their bench time).
TV prices have been dropping almost as fast as PC prices. Therefore, paying such prices for
repair just may not make sense. Except for picture tube problems, most TV faults can be
corrected without expensive parts, however. Keeping a 5 year old TV alive may be well
worthwhile as basic TV performance and important features have not changed in a long time.

If you can do the repairs yourself, the equation changes dramatically as your parts costs will be
1/2 to 1/4 of what a professional will charge and of course your time is free. The educational
aspects may also be appealing. You will learn a lot in the process. Thus, it may make sense to
repair that old clunker for your game room or beach house. (I would suggest the kid's room
but most TV watching just rots the brain anyhow so a broken TV may be more worthwhile
educationally than one that works.)

Balansag J., Gamboa, P., Mandac, R., Napili J., Pineda R., Sampang G. TV TROUBLESHOOTING AND REPAIR POWER OF VI