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August 22, 2018 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD — SENATE S5865

(1) in paragraph (4), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the the conduct described in paragraphs (1)(A) and S. 266
end; (1)(B) for 5 consecutive calendar years.’’. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep-
(2) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at (b) APPLICABILITY.—The amendments made by resentatives of the United States of America in
the end and inserting ‘‘; and’’; and this section shall take effect on the date of en- Congress assembled,
(3) by adding at the end the following: actment of this Act. SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
‘‘(6) the term ‘military force’ does not include The PRESIDING OFFICER. The This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Anwar Sadat
any person that— Centennial Celebration Act’’.
clerk will report the bill by title.
‘‘(A) has been designated as a— SEC. 2. FINDINGS.
‘‘(i) foreign terrorist organization by the Sec- The senior assistant legislative clerk
Congress finds the following:
retary of State under section 219 of the Immigra- read as follows: (1) Anwar Sadat was born on December 25,
tion and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1189); or A bill (S. 2946) to amend title 18, United 1918, in Mit Abu al-Kum, al-Minufiyah,
‘‘(ii) specially designated global terrorist (as States Code, to clarify the meaning of the Egypt, as 1 of 13 children in a poor Egyptian
such term is defined in section 594.310 of title 31, terms ‘‘act of war’’ and ‘‘blocked asset,’’ and family.
Code of Federal Regulations) by the Secretary of for other purposes. (2) In 1938, Sadat graduated from the Royal
State or the Secretary of the Treasury; or There being no objection, the Senate Military Academy in Cairo and was ap-
‘‘(B) has been determined by the court to not pointed to the Signal Corps.
proceeded to consider the bill.
be a ‘military force’.’’. (3) Sadat entered the Army as a second
(b) APPLICABILITY.—The amendments made by Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I
lieutenant and was posted to Sudan where he
this section shall apply to any civil action pend- ask unanimous consent that the com-
met Gamal Abdel Nasser and fellow junior
ing on or commenced after the date of the enact- mittee-reported substitute amendment officers who became the ‘‘Free Officers’’ who
ment of this Act. be agreed to and that the bill, as led the Egyptian revolution of 1952.
SEC. 3. SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENTS AGAINST amended, be considered read a third (4) Sadat held various high positions dur-
TERRORISTS. time. ing Nasser’s presidency, assuming the role of
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 2333 of title 18, The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without President of the National Assembly in 1960
United States Code, is amended by inserting at objection, it is so ordered. and Vice President in 1964.
the end following: (5) President Nasser died of a heart attack
The committee-reported substitute
‘‘(e) USE OF BLOCKED ASSETS TO SATISFY on September 28, 1970, at which point Sadat
JUDGMENTS OF U.S. NATIONALS.—For purposes amendment was agreed to.
became acting President. Sadat was subse-
of section 201 of the Terrorism Risk Insurance The bill was ordered to be engrossed quently elected as the third President of
Act of 2002 (28 U.S.C. 1610 note), in any action for a third reading and was read the Egypt.
in which a national of the United States has ob- third time. (6) On October 6, 1973, President Sadat,
tained a judgment against a terrorist party pur- Mr. MCCONNELL. I know of no fur- along with his Syrian counterparts, launched
suant to this section, the term ‘blocked asset’ ther debate on the bill. an offensive against Israel. A permanent
shall include any asset of that terrorist party The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill cease-fire was reached on October 25, 1973.
(including the blocked assets of any agency or (7) In 1974, after talks facilitated by Sec-
having been read the third time, the
instrumentality of that party) seized or frozen retary of State Henry Kissinger, Egypt and
by the United States under section 805(b) of the question is, Shall the bill pass?
Israel signed an agreement allowing Egypt
Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (21 The bill (S. 2946), as amended, was to formally retrieve land in the Sinai. Presi-
U.S.C. 1904(b)).’’. passed. dent Sadat later wrote in his memoirs that
(b) APPLICABILITY.—The amendments made by Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I his meetings with Kissinger ‘‘marked the be-
this section shall apply to any judgment entered ask unanimous consent that the mo- ginning of a relationship of mutual under-
before, on, or after the date of enactment of this tion to reconsider be considered made standing with the United States culminating
Act. and laid upon the table. and crystallizing in what we came to de-
SEC. 4. CONSENT OF CERTAIN PARTIES TO PER-
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without scribe as a ‘peace process’. Together we
SONAL JURISDICTION. started that process and the United States
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 2334 of title 18,
objection, it is so ordered.
still supports our joint efforts to this day’’.
United States Code, is amended by adding at the f (8) Months of diplomacy between Egypt
end the following: ANWAR SADAT CENTENNIAL and Israel followed the signing of this initial
‘‘(e) CONSENT OF CERTAIN PARTIES TO PER- agreement and a second disengagement
SONAL JURISDICTION.—
CELEBRATION ACT
agreement, the Sinai Interim Agreement,
‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in para- Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I was signed in September of 1975.
graph (2), for purposes of any civil action under ask unanimous consent that the Com- (9) President Sadat addressed a joint ses-
section 2333 of this title, a defendant shall be mittee on Banking be discharged from sion of Congress on November 5, 1975, during
deemed to have consented to personal jurisdic- further consideration of S. 266 and the which he underscored the shared values be-
tion in such civil action if, regardless of the date tween the United States and Egypt. In this
Senate proceed to its immediate con-
of the occurrence of the act of international ter- speech, President Sadat addressed the path
rorism upon which such civil action was filed, sideration. to peace, saying, ‘‘We are faced, together
the defendant— The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without with other nations, with one of the greatest
‘‘(A) after the date that is 120 days after the objection, it is so ordered. challenges of our time, namely the task of
date of enactment of this subsection, accepts— The clerk will report the bill by title. convincing this generation, and those to fol-
‘‘(i) any form of assistance, however provided, The senior assistant legislative clerk low, that we can finally build a viable inter-
under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assist- read as follows: national system capable of meeting the de-
ance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.); mands of tomorrow and solving the problems
A bill (S. 266) to award the Congressional
‘‘(ii) any form of assistance, however pro- of the coming age’’.
Gold Medal to Anwar Sadat in recognition of
vided, under section 481 of the Foreign Assist- (10) On November 19, 1977, President Sadat
his heroic achievements and courageous con-
ance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291) for inter- became the first Arab leader to visit Israel,
tributions to peace in the Middle East.
national narcotics control and law enforcement; meeting with the Israeli Prime Minister,
or There being no objection, the Senate Menachem Begin. President Sadat spoke be-
‘‘(iii) any form of assistance, however pro- proceeded to consider the bill. fore the Israeli Knesset in Jerusalem about
vided, under chapter 9 of part II of the Foreign Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I his views on how to achieve comprehensive
Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2349bb et seq.); ask unanimous consent that the bill be peace in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
or considered read a third time. (11) Before commencing negotiations,
‘‘(B) in the case of a defendant benefiting President Sadat courageously announced to
The PRESIDING OFFICER. Is there
from a waiver or suspension of section 1003 of the Knesset, ‘‘I have come to you so that to-
the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987 (22 U.S.C. 5202) objection? gether we might build a durable peace based
after the date that is 120 days after the date of Without objection, it is so ordered. on justice, to avoid the shedding of 1 single
enactment of this subsection— The bill was ordered to be engrossed drop of blood from an Arab or an Israeli. It
‘‘(i) continues to maintain any office, head- for a third reading and was read the is for this reason that I have proclaimed my
quarters, premises, or other facilities or estab- third time. readiness to go to the farthest corner of the
lishments within the jurisdiction of the United Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I world’’. President Sadat further poignantly
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States; or know of no further debate on the bill. stated that ‘‘any life lost in war is a human
‘‘(ii) establishes or procures any office, head- life, irrespective of its being that of an
The PRESIDING OFFICER. The bill
quarters, premises, or other facilities or estab- Israeli or an Arab. . . . When the bells of
lishments within the jurisdiction of the United having been read the third time, the peace ring, there will be no hands to beat the
States. question is, Shall the bill pass? drums of war’’.
‘‘(2) APPLICABILITY.—Paragraph (1) shall not The bill (S. 266) was passed, as fol- (12) On September 17, 1978, President
apply to any defendant who ceases to engage in lows: Jimmy Carter hosted President Sadat and

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S5866 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD — SENATE August 22, 2018
Prime Minister Begin at Camp David where improve a world tormented by malice and AMERICAN FISHERIES ADVISORY
the 3 leaders engaged in 13 days of negotia- pettiness’’. COMMITTEE ACT
tions that resulted in the ‘‘Framework for (21) President Sadat is recognized in the
Peace in the Middle East’’ (commonly known United States and throughout the world as a Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I
as the ‘‘Camp David Accords’’). respected leader and champion of peace ask unanimous consent that the Sen-
(13) Following negotiations, President whose vision provided a roadmap for the ate proceed to the immediate consider-
Sadat and Prime Minister Begin signed the peaceful resolution of conflict that endures ation of Calendar No. 283, S. 1322, which
Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty (in this section nearly 40 years after its inception. had been reported from the Committee
referred to as the ‘‘Peace Treaty’’) at the (22) President Sadat bravely reached out to on Commerce, Science, and Transpor-
White House on March 26, 1979. Addressing Israel and dedicated himself to peace, fur-
tation, with an amendment to strike
President Sadat at the signing of the Peace thering the national security of Egypt and
the stability of the Middle East. all after the enacting clause and insert
Treaty, which remains an important anchor
for peace in the region today, Prime Minister (23) On the 30th anniversary of the Peace in lieu thereof the following:
Begin commended President Sadat by say- Treaty, President Barack Obama praised the SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
ing, ‘‘In the face of adversity and hostility, enduring legacy of the Camp David Accords This Act may be cited as the ‘‘American Fish-
you have demonstrated the human value and the ‘‘courage and foresight of these lead- eries Advisory Committee Act’’.
that can change history—civil courage’’. ers, who stood together in unity to change SEC. 2. AMERICAN FISHERIES ADVISORY COM-
(14) The Peace Treaty featured mutual rec- the course of our shared history’’. President MITTEE.
ognition of each country by the other and ul- Obama closed by saying, ‘‘Today, as we seek (a) ESTABLISHMENT.—Section 2 of the Act of
timately the cessation of the state of war to expand the circle of peace among Arabs August 11, 1939 (15 U.S.C. 713c–3), is amended
that had existed between Israel and Egypt and Israelis, we take inspiration from what by adding at the end the following:
since the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Israel com- Israel and Egypt achieved 3 decades ago, ‘‘(f) AMERICAN FISHERIES ADVISORY COM-
pletely withdrew its armed forces and civil- knowing that the destination is worthy of MITTEE.—
ians from the rest of the Sinai. the struggle’’. ‘‘(1) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection:
(15) In 1978, both President Sadat and (24) The Camp David Accords and the ‘‘(A) COMMITTEE.—The term ‘Committee’
Prime Minister Begin were awarded the Peace Treaty continue to serve the interests means the American Fisheries Advisory Com-
Nobel Peace Prize for signing the Peace of the United States by preserving peace and mittee established under paragraph (2).
Treaty, which made Egypt the first Arab serving as a foundation for partnership and ‘‘(B) FISHING COMMUNITY.—The term ‘fishing
country to officially recognize Israel. dialogue in a region fraught with conflict community’ means harvesters, marketers, grow-
(16) While presenting the Nobel Peace Prize and division. ers, processors, recreational fishermen, charter
to President Sadat, Aase Lionaes, Chairman SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL GOLD MEDAL. fishermen, and persons providing them with
of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, said, (a) AWARD AUTHORIZED.—The Speaker of goods and services.
‘‘During the 30 preceding years, the peoples the House of Representatives and the Presi- ‘‘(C) MARKETING AND PROMOTION.—The term
of the Middle East have, on 4 separate occa- dent pro tempore of the Senate shall make ‘marketing and promotion’ means an activity
sions, been the victims of warfare and there appropriate arrangements for the post- aimed at encouraging the consumption of sea-
seemed no prospect of peace. President humous award, on behalf of Congress, of a food or expanding or maintaining commercial
Sadat’s great contribution to peace was that gold medal of appropriate design to Anwar markets for seafood.
he had sufficient courage and foresight to Sadat in recognition of his achievements and ‘‘(D) PROCESSOR.—The term ‘processor’ means
break away from this vicious circle. His deci- heroic actions to attain comprehensive peace any person in the business of preparing or pack-
sion to accept Prime Minister Menachem Be- in the Middle East. aging seafood (including seafood of the proc-
gin’s invitation of November 17, 1977, to at- (b) DESIGN AND STRIKING.—For the purpose essor’s own harvesting) for sale.
tend a meeting of the Israeli parliament on of the award referred to in subsection (a), the ‘‘(E) SEAFOOD.—The term ‘seafood’ means
November 19 was an act of great courage, Secretary of the Treasury (referred to in this farm-raised and wild-caught fish, shellfish, or
Act as the ‘‘Secretary’’) shall strike a gold marine algae harvested in the United States or
both from a personal and from a political
medal with suitable emblems, devices, and by a United States flagged vessel for human
point of view. This was a dramatic break
inscriptions to be determined by the Sec- consumption.
with the past and a courageous step forward
retary. ‘‘(2) ESTABLISHMENT.—Not later than 90 days
into a new age’’. (c) PRESENTATION.— after the date of the enactment of the American
(17) During his Nobel lecture, President (1) IN GENERAL.—The gold medal referred Fisheries Advisory Committee Act, the Secretary
Sadat remarked, ‘‘I made my trip because I to in subsection (a) shall be presented to— shall establish 6 regions within the American
am convinced that we owe it to this genera- (A)(i) the widow of Anwar Sadat, Jehan Fisheries Advisory Committee as follows:
tion and the generations to come not to Sadat; or ‘‘(A) Region 1 shall consist of Alaska, Hawaii,
leave a stone unturned in our pursuit of (ii) if Jehan Sadat is unavailable, the next the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Is-
peace’’. of kin of Jehan Sadat; and lands, and the Territories of Guam and Amer-
(18) In remarks to the People’s Assembly in (B) a representative of the Government of ican Samoa.
Cairo on March 10, 1979, President Carter Egypt. ‘‘(B) Region 2 shall consist of Maine, New
praised President Sadat, telling the Assem- (2) AWARD OF MEDAL.—Following the pres- Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and
bly, ‘‘Your President has demonstrated the entation described in paragraph (1), the gold Connecticut.
power of human courage and human vision medal shall be given to— ‘‘(C) Region 3 shall consist of Texas, Alabama,
to create hope where there had been only de- (A) Jehan Sadat; or Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, Arkansas, Puer-
spair.’’. President Carter also said that the (B) if Jehan Sadat is unavailable, the next to Rico, and territory of the Virgin Islands.
Peace Treaty would ‘‘strengthen cooperation of kin of Jehan Sadat. ‘‘(D) Region 4 shall consist of California,
between Egypt and the United States’’ and Washington, Oregon, and Idaho.
SEC. 4. DUPLICATE MEDALS.
underscored the support of the United States ‘‘(E) Region 5 shall consist of New Jersey, New
The Secretary may strike and sell dupli-
for the agreement, saying, ‘‘I fully share and York, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North
cates in bronze of the gold medal struck
will support President Sadat’s belief that Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
under section 3 under such regulations as the
stability must be maintained in this part of Secretary may prescribe, at a price suffi- ‘‘(F) Region 6 shall consist of Michigan, Min-
the world . . . He and I recognize that the se- cient to cover the cost thereof, including nesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, and
curity of this vital region is being chal- labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, and Pennsylvania.
lenged. I applaud his determination to meet overhead expenses, and the cost of the gold ‘‘(3) MEMBERSHIP.—The Committee shall be
that challenge, and my Government will medal. composed of the following members:
stand with him’’. SEC. 5. STATUS OF MEDALS. ‘‘(A) REGIONAL REPRESENTATION.—Each of the
(19) The signing of the Peace Treaty en- (a) NATIONAL MEDALS.—The medals struck regions listed in subparagraphs (A) through (F)
raged many individuals who opposed normal- under this Act are national medals for pur- of paragraph (2) shall be represented on the
ized relations with Israel. President Sadat poses of chapter 51 of title 31, United States Committee by 3 members—
was assassinated on October 6, 1981, by Code. ‘‘(i) who are appointed by the Secretary;
Khalid Islambouli, a member of Egyptian Is- (b) NUMISMATIC ITEMS.—For purposes of ‘‘(ii) who reside in a State or territory in the
lamic Jihad. President Sadat was well aware sections 5134 and 5136 of title 31, United region that the member will represent;
of the controversy to which his actions States Code, all medals struck under this ‘‘(iii) of which—
would lead, but pushed for peace anyway. Act shall be considered to be numismatic ‘‘(I) one shall have experience as a seafood
(20) Upon the death of President Sadat, harvester;
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items.
President Ronald Reagan proclaimed, ‘‘(II) one shall have experience as a processor;
‘‘President Sadat was a courageous man
Mr. MCCONNELL. Mr. President, I
and
whose vision and wisdom brought nations ask unanimous consent that the mo- ‘‘(III) one shall have experience as a rec-
and people together. In a world filled with tion to reconsider be considered made reational fisher; and
hatred, he was a man of hope. In a world and laid upon the table. ‘‘(iv) that are selected so that the members of
trapped in the animosities of the past, he The PRESIDING OFFICER. Without the Committee have experience or expertise with
was a man of foresight, a man who sought to objection, it is so ordered. as many seafood species as practicable.

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