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User's Guide

kfx-912MS owners

Please be sure to read the important notice of this manual.

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http://world.casio.com/edu_e/

CASIO ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. Unit 6, 1000 North Circular Road, London NW2 7JD, U.K.

**Removing and Replacing the Calculator’s Cover
**

• Before starting .....1 Holding the cover as shown in the illustration, slide the unit out of the cover. • After you are finished .....2 Holding the cover as shown in the illustration, slide the unit out of the cover. • Always slide the keyboard end of the unit into the cover first. Never slide the display end of the unit into the cover.

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Safety Precautions

Be sure to read the following safety precautions before using this calculator. Keep this manual handy for later reference.

Caution

This symbol is used to indicate information that can result in personal injury or material damage if ignored.

Batteries

• After removing the battery from the calculator, put it in a safe place where it will not get into the hands of small children and accidentally swallowed. • Keep batteries out of the reach of small children. If accidentally swallowed, consult with a physician immediately. • Never charge batteries, try to take batteries apart, or allow batteries to become shorted. Never expose batteries to direct heat or dispose of them by incineration. • Misuse of batteries can cause them to leak and damage nearby items, and can create the risk of fire and personal injury. • Always make sure that the battery’s positive k and negative l ends are facing correctly when you load it into the calculator. • Remove the battery if you do not plan to use the calculator for a long time (fx-95MS/100MS/570MS). • Use only the type of battery specified for this calculator in this manual.

**Disposing of the Calculator
**

• Never dispose of the calculator by burning it. Doing so can cause certain components to suddenly burst, creating the risk of fire and personal injury. • The displays and illustrations (such as key markings) shown in this User’s Guide are for illustrative purposes 2

Also avoid leaving the calculator in direct sunlight.. Always keep written records of all important data. it may require replacement sooner than the normal expected battery life. • Low battery power can cause memory contents to become corrupted or lost completely. and shortening of battery life. or consequential damages in connection with or arising out of the purchase or use of these materials. near a window. and may differ somewhat from the actual items they represent. CASIO Computer Co. shall not be liable for any claim of any kind whatsoever against the use of these materials by any other party. Moreover. or at least once every two years for the fx-95MS/fx-100MS. incidental. be liable to anyone for special. causing damage to and malfunction of the calculator. and damage to internal circuitry.. Handling Precautions • Be sure to press the 5 key before using the calculator for the first time. • In no event shall CASIO Computer Co. • Avoid use and storage in areas subjected to temperature extremes. Ltd. total failure of the display. Ltd. 3 . replace the battery at least once every three years for the fx115MS/fx-570MS/fx-991MS. • The battery that comes with this unit discharges slightly during shipment and storage. Because of this. • Even if the calculator is operating normally. Very low temperatures can cause slow display response. A dead battery can leak.only. Heat can cause discoloration or deformation of the calculator’s case. Never leave a dead battery in the calculator. • The contents of this manual are subject to change without notice. collateral. near a heater or anywhere else it might be exposed to very high temperatures.

Never use thinner. • Use a soft. Such conditions can damage internal circuitry. • Never drop the calculator or otherwise subject it to strong impact. • Never try to take the calculator apart. 4 . benzene or other volatile agents to clean the calculator. If the calculator becomes very dirty. Take care never to leave the calculator where it might be splashed by water or exposed to large amounts of humidity or dust. • Never press the keys of the calculator with a ballpoint pen or other pointed object. wipe it off with a cloth moistened in a weak solution of water and a mild neutral household detergent.• Avoid use and storage in areas subjected to large amounts of humidity and dust. Doing so can remove printed markings and can damage the case. • Never twist or bend the calculator. dry cloth to clean the exterior of the calculator. Wring out all excess moisture before wiping the calculator. Avoid carrying the calculator in the pocket of your trousers or other tight-fitting clothing where it might be subjected to twisting or bending.

........................................................................................... Seconds Calculations .. 11 12 14 15 15 16 17 17 17 Memory Calculations ............................................................................... kConsecutive Calculations .................... 8 kMaking Corrections During Input ........... 11 k Initializing the Calculator ............................. 18 kHyperbolic/Inverse Hyperbolic Functions ............................................... .........................................................Contents Removing and Replacing the Calculator’s Cover ... 7 kModes ..... kFraction Operations ................................. Minutes............................ 3 Two-line Display ...................................................................... 10 kExponential Display Formats ....... 7 kInput Capacity ......... 19 5 ........... 18 kTrigonometric/Inverse Trigonometric Functions ............................................................. 10 kDecimal Point and Separator Symbols .................................................................................................................... kPercentage Calculations ................ kAnswer Memory .................................................................................. kFIX......... 7 Before getting started...... kDegrees.................................................. RND .............................. k Variables ................... 11 k Arithmetic Calculations ....... 16 Scientific Function Calculations ...................................................... 2 Handling Precautions ............ 9 kMulti-statements ..... 9 kError Locator ........ 9 kReplay Function .... 11 Basic Calculations ..... kIndependent Memory . SCI.. 1 Safety Precautions ...........................................

.. Random Numbers............ 39 6 ................. kError Messages ................. Factorials.... Rec (r...................................................... 38 Specifications (fx-95MS only) ............ 32 kWhen you have a problem................................................................ kOrder of Operations . 22 kSimultaneous Equations ................................ 28 Technical Information ................................................. y)....................................... 24 Statistical Calculations .................... 22 Equation Calculations ............... 19 kSquare Roots... 21 kCoordinate Conversion (Pol (x... )) ........................................... and Permutation/Combination .... 21 kEngineering Notation Calculations ........ Cube Roots............................... 26 Regression Calculations ............................. Squares......... 20 kAngle Unit Conversion .. kStacks ........................................... 32 32 34 35 36 Power Supply (fx-95MS only) ................... ....................... Reciprocals................ kInput Ranges . 26 Standard Deviation ...................... Roots.... 22 kQuadratic and Cubic Equations ...................................................................... Cubes................. π.......kCommon and Natural Logarithms/ Antilogarithms .........

Users of other models should refer to the “User’s Guide 2 (Additional Functions)” for information about modes and their selection.. you must first enter the correct mode as indicated in the table below. A separator symbol is displayed every three digits when the integer part of the mantissa has more than three digits. • The lower line shows the result. k Modes Before starting a calculation..Two-line Display The two-line display makes it possible to view both the calculation formula and its result at the same time. Before getting started. fx-95MS Modes To perform this type of calculation: Basic arithmetic calculations Standard deviation Regression calculations Solution of equations 7 Perform this To enter key operation: this mode: F1 F2 F3 FF1 COMP SD REG EQN . • The upper line shows the calculation formula. • The following table shows the modes and required operations for the fx-95MS only.

for example. COMP) and angle unit setting (Deg. press A B 2(Mode) =. k Input Capacity • The memory area used for calculation input can hold 79 “steps. the cursor changes from “_” to “k” to let you know memory is running low. • Be sure to check the current calculation mode (SD.. REG. takes up only one step. 8 . • Pressing the g key recalls the last result obtained. which you can use in a subsequent calculation. . If you need to input more than 79 steps. • You can input up to 79 steps for a single calculation. A A or p key operation does not take up a step. Example: Equation Calculations EQN Note! • To return the calculation mode and setup to the initial defaults shown below. Calculation Mode: Angle Unit: Exponential Display Format: Fraction Display Format: Decimal Point Character: COMP Deg Norm 1 a b/c Dot • Mode indicators appear in the upper part of the display. \ ). -. Rad. Setup screens are described in the sections of this manual where they are actually used to change the calculator setup. Whenever you input the 73rd step of any calculation. See “Answer Memory” for more information about using the g key.• Pressing the F key more than twice displays additional setup screens. you should divide your calculation into two or more parts.” One step is taken up each time you press a number key or arithmetic operator key ( +. • In this manual. so inputting A D. Gra) before beginning a calculation. the name of the mode you need to enter in order to perform the calculations being described is indicated in the main title of each section.

• Pressing A K.k Making Corrections During Input • Use e and r to move the cursor to the location you want. Pressing the [ key displays the formula and result of the calculation you last performed. the replay function stores the calculation formula and its result in replay memory. • Press [ to delete the number or function at the current cursor position. • Pressing t does not clear replay memory. or = returns to the normal cursor from the insert cursor. 9 . Inputting something while the insert cursor is on the display inserts the input at the insert cursor position. • Replay memory is cleared by any of the following actions. • Pressing the e or r key immediately after you finish a calculation displays the editing screen for that calculation. • Pressing the e or r key while a replay memory calculation is on the display changes to the editing screen. • Press A K to change to an insert cursor t. When you press the 5 key When you initialize modes and settings by pressing A B 2 (or 3) =. When you change from one calculation mode to another When you turn off the calculator. k Error Locator • Pressing r or e after an error occurs displays the calculation with the cursor positioned at the location where the error occurred. • Replay memory capacity is 128 bytes for storage of both expressions and results. Pressing [ again back steps sequentially (new-to-old) through past calculations. k Replay Function • Every time you perform a calculation. so you can recall the last calculation even after you press t.

• All of the examples in this manual show calculation results using the Norm 1 format. press 1 to select Norm 1 or 2 for Norm 2. press the F key a number of times until you reach the exponential display format setup screen shown below. u Norm 2 With Norm 2. On the format selection screen that appears. which are joined using a colon ( : ). F i x Sc i No r m 1 2 3 • Press 3. you can select between two formats that determine at what point exponential notation is used. • To change the exponential display format. In the case of decimal values. exponential notation is automatically used for integer values with more than 10 digits and decimal values with more than two decimal places. u Norm 1 With Norm 1. Disp = Ans×4 20. • Example: To add 2 + 3 and then multiply the result by 4 2+3p\g-4= 2+3 5. k Exponential Display Formats This calculator can display up to 10 digits. exponential notation is automatically used for integer values with more than 10 digits and decimal values with more than nine decimal places.k Multi-statements A multi-statement is an expression that is made up of two or more smaller expressions. Larger values are automatically displayed using exponential notation. 10 .

.. F 1 • Negative values inside of calculations must be enclosed within parentheses.. • To change the decimal point and separator symbol setting...23 → S R D 1...... press the F key a number of times until you reach the setup screen shown below. COMP .......... A B 3(All) = Basic Calculations k Arithmetic Calculations COMP Use the F key to enter the COMP Mode when you want to perform basic calculations........k Decimal Point and Separator Symbols You can use the display setup (Disp) screen to specify the symbols you want for the decimal point and 3-digit separator. 1(Dot): Period decimal point. Disp 1 • Display the selection screen............ sin –1....23 T 11 .... and clear replay memory and variables...... fx-95MS: 1r Other Models: 1 r r • Press the number key ( 1 or 2) that corresponds to the setting you want to use.... period separator k Initializing the Calculator • Perform the following key operation when you want to initialize the calculation mode and setup... comma separator 2(Comma): Comma decimal point........

00 2C4= 1 2 1.00 11 12 3C1C4+ 1 2 3 4 1C2C3= • Example 3: • Example 4: 2 4 1 2 4 11 12.5 10–8 3-5eD9= • Example 2: 5 (9 7) 80 5-R9+7T= • You can skip all T operations before =. • Example 1: 2 3 1 5 13 15 2C3+1C5= • Example 2: 3 1 4 13 15.34 e D 5 • Example 1: 3 (5 10–9) 1. uDecimal ↔ Fraction Conversion • Use the operation shown below to convert calculation results between decimal values and fraction values. • Note that conversion can take as long as two seconds to perform.34 10–5 → S 2.6 2.6 = • Results of calculations that mix fraction and decimal values are always decimal.1 1 C 2 + 1. k Fraction Operations uFraction Calculations • Values are displayed in decimal format automatically whenever the total number of digits of a fractional value (integer + numerator + denominator + separator marks) exceeds 10.• It is not necessary to enclose a negative exponent within parentheses. 12 . sin 2.

00 0.75 = 2. fx-95MS: 1 Other Models: 1 r • Press the number key ( 1 or 2) that corresponds to the setting you want to use. • To change the fraction display format.• Example 1: 2.75 2 3 (Decimal → Fraction) 4 2. Disp 1 • Display the selection screen.5 (Fraction ↔ Decimal) 2 1C2= 1 2.00 AB AB • You can use the display setup (Disp) screen to specify the display format when a fraction calculation result is greater than one. 1(a b/c): Mixed fraction 2(d/c): Improper fraction 13 .00 5 3.500 1 2.00 11 4.75 C 11 4 • Example 2: 2 3 4.00 C C uMixed Fraction ↔ Improper Fraction Conversion • Example: 1 2 5 ↔ 3 3 1C2C3= 1 2 3.00 AB 1 ↔ 0.00 1 2 3. press the q key a number of times until you reach the setup screen shown below.

20%) 46 .25 A v . 40 A v eeeeee8= 14 * . what is the percentage increase in weight? (160%) 300 + 500 A v • Example 7: What is the percentage change when a value is increased from 40 to 46? How about to 48? (15%.• An error occurs if you try to input a mixed fraction while the d/c display format is selected.15 A v + • Example 4 : To discount 3500 by 25% (2625) 3500 . key is pressed. • Example 5: To discount the sum of 168. if you want to use the current Answer Memory value in a mark up or discount calculation. * As shown here. you need to assign the Answer Memory value into a variable and then use the variable in the mark up/discount calculation.12 A v • Example 2: To calculate what percentage of 880 is 660 (75%) 660 \ 880 A v • Example 3 : To add 15% onto 2500 (2875) 2500 . This is because the calculation performed when v is pressed stores a result to Answer Memory before the . • Example 6: If 300 grams are added to a test sample originally weighing 500 grams.20 A v . and 734 by 20% (800) 168 + 98 + 734 = g A j 1 p 1 . 98. k Percentage Calculations • Example 1 : To calculate 12% of 1500 (180) 1500 .

SCI. Seconds Calculations • You can perform sexagesimal calculations using degrees (hours). Minutes. 1 (Fix): Number of decimal places 2 (Sci): Number of significant digits 3 (Norm): Exponential display format • Example 1: 200 Ö 7 14 200 \ 7 . and convert between sexagesimal and decimal values. F i x Sc i No r m 1 2 3 • Press the number key ( 1. • Example 1: To convert the decimal value 2. press the F key a number of times until you reach the setup screen shown below. and seconds.45 12 I 34 I 56 I . RND • To change the settings for the number of decimal places. minutes.k Degrees. 2.00 FIX F. 1(Fix) 3 15 400.2 k FIX..258 = 2. the number of significant digits..) 400.258 AO I • Example 2: To perform the following calculation: 12°34’56” 3.45 = 43°24°31.258 2°15°28.258 to a sexagesimal value and then back to a decimal value 2..8 2.14 = (Specifies three decimal places.3. or 3) that corresponds to the setup item you want to change. or the exponential display format..00000 .

... F 1 k Answer Memory • Whenever you press = after inputting values or an expression..57100 400.99400 AQ ..... 2(Sci) 2 1 \ 3 = SCI 3.... Memory Calculations COMP Use the F key to enter the COMP Mode when you want to perform a calculation using memory.....00000 . 3(Norm) 1 to clear the Sci specification... • Example 2: 1 Ö 3... A {. |.57100 28.57100 399. 200 \ 7 = (Internal rounding) 28. displaying result with two significant digits (Sci 2) F.. 3(Norm) 1 to clear the Fix specification........... 16 ....14 = • Press F .. the calculated result automatically updates Answer Memory contents by storing the result.. COMP ..... • In addition to =.......) 200 \ 7 = 28......... X...(Internal calculation continues using 12 digits........... or Y)..14 = The following performs the same calculation using the specified number of decimal places...3–01 • Press F .. Answer Memory contents are also updated with result whenever you press A v.. or M. or A j followed by a letter (A through F...

or subtracted from memory. • Use the following operation to delete data assigned to a 17 . • Example: 23 53 ) 45 9 6 2 32 47 90 –11 23 + 9 A j 3 (M+) 53 . Ö. • Answer Memory contents are not updated if the operation performed by any of the above key operations results in an error. DRG'). nPr and nCr. • The result of a calculation can also be used with a subsequent Type A function (x2. M.2 A { (Total) 0 3 (M+) k Variables • There are nine variables (A through F. x–1. added to memory. • Independent memory uses the same memory area as variable M. . k Independent Memory • Values can be input directly into memory. constants. indicating it is the value that is currently stored in Answer Memory. ^(xy). which can be used to store data. k Consecutive Calculations • You can use the calculation result that is currently on the display (and also stored in Answer Memory) as the first value of your next calculation. Note that pressing an operator key while a result is displayed causes the displayed value to change to Ans. x!. –. results. • Answer Memory can store up to 12 digits for the mantissa and two digits for the exponent. Independent memory is convenient for calculating cumulative totals. +. input 0 A j 3 (M+). x3. X and Y).• You can recall Answer Memory contents by pressing g. 6 | 45 . x . and other values. • To clear independent memory (M).

.. This operation deletes the data assigned to variable A...2 A j 1 \ 23 = p 1 \ 28 = Scientific Function Calculations COMP Use the F key to enter the COMP Mode when you want to perform basic arithmetic calculations. Deg Rad G r a 1 2 3 • Press the number key ( 1.. • Perform the following key operation when you want to clear the values assigned to all of the variables........ or 3 ) that corresponds to the angle unit you want to use....... radians. • Wait for the result to appear on the display before starting the next calculation...... F 1 • Certain types of calculations may take a long time to complete..9 193..14159265359 k Trigonometric/Inverse Trigonometric Functions • To change the default angle unit (degrees.. A B 1(Mcl) = • Example: 193........particular variable: 0 A j 1..2 Ö 28 8.2 Ö 23 193. • π = 3....4 6.... 2... (90° = π 2 radians = 100 grads) 18 ... press the F key a number of times until you reach the angle unit setup screen shown below....... grads)... COMP .........

089905111 R 1.46579 31. 1(Deg) S 63 I 52 I 41 I = • Example 2: cos ( π rad 3 ) 0.. 1(Deg) A g 0.. 2 (Rad) AVRL2\2T=g\Ax= • Example 4: tan 1 0..897859012 q .5 q .6227766 16 19 .5 1 22026..741 36.5 = 2W4= • Example 2: In 90 (= loge 90) = 4...6 = M A j 30 = 30 k Common and Natural Logarithms/ Antilogarithms • Example 1: log 1.094622224 M S 3....23 0.. 2(Rad) WRAx\3T= 0.• Example 1: sin 63 °52o41 0.6 • Example 2: sinh 1 18....741 = k Hyperbolic/Inverse Hyperbolic Functions • Example 1: sinh 3.25 π (rad) • Example 3 : cos 1 2 2 ( π (rad) 4 ) q ..28545536 4.23 = T 90 = TpP= A U 10 = A Q 1..49980967 ln e • Example 3: e10 • Example 4: 10 • Example 5: 24 1.53844577 ° q ..

Random Numbers.424777961 • Example 10: To determine how many different 4-digit values can be produced using the numbers 1 through 7 • Numbers cannot be duplicated within the same 4-digit value (1234 is allowed. Reciprocals. (840) 7Am4= • Example 11: To determine how many different 4-member groups can be organized in a group of 10 individuals (210) 10 n* 4 = 20 .4aTa= • Example 7: 8! 40320 8Af= • Example 8: To generate a random number between 0. 1 • Example 6: 12 1 1 3 4 R3a. but 1123 is not).000 and 0. Cubes. Cube Roots. Roots.290024053 L2+L3-L5= • Example 2: 5 27 1 A D 5 + A D R D 27 T = • Example 3: 7 123 ( = 123 7 ) 1. and Permutation/Combination • Example 1: 3 2 3 3 5 5.66400 3Ax= (The above value is a sample only.k Square Roots. Results differ each time.287196909 –1.988647795 7 A H 123 = 123 + 30 K = 12 N * = • Example 4: 123 • Example 5: 123 302 1023 1728 * A N in the case of fx-570MS/fx-991MS.999 AM= • Example 9: 3π 0. Squares.) 9. Factorials. π.

• Example 1: To convert polar coordinates (r 2.. θ 1. to rectangular coordinates (x. y) (Deg) x y 60°) 1 1. or 3 converts the displayed value to the corresponding angle unit..25 radians to degrees q . 25 r 243.047197551 0o • Press 0 n to display the value of r.. D R G 1 2 3 • Pressing 1. 3) to polar coordinates (r. • Example 2: To convert rectangular coordinates (1. y).. k Angle Unit Conversion • Press A v to display the following menu. Rec (r. • Example: To convert 4.25 A v 2(R) = 4 .* A n in the case of fx-100MS/fx-115MS/fx-570MS/ fx-991MS. ) (Rad) r 2 f* 1 P L 3 T = * A f in the case of fx-100MS/fx-115MS/fx-570MS/ fx-991MS. 2.732050808 A F 2 P 60 T = 0o • Press 0 n to display the value of x. 21 . 1(Deg) 4. or 0 o to display the value of y. θ )) • Calculation results are automatically assigned to variables E and F.5070629 k Coordinate Conversion (Pol (x. or 0 o to display the value of .

088 meters to kilometers → 56. Use the F key to enter the EQN Mode when you want to solve an equation.08125 grams to milligrams → 81.088 10 3 (km) 10 –3 (mg) 56088 = J • Example 2: To convert 0.... and input values for each of the coefficients....... F F 1 (fx-95MS) F F F 1 (Other Models) k Quadratic and Cubic Equations Quadratic Equation: ax2 + bx + c = 0 Cubic Equation: ax3 + bx2 + cx + d = 0 Entering the EQN Mode and pressing r displays the initial quadratic/cubic equation screen... Element value 22 . Coefficient name Arrow indicates direction you should scroll to view other elements... a? 0..k Engineering Notation Calculations • Example 1: To convert 56...25 0. EQN . Deg r ee? 2 3 Use this screen to specify 2 (quadratic) or 3 (cubic) as the degree of the equation..08125 = J Equation Calculations EQN The EQN Mode lets you solve equations up to three degrees and simultaneous linear equations with up to three unknowns.........

• Note that you cannot input complex numbers for coefficients. • Certain coefficients can cause calculation to take more time. 23 1= D2= D1= 2= ] ] . This is indicated by the “R↔I” symbol on the display. the real part of the first solution appears first. Press A r to toggle the display between the real part and imaginary part of a solution. –1. Variable name Arrow indicates direction you should scroll to view other solutions. d for a cubic equation).• Any time until you input a value for the final coefficient (c for a quadratic equation. x1= 0. you can use the [ and ] keys to move between coefficients on the screen and make changes. Calculation starts and one of the solutions appears as soon as you input a value for the final coefficient. • Example 1: To solve the equation x3 – 2x2 – x + 2 = 0 ( x = 2. Use [ and ] to scroll between all of the solutions for the equation. Pressing the t key at this point returns to the coefficient input screen. 1) (Degree?) 3 (a?) (b?) (c?) (d?) (x1 = 2) (x2 = –1) (x3 = 1) • If a result is a complex number. Solution Press the ] key to view other solutions. if you want.

75 i • Example 2: To solve the equation 8x2 – 4x + 5 = 0 ( x = 0. a1? 0.25 + 0.25 Ar D x 1= R⇔I 0. 2 Coefficient name Unk now ns? 3 Use this screen to specify 2 or 3 as the number of unknowns. and input values for each of the coefficients.75 i) (Degree?) (a?) (b?) (c?) (x1 = 0.x 1= D R⇔I 0. Arrow indicates direction you should scroll to view other elements.25 – 0. Element value 24 .25 ± 0.75i) (x2 = 0.75i) 2 8= D4= 5= ] k Simultaneous Equations Simultaneous Linear Equations with Two Unknowns: a1x + b1y = c1 a2x + b2y = c2 Simultaneous Linear Equations with Three Unknowns: a1x + b1y + c1z = d1 a2x + b2y + c2z = d2 a3x + b3y + c3z = d3 Entering the EQN Mode displays the initial simultaneous equation screen.

. you can use the [ and ] keys to move between coefficients on the screen and make changes. z = 4) (Unknowns?) (a1?) .. Solution Press the ] key to view other solutions. (d1?) (a2?) . • Note that you cannot input complex numbers for coefficients. Pressing the t key at this point returns to the coefficient input screen. • Example: To solve the following simultaneous equations 2x + 3y – z = 15 3x – 2y + 2z = 4 5x + 3y – 4z = 9 ( x = 2. (d3?) (x = 2) (y = 5) (z = 4) 3 2 = 3 = D1 = 15 = 3=D2=2=4= 5=3=D4=9= ] ] 25 . Variable name Arrow indicates direction you should scroll to view other solutions..... x= 0. y = 5...... Use [ and ] to scroll between all of the solutions for the equation..• Any time until you input a value for the final coefficient (c2 for two unknowns.. Calculation starts and one of the solutions appears as soon as you input a value for the final coefficient.. if you want. (d2?) (a3?) ..... d3 for three unknowns).

53.... • Input data using the key sequence shown below.. 54. the number of data input up to that point is indicated on the display (n value)....... 55.. 54..407885953 AX3= 26 . 52 In the SD Mode: A B 1 (Scl) = (Stat clear) 55 S n= SD 1.. To recall this type of value: Perform this key operation: Σx2 Σx n o σn σn-1 AU1 AU2 AU3 AX1 AX2 AX3 • Example: To calculate σn 1.. 51. n. <x-data> S • Input data is used to calculate values for n.... 53... o.. and Σx2 for the following data : 55.. Each time you press S to register your input...... 54 S 51 S 55 S 53 S S 54 S 52 S Sample Standard Deviation (σn 1) = 1. o. σn.. σn and σn-1.. Σx. SD . Σx... F 2 (fx-95MS) F F 1 (Other Models) • Always start data input with A B 1 (Scl) = to clear statistical memory.Statistical Calculations Standard Deviation SD REG SD Use the F key to enter the SD Mode when you want to perform statistical calculations using standard deviation. Σx2.... which you can recall using the key operations noted nearby...

and not necessarily that shown above. etc. press 110 A G 10 S. you should always press the t key first to exit data display. • Data values you register are normally stored in calculator memory. for example. • Pressing the S key instead of = after changing a value on the display registers the value you input as a new data item. Input the new value and then press the = key to replace the old value with the new one. if you want. • While inputting data or after inputting data is complete. • You can also input multiple entries of the same data using A G. • You can delete a data value displayed using [ and ] by pressing A U. The message “Data Full” appears and you will not be able to input any more data if there is no memory left for data storage.375 Number of Data (n) = 8 Sum of Values (Σx) = 427 Sum of Squares of Values (Σx 2 ) = 22805 AX2= AX1= AU3= AU2= AU1= Data Input Precautions • S S inputs the same data twice.316956719 Arithmetic Mean (o) = 53. press the = key to display the screen shown below. scrolling through data shows both the data item and a separate screen for the data frequency (Freq). If this happens. you can use the [ and ] keys to scroll through data you have input. This also means that if you want to perform some other operation (calculation. Deleting a data value causes all values following it to be shifted up. To input the data 110 ten times.). • You can then edit the displayed data.Population Standard Deviation (σn) = 1. recall of statistical calculation results. If you input multiple entries of the same data using A G to specify the data frequency (number of data items) as described above. • You can perform the above key operations in any order. Ed i t OFF ESC 1 2 27 . and leaves the old value as it is.

.. 2... Inv. 1 (Lin) : Linear regression 2 (Log) : Logarithmic regression 3 (Exp) : Exponential regression r 1 (Pwr) : Power regression r 2 (Inv) : Inverse regression r 3 (Quad) : Quadratic regression 28 .. L i n Log Ex p 1 2 3 r e Pw r 1 2 I nv Quad 3 • Press the number key ( 1......... you will not be able to display or edit any of the data you have input. • To delete data you have just input..... however. Exp.. • After inputting statistical data in the SD Mode or REG Mode. Log..... Quad) Regression Calculations REG Use the F key to enter the REG Mode when you want to perform statistical calculations using regression.. Press 1 if you want to register the value you just input...... Pwr. REG .. F 3 (fx-95MS) F F 2 (Other Models) • Entering the REG Mode displays screens like the ones shown below... Changing to another mode Changing the regression type (Lin. or 3) that corresponds to the type of regression you want to use.Press 2 to exit data input without registering the value you just input. press A U. you will be unable to display or edit individual data items any longer after perform either the following operations.. If you do this. without saving it in memory.

To recall this type of value: Perform this key operation: Σx2 Σx n Σy2 Σy Σxy o xσn xσn-1 p yσn yσn-1 Regression coefficient A Regression coefficient B Regression calculation other than quadratic regression Correlation coefficient r AU1 AU2 AU3 AUr1 AUr2 AUr3 AX1 AX2 AX3 AXr1 AXr2 AXr3 AXrr1 AXrr2 m n AXrr3 AXrrr1 AXrrr2 • The following table shows the key operations you should use to recall results in the case of quadratic regression. • Input data using the key sequence shown below.• Always start data input with A B 1 (Scl) = to clear statistical memory. <x-data> P <y-data> S • The values produced by a regression calculation depend on the values input. and results can be recalled using the key operations shown in the table below. To recall this type of value: Perform this key operation: Σx3 Σx2y Σx4 Regression coefficient C m1 m2 n 29 AUrr1 AUrr2 AUrr3 AXrr3 AXrrr1 AXrrr2 AXrrr3 .

15 P 1005 S 20 P1010 S 25 P 1011 S 30 P 1014 S Regression Coefficient A = 997. Each time you press S to register your input.982607368 AXrr1= AXrr2= AXrr3= Atmospheric Pressure at 18°C = 1007. Temperature Temperature Atmospheric Pressure 10°C 15°C 20°C 25°C 30°C 1003 hPa 1005 hPa 1010 hPa 1011 hPa 1014 hPa Perform linear regression to determine the regression formula terms and correlation coefficient for the data nearby. • Example: Atmospheric Pressure vs. use the regression formula to estimate atmospheric pressure at 18°C and temperature at 1000 hPa.56 Correlation Coefficient r = 0.4 Regression Coefficient B = 0. Next. calculate the coefficient of determination (r 2 ) and sample covariance . u Linear Regression • The regression formula for linear regression is: y = A + Bx.48 18 A X r r r 2 = 30 . the number of data input up to that point is indicated on the display (n value). In the REG Mode: 1(Lin) A B 1 (Scl) = (Stat clear) 10 P1003 S n= REG 1. Finally.• The values in the above tables can be used inside of expressions the same way you use variables.

Power. • Example: Perform quadratic regression to determine the regression formula terms for the data nearby. AU3-AX1AXr1F\ EAU3. • The following shows the regression formulas for each type of regression.965517241 Sample Covariance = 35 AXrr3K= EAUr3. xi 29 50 74 103 118 yi 1. and Inverse Regression • Use the same key operations as linear regression to recall results for these types of regression.642857143 1000 A X r r r 1 = Coefficient of Determination = 0.1F= u Logarithmic.6 23.0 46. use the regression formula to estimate the values for n (estimated value of y) for xi = 16 and m (estimated value of x) for yi = 20.0 S 103 P 46.0 In the REG Mode: r 3(Quad) A B 1 (Scl) = (Stat clear) 29 P 1. Logarithmic Regression Exponential Regression Power Regression Inverse Regression y y y y A B In x A eB·x (In y In A + Bx) A xB (In y In A + B In x) A B 1/x u Quadratic Regression • The regression formula for quadratic regression is: y = A + Bx + Cx2.5 S 74 P 38.6 S 50 P 23.Temperature at 1000 hPa = 4.0 S 31 .4 48. Next.5 38. Exponential.4 S 118 P 48.

. 3. • Precautions when editing data input for standard deviation also apply for regression calculations.71629667 i10 –3 n when xi is 16 = –13. If the above steps do not correct the problem. Make sure you always keep written copies of all important data. Check the formula you are working with to confirm it is correct. • You can also input multiple entries of the same data using A G.Regression Coefficient A = –35. Enter the correct mode and try performing the calculation again.. k Error Messages The calculator is locked up while an error message is on 32 . Press A B 2(Mode) = to initialize all modes and settings.5872105 16 A X r r r 3 = 20 A X r r r 1 = 20 A X r r r 2 = Data Input Precautions • S S inputs the same data twice. If calculation results are not what you expect or if an error occurs. 1. and not necessarily that shown above. 2. The calculator performs a self-check operation and deletes all data stored in memory if any abnormality is detected. press 20 P 30 A G 5 S.. for example.14556728 m2 when yi is 20 = 175.. • The above results can be obtained in any order. Technical Information k When you have a problem.59856934 Regression Coefficient B = 1. perform the following steps.38291067 m1 when yi is 20 = 47.. To input the data “20 and 30” five times. press the 5 key.495939413 AXrr1= AXrr2= AXrr3= Regression Coefficient C = – 6.

Syntax ERROR • Cause • An attempt to perform an illegal mathematical operation. See “Error Locator” for details. • Divide your calculation into two or more separate parts. Arg ERROR • Cause • Improper use of an argument 33 . Stack ERROR • Cause • The capacity of the numeric stack or operator stack is exceeded.the display. Pay special attention to values in any memory areas you are using. or press e or r to display the calculation and correct the problem. • Action • Press e or r to display the calculation with the cursor located at the location of the error and make required corrections. • An attempt to perform an illogical operation (division by zero. • Action • Simplify the calculation. etc. • An attempt to perform a function calculation using a value that exceeds the allowable input range. Press t to clear the error. The numeric stack has 10 levels and the operator stack has 24 levels.) • Action • Check your input values and make sure they are all within the allowable ranges. Math ERROR • Causes • Calculation result is outside the allowable calculation range.

6 Type B functions: With these functions. sinh. x 4 a b/c 5 Abbreviated multiplication format in front of π. k Order of Operations Calculations are performed in the following order of precedence. x 1. Neg*. πA. 3e. tanh. tan 1. cosh 1. the value is entered and then the function key is pressed. or variable name: 2π. o*. cos 1. sinh 1. etc.Ö ! . Q(*. tanh 1.• Action • Press e or r to display the location of the cause of the error and make required corrections. In. @ and* # xnor*. ° ’ ” Engineering symbols* Normal distribution: →t * m. R(* 2 Type A functions: With these functions. Trn**. ex. Conjg* 7 Abbreviated multiplication format in front of Type B functions: 2 3. tan. 1 Coordinate transformation: Pol (x. Det**. y). x!. cosh. cos. x3. x2. Alog2. arg*. nCr ∠* 9 Dot (•)** 0 . 8 Permutation and combination: nPr. 10x. log. the function key is pressed and then the value is entered. xor*. n Angle unit conversions (DRG') Metric conversions** 3 Powers and roots: ^ (xy). 3 . b*. Rec (r. m2. etc. Not*. or* 34 . θ ) Differentials: d/dx* Integrations: ∫dx* Normal distribution: P(*. sin. e (natural logarithm base). 5A. m1. sin 1. h*. memory name. ( ) d*. Abs*. .

or power or root operations. • When a calculation contains an argument that is a negative number. so particular care is required when the calculation includes a high-priority Type A function. Squaring a matrix. • Operations of the same precedence are performed from right to left. ** fx-570MS/fx-991MS only. • Operations enclosed in parentheses are performed first. the negative number must be enclosed within parentheses.” to temporarily store values (numeric stack) and commands (command stack) according to their precedence during calculations. called “stacks. or inverting a matrix uses one stack level. • Matrix calculations use up to two levels of the matrix stack. exIn 120 → ex{In( 120)} • Other operations are performed from left to right. The negative sign (–) is treated as a Type B function. The numeric stack has 10 levels and the command stack has 24 levels. cubing a matrix. (fx-570MS. fx-991MS only) • Example: 1 1 2 3 2 4 3 5 6 4 7 5 Numeric Stack 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 4 5 4 Command Stack 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 35 . Example: ( –2)4 = 16 –24 = –16 k Stacks This calculator uses memory areas.* fx-100MS/fx-115MS/fx-570MS/fx-991MS only. A stack error (Stack ERROR) occurs whenever you try to perform a calculation that is so complex that the capacity of a stack is exceeded.

RAD Same as sinx.999999999 1099 10x –9.2585092 cosh–1x 1 sinh–1x 0 36 . Functions sinx DEG 0 RAD 0 GRA 0 cosx DEG 0 RAD 0 GRA 0 tanx Input Range x x x x x x 4. except when x = (2n-1) 90.999999999 1099 x 230.999999999 1099 x 99.999999999 1010 4.999999999 1099 230.500000008 1010 785398164. except when x = (2n-1) 100.999999999 1099 tanh–1x 0 x 9. sin–1x cos–1x tan x –1 0 0 0 x x x 1 9. k Input Ranges Internal digits: 12 Accuracy*: As a rule.2585092 sinhx coshx x 4. GRA Same as sinx.999999999 1099 tanhx 0 x 9.999999999 10–1 logx/lnx 0 x 9.3 4.9 5.99999999 ex –9.999999999 1099 x 4.” Commands and values are deleted from the stack as the calculation is performed.499999999 1010 785398163.000000009 1010 DEG Same as sinx.• Calculations are performed in sequence according to “Order of Operations. accuracy is ±1 at the 10th digit. except when x = (2n-1) π/2.

y n–1. r are integers) nCr 1 [n!/{r!(n–r)!}] 1 10100 49 Pol(x. B.999999999 10 θ: Same as sinx a . numerator. y) x .999999999 1099 99 Rec(r. ) 0 r 9. 1 37 . 0 r n (n.Functions Input Range 0 x x2 1/x 3 x x! x1 10100 x 1 1050 x 1 10100 . 2n+1 (n is an integer) However: –1 10100 ylog x 100 ^(xy) y0: x G 0 x y –1 101001/x logy100 y 0: x0 1 y0: x 2n 1. and denominator must be 10 digits or less (including division marks). b. o. r : n G 0. y n. n is an integer) However: –1 10100 1/x log y 100 Total of integer.999999999 10 (x2+y2) 9. 0 r n (n. p : n G 0 x n–1. y 9. c 1 10100 °’ ” 0 b. n (n G 0. A. x G 0 x 1 10100 0 x 69 (x is an integer) 0 n 1 1010. c x 1 10100 Decimal ↔ Sexagesimal Conversions 0°0°0° x 999999°59° x0: –1 10100ylogx100 x 0: y0 1 x0: y n. a b/c x 1 1050 y 1 1050 SD n 1 10100 (REG) x n. r are integers) nPr 1 {n!/(n–r)!} 1 10100 0 n 1 1010.

.* For a single calculation. etc. (This is also true of internal consecutive calculations that are performed x 3 in the case of ^(x y). x!. which can also cause them to become large.) In the vicinity of a function’s singular point and point of inflection. 6 Press 5 to turn power on. Screw 2 Remove the six screws that hold the back cover in place and then remove the back cover. Power Supply (fx-95MS only) Users of other models should refer to the “User’s Guide 2 (Additional Functions). nPr. 38 Screw .) Errors are cumulative in the case of consecutive calculations. errors are cumulative and may become large. nCr. (In the case of exponential display. y . 4 Load a new battery into the unit with its positive k and negative l ends facing correctly. 3 Remove the old battery. calculation error is ±1 at the last significant digit. Replace the battery as soon as possible when display figures become dim. To replace the battery 1 Press A i to turn power off. calculation error is ±1 at the 10th digit. Replacing the Battery Dim figures on the display of the calculator indicate that battery power is low.” This calculator is powered by a single AA-size battery. Continued use of the calculator when the battery is low can result in improper operation. 5 Replace the back cover and secure it in place with the six screws.

19. When this happens.0002 W Operating Temperature: 0°C to 40°C (32°F to 104°F) Important notice for fx-912MS owners The names fx-912MS (Japan domestic model name) and fx-115MS (international model name) apply to the same model.000 hours continuous display of flashing cursor. Specifications (fx-95MS only) Users of other models should refer to the “User’s Guide 2 (Additional Functions). Owners of the fx-912MS should refer to the description of fx-115MS.” Power Supply: Single AA-size battery (R6P (SUM-3)) Battery Life: Approximately 17. press 5 to turn power back on. 39 .5 (H) i 78 (W) i 155 (D) mm 3/4 (H) 31/16 (W) 61/8 (D) 130 g (4.6 oz) including battery Dimensions: Weight: Power Consumption: 0. Approximately 2 years when left with power turned off.u Auto Power Off Calculator power automatically turns off if you do not perform any operation for about six minutes.

6-2.. Tokyo 151-8543. Japan SA0206-E Printed China SA0206-D Printed in in China CACA 310067-1 310063-1 . LTD. Hon-machi 1-chome Shibuya-ku.CASIO COMPUTER CO.

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