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Unit V: Histology

Chapter 05

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Table 5.1
Fig. 5.1

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(a) (b) (c)
Fig. 5.2
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Longitudinal sections

Cross sections

Oblique sections
Fig. 5.3

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(a) Classes of
epithelium

Pseudostratified Stratified
Simple
columnar

(b) Cell
shapes

Squamous Cuboidal Columnar
Table 5.2a
Fig. 5.4
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(a)

Squamous epithelial cells Nuclei of smooth muscle

Basement membrane

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Simple Squamous Epithelium

400x

1000x
Fig. 5.5 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Lumen of kidney tubule Cuboidal epithelial cells Basement membrane

(b)
a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

400x

1000x
Table 5.2b
Fig. 5.6
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(a)

Brush border Connective Basement Goblet Columnar
(microvilli) tissue membrane Nuclei cell cells

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke/Getty Images
Simple Columnar Epithelium

400x

1000x
Fig. 5.7
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(a)

Cilia Basement membrane Basal cells Goblet cell

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Pseudostratified Ciliated Columnar
Epithelium

400x

1000x
Table 5.3a
Fig. 5.8

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(a)
Dense irregular
Dead squamous cells Living epithelial cells connective tissue

Areolar tissue

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Stratified Squamous Epithelium -
Keratinized

400x

1000x
Fig. 5.9
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(a)

Living epithelial cells Connective tissue

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
– Non Keratinized

400x

1000x
Table 5.3b
Fig. 5.10 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Cuboidal cells Epithelium Connective tissue

(b)

a: © Lester V. Bergman/Corbis
Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium

400x

1000x
Stratified Columnar Epithelium

Large ducts of Salivary Glands
Fig. 5.11 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)
Basement Connective Binucleate
membrane tissue epithelial cell

(b)

a: © Johnny R. Howze
Transitional Epithelium

400x

1000x
Fig. 5.12
Fig. 5.13
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Extensor
retinaculum

Tendons

© McGraw-Hill Education/Rebecca Gray, photographer
Table 5.4
Fig. 5.14 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Ground Elastic Collagenous
substance fibers fibers Fibroblasts

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Areolar Connective Tissue (400x)
Fig. 5.15
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(a)

Reticular
Leukocytes fibers

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Al Telser, photographer
Reticular Connective Tissue (400x)
Table 5.6
Fig. 5.18 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Blood Adipocyte Lipid in
vessel nucleus adipocyte

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Adipose Tissue (400x)
Table 5.5
Fig. 5.16
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(a)

Collagen fibers Ground substance Fibroblast nuclei

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Dense Regular Connective Tissue –
Longitudinal Section (100x)
Dense Regular Connective Tissue –
Cross Section (400x)
Fig. 5.17
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(a)
Bundles of Gland Fibroblast Ground
collagen fibers ducts nuclei substance

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Dense Irregular Connective Tissue (100x)
Table 5.7
Fig. 5.19
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(a)
Cell Lacunae
Matrix nest Perichondrium Chondrocytes

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Hyaline Cartilage (1000x)
Fig. 5.20 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)
Elastic
Perichondrium fibers Lacunae Chondrocytes

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Elastic Cartilage (100x)
Fig. 5.21
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(a)
Collagen
fibers Chondrocytes

(b)

a: © Dr. Alvin Telser
Fibrocartilage (400x)
Table 5.8
Fig. 5.22

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(a)
Concentric
lamellae Central
Lacunae Canaliculi of osteon canal Osteon

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Table 5.9
Fig. 5.23 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Platelets Neutrophils Lymphocyte Erythrocytes Monocyte

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Table 5.10
Fig. 5.24

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(a)

Nuclei of glial cells Axon Neurosoma Dendrites

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Table 5.11
Fig. 5.25 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Nuclei Striations Muscle fiber

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Fig. 5.26 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Intercalated discs Striations Glycogen

(b)

a: © Ed Reschke
Fig. 5.27 Copyright © McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or display.

(a)

Nuclei Muscle cells

(b)

a: © McGraw-Hill Education/Dennis Strete, photographer
Fig. 5.28

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Intercellular space

Plasma membrane

Cell-adhesion proteins

(a) Tight junction

Intercellular space
Cell-adhesion
proteins
Plaque
Intermediate
filaments of
cytoskeleton

(b) Desmosome

Proteins

Connexon

Pore
(c) Gap junction Basement membrane (d) Hemidesmosome
Fig. 5.29

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Duct

Epithelial cells

(a) Exocrine gland

Connective
tissue

Blood
capillary

(b) Endocrine gland
Fig. 5.30
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Arterial blood supply

Blood capillaries

Hormone carried
away in bloodstream

(a)

Gland capsule

Secretory acini

Duct
Septum

(b) Secretory vesicles

Duct Acinus
(c)
Fig. 5.31

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Simple coiled tubular Compound acinar Compound tubuloacinar

Example: Sweat gland

Key Example: Pancreas
Duct Example: Mammary gland
Secretory portion
Fig. 5.32

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Milk fat
Plasma
Milk sugar membrane
and protein Cytoplasm

Exocytosis
Secretion
(sebum)

Gland
Secretory capsule
vesicle
Disintegrating
cells

Golgi Mitosis in
complex basal cells
replaces
cells that
disintegrate
and die
Intact
basal cells
(a) Merocrine (b) Apocrine (c) Holocrine
Fig. 5.33

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Mucous coat

Cilia

Mucin in
Epithelium goblet cell
Ciliated cells of
pseudostratified
epithelium

Basement
Mucous membrane
membrane
(mucosa) Blood vessel

Lamina Collagen fibers
propria
Fibroblast

Elastic fibers

Muscularis
mucosae
(a)

Serous fluid
Serous
membrane Squamous cells
(serosa)
Areolar tissue

(b) Smooth muscle
Synovial Membrane
Fig. 5.34
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Scab

Blood clot

Macrophages

Fibroblasts

Leukocytes 1 Bleeding into the wound

2 Scab formation and
macrophage activity

Scab

Macrophages

Fibroblasts

Blood Epidermal
capillary regrowth

Granulation Scar tissue
tissue (fibrosis)

3 Formation of granulation tissue 4 Epithelial regeneration and connective
(fibroblastic phase of repair) tissue fibrosis (remodeling phase of repair)
Fig. 5.35