Nighttime Instructions on Dreaming and the Natural Liberation of Confusion
Excerpted from: Natural liberation: Padmasambhava’s teachings on the six bardos. Published by Wisdom Publications (1998). Fromz chapter 4: The Natural Liberation of Confusion, pages 150-160. With Notes, captions and translations added. Sources: http://www.scribd.com/doc/8316355/PadmasambhavaInstructions-on-Dreaming and http://books.google.nl/books?id=NspnCCi8YFMC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA151.
Nighttime Instructions on Dreaming and the Natural Liberation of Confusion
Here there are three parts: (a) apprehending1 the dream-state, (b) emanation and transformation, and (c) dispelling2 obstacles to dreaming.
Apprehending the Dream-state
Dreaming is induced by latent predispositions3, so regard all daytime appearances as being like a dream and like an illusion. Acquire penetrating insight according to the statement in the Perfection of Wisdom, “All phenomena are like a dream and like an illusion.” In particular, it is crucial to practice the instructions on daytime appearances and the illusory body. At this time, powerfully imagine that your environment, city, house, companions, conversations, and all activities are a dream; and even say out loud “This is a dream.” Continually imagine that this is just a dream. Then when you go to bed in the evening, cultivate the Spirit of Awakening, thinking, “For the sake of all sentient beings throughout space, I shall practice the illusion-like Samadhi4, and I shall achieve perfect Buddhahood. For that purpose, I shall train in dreaming.” Then as you lie down, rest on your right shoulder, with your head pointing north, your right hand pressed against your cheek, and your left placed upon your thigh. Clearly imagine your body as your chosen deity5. If your visualization is not clear, establish the pride of thinking, “I am the chosen deity6.” Imagine that on your pillow your head is resting in the lap of your primary spiritual mentor; and vividly focus your attention upon Orgyen Padma7 at your throat, the size of your thumb joint, with a smiling, lustrous countenance8, appearing and yet having no inherent nature. Mentally offer the supplication, “Bless me that I may apprehend the dream- state. Bless me that I may recognize the dream-state as the dream-state”. Lie in the sleeping-lion position9, and bring forth a powerful yearning to recognize the dream-state as the dream-state; and while so doing, fall asleep without being interrupted by any other thoughts. Even if you do not apprehend it at the first try, repeat this many times, and earnestly do it with powerful yearning.
Apprehend: catch, arrest, understand; Ned.: aanhouden, vatten, begrijpen Dispel: Ned.: verjagen, verdrijven 3 Predisposition: Ned.: neiging, aanleg, vatbaarheid 4 Samadhi = Mental absorption; Ned.: mentale concentratie 5 A practice of Tantric Deity Yoga where one imagines they are the embodiment of a divine figure, in order to actualize our inner purity and dispel the ego. 6 Chosen deity: yidam, the deity you feel close to 7 Orgyen Padma: Padmasambhava 8 Countenance: Ned.: uitdrukking, aangezicht, welwillende/bemoedigende blik 9 Sleeping-lion position: as described above: “rest on your right shoulder, with your head pointing north, your right hand pressed against your cheek, and your left placed upon your thigh.“
NU. TA in back. be they demonic apparitions17. At first. While sleeping. 12 Bindu: seed or dot 13 Infraction: infringement. chosen deity.wikipedia. not a single one of all these daytime appearances today will appear tonight in my dreams.
Training in Dream Emanation and Transformation
While apprehending the dream-state. AH. then they will become clearer. spirit. Likewise. If it is not apprehended in any of those ways. the dream-state will be apprehended in just two or three months. and eventually you will be able to apprehend it regularly. “Since this is now a dream-body. so they are illusions. avoiding contamination. and RA on the left. There is no difference between the dreams of the day and the night. restoration through confession15.php?title=Pratimoksha_vows) 16 Ganacakra offering: offering of food or other goods to Padmasambhava or other deities (source: http://en. the size of your thumb joint. attend to the NU on the right. By so doing. Meditate by alternating among the meditative objects. manifestation. That is the second session.org/index. “This is a dream.rigpawiki. and with the anticipation of dreaming. Direct your consciousness without forcing it. the act or instance of appearing. spook
. the hundred-syllable mantra. the vows of the Hinayana (basic vehicle) for ‘individual liberation’. monkeys. That is the fourth session. As you are falling asleep. it is easy to recognize. heroic. and fall asleep while envisioning that you will know the dream-state as the dream-state. Even the least of practitioners will apprehend the dream-state within one month. it can be transformed in any way. and clearly. If you still do not apprehend the dream-state even after practicing that many times. apprehend the dream-state with our sleeping awareness. cultivating the spirit of awakening. NU on the right.” It is difficult for it to be apprehended spontaneously. In the event of a frightening circumstance. focus your attention clearly and vividly on a bindu12 or light at your throat. focus your interest on OM and with anticipation of dreaming. the ganacakra offering16.
Four-petaled: having four leaf-like parts of the corolla (flower). focus on the RA on the left. there may be an infraction13 of your tantric pledges. vividly imagine at your throat your chosen deity once again. but if it is so apprehended. and meditating in the previous way. focus your awareness on the AH in front. Ned. they are dreams.” Whatever arises in the dream. this is stable. When you are more soundly asleep. (Source: www. without being interrupted by other thoughts. Ned.org/wiki/Ganachakra#In_Tibetan_Buddhism) 17 Apparition: ghost. and RA. and practice with a powerful sense that daytime appearances are dreams. forcefully and distinctly consider.” That is one session. “Not a single one of any of the dreams I had last night remains when I wake up. The third session is dependent upon knowing the Tibetan letters OM.: met vier bloembladeren.: verschijning. AH in front. consider. visualize at your throat a fourpetaled10 lotus with OM11 in its centre. imagine yourself as your single. If you still find it difficult to apprehend the dream-state doing that. TA. and then they will be apprehended. such as … 15 These are the pratimoksha vows. then with the other practices as they were before. If the seed syllables are unclear and you still do not apprehend the dream-state in that way. That is the third session. fall asleep and thereby apprehend the dream-state. so apply yourself to14 going for refuge.In the morning when you wake up. there will be more dreams. First direct your interest to the OM in the center then when you become sleepily dazed. violation (of a commitment or obligation) 14 … purifying practices.
representing our primordial nature. dogs. cliff. all fears will arise as samadhi. (Source: http://en. which is born fully grown. train in the illusory body during the day. and (iv) dispersal through emptiness. practice emanating yourself as a garuda20 or Hayagriva21 or the like. At first. That is the fifth session. Practice multiplying them by emanation and changing them into anything you like. Similarly. (iii) dispersal through confusion.rigpawiki. 19 The pure realm of Orgyen in the west: Orgyen refers to Guru Rinpoche. seed syllables23. it is important that you direct your attention to whatever you are apprehending at your throat. To subdue demonic apparitions and so forth.wikipedia. Padmasambhava (source www. but that won't happen once you have grown accustomed to it. When on the verge of sleep. (ii) dispersal through forgetfulness. In addition. practice condensing many things into one.org/index. you won't dare.wikipedia. and carnivorous animals. by seeing through all such things as fire. and so on.php?title=Garuda) 21 Hayagriva: a horse headed deity. While apprehending the dream-state. 20 Garuda: a mythical bird. because of the clinging of self.grasping.org/wiki/Akshobhya). That will dispel it. or a bindu. your chosen deity. and multiplying one thing into many.org/index. “Since I am a mentalbody in a dream.
. meditatively transform them into your chosen deity.” By jumping into the river. Dispersal through: Ned. be it your spiritual mentor.rigpawiki. hoge rotswand. To dispel that. That is the seventh session. on the soles of both feet. by bringing forth a powerful yearning to go to Abhirati in the east18 or the pure realm of Orgyen in the west19. do so with the yearning. “May I know the dream-state as the dream-state.
Seeing through the dream
Apprehend the dream-state and go to the bank of a great river. and accustom yourself to envisioning the dream-state. The western Buddhafield or Pure Land is associated with Amithaba. (Source: http://en. The critical point for all of that is training in daytime appearances and the illusory body and powerfully anticipating the dream-state.
Dispersal through Forgetfulness
This entails apprehending the dream-state.org/wiki/Amitabha).” Also cultivate mindAbhirati in the east: the eastern Buddhafield or Pure Land associated with Akshobhya (one of the five wisdom Buddha’s). 'This is a dream!" they wake up25 and there is dispersal of that recognition. and focus your mind on a black bindu the size of a pea. but immediately becoming confused and letting the dream go on as usual.: afleiding door 25 Physical wake up: that is physically. (one of the five wisdom Buddha’s). Consider. (source: www.org/index.php?title=Orgyen). the wrathful manifestation of Avalokiteshvara who symbolizes enlightened speech (source: www. To dispel that. and not become confused. Then as you are about to go to sleep. That is the sixth session. you can go there and request Dharma.
Dispelling Obstacles of Dreaming
Here there are four parts: (i) dispersal24 through waking.php?title=Hayagriva) 22 Precipices: steep slope. and it is crucial that this not be interrupted by latent predispositions. you will be carried away by a current of bliss and emptiness. maintain your attention at the level of the heart and below. 23 Seed syllables: mantras 24 Dispersal: Ned. and transform them in any way you wish. who represents consciousness as an aspect of reality.people.
Dispersal through Waking
As soon as novices recognize. leaving the dream-state. called the “syllable of darkness”.: verstrooing.rigpawiki. there is nothing for the river to carry away. precipices22.
and you will again apprehend the dream-state. the dream-state will not be apprehended.: letterlijk: neigingen. habits and desires. the transitional process (following death) will be recognized. practicing fulfillment and confession. but afterwards. Ned.
If reverence for the spiritual mentor is absent. if there is little familiarization. it will not apprehend. Ned. That will dispel it. verbreken
. Moreover. as you have not severed30 your craving for sensual gratification. you become completely ordinary. and out of indolence you wreck your spiritual practice.
26 27 28
Propensities: egos. it will not be apprehended. if the tantric pledges have degenerated. Apply yourself to purifying obscurations. It is most important that you meditate on the faults of the cycle of existence and mentally renounce this life.
Dispersal through Insomnia
If sleep is dispersed due to powerful anticipation28. You may also apprehend the dream-state. your earlier experiential realization will be restored.wikipedia. literal: inclinations. It is said that by training in this transitional process of dreaming. it will not be apprehended. and continuing in all this. Having no pure vision of any of the Dharma’s and practices performed by others. Pranayama: control of vital energy or breath (source: http://en. Samaya. may I not become confused”. thinking. afscheiden. So know how to remedy those problems.fulness. luiheid 30 Severed: cut off. By applying yourself to solitary. tendencies. and you become diffused as your consciousness simply does not go to sleep. it is said that if the dream-state is apprehended seven times. terminated. you judge them by your own standards and your mind slips into ruminating. With a weak disposition. Bring forth the anticipation without force and just for an instant. you become caught up in idle amusements. your awareness becomes diffused and you never recognize the dream-state at all. counter this by imagining a black bindu in the center of your heart.: afbreken. when I am apprehending the dream-state. during the daytime powerfully envision dreaming and strongly emphasize illusory body. without meditating on sleep. By forcefully practicing pranayama27 with the vital energies. since the transitional processes of reality-itself and of becoming are like the dream-state. and if critical points of the practical instructions are absent. These are the instructions on the transitional process of dreaming called “the natural liberation of confusion”.
Dispersal through Confusion
If your dreams are solely deceptive appearances of detrimental latent propensities26. the problem will be dispelled.org/wiki/Pranayama) Anticipation: excitement 29 Indolence: laziness.: traagheid. Others are just like me. “I've done that too and I'm like this now. you may do a little practice in retreat and so on. and performing the ganacakra offering. those transitional processes will be apprehended. single-pointed practice in retreat and so on. due to disillusionment [with the cycle of existence] and a spirit of emergence.” For that. you will fall asleep and apprehend the dream-state. Therefore. Ned. “Also. meditate on the difficulty of obtaining a human life of leisure and endowment and on death and impermanence. and by releasing your awareness.
Dispersal through Indolence29