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Appendix A

Calculation of Elastic
Deformations
The details of evaluating Eq. (18.29) are presented in this appendix. The in-
terval [XmintXgnd] can be divided into small intervals [X-,'-i,X.;+i] so that the
deformation <5tj at node ! is the sum of all the small elementary deforma-
tions cMjj calculated at node t and due to the pressure deAned in the interval

J,= ^ dJ,j (A.I)


j'=2,4,...
In these small intervals, dP/dX' is assumed to vary linearly with X', and X'
varies between Xj-i and X, and between X^+i and X, as indicated in Fig.
A.I. When these small intervals are used, the distance X; to X,, rather than
simply Xt, has to be introduced.

x []n (X, - X,, - X')^ - 2] dX' + constant (A.2)

The linear expression for c%.P/a!X' reads

where
ai = -JL (A.4a)

1^+aiX^ (A.4b)
"1
X,) (X^i - X,+i) (A.4c)

683

Copyright © 2004 Marcel Dekker, Inc.


684 FUNDAMENTALS OF FLUID FILM LUBRICATION

;. 0
X'min ^ X
^',max

Figure A.I: Calculation of deformation cMjj at node ! due to pressure acting


in interval [Xj-i,X.;+i].

2
(A.4d)
^J
,^)
14 = 1- 03 A., (A.4e)
"2
= (X,, - X?-i) (Xj - (A.4f)

as = -7- (A.4g)
"3

(A.4h)

From the expression for ^.P/a^f' it can be seen that a*<^j can be expressed as

d<5;j = dDij-iP,-i + e^DtjP, + dD^j+i^+i + constant (A.5)

where a*D,j are the elementary influence coefficients calculated as

^/ i \ / v^ _ y. _ y'*s

- X')^ - 2J a'X' (A.6)


A similar relation that uses the corresponding coefficients as, a^ and ag, ag is
used to define a*Djj and a*Dij+i. By adopting the change of variables

— Xt *** X^ — X

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CALCULATION OF ELASTIC DEFORMATIONS 685

&2 = ai (X; - X.,) + 02 (A.7)


Then jj-i is calculated as

z^
2

^- (In Z^ - 1) + 2ai — fIn [Zj^ - l)


4 9 \ /

+ 2 - (A.8

Using the variables M, JV, and i^ and rearranging gives

^J-i = -^ ("i ^ + 02yj (A.9a)

1 / M\
r + Q4ir (A.9b)
''** 2?r \ 2/
1 / M\)
y^ ,
(A.9c)
^Yy<

where
M = Z^^ (In Z^^ - 3) -Z^,(lnZ^
, ,x-3) (A.lOa)
= Z^... \
fin IZmaxI^ - 4) .:^(tnl^minl'--4)
y - Z^mi (A.lOb)
-, ,,.y\.i —^i' z^v /. ^^ ^
X = M—^ ^- -I (A.lOc)
There is no problem concerning the singularity occurring for X, — X.,. When
there is a singularity in the interval [X^-i,Xt+i], we can integrate along the
two half-intervals [X^-i,Xt] and [X^X^+i and use the relation

lim = lim =0 (A.ll)

which shows the relations (A. 9) to be also valid for Xt = X,-. Finally, the
deformation ^ is obtained by summing all the elementary small deformations

JV-l

^'=2,4,...
^

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686 FUNDAMENTALS OF FLUID FILM LUBRICATION

3'=1

where D;j = c!D^, if j is even. If j is odd (j = 3 in the following example), we


calculate D;,s coming from the interval pf 1,^(3] and add it to the value &Dij
coming from the interval [Xs,Xg] to obtain the final value of D^. The first
and last values of D; j are simply

D^., = dD;,i (A.14a)

and
Di,^ = dDi,Ar (A.14b)
Note now that ^ Di^P, is independent of the load. At high loads the
dimensionless film thickness R^t becomes very small with respect to <5;. How-
ever, by using an appropriate chance of variable (X = a:/6c), the maximum
deformation J^ can be kept equal to R^- Using the last change of variable
gives

where Dj - are the new influence coefficients obtained with the new value of X.
From the definition of c

The maximum deformation J^ is close to the maximum Hertzian deformation


<$H t leading to

The value of c can therefore be defined as

c=Iexp(2R^-0.5) (A. 18)

The numerical "trick" was definitely helpful at high loads but was not used to
obtain the results presented herein.

Copyright © 2004 Marcel Dekker, Inc.