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Index

abrasion, 49 cylindrical flat punch, 77, 78, 92, 93,
Auerbach, 116-119, 121-132, 135, 156, 95, 96, 107, 122, 129, 131, 180, 183,
173 184
Auerbach range, 121-126, 128, 130, cylindrical roller, 92
132
axial symmetry, 22 dead-weight, 36
delayed failure, 73, 74
barreling, 156 densification, 140, 166, 167
Berkovich, 137, 149, 189 deviatoric components, 25, 27, 29
biaxial stress, 71, 72 deviatoric stress, 8, 25, 29
blister field, 140, 141 dilatation, 8
bonded interface, 202, 203 dissipative mechanisms, 33, 36, 41, 171
Boussinesq, 78, 80, 81, 83, 93, 100, distance of mutual approach, 87,
114, 140, 143 104-107
Brinell, 149, 151, 152, 173, 177 distribution of pressure, 77, 78, 88, 93,
105, 163
Charles and Hillig, 50-54, 56, 60
chemical bonds, 1, 5 elastic constraint, 151, 159, 164, 171,
clip gauge, 207, 208 180, 181, 184
cohesive strength, 2, 180 elastic modulus, 1, 3, 18, 103, 147, 185
compliance, 172, 183, 196, 208 elastic recovery, 170, 180-183, 192
compression, 5, 6, 10, 14, 18, 25, 28, elastic stress fields, 77, 137
29, 83, 102, 156, 157, 160, 167, 173, energy balance criterion, 34, 35, 37, 41,
187, 204, 208 43, 46, 49, 61, 117-119
compressive zone, 204 environment, 49, 50, 51, 54, 142
concentrated force, 79 equilibrium, 1-4, 7, 16, 23, 24, 35, 36,
cone cracks, 90, 101, 114-116, 210 39, 40, 42, 77, 134, 136
confining pressure, 156, 204 estimator, 70
Coulomb forces, 1 expanding cavity, 138, 140, 143, 160,
Coulomb repulsion, 1 163, 164, 167, 172, 180
crack growth, 33-35, 43, 46, 49, 50, 54,
56, 58, 61, 124, 131, 134 finite element, 32, 47, 86, 143, 146,
crack path, 133 147, 148, 167, 170, 185
crack resistance, 41, 75 fixed-grips, 36
crack tip, 33-37, 39, 40-45, 47, 50-54, flaw statistics, 118, 132, 133
90, 119, 120, 134, 145 fluid flow, 27
crack tip plastic zone, 40, 53 fracture surface energy, 33, 36, 117,
crack velocity, 50-54 122, 123, 128, 129, 130
Creep, 192 fracture toughness, 143, 144
cryogenic temperatures, 50 friction, 110
cumulative probability distribution, 62, frictionless contact, 77, 102, 125, 153,
63 165
220 Index

geometrical similarity, 162, 166, 175, 176 median cracks, 142
Griffith, 32-34, 37, 41, 43, 46, 48, 49, Meyer, 152, 156, 173
54, 59, 61, 68, 117-127, 133, 135 minimum critical load, 123, 125, 126,
Griffith criterion, 61 128, 130, 132

Hertz, 77, 78, 87, 100-102, 105, 106, nanoindentation, 189
114-119, 123, 125, 130, 135, 151, Navier-Stokes, 27
155, 158, 170, 173, 186, 203 Nomarski, 201, 202
Hertzian cone cracks, 89, 101, 115,
116, 120, 136 Obreimoff’s experiment, 36
Hooke’s law, 2, 80 Oliver and Pharr, 195
hydrostatic, 25, 27, 28, 29, 148, 157,
160, 161, 162 Palmqvist, 142, 144, 149
permanent set, 155
impact, 108 plane strain, 16, 17, 20, 29, 33, 42, 43,
indentation fracture, 141 44, 50, 117
indentation hardness, 217 plane strain fracture toughness, 42, 44,
indentation strain, 102, 158, 159, 168, 50
169, 172, 177, 203, 204, 205, 206 plane stress, 16, 17, 18, 29, 42, 43, 44
indentation stress, 13, 22, 30, 77, 78, plastic zone, 40, 41, 42, 47, 53, 54, 138,
83, 89, 90, 96, 102, 108, 119, 120, 139, 141, 142, 148, 159-172, 179,
125, 127, 137, 138, 145, 147, 148, 181
151, 157, 158, 164, 167, 171, 179, plasticity, 27, 28, 54, 137, 145, 151,
202-206 159, 164, 172, 180, 182, 183, 186,
inert strength, 210 187, 208
Inglis, 31-33, 48, 49, 50, 51, 54, 59 point contact, 80
interfacial friction, 110 point-load, 79
internal pressure, 138, 160 Poisson’s ratio, 13
Irwin, 37, 41, 48, 50, 53, 54, 59, 61, potential energy, 2, 4, 5, 11, 33, 36, 38,
117, 135 42, 109
ISO 14577, 217 principal planes, 18, 19, 21-23, 28
principal stresses, 18, 19, 20-23, 26, 29,
K1C, 41-43, 44, 50, 54, 55, 61, 73, 117, 30, 71, 72, 89, 90, 92, 97, 147, 157,
120, 125 170
Knoop, 137, 153, 154, 173 prior stress field, 46, 119, 124, 133
probability density function, 63, 64, 66
lateral cracks, 142, 143 probability of failure, 64-75, 124-129,
Laugier, 144, 145, 149 131, 132
linear elasticity, 14, 40, 71, 158, 204 proof stress, 56-58, 74
load-displacement curve, 191
load-point displacement, 104-106, 108, radial cracks, 142
207, 208 reference blocks, 218
relative radii of curvature, 105
mean contact pressure, 86, 91, 94, 95, reloading, 181, 182
96, 99, 102, 107, 108, 120, 138, 139, rigid conical indenter, 96
141, 146, 147, 152, 153, 157, 158, rigid-plastic, 138, 151, 159, 165, 180
160, 162, 163, 170, 171, 176, 178, Rockwell, 155
179, 203, 204, 212 Roesler, 134, 136, 149
Index 221

SENB, 44 subcritical crack growth, 50, 54, 56-58,
sharp tip crack growth model, 56 61, 74
shear modulus, 15, 82 surface energy, 4, 5, 33-35, 36, 41, 42,
shear strains, 11 49, 61, 129, 130, 131, 133
shear stresses, 6-9, 12, 15, 18, 19, 22, surface tractions, 44, 45, 46
26, 28, 30, 90, 94, 186
shearing angle, 11, 12, 13 tensile strength, 3, 31, 35, 53, 64, 66,
Shore scleroscope, 155 68, 117, 152, 211, 212
slip, 110 tension, 5, 6, 10, 14, 18, 25, 28, 29, 31,
slip-line theory, 166, 180 43, 64, 83, 102, 138, 210
soda-lime glass, 50, 117, 125, 129, 130, tensor, 8, 12
131, 139, 142, 148 thin film, 197, 218
spherical indenter, 87, 103, 145 time to failure, 54
St. Venant’s principle, 24, 138 Tresca, 28, 30, 158, 165, 166, 180, 187,
static fatigue, 49 204
static fatigue limit, 50, 54, 58, 74, 75
strain, 10 uniform pressure, 84, 103
strain compatibility, 23
strain energy, 4, 5, 29, 33, 34, 35, 36, Vickers, 137, 142-145, 149, 153, 167,
38, 40-43, 46, 61, 109, 117, 119, 176, 179, 205, 207, 212, 213, 218
120-126, 134, 135, 171, 172, 183 Vickers diamond pyramid, 137, 145,
strain energy release rate, 34, 36, 40, 167, 179, 205, 207, 213
42, 43, 46, 117, 119, 120-126 viscosity, 27
stress concentration factor, 31-33, 50, von Mises, 29, 30, 165, 166, 204
51, 52, 54
stress corrosion theory, 50, 51, 54, 56 Weibull parameters, 66, 67, 69, 71, 72,
stress deviations, 8, 25 125, 128, 132
stress equilibrium, 23 Weibull statistics, 61, 64, 124, 148
stress intensity factor, 37, 40-47, 50,
53, 54, 55, 58, 61, 73, 117, 119, 133, yield stress, 26, 28, 29, 40, 157, 158,
134, 145 164, 167, 180, 182, 204
stress trajectories, 26, 81, 90, 91, 95, 99 Young’s modulus, 3
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