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GRAMMAR 5 TASK

1. Examples of Direct and Indirect Sentences

No. Direct Indirect


He will say, “My brother will help He will say that his brother will help her.
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her.”
We said, “We go for a walk every We said that went for a walk every day.
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day.”
You say, “I went to London You say that you went to London the previous
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yesterday.” day.
He said, “My father is playing cricket He said that his father was playing cricket with
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with me.” him.
They said, “We have completed our They said that they had completed their
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homework.” homework.
She said, “I have been waiting for him She said that she had been waiting for him since
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since last morning.” last morning.
We said, “We had been waiting since We said that we had been waiting since morning.
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morning.”
He said to me, “I will not give you He said to me that he would not give me any
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any medicine without prescription.” medicine without prescription.
Rafiq said, “I shall leave for London Rafiq said that he would leave for London the
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tomorrow.” next day.
They said, “It will have been snowing They said that it would have been snowing since
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since morning.” morning.
2. Examples of Conditional Sentences

There are three types of conditional sentences

A. Type 1 = condition possible to fulfill

Form

 If + Subject + verb ( simple present tense ) + Subject + will/ shall + verb (simple
future tense)
 If + Subject + be + adjective + Subject + will/ shall + be + adjective.

Example:

If I have money, I will buy house for my parents.


( Jika saya memiliki uang, saya akan membelikan rumah untuk orangtua saya)

B. Type 2 = condition in theory possible to fulfill

Form

 If + Subject + verb (simple past tense) + Subject + would/ could/ might + verb (past
future tense)

Example:

If I were you, I would slap Adi.


(Jika saya adalah kamu, saya akan menampar Adi.)

C. Type 3 = condition not possible to fulfill (too late)

Form

 If + Subject + had + verb (past perfect tense) + Subject + would + have + verb (past
future perfect tense)

Example:

I would have visited you if I had finished my work earlier.


(Saya akan mengunjungimu jika saya menyelesaikan pekerjaan saya lebih awal.)
References:

Conditional Sentences

https://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/if.htm

https://azbahasainggris.com/contoh-conditional-sentences