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Chapter 3

Overview Of Health, Safety &


Environment Management System
Standards
Management System Standard
Environmental Management
Occupational Health and Safety
Management
Overview of Environmental
Management System
Standards
ISO 14001

Development of ISO 14001


AQAP and DEF STAN
Environmental legislation / public
concern
BS 5750 1979 and 1987

Environmental Environmental
ISO 9000 performance impact
auditing assessment

BS 7750 1992 and 1994

EMAS
ISO 14001:1996
ISO 14001

Five Principles of Environmental Management

Commitment and
Policy Planning

Measurement and
Implementation
Evaluation

Review and
improvement
ISO 14001

Structure of ISO 14001


Introduction
Scope
References (none)
Definitions
Requirements
Annex A/B informative
Annex C link to quality systems
ISO 14001

General Requirements (Clause 4.1)

“The organisation shall establish and maintain


an environmental management system...”

Clause 4 describes what is required


ISO 14001

Environmental Policy (Clause 4.2)


Defined by top management
appropriate to organisation
commitment to
continual improvement
prevention of pollution
comply with legislation
Environmental Policy

Environmental Policy

Framework for objectives and targets


Documented, implemented and maintained at
all levels
Available to the public
ISO 14001

Planning (Clause 4.3 & Annex A.3)

Understand
Understand environmental
environmental
aspects
aspects

Understand
Understand legal
legalaspects
aspects

Develop
Developstrategy
strategyfor
for
continual
continualimprovement
improvement
ISO 14001

Legal requirements (Clause 4.3.2)


Establish a procedure to identify & access
legal requirements
other requirements
Subscription to:

codes
codesof
ofpractice
practice
agreements
agreementswith
withpublic
publicauthorities
authorities
non -regulatory guidelines
non-regulatory guidelines
ISO 14001

Legislative Compliance

4.3.2. 4.5.1

Identify
Check Compliance
Regulations
ISO 14001

Objectives and targets (Clause 4.3.3)


Regulations

Interested
Parties
ves
ct i
O bje

Technology
and Finance
Environmental
Aspects
ISO 14001

Environmental programme (Clause 4.3.4)

Who?
Who? When?
When?

How?
How?

Remember New developments


ISO 14001

Implementation and operation


Structure
Structureand
and
Responsibility
Responsibility

Operational
OperationalControl
Control Training
Training

Communication
Communication

Emergency
Emergency
Documentation
Documentation Response
Response
Similar
Similarto
to
QMS
QMS
ISO 14001

Structure and responsibility (Clause 4.4.1)


Document roles and responsibilities
Management representative
Resources
human
technological
financial
ISO 14001

Implementation and operation


Training (Clause 4.4.2)
identify needs
degree of environmental importance
contractors
staff competency
ISO 14001

Implementation and operation

Communication (Clause 4.4.3)


Internal
External
Public authorities
ISO 14001

Implementation and operation

Documentation (Clause 4.4.4)


No requirement for manual
Paper or electronic form
Integration with other systems
ISO 14001

Document control (Clause 4.4.5)


Establish procedure to ensure documents
can be located
review and revise [schedule]
current version used
obsolete versions removed
Documents shall be: Similar
Similar to
to
legible, dated QMS
QMS
retained for specified periods
ISO 14001

Implementation and operation


Operational Control (Clause 4.4.6)
identify operations and activities
plan activities (including maintenance)
create procedures
operating criteria
contractors and suppliers
ISO 14001

Implementation and operation


Emergency preparedness and response
(Clause 4.4.7)

Procedure to:
identify potential emergencies
prevent & mitigate impacts

Test procedures.
ISO 14001

Checking and corrective action (Clause 4.5)


Monitoring
Monitoring and
and
Measuring
Measuring
Non-conformance
Non-conformance
Corrective
Corrective action
action
Preventative
Preventative action
action
Audits
Audits
Records
Records
ISO 14001

Monitoring and Measurement (Clause 4.5.1)


Documented procedure to:
monitor key aspects of performance
check legal compliance
Track performance
Establish acceptance criteria
Evaluate performance
ISO 14001

Non-conformance and corrective


and preventative action (Clause 4.5.2)

Define responsibility
Mitigate impacts
Action appropriate to severity
ISO 14001

Records (Clause 4.5.3)


establish procedures to;
identify
maintain
Similar
Similar to
to QMS
QMS
dispose
ISO 14001

EMS Audits (Clause 4.5.4.)

Establish:
Audit
Audit frequency:
frequency:
Programme
Procedures •Severity of
•Severity of impacts
impacts
Audit cycle
•Results of
•Results of previous
previous
audits
audits
ISO 14001

Management review (Clause 4.6)


Top management:
conduct review
determine frequency
Must be documented
ISO 14001

All aspects Aspects

Insignificant
Significant impacts
Impacts
Impacts
Emergency Normal & abnormal operation

Emergency
Operational control Controls
procedures

Non-
Satisfactory satisfactory Satisfactory Performance

Objectives
Targets Improvement
Programs
ISO 14001

Conclusions:
Few detailed requirements
Generic
Occupational Health and Safety
Management Systems
OHSAS 18001
Occupational Health & Safety Management
System

Occupational Health & Safety Management System


Standards

National Standards Commercial Standards


BS 8800:1996 ISA 2000:97 - SGS & ISMOL
PN 18001:1999 OHSMS:1997 - DNV
AS 4801:2000 SafetyCert® - BVQI (1998)
NZ 4801:2000 SMS 8800 - LRQA
Occupational Health & Safety Management
System

Structure of OH&SMS standards is similar to


that of ISO 14001:1996 (e.g.OHSAS 18001)
General Requirements
Policy
Planning
Implementation & operation
Checking & corrective action
Management review
OHSAS 18001

Five Principles of OH&S Management

Commitment and
Policy Planning

Measurement and
Implementation
Evaluation

Review and
improvement
OHSAS 18001

General Requirements (Clause 4.1)

“The organisation shall establish and maintain


an OH&S management system...”

Clause 4 describes what is required


OHSAS 18001

OH&S Policy (Clause 4.2)


Defined by top management
appropriate to organisation
commitment to interested parties
continual improvement
comply with legislation
OHSAS 18001

Planning (Clause 4.3)

Identify
Identifyhazard
hazardand
andassess
assess
risk
risk

Understand
Understand legal
legalaspects
aspects

Develop
Developstrategy
strategyfor
for
continual
continualimprovement
improvement
OHSAS 18001

Legal requirements (Clause 4.3.2)


Establish a procedure to identify & access
legal requirements
other requirements
Keep the information up to date
OHSAS 18001

Legislative Compliance

4.3.2. 4.5.1

Identify
Check Compliance
Regulations
OHSAS 18001

Objectives and targets (Clause 4.3.3)


Regulations

Interested
Parties
i v es
j ect
Ob
Technology
and Finance

OH&S Hazards
OHSAS 18001

OH&S Management programme (Clause 4.3.4)

Who?
Who? When?
When?

How?
How?

Review at planned intervals


Consider changing circumstances
OHSAS 18001

Implementation and operation


Structure
Structureand
and
Responsibility
Responsibility
Training,
Training,Awareness
Awareness
Operational
OperationalControl
Control &&Competence
Competence
Consultation
Consultation&&
Communication
Communication

Documentation
Documentation Emergency
EmergencyResponse
Response
Similar
Similartoto
QMS
QMS
OHSAS 18001

Implementation and operation


Training (Clause 4.4.2)
identify needs
degree of environmental importance
contractors
staff competency
OHSAS 18001

Implementation and operation

Consultation and communication (Clause


4.4.3)
Employees
Interested parties

Documented arrangements
for employee involvement
and consultation
OHSAS 18001

Implementation and operation

Documentation (Clause 4.4.4)


No requirement for manual
Paper or electronic form
Integration with other systems
OHSAS 18001

Document control (Clause 4.4.5)


Establish procedure to ensure documents
can be located
review and revise [schedule]
current version used
obsolete versions removed
Documents shall be: Similar
Similar to
to
legible, dated QMS
QMS
retained for specified periods
OHSAS 18001

Operational Control (Clause 4.4.6)


identify operations and activities
plan activities (including maintenance)
create procedures where needed
operating criteria
contractors and suppliers
design of workplace, process, etc.
OHSAS 18001

Emergency preparedness and response


(Clause 4.4.7)

Procedure to:
identify potential emergencies
prevent & mitigate impacts

Test procedures.
OHSAS 18001

Checking and corrective action (Clause 4.5)


Monitoring
Monitoring and
and
Measuring
Measuring
Non-conformance
Non-conformance
Corrective
Corrective action
action
Preventative
Preventative action
action
Audits
Audits
Records
Records
OHSAS 18001

Monitoring and Measurement (Clause 4.5.1)

Procedure for:
quantitative & qualitative measures
monitor achieving objectives
proactive measure of performance
reactive measure (including near misses)
recording of data and results
OHSAS 18001

Non-conformance and corrective


and preventative action (Clause 4.5.2)
Investigate
Mitigate consequences
Corrective and preventive actions
Confirm effectiveness
Action appropriate to magnitude of problems
and commensurate with risks
OHSAS 18001

Records (Clause 4.5.3)


establish procedures to;
identify
maintain
Similar
Similar to
to
dispose QMS
QMS
OHSAS 18001

OH&SMS Audits (Clause 4.5.4.)

Establish:
Audit
Audit frequency:
frequency:
Programme
Procedures •Severity of
•Severity of impacts
impacts
Audit cycle
•Results of
•Results of previous
previous
audits
audits
OHSAS 18001

Management review (Clause 4.6)


Top management:
conduct review
determine frequency
Must be documented
Managing Risks

All hazards Hazards

Tolerable
Intolerable risks
risks
Risks
Emergency Normal & abnormal operation

Emergency
Operational control Controls
procedures

Not
Acceptable acceptable Acceptable Residual risk

Objectives
Targets Improvement
Programs