L’etranger is a text with the centralized idea or main concept being extentialism.

Extentialism is the idea that human existence is a series of free choices, the responsibility for which cannot be lessened by any set of rules, any circumstances, or any outside influences. Branched out of this main concept is the pessimistic side of human relationships. This can be observed in the interactions between the characters and the people around them. This is mainly observed in the relationship between Meursault and Marie and also his mother, and the relationship between Raymond and the Arabs and the abuse of his girlfriend . Meursault, the main character, is completely nonchalant. In the first chapter, his mother had died. Strangely, he showed no mournfulness, as a matter of fact, it seemed to be a bit of a bother to him. He also seemed to have had a very disconnected relationship with his mother due to his extentialist ideas. This disconnection is shown by the fact that he had no idea of his mother’s age, he had no idea that she had converted from being an atheist to having religious ideas and he was unaware of M. Perez. This can only indicate that he sparsely communicated with his mother. This is shown in the quote “J’ai pense que c’etait toujours un dimanche de tire, que maman était maintenant enterree, que j’allais reprendre mon travail et que, somme toute, il n’y avait rien de change. » The fact that his life did not change after his mother’s death gives a hint of disconnection between them. Meursault also developed a relationship with Marie. However, from Meursault’s point of view, the relationship is purely physical on the other hand Marie takes it as a true emotional relationship. Meursault never discussed how he felt about her, but rather what he did with her physically. Marie asked him if he loved her and he told her that that question had no meaning to him and to himself he knew that he didn’t. “Un moment apres, elle m’a demande si je l’aimais. Je lui ai repondu que cela ne voulais rien dire, mais qu’il me semblait que non. » After that statement, she was sad but a bit later when they went for dinner she was fine again. She failed to realize that Meursault didn’t really love her. Raymond Sintes is a neighbour who has gotten close with Meursault. He asked Meursault for advice and regularly visited him. Raymond is a pimp and a very short tempered and confrontational person. He had a physical relationship with a girl, he kept her but he thought that she was cheating on him. Instead of modestly going to her and speaking with her about it, he physically abused her, due to his short tempered nature. After this abuse he decided to send her a “degrading” letter. This shows up Raymond’s tendency not to think before he acts. It was after the beating that he thought about what to do. This also triggered conflict with her fellow Arabs. All of this could have been avoided if Raymond had chosen a milder way to deal with the situation and put his short temperedness behind him. This also highlights racism, because he detests Arabs. Note: Chapter 5>>Meursault actually cared for his mother Chapter 6: A “heavenly day” is a bother to him Page 33: Raymond attracted by Marie Masson Introduced Considered Marrying Marie

For the first time I’d realized how all these people loathed me.” he said in a low tone. what awaited me was a night of easy.” Meursault “desires sympathy” from lawyer. and what awaited me was a night haunted by forebodings of the coming day.Yes. “That wouldn’t be true.” I said. “what I felt was less regret than a kind of vexation” fervor. Emotions. “Never in all my experience have I known a soul so case-hardened as yours. this was the evening hour when—how long ago it seemed!—I always felt so well content with life. Page 61. “No.Raymond didn’t want to go down to the beach Page 34: Meursault enlightens a bit of. I was returning to a cell. This was the same hour. but for the first time in my life I wanted to kiss a man. Prostrate: defenseless Meursault doesn’t believe in God.”…except Meursault. Page 60-And what made it even more odious was the personality of the prisoner. or make any movement. dreamless sleep. but with a difference.feelings of great warmth or intensity Page 46-I had a foolish desire to burst into tears. taciturn-uncommunicative. Page 58-I didn’t say anything. And so I learned that familiar paths traced in the dusk of summer evenings may lead as well to prisons as to innocent. . dejected-affected or marked by low mood. an inhuman monster wholly without a moral sense. untroubled sleep. “All the criminals who have come before me until now wept when they saw this symbol of our Lord’s sufferings. Then.EXTENTIALISM IS HIGHLIGHTED WHEN…”After considering for a bit he asked me if he could say that on that day I had kept my feelings under control. indignant-angered at something unjust or wrong. Page 37: wants to confront Arabs after fight again CHAPTER I PART 2….

Page 69-I came to the conclusion that what was wrong about the guillotine was that the condemned man had no chance at all.” whereas for me she was just “Marie. or the immediate future. absolutely none. as he kept on mentioning “the prisoner’s mistress. -what he called my “soul. But now I understood. Page 63-I’ve always been far too much absorbed in the present moment.” . anyhow.Page 62.I didn’t quite follow his remarks at first. 70 – knowledge that life isn’t worth living.I found my father’s conduct rather disgusting. I had to own that he was right.” Page 63-Of course. to think back. I didn’t feel much regret for what I’d done. it was so natural.” Page 69.

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