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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications

ISSN: 2456-9992

Surgery, Management And Analysis Of Risk
Factors For Varicose Veins In Setif University
Hospital-Algeria
El-Hachmi Seddik, Khenchouche Abdelhalim, Behar Abdelaziz
Department of General Surgery. University Hospital of Setif. Algeria,
vicedoyenpedagogie@outlook.com

Laboratory of Health and Environment, Faculty of Medicine, UFAS, Setif 1, Algeria,

Abstract: Aims: the appearance of varicose veins is due to several factors. Some are known. Others are misunderstood to nowadays. If
studies in this area are limited, this is because it is a disease that is not of much interest in medicine. In recent years and with the availability
of treatments and the surgical procedure, an epidemiological study is necessary. In this study, we try to analyze the factors involved in order
to prevent or at least limit its damage. Methods: Follow a group of patients with varicose veins at different stages of the disease. Establish
an epidemiological investigation. Identify the different risk factors that characterize these patients, such as hereditary factors, age, sex,
occupation, number of pregnancies in women, obesity, race, geographical area, socio-economic level... Conclusion: Establishing a balance
of the most relevant factors, in order to be limited to the treatment before the surgical act. Patients, who have undergone surgery, plan a
recovery at a lower cost.

Keywords: Varicose, risk factors, treatments, surgery.

1. Introduction the increasing cost of treatment (prolonged hospitalization
Varicose veins sometimes appear as enlargement of the and postoperative care); it becomes necessary to take care of
veins, dilation or overload of blood. Varicose appear as with these cases from the point of view of prevention and
Blue-violet or red color. Varicose veins often occur in complications and adequate surgical procedures [6]. In this
women on the lower legs. In recent years, knowledge about study, we found it useful to strike a balance between the most
varicose veins has been developed. In particular, the relevant factors. The goal is to preserve the patient from the
physiological characteristics of the venous system, which evolution of this patient and to avoid the solution of the
lead to trophic changes in the skin. Viewing the nature of surgical act. When this is unavoidable, it must be ensured
progressive appearance and the multi-factorial causes of that post-operative follow-up care at a lower cost.
them, this makes it difficult to analyze and determine exactly
what these are. Thus, the complexity of the system makes it 2. Risk factors
difficult to predict the evolution of these varicose veins that Some factors may be aggravating causes of risk for varicose
lead to cutaneous trophy changes and ulcers. Hence, it is veins. These factors can be summarized as follows:
necessary to address the issue from an epidemiological point  Family History
of view in order to improve the understanding this subject. Generally, the genetic factor is for many in the
Surveys based on this at-risk population are critical in appearance of varicose veins. Family history is
assessing the prevalence, risk factors and geographic considered a risk factor.
distribution of venous disorders [1]. Generally, varicose
veins are not well taken care of and continue to be considered  Age
of little medical importance, although they affect close to one With age, the risk of varicose veins increases. This
third of adults, especially in developed countries. These last can be explained by the aging and weakening of the
times they cause concern because most can be treated. A valves in the veins.
wide variety of therapeutic options are available.
Epidemiological studies relate factors that are often  Gender
hereditary to explain the causes of valve dysfunction and Women are more likely to have varicose veins than
hydrostatic venous pressure. Other studies report causes men. Again, this can be explained by the hormonal
related to imbalance of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) factor. Changes in these hormones often occur
which is related to the viscosity of the blood [2]. Opinions during puberty, pregnancy or menopause. Also, the
differ as to the etiology of varicose veins. This is varied and use of the contraceptive pill can contribute to the
some cause rapid disease progression and slow deterioration. onset of varicose veins.
Wedell [3] reported that the male-female ratio is higher.
Wearing clothes that reveal certain parts of the body means  Pregnancy
that the number of patients is more important for cosmetic During pregnancy, the increase in fetal weight
reasons [4]. Risk factors include occupations that require exerts pressure on the veins of the legs.
prolonged periods of physical effort that contribute to the
prevalence of varicose veins. It is also necessary to consider
other factors such as age, sex, hereditary factor and history of
the patient with regard to deep venous thrombosis [5]. Given

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International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications
ISSN: 2456-9992

 Overweight or obese factor is a factor that cannot be addressed. The same applies
Logically, the increase in body weight can be an to sex or woman during pregnancy. On the other hand, it is
aggravating risk. Overweight due to weight is possible to act on the overweight factor for example as an
exerted on the veins of the legs. aggravating factor. Mainly, the best prevention remains the
lifestyle.
 Lack of movement
Depending on the position of the legs curved or Lifestyle Changes
crossed over a long time can increase the risk of Lifestyle changes are often the first treatment for varicose
varicose veins. veins. These changes can prevent varicose veins from getting
worse, reduce pain and delay the onset of varicose veins.
3. Treatment & management of varicose veins Prevention cannot usually prevent varicose veins from
forming. However, this can prevent those who are already
A. Medical Procedures getting worse. Adequate measures can prevent other varicose
Medical procedures are performed either to remove varicose veins from forming.
veins or to close them. The procedure most commonly used
to treat smaller varicose veins and spider veins is sclera- Conclusion
therapy. It consists of using a liquid chemical to close a In view of the nature of this disease, several treatments are
varicose vein. The chemical is injected into the vein to cause dispensed these days. However, in most cases surgery is
irritation and healing in the vein. The irritation and the scars inevitable. In this field, our healthcare structure does not
cause the vein to close, and it disappears. However, allow the use of modern techniques using sophisticated
involuntary injection of concentrated sclerosants into the equipment. As mentioned above, we must act on the risk
deep vein system can cause deep vein thrombosis or factors that we have the possibility to intervene. We limit
pulmonary embolism. Other treatment techniques are used as ourselves just to prevention by the factors related to the
micro sclera-therapy, laser surgery, endovenous ablation lifestyle mentioned above
therapy, endoscopic vein surgery, ambulatory phlebectomy,
vein stripping and ligation. Varicose vein surgery remains a Conflict of interest - none
solution to this disease. The choice of the patient is taken into Funding – none
account in particular in the case where this necessitates
bilateral surgery. Generally, unilateral surgery is the most References
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