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Kelompok 2

STRUKTUR KRISTAL:
Gema Sukmawati S
HEXAGONAL Ingriet Sintha Karel
Rahmaniah

0) .(http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/principles-of-general-chemistry-v1.

STRUKTUR HEXAGONAL .

GALLIUM NITRIDE (GaN) https://en.org/wiki/Gallium_nitride .wikipedia.

org/) .org/wiki/Wurtzite_crystal_structure) (http://www.STRUKTUR KRISTAL GALLIUM NITRIDE Struktur kristal hexagonal (https://en.academicjournals.wikipedia.

1995) Jumlah Puncak = 23 .Gallium Nitride (GaN) (Balkas et al..

𝟏 𝟒 𝒉𝟐 +𝒉𝒌+𝒌𝟐 𝒍𝟐 𝟒𝒔𝒊𝒏𝟐 𝜽 = + = (1) dan (2) 𝒅𝟐 𝟑 𝒂𝟐 𝒄𝟐 𝝀𝟐 𝟐 𝝀𝟐 𝒉𝟐 +𝒉𝒌+𝒌𝟐 𝝀 𝟐 𝒍𝟐 𝒔𝒊𝒏 𝜽 = + 𝟑𝒂𝟐 𝟒𝒄𝟐 .MENCARI PARAMETER KISI 1 4 ℎ2 +ℎ𝑘+𝑘 2 𝑙2 Jarak antar bidang. d: = + (1) 𝑑2 3 𝑎2 𝑐2 2 2 2 2 𝜆2 Menurut Bragg : 𝜆 = 2𝑑 𝑠𝑖𝑛𝜃 𝜆 = 4𝑑 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝜃 atau 𝑠𝑖𝑛 𝜃 = (2) 4𝑑 2 Penggabungan pers.

dan A dapat diperoleh 4𝑐 2 𝐷 dari 3 persamaan: 𝐴 = 10 . 𝛼 = ℎ2 + ℎ𝑘 + 𝑘 2 𝜆2 𝐵= . B. Keterangan: 𝐶= 3𝑎2 . δ = 10sin2 2θ 𝜮𝜶𝒔𝒊𝒏𝟐 𝜽 = 𝑪𝚺𝜶𝟐 + 𝑩𝜮𝜶𝜸 + 𝑨𝜮𝜶𝜹 𝜮𝜸𝒔𝒊𝒏𝟐 𝜽 = 𝑪𝜮𝜶𝜸 + 𝑩𝚺𝜸𝟐 + 𝑨𝜮𝜸𝜹 𝜮𝜹𝒔𝒊𝒏𝟐 𝜽 = 𝑪𝜮𝜶𝜹 + 𝑩𝜮𝜸𝜹 + 𝑨𝚺𝜹𝟐 . dan sin 𝜃 − 2 ℎ + ℎ𝑘 + 𝑘 − 2 𝑙 = 𝐷sin2 2𝜃 2 2 2 hubungan 4 3 𝑎2 4 𝑐 3𝑎 4𝑐 Diperoleh 𝜆2 bentuk 2 sin 𝜃 = 𝐶𝛼 + 𝐵𝛾 + 𝐴𝛿. MENCARI PARAMETER KISI Menggunakan 2 𝜆2 4 ℎ2 + ℎ𝑘 + 𝑘 2 𝜆2 𝑙2 𝜆2 𝜆2 2 sin 𝜃 = ∙ + ∙ 2 . 𝛾 = 𝑙2 Nilai C.

886827942 78.05127019 9.103 9 1.933012702 0.24990474 181.684282513 4 16 4 16 16 0.919788516 7 49 4 16 28 0.869208664 0 0.76047661 9.359716902 0.510 10 1.212565442 63.909 11 1.880182972 113.73970518 5.413 12 1.1805694 0 5.869208664 8.812286071 0 5.077779935 0 0.321842983 0.48986006 68.872772897 0.156650399 51.4545 0.099911542 0.852130827 7 49 1 1 7 0.4265 0.7090314 7.64736052 5.553696979 1 1 9 81 9 0.107393957 1 0 3 31.21764493 21.5084413 34.17325304 26.61635797 35.656414535 10.0185 0.953 17 1.10378716 155.565028216 97.636251052 0 0 16 256 0 0.200 23 2.991085216 9 81 0 0 0 0.960902971 70.667725785 0.565277238 1 0 0 16.09532064 26.999627427 0.299411271 0 5.272502104 0 0 4 36.822925229 3.3533604 1536.333178834 2.597169016 3.077779935 2.58577238 60.674960440 119.263122528 125.648878512 3.5775816 75.094611893 91.93962493 3.5 0.598288685 1.504190714 3 9 0 0 0 0.872470792 105.98509709 89.19852075 9.689015632 99.321603095 1 1 1 1 1 0.008381429 1 1 0 28.165934356 0.87371932 0 0.982292523 0.839577032 2 1 2 52.160 20 1.667867248 67.788216158 6.603238149 0 0 2 17.124843 692.330127019 233.677257849 44.632778059 9.570 21 2.591762610 4 16 0 0 0 0.000 18 1.77728745 101.664103634 8.598288685 3.96646846 2.590099668 2 0 3 45.916297857 1 1 25 625 25 0.881545174 105.038604286 4.654010441 0.430733208 9.399572171 9.822925229 96.603037437 3 9 4 16 12 0.359398702 36.8235 0.230631656 2 0 1 35.925663834 109.5877579 5.918613563 48.400 19 1.832595715 1 0 5 52.992038972 0.54 1.223166863 32.255 0.039169037 7 49 9 81 63 0.44272806 0 3.1144919 29.321655458 8.58 0.60941813 0 6.037 13 1.929479948 0.352994211 0.224667680 82.01765398 0.566534722 9.194 0.811 8 1.0941567 38.663737425 0.201106214 6.401046458 70.97571087 35.001961553 64.5595 0.088248553 3.553 0.9293513 0.670252413 57.17919794 4.89227999 0.206074873 1 1 2 34.629409523 15.7647983 2.834522331 78.840104646 0.430733208 6.536005827 30.964966374 1.2531755 0.73523806 5.715907879 1 1 16 256 16 0.2065 0.92549934 39.891731322 4.35829057 0 12.29482557 0 1.183525219 2 0 0 33.2815 0.2197524 86.965743056 0.46421514 68.996274273 99.7245 0.7 0.2201982 1.913628559 0.563 3 0.544612296 9.41413224 69.959657005 0.284021775 34.185152223 3 0 2 62. Perhitungan Parameter kisi GaN Puncak 2 Radian 2 h k l  Radian   2 g g2 g sin2 (2) sin2 () d d2 d gd sin2() gsin2 () dsin2 () 1 0.0313887 8.4699512 0 0.330127019 87.71566504 0.152864632 5.276502883 8.586420138 9.9765 0.001961553 72.573706392 73.333178834 8.077 5 1.225610458 72.586859642 5.199638456 0 0 6 63.311168487 8.388 2 0.099819228 0 0 36 1296 0 0.69119958 142.030 Jumlah 81 471 179 3287 369 18.776 6 1.335149 53.808084459 96.699934586 8.165934356 5.092576112 9 81 4 16 36 0.597169016 12.808084459 156.566534722 5.099911542 0.540104405 42.886827942 1.700153977 0 1.905201411 2 0 4 54.807321660 69.63774502 58.952600706 4 16 16 256 64 0.294799485 86.244673949 0 2.8318044 .193525593 126.509651071 9.06359639 37.025769 44.553600583 0.286621832 2.980808446 0.54731177 8.91091589 0.4437586 0 28.429446411 2.332715336 0.744508947 1 1 4 49.419550972 1 1 4 16 4 0.839101944 1 0 2 24.701262387 94.3862802 1.14402331 0.922799895 79.853 4 0.382722215 5.9055 0.232358356 2.239951 1495.531112235 5.643206189 1 0 1 18.106 14 1.727728974 76.763774502 0.970126239 0.431815758 1 0 4 41.888 0.39329746 65.015 1.629409523 9.704261655 2 1 1 48.920389722 98.597169016 0.647 16 1.982170431 3 0 0 56.282638619 1 1 0 0 0 0.301619075 0 0 4 16 0 0.77296563 0 235.615315828 4 16 1 1 4 0.795049834 4 16 9 81 36 0.596570049 92.536005827 22.402766222 95.13533604 10.0385 0.119 15 1.47171431 0 146.136285586 83.353054907 9.68713656 5.857370639 0.276502883 2.099911542 3.743015173 7.62565814 5.080 22 2.233384659 7.21842983 10.093945423 3.660139731 2 1 0 47.078338073 2 1 3 59.5515 0.759260415 9.6 1.18318692 34.785 0.872254474 3 9 16 256 48 0.3862802 38.888682794 0.48852595 2.449 7 1.794104386 6.800196155 0.830069866 7 49 0 0 0 0.368565026 2 0 2 39.286920866 0.

24 1495.77729 = 471 𝐶 + 369 𝐵 + 692.025769 𝐴 𝛴𝛿𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝜃 = 𝐶𝛴𝛼𝛿 + 𝐵𝛴𝛾𝛿 + 𝐴𝛴𝛿 2 86.239951 𝐶 + 1495.831804 .21975 692.24 𝐶 44. NILAI PARAMETER KISI GaN (Berdasarkan Tabel Perhitungan) 𝛴𝛼𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝜃 = 𝐶𝛴𝛼 2 + 𝐵𝛴𝛼𝛾 + 𝐴𝛴𝛼𝛿 44.831804 = 692.77729 369 3287 1495.125 𝐴 86.026 1536.2198 = 369 𝐶 + 3287 𝐵 + 1495.026 𝐵 + 1536.026 𝐵 = 101.239951 𝐴 𝛴𝛾𝑠𝑖𝑛2 𝜃 = 𝐶𝛴𝛼𝛾 + 𝐵𝛴𝛾 2 + 𝐴𝛴𝛾𝛿 101.124843 𝐴 Menjadi bentuk matriks A x = B 471 369 692.

125 + 369 × 1495.24 + 692.5 + 381884212.026 1536.24 × 369 × 1495.7 𝐴 = 3141961576 − 2837011105 𝐴 = 304950471.026 × 1495.24 + 1495.24 471 369 𝐴 = 369 3287 1495.026 × 471 + 1536.125 × 369 × 369 𝐴 = 2378193151 + 381884212.026 × 692.5 − 1575117744 + 1052733066 + 209160294.24 1495.24 1495.125 692.1 .24 × 3287 × 692.026 𝐴 = 471 × 3287 × 1536.026 369 3287 692.026 − 692. NILAI PARAMETER KISI GaN (Berdasarkan Tabel Perhitungan) Mencari determinan matriks A 471 369 692.

77729 692.24 86.831804 1495.125 . NILAI PARAMETER KISI GaN (Berdasarkan Tabel Perhitungan) Mencari determinan matriks A1 44.026 1536.24 𝐴1 = 101.831804 1536.24 𝑨𝟐 𝑩= = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟕𝟕𝟕𝟔𝟓𝟖𝟕 𝑨 Mencari determinan matriks A2 471 44.097 𝑨 692. 𝟎𝟐𝟐𝟎𝟓𝟕𝟎𝟐 𝐴2 = 369 101.125 𝑨𝟏 𝑪= = 𝟎.77729 369 692.21975 1495.026 = 23714738.026 = 6726298.21975 3287 1495.15 86.

. 𝟏𝟖𝟕 Å 𝟑∙ 𝑪 𝟐∙ 𝑩 𝟓. 1995) a= 3.190 Å 3.187 Å 5.189 Å c= 5. 𝟏𝟗𝟎 Å 𝒄= = 𝟓.NILAI PARAMETER KISI GaN (Berdasarkan Tabel Perhitungan) Nilai parameter kisi a Nilai parameter kisi c 𝝀 𝝀 𝒂= = 𝟑.185 Å . 𝟏𝟖𝟕 Å Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dengan data JCPDS Data JCPDS Parameter Kisi (Balkas et al.

TERIMA KASIH .