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S O L U T I O N S

SAMPLE
QUESTION PAPER - 6
Self Assessment_____________________________________

Time : 3 Hours Maximum Marks : 90

CHEMISTRY Oswaal CBSE Class -11, Examination Sample Question Paper


Halogens.
1. 1
CaC2 + 2H2O → Ca(OH)2 + CH ≡ CH
2. 1
Acetanilide, glycol.
3. 1
Sodium thiosulphate helps in fixing the photographs thus making them stable and
4.
insensitive to light. 1
1
2
5
5. 3 4 4-Ethyl-3-propylhex-1-ene 1
6


6. Given : M = 3 mol L–1
Mass of NaCl in 1 L solution = 3 × 58.5 = 175.5g
Mass of 1 L solution = 1000 × 1.25 = 1250 g
Since density = 1.25 gmL–1
Mass of water in solution = 1250 – 175.5 = 1074.5 g 2
no. of moles of solute 3 mole
Molality = = = 2.79 M
mass of solvent in kg 1.0745 kg
7. (a) pH of human muscle fluid = 6.83
pH = – log[H+] or ; 6.83 = – log[H+]
log H+ = – 6.83 or ; [H+] = Antilog (–6.83) = 1.48 × 10–7 M 1
(b) Human stomach fluid pH = 1.2
pH = – log[H+] or ; –log [H+] = 1.2
[H+] = anti log 2.8 = 6.3 × 10–2 M = 0.063 M 1
HOOC COOH H COOH
8. C C C C 1+1
H H HOOC H
cis trans
OR
FeCl3 and SnCl4 1+1
Quantities that are dependent upon the state of the system only, are called state functions.
9.
They do not depend upon how that state has been achieved.
Q + W is equivalent to DU i.e., change in internal energy.
2 | OSWAAL CBSE, Sample Question Papers Chemistry, Class – 11

DU will depend only upon the initial and final states. It is independent of the way in which the
change has been brought about. 2
3 × ( atomic mass of calcium )

10. Mass percent of Ca = × 100
molecular mass of Ca3 ( PO 4 )2
120u
= × 100 = 38.71%

310u
2 × ( atomic mass of phosphorus )

Mass percent of P = × 100
molecular mass of Ca3 ( PO 4 )2
2 × 31u
= × 100 = 20%

310u
8 × ( atomic mass of oxygen )

Mass percent of O = × 100 2
molecular mass of Ca3 ( PO 4 )2

8 × 16u
= × 100 = 41.29%

310u
11. (a) H+ = 1s0
(b) Na+ = 1s2, 2s2, 2p6
(c) O2– = 1s2, 2s2, 2p6 1 + 1 + 1
12. In anhydrous AlCl3, aluminium atom is linked with three chlorine atoms by covalent bond.
However, when aluminium chloride is dissolved in water, It undergoes hydration as
Al2Cl6 + Water  2[Al(H2O)6]3+ + 6Cl– + Energy
Hydration of Al2Cl6 is an exothermic reaction and the released energy is responsible for the removal
of three electrons from Al to form Al3+, Thus AlCl3. 6H2O is ionic in nature. 3
13. (a) Na2O2 + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2O2 1
(b) 4KO2 + 2H2O → 4KOH + 3O2 ½
or 2KO2 + 2H2O → 2KOH + H2O2 + O2 ½
(c) Na2O + CO2 → Na2CO3. 1
14. (i) Mists : These are particles of spray liquids and condensation of their vapours in air.
Examples : Portions of herbicides and insecticides that are not used up, travel through the air to
form mists. 1
(ii) Smoke : These are small soot particles produced due to combustion of fossil fuels and organic
matter. Examples : Oil, tobacco and carbon smoke are typical examples. 1
(iii) Fumes : These include condensed vapours of metallurgical acid and alkali fumes. 1
15. (a) Let the O.N. of O be x. Since Ca is an alkaline earth metal, therefore, its O.N. is + 2. Thus,
+2 x
Ca O2 + 2 + 2(x) = O or x = –1
Thus,the oxidation number of O in CaO2 = –1. 1
(b) In NaBH4, H is present as hydride ion. Therefore, its O.N. is – 1. Thus,
+1 x –1
Na B H4 1(+ 1) + x + 4(–1) = 0 or x = + 3 1
Thus, the O.N. of B in NaBH4 = + 3
(c) +1 x –2
H2 S2 O7 2(+1) + 2(x) + 7(–2) = 0 or x = 6 1
Thus, the O.N. of S in H2S2O7 = + 6
16. For CO2, M = 44 g mol–1 = 0.044 kg mol–1 ; T = 700 K
3RT 3 × (8.314 JK –1 mol –1 )(700K)
(i) Root mean square speed, C = = 1
M (0.44 kgmol –1 )

Solutions | 3


= 39680.4545 =199.199 ms–1

8RT 8(8.314 JK –1 mol –1 )(700 K)


(ii) Average speed, C = = = 3706878.98
πM 3.14(0.004 kgmol –1 )


= 1925.32 1
2RT 2(8.314 JK –1 mol –1 ) (700 K)
(iii) Most probable speed, C* = = 1
M 0.044 kgmol –1

–1 –1
= 264536.4 ms = 514.33 ms
17. (a) Orbitals which possess equal energies are called degenerate orbitals. For example 2px, 2py and
2pz orbitals which are oriented along X, Y and Z axis are degenerate. Similarly five d-orbitals dxy,
dyz, dzx, dx2–y2 and dz2 are degenerate orbitals. 1
(b) The angular momentum of an electron in a given stationary state can be expressed as
h
mvr = n where n =1, 2, 3, ............ (Bohr's equation)

h
or
2pr = n
mv
n
But = l (de Broglie's equation) 2
mv
From the two equations, we have
2pr = nl
or Circumference of Bohr orbit = nl
Thus, we can say that circumference of Bohr's orbit is an integral multiple of de Broglie wavelength.
18. (i) PCl5(g)  PCl5(g) + Cl2(g)
–1 –1
At equlibrium 0.5 × 10 mol x mol L x mol L–1
2
x
KC = = 8.3 × 10–3 (Given)
0.5 × 10 –1
or,
x2 = (8.3 × 10–3) (0.5 × 10–1) = 4.15 × 10–4
or
x = 4.15 × 10 –4 = 2.04 × 10–2 M = 0.02 M 2
Hence, [PCl3]eq = [Cl2]eq = 0.02 M
(ii) KP = KC (RT) Dng
= 8.3 × 10–3 × 0.082 × 473 1
= 0.3216 atm
393K
19. (i) 2(CaSO4.2H2O) → (CaSO4)2. H2O + 3H2O 1
Gypsum Plaster of Paris
(ii) CaCO3  CaO + CO2, DH = 179.9 kJ 1
Quicklime
(iii) CaO + H2O → Ca(OH)2 1
Slaked lime
OR
(i) Ionization enthalpies of alkaline earth metals are higher than those of alkali metals. This is
because of smaller size of alkaline earth metal corresponding to alkali metal of the same period.
1
(ii) The oxides of alkali and alkaline earth metal dissolve in water to form their respective hydroxides.
These oxides are strong bases. However, the oxides of alkali metals are more basic than those
of alkaline earth metals. This is because the ionization enthalpy of alkali metals is lower. The
electropositive character of alkali metals is higher than that of corresponding alkaline earth
metal so that M–OH bond in alkali metals can ionize more easily. 1
4 | OSWAAL CBSE, Sample Question Papers Chemistry, Class – 11

MOH → M+ + OH–
(iii) Because of small size and high charge, the lattice enthalpies of alkaline earth metals are much
more than those of alkali metals and therefore, the solubility of alkaline earth metal hydroxides
is less than that of alkali metals. 1
CH3

Al2Cl6
20. (i) + CH3Cl + HCl 1

Benzene Toluene
Br CH2CH3

dry ether
(ii) + 2 Na + H3CCH2Br + 2NaBr 1

Ethylbenzene
The above reaction is known as Wurtz - fitting reaction
CH3

873 K
(iii) 3CH3—C  CH 1
Catalyst
CH3 CH3
Propyne Mesitylene
21. (i) Test for Nitrogen : The sodium fusion extract is boiled with iron (II) sulphate and then acidified
with concentrated sulphuric acid. The formation of Prussian blue colour confirms the presence
of nitrogen.
xH 2 O
3[Fe(CN)6]4– + 4Fe3+  → Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3.xH2O 1
Prussian blue
(ii) Test for Sulphur : The sodium fusion extract is acidified with acetic acid and lead acetate is
added to it. A black precipitate of lead sulphide indicates the presence of sulphur. 1
S2– + Pb2+ → PbS

Black
(iii) Test for halogens : The sodium fusion extract is acidified with nitric acid and then treated
with silver nitrate. A white precipitate, soluble in ammonium hydroxide shows the presence of
chlorine, a yellowish precipitate, sparingly soluble in ammonium hydroxide shows the presence
of bromine and a yellow precipitate, insoluble in ammonium hydroxide shows the presence of
iodine. 1
X– + Ag+ → AgX (X represents Cl, Br or I)
Important conditions required for the linear combination of atomic orbitals to form molecular
22.
orbitals are :
(a) The combining atomic orbitals should have comparable energies.
(b) The combining atomic orbitals must have proper orientation e.g., same symmetry, so that they
are able to overlap to a considerable extent. 3
(c) The extent of overlapping should be large. Greater the overlap, greater will be the electron
density between the nuclei.
23. (i) Be2+ < Mg2+ < Na+ < Cl– ½+½+½+½

(39 pm) (65 pm) (95 pm) (181 pm)
(ii) (a) Br or Br– 1
(iii) Discrimination will be removed from our society, all the people would have same status. It will
be an ideal situation but then nobody will try to work of lower levels.
24. Distillation means the conversion of a liquid into vapours, which on condensation by cooling gives
Solutions | 5

a pure liquid. This method is used for purification of liquids which boil without dicomposition
and contain non-volatile impurities. This method can also be used for separating liquids having
sufficient differences in their boiling points. 1
Distillation under reduced pressure also involves conversion of a liquid into vapours by heating
followed by condensation of the vapours thus produced by cooling under reduced pressure. In this
method, the pressure acting on the system is not atmospheric pressure but is reduced with the help
of a vacuum pump. This method is used to purify liquids which decompose below their normal
boling points. 2
Steam distillation is similar to distillation under reduced pressure even though there is no reduction
in the total pressure acting on the solution. It is used for the separation and purification of a liquid
which is appreciably volatile when the sum of the vapour pressure of the organic liquid (P1) and
that of water (P2) becomes equal to atmospheric pressure i.e., (P) = P1 + P2 2
OR
The process of displacement of σ-electrons along the saturated carbon chain due to the presence of
a polar covalent bond at one end of the chain is called inductive effect and is denoted as I-effect.
This is a permanent effect and is generally represented by an arrow with is head in the middle of the
covalent bond pointing in the direction of displacement of electron as shown below :
+''' +'' +' + –
C C C C C 3
However, it may be noted that this effect decreases sharply as we move away from the atoms
involved in the initial polar bond and becomes negligible from the fourth atom onwards.
The phenomenon of movement of electrons from one atom to another in a multiple bond at the
demand of attacking reagent is called electromeric effect and is denoted as E-effect.
The electromeric shift of electrons occurs only at the moment of reaction. Like the inductive effect,
the electromeric effect is also classified as :
(a) The given order can be explained on the basis of -I effect
O O O
Cl Cl
Cl C C O H CH C O H Cl CH2 C O H
Cl Cl 1
More is the number of halogen atoms higher is the -I effect and hence is more polar resulting in
higher acidic character.
(b) The give order can be explained by +I effect
O O CH3 O
Cl
CH3CH2 C O H CH C O H CH3 C C O H
Cl
CH3 1
As the number of alkyl groups increases, the +I effect increases, resulting in decrease in acidic
strength.
25. Standard free energy of formation (Df G°) for the reaction
1
½N2(g) + O2(g) → NO(g) is positive (+86.7 kJ mol–1),
2
Hence, the reaction is non-spontaneous under the standard condition.
5
OR
 ∆U 
(i) For mole of an ideal gas,
CV =  
 ∆T 
or
DU = CVDT
For an isothermal process, T is constant so that
2

DT = 0
6 | OSWAAL CBSE, Sample Question Papers Chemistry, Class – 11

∴ DU = 0
DH = D(PV)
(ii) For an ideal gas, PV = RT
∴ DH = DU + D(RT)
or = DU + RDT
Since T is constant, DT = 0
DH = 0 3
26. (a) The first element of a group often shows similarities to the second element of the neighbouring
group on the right. This type of behaviour is known as diagonal relationship.
Group I Group II Group III Group IV

Li Be B C

Na Mg Al Si
(b) Plaster of Paris is prepared by heating gypsum CaSO4. 2H2O at 393 K. 3
393K
2[CaSO4.2H2O] → [CaSO4]2.H2O + 3H2O
Gypsum Plaster of Paris
Its chief property due to which it is widely used is that when it is mixed with one-third of its
weight of water it sets with expansion into a hard mass of interlocking crystals of gypsum
within 5-15 minutes. The setting is due to hydration of plaster of paris into gypsum.
OR
(a) B atom in BCl3 has only six electrons in the valence shell and therefore is an electron deficient
molecule. It can readily accept a pair of electrons donated by water and hence undergoes
hydrolysis to form boric acid and HCl. 2
BCl3 + 3H3O → H3BO3 + 3HCl
In contrast, C atom in CCl4 has 8 electrons in its valence shell. It does not have vacant d-orbitals
to extend its octet. Therefore, it is an electron precise molecule and hence neither accepts nor
donates a pair of electrons. Therefore, it does not accept a pair of electrons from H2O molecule
and Hence CCl4 does not undergo hydrolysis in water. 2
(b) Boric acid is not a protic acid because it does not ionize in water to give a proton. But it acts as
a Lewis acid by accepting electrons from hydroxide ion :
H + H
(HO)3B + O (HO)3B– O [B(OH)4]– + H+
H H
Or
B(OH)3(aq) + 2H2O → [B(OH)4]–(aq) + H3O+(aq) 3

Thus, boric acid acts as Lewis acid because it reacts with OH (Lewis base) ions rather than
acting as a Bronsted acid.
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