You are on page 1of 12

James Andrei L.

Mangulabnan English 5 (Day 3)


Grade V-Loyalty

TYPES/KINDS OF ADVERBS
Time (Yesterday, now, then, tomorrow, today, late, early, tonight, again, soon, immediately)
Place (Near, here, there, somewhere, inside, outside, ahead, top, high bottom, downstairs, upstairs,
away, far, forward, under, over)
Degree (Partly, much, half, quite, too much, very, somewhat)
Manner (Sweetly, badly, legally, cleverly, bravely, happily, sadly, sympathetically, harshly, carefully,
carelessly, rudely, nicely, decently, loudly, fluently) Note: usually with –ly)
Affirmation (yes, surely, certainly, by all means, indeed)
Negation (no, nay, not, not at all, never)
Frequency (daily, usually, again, frequently, always, too often, seldom, weekly, sometimes, most of the
time, generally, occasionally)

Phrase- a group of 2 or more words, has NO SUBJECT or PREDICATE


EXAMPLES:

After dinner as fast as possible


Waiting for the rain to stop near the sea
A vase of roses will be going
about the emancipation of women had been living
very interesting life believing in Santa Claus
A lot of the kids A seven-foot tiger shark

Sentences- a word or a group of words that contain a SUBJECT and a PREDICATE.


It expresses a complete thought.
(NOTE: There should be a verb i.e. is, are, am, was, were, has, have, be, being, been)

EXAMPLES:
Hurry! (the subject is YOU) Carabaos eat grass.
Come! Do your homework.
Stop! (the subject is YOU)
Go!

EXERCISES:
Encircle the subject (it could be noun or pronoun) and underline the predicate (verb).

1. There were three different desserts arranged on the table.


2. Go sit down in that chair.
3. The light blue shirt with the colorful pattern was her favorite top.
4. Bobby and his friends ran outside to play basketball.
5. The little girl picked up her doll and climbed into bed.
6. While we were at the movies, my friends and I were eating popcorn with lots of butter and salt.
7. The man holding the boxes is next in line.
8. The horse ran in the field.
9. The students of Kennedy School watched the presentation by the jugglers.
10. The people in the house are having a party.
A sense verb is a verb that describes one of the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. Verbs
such as look, seem, taste, feel, smell, and sound are sensory (sense) verbs. In English, it is important
to use adjectives rather than adverbs with sense verbs.

Ex: looked quick


smelled delicious
feels so good on the skin

Directions: Look at the sentences below and decide whether an adverb or adjective is needed. Circle your choice.
Then underline the word it modifies. (Hint: adverbs usually, but not always, end in “ly”).

1. The house looked (empty, emptily).


2. Jason pitched (wild, wildly).
3. The choir sang (good, well).
4. Those hills look (beautiful, beautifully).
5. The teams were matched (even, evenly).
6. The cheese on this cracker tastes (strange, strangely).
7. You print so (neat, neatly).
8. Ron arrived (prompt, promptly) at ten.
9. I go to the gym (regular, regularly).
10.The snow fell (steady, steadily).
11.The solution to the crime seemed (obvious, obviously).
12.The hem of the skirt was (real, really) crooked.

Directions: Determine whether each underlined word below is an adjective or an adverb.


______1. The woolly mammoth is believed to be the ancestor of the modern elephant.
______2. She jumped up suddenly and left the room.
______3. This recipe calls for coarsely ground nuts.
______4. The early bird gets the worm.
______5. She speaks so softly that I can hardly hear her.
______6. She has curly blond hair and blue eyes.
______7. “Come here, quickly,” she said, “and help me get this curtain hung.”
______8. At the pet shop a cuddly little kitten snuggled up to me, and I almost bought it.
______9. A nicely trimmed hedge is an asset to a yard.
______10.His kingly bearing makes him a perfect choice for the role of pharaoh in our play.
______11.That oil painting is absolutely magnificent!
______12.Toothpaste ads on television always feature models with gleaming, pearly teeth.
______13.“I’m the greatest,” he said jokingly, as he flexed his almost nonexistent muscles.
1. We watched a preview of the new Pixar movie.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
2. The dancing cat was seen by more than two-million YouTube viewers.
Root: ____________
Suffix: ____________
3. The teacher handed out paper hearts to the students who had done extra work.
Root: ____________
Suffix: ____________
4. The magician made the rabbit disappear.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
5. At the end of his performance, the magician made a graceful bow to the audience.
Root: ____________
Suffix: ____________
6. Shyla asked the magician for his autograph.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
7. Because of the lightness of the breeze, the sailboat moved quite slowly.
Root: ____________
Suffix: ____________
8. Despite the heaviness of his backpack, Jack raced up the hill.
Root: ____________
Suffix: ____________
9. Some dogs are shy or unfriendly, and they might bark or snap if you try to pet them.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
10. Esther quickly reopened the door and called for her cat.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
11. We stood on a bluff overlooking the ocean.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
12. In today's world, no part of the globe is unreachable.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
13. My father never let anyone see him dressed informally.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
14. Everyone thought that Mr. Darcy was the proudest, most disagreeable man in the world.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
15. Preschoolers should have plenty of opportunities to run, play, and listen to stories.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
16. The speaker pointed out the unfairness of blaming high schools for the poor preparation of college
freshmen in reading, writing, and math.
Root: ____________
Prefix: ____________
Suffix: ____________
Prepositional phrases are groups of words containing prepositions.

Direction: Underline the prepositional phrase.


1. The cupcake with sprinkles is yours. 10. My mother is coming on Monday.
2. We climbed up the hill. 11. We’re having a party on New Year’s Eve.
3. The rabbits hopped through the garden. 12. She likes to walk the dog in the morning.
4. There are lots of birds nesting under the eaves. 13. It’s too cold in winter to run outside.
5. After school, the children played tag at the park. 14. He was born in 1971.
6. Come into the store with me. 15. He’s going on vacation in August.
7. For one hundred years the chair sat mouldering 16. Rachel lives at 33 Bleeker Street in New York.
in the attic. 17. Her apartment is on Bleeker Street.
8. I gave the children pizza instead of pancakes 18. Mary is at the restaurant.
for breakfast today. 19. I am waiting at the bus stop.
9. The train is due at 2:15 p.m. 20. Your shoes are on the floor.

The Visit of the Wise Men


Bethlehem -an ancient town in Judea where Jesus was born
Prophet -religious leader who speaks to God’s message
Jerusalem - capital of Israel, partly in JORDAN
herod -King of Judea
worship - a sign of showing love, respect, admiration and adoration (REVERENCE, great
LOVE)
scribes -person who writes (writers)
ruler -person who rules, controls people
rule -to have power over, govern, manage, guide
myrrh -sticky substance with a sweet smell used in INCENSE or perfume
frankincense -a resin from trees that gives off spicy smell when burned
search -to look over, to find
warn -to advise to be careful
warned -advised to be careful
appear -to come into sight or into being
departed -gone away
A compound sentence has at least two independent clauses that have related ideas. The independent
clauses can be joined by a coordinating conjunction (there are seven–For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So) or
a semicolon.

Compound Sentences with Coordinating Conjunctions


 She did not cheat on the test, for it was not the right thing to do.
 I think I will buy the red car, or I will lease the blue one.
 I really want to go to work, but I am too sick to drive.
 I am counting my calories, yet I really want dessert.
 He ran out of money, so he had to stop playing poker.
 They got there early, and they got really good seats.
 There was no ice cream in the freezer, nor did they have money to go to the store.
 Everyone was busy, so I went to the movie alone.
 I would have gotten the promotion, but my attendance wasn’t good enough.
 Should we start class now, or should we wait for everyone to get here?
 It was getting dark, and we weren’t there yet.
 Cats are good pets, for they are clean and are not noisy.
 We have never been to Asia, nor have we visited Africa.
 He didn’t want to go to the dentist, yet he went anyway.

Compound Sentences with a Semicolon


 Joe made the sugar cookies; Susan decorated them.
 The sky is clear; the stars are twinkling.
 The waves were crashing on the shore; it was a lovely sight.
 There were white out conditions in the town; the roads were impassable.
 Check back tomorrow; I will see if the book has arrived.
 He said he was not there yesterday; many people saw him there.
 I am happy to take your donation; any amount will be greatly appreciated.
 She only paints with bold colors; she does not like pastels.
 She works two jobs to make ends meet; at least, that was her reason for not having time to join us.
 Malls are great places to shop; I can find everything I need under one roof.
 Italy is my favorite country; I plan to spend two weeks there next year.
 He turned in the research paper on Friday; he would have not passed the class otherwise.

To: BJ

Food for the soul 


Daniel 10:19
“Do not be afraid, you who are highly esteemed,” he said. “Peace! Be strong now; be strong.” When he spoke to
me, I was strengthened and said, “Speak, my lord, since you have given me strength.”

Fr: PJP 
James Andrei L. Mangulabnan AP 5 (Day 3)
Grade V-Loyalty

248-251 (Mga Paaralang Itinatag ng mga Espanyol)


NOTE: Nanguna ang mga pangkat ng mga paring relihiyoso na AGUSTINO, HESWITA, at DOMINIKANO
sa pagtatayo ng mga paaralan

Kolehiyo de San Ignacio -unang kolehiyo para sa mga lalaki (itinatag ng mga Heswita) 1590
Kolehiyo de San Ildefonso - sa lalawigan ng Cebu, 1595 Heswita
Kolehiyo de San Jose - 1601, Heswita
Escuela Pia - ipinamahala ng mg panahalaan sa mga Heswita
Ateneo de Municipal - tangyag ngayon bilang Ateneo de Manila, 1859
Unibersidad ng Santo Tomas -pinakamatandang unibersidad sa Pilipinas, Dominikano, 1611
Kolehiyo de San Juan de Letran -itinatag para mga ulialng kabataang lalaki, 1620
Colegio de Santa Potenciana -unang paaralan o kolehiyo na pambabae sa bansa, 1589 (for GIRLS)
Colegio de Santa Isabel -1632 (for GIRLS)
Beaterio -paaralang pambabae, kababaihang naulila at mahirap na nais mag-aral
Ilustrado -mga Pilipinong mayayaman na nakapag-aral sa EUROPA, nagpasimula
ng kilusan sa pagbabago sa Pilipinas
Ano ang HANGARIN NG MGA ILUSTRADO?
-ang mabigyan sila ng pantay na karapatan tulad ng ibinigay ng mga Espanyol sa
Pilipinas.
Ano ang mga itinuturo sa mga BABAE?
-pagiging mabuting maybahay (pagluluto, pananahi, pagbuburda, gawaing-pantahanan)
Ano ang isang MABUTING EPEKTO ng EDUKASYON sa Panahon ng ESPANYOL?
-Ang pagtaas ng antas ng kamuwangan o ang KAKAYAHANG BUMASA at SUMULAT
ng nakararaming Pilipino.
IBA PANG EPEKTO:
-pagpapalaganap ng relihiyong Kristiyanismo sa PIlipnas
-maliban sa wikang Espanyol, Latin, at katutubong wika, limtiado at HIGIT NA NATUON
SA RELIHIYON ang edukasyon mga Pilipino.
Latin -wikang piangtuunan nga pansin ng pagtuturo sa mga paaralan.
Espanyol -tanging nabigyan ng pagkakataon na makapag-aaral sa Pilipinas
Mga Prayle -pangunahing tagapangasiwa ng mga itinatag na paaralan noon
Relihiyong Katoliko -nakatuon ang pagututuro sa mga paaralan noon
Agustino -unang pangkat ng mga relihiyoso na nagtatag ng unang paaralan
Pamamalo -paraan na ipinatupad ng mga pari sa pagtuturo at pagdidisiplina
Mataas ng Paaralan -KOLEHIYO sa kasalukuyang panahon
Walang kakayahang matuto -paniniwala nga mga paring Espanyol sa kakayahan ng mga Pilipino
259-263

PAMUMUHAY
PAGSASAKA -pangunahing hanapbuhay ng mga Pilipino noong panahon ng Espanyol
Nakasentro sa mga gawaing PANRELIHIYON ang kanilang pamumuhay (pagsisimba tuwing linggo
at pagdarasal ng orasyon araw-araw
PAGDIRIWANG NG PISTA ng mga Santong Patron sa bawat bayan o Nayon
BINYAGAN, KASALAN, FLORES DE MAYO, SANTACRUZAN, KUWARESMA at TODOS LOS
SANTOS
LARONG PAMBATA (patintero, sipa, juego de anillo)
LARO SA BARAHA (pangginge, juego de prenda)
SUGAL (sabong, karera ng kabayo, loterya

PANANAMIT AT PAGKAIN
KASUOTANG PANLALAKI – pantalon at kamiseta, sombrero, baston
KASUOTANG PAMBABAE – camisa at saya, panyo, alampay, paglalagay ng payneta sa buhok
NOTE: Ang mga MAYAYAMAN ay gumagamit ng mga SAPATOS at TSINELAS
PAGKAIN – tinapay, karneng baka, tupa, longanisa, sardinas, hamon at atsara
INUMIN – kape, tsokolate, alak
PAGGAMIT NG – plato, tasa, baso, kubyertos, sirbilyeta
HALAMANG GULAY – mais, patatas, repolyo
NOTE: Pagtatanim ng KAKAW para sa paggawa ng tsokolate

PANITIKAN
PALIMBAGAN/ PRINTING PRESS – sinimulan ng mga Dominikano, 1593

Doctrina Christiana en Lengua Española y Tagala –kauna-unahang aklat sa Pilipinas

RELIHIYON
Pasyon –isang mahabang awitin tungkol sa paghihriap at kamatayan ni Hesukristo
NOTE: Ito ay kadalasanag inaawit sa mga simbahan at kabahayan tuwing SEMANA
SANTA o MAHAL NA ARAW

TANYAG SA LARANGAN – Francisco Baltazar, Jose dela Cruz o Huseng Sisiw


KILUSANG PROPAGANDA – pinangunahan nina:
Jose Rizal, Marcelo H. Del Pilar, Graciano Lopez Jaena

DULAAN (teatro)
CENAKULO/ SENAKULO –isang uri ng dula na hango sa pagpapasakit kay Hesukristo.
COMEDIA at MORO-MORO –dula na lumaganap noong panahon ng Espanyol
ZARZUELA- isang dulang lumitaw sa pagtatapos ng ika-19 siglo
MUSIKA AT SAYAW
MUSIKANG INSTRUMENTO – biyolin, plawta, alap, piyano, gitara
Organong Kawayan –gawa sa kawayan, Lungsod ng Las Piñas,

-binuo ng isang paring Espanyol, PADRE DIEGO CERRA

LUPANG HINIRANG -Julian Felipe


SAMPAGUITA -Dolores Paterno
MGA SAYAW – cariñosa, pandango, surtido, la jota, rigodon, polka, lancero

PAGPIPINTA AT PAGLILOK (Kristiyanismo ang paksa)


Imahen ni Hesukristo at iba pang santo –iginuguhit at iniuukit
Disenyo at karangyaan ng mga simbahan –masasalamin ang galing ng mga Pilipino
MGA PINTOR - Juan Luna
(SPOLIARIUM)
- Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo
(Las Virgenes Cristianas Expuestas al Populacho)
NOTE: Ito ang nagkamit ng UNA at PANGALAWANG GANTIMPALA sa isang
eksposisyon sa Madrid 1884

AGHAM
Padre Blas dela Madrid de Dios –sumulat ng unang aklat ukol sa mga halaman at hayop
Anacleto V. del Rosario –“Prinsipe ng Kemikong Pilipino”
MGA NAGING TANYAG - Dr. Jose Rizal
- Dr. Leon Ma. Guerrero
- Dr. Mariano V. del Rosario

OBSERBATORYO NG MAYNILA –pinakamatandang sentro ng pag-aaral ng panahon sa buong


Asya, itinatag ng mga Heswita

TEKNOLOHIYA SA KOMUNIKASYON AT TRANSPORTASYON


(binuksan ang mga bagong daan, isinaayoas ang mga bagong daan, nilagyan ng ialw
ang mga kalye)

UNANG PAROLA sa ILOG PASIG –itinayo noong 1846


UNANG BARKONG PANDAIGDIG –dumaong sa Look ng Maynila, 1848
UNANG SISTEMA NG PAGGAMIMT NG TREN - may rutang Maynila-Dagupan
UNANG TRANVIA - binuksan noong 1893 sa Maynila
 ANG BAWAT LUNGSOD -nailawan ng ELEKTRISIDAD pagkalipas ng dalawang taon.
UNANG TELEPONO –dumating sa Maynila noong 1890
272-275
Paghahanap ng GINTO -pangunahing pakay gn mga Espanyol sa paggalugad s amga
kabundukan
(NOTE: Nais nilang magpalakad ng minahan ng ginto sa lugar)

IGOROT - taong nakatira sa kabundukan ng Hilagang Luzon


-nangangahulugang “tao na mula sa kabundukan”

PANGKAT: Apayao, Tinggian, Kalinga, Bontoc, Ifuagao, Kankanai, Ibaloi


LUGAR: Abra, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Bundok ng Cordillera, Sierra Madre,
Panay, Negros
MGA PARAAN UPANG MAPANATILI ANG LIKAS NA KALAYAAN:
1) Paminsan-minsang biglaang pagsugod sa mga kuta ng mga mananakop na
Espanyol
2) Kunwa-kunwariang pakikipagkaibigan
3) Hindi tunay na pagtanggap sa Kristiyanismo
PILIPINONG MUSLIM -buong tapang na ipinagtanggol ang knailang kalayaan sa ngalan ng
kanilang pananampalatayang ISLAM
ALLAH -sumusuko ang mga Muslim`
MGA DAHILAN SA PAKIKIPAGLABAN:
Sa mga patakarang: TRIBUTO, BANDALA, polo y servicio

CORDILLERA MINDANAO
Mineral at ginto Sariling armas
Naghiganti sa mga baybayin Nakipagkasundo ngunit may mga kondisyon
kabisado ang kadawagan ng kabunduakan Tagsunod ni Allah
Walang mahuhusay na armas Hindi isinuko ang relihiyong Islam
Nagging mapamaraan upang hindi masundan
Taong mula sa bundok

284-286

Gob. Hen. Jose Basco y Vargas -Gobernador-Heneral ng bansa 1778-1787


-isa sa pinakmahusay
-ipinatupad ang SISTEMANG tinatawag na MONOPOLYO

MONOPOLYO -kung saaan iisa lamang ang nagmamay-ari at nagbebenta ng isang uri
ng produkto sa mga pamilihan at sa kalakalan.
MONOPOLYO SA TABAKO -pinakamalaking uri ng monopolyo na naranasan ng mamamayan
MAYNILA - lugar kung saan dinadala ang mga tabakong inaani

Bakit itinatag ang monopolyo ng Tabako? -upang lumaki ang kita ng pamahalaan

MGA HANGARIN NIYA: agrikultura, komersiyo, industriya


NAGBIGAY ng GANTIMPALA sa mga kapaki-pakinabang na IMBENSYON:
Makina sa paghahabi ng damit
Paggawa ng pangkulay sa tela tulad ng indigo
INDIGO -isang kagamitan sa pagkukulay ng damit
INUTUSAN SA PAGTATANIM : Lalawigan ng Ilocos, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, at Marinduque
40,000 -bilang ng halamang tabako na kailangang itanim ng pamilya sa loob ng
ISANG TAON
PAMAHALAAN -lamang ang may karapatang bumili at magbenta ng tabako.

NOTE:  Hindi maaaring makihati ang magsasaka sa tabakong kanyang itinanim.


 Magmumulta ang hindi aabot sa itinakdang QUOTA.

MAGANDANG EPEKTO:
 Naging pangunahing bansa ang Pilipinas sa Asya sa paggawa at pagluluwas ng tabako
 Dahil sa maga kinita nakapagpagaw ang pamahalaan ng mga KALSADA, GUSALI at TULAY

MASAMANG EPEKTO:
 Nakaranas ng KAAPIHAN at KAHIRAPAN ang mga mamamayan
 Walang kinita ang mga Pilipino
 Malaki ang ibinaba ng produksiyon ng pagkain

NOTE:  Umabot sa Hari ng Espanya ang masasamang dulot ng monopoly ng tabako at ang
katiwaliang bunga nito

GOB. HEN. FERNANDO PRIMO de RIVERA -Nagpatigil ng Monopolyo ng Tabako

KOMPANYA ROYAL/ Real Compania de Filipinas


-nangangasiwa sa Kalakang Galyon o ang pagluluwas ng mga produkto sa pagitan ng
MEXICO at PILIPINAS

KOMPANYA ROYAL/ Real Compania de Filipinas


-nangangasiwa sa KALAKANG GALYON o ang pagluluwas ng mga produkto sa pagitan
ng MEXICO at PILIPINAS
-itinatag ni Gob. Hen. Basco y Vargas
KALUWAGAN:
1) Monopoly sa kalakalan
2) Hindi pagbabayad ng buwis sa mga produktong mula sa Pilipinas na dadalhin
sa Espanya
3) Pag-aalis ng pagtatakda ng dami ng mga kalakal
OBRAS PIAS
-nagpasimula ng Sistema ng pagbabangko sa bansa.
-ito ang samahang lumilikom ng pondo ng mga nagbibigay sa simbahan
-nagsilbing bangkong komersyal ng mga negosyante at mangangalakal.

NOTE: Ang SALAPING PONDO ay kaloob ng gma mamamayang tao sa mga relihiyoso.
PAGLALAANAN: (mga pagkakawanggawa)
1) Pagpapagamot
2) Edukasyon
3) Pangagnalaga sa may mga kapansanan
4) Mahihirap at kapos-palad
Real Situado
-ito ang iniintay ng mga opisyal ng pamahalaan
MONOCROPPING
-isahang pagtatanim

BULAK Ilocos
ABAKA Bicol
COPRA Katimugang Luzon
TUBO Negros, Pampanga at Tarlac

NOTE: Naibaling ang ekonomiya ng bansa mula sa kalakalan tungo sa pamimili ng mga produkto sa
pandaigdigang pamilihan.