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TUTORIAL JAN 2015 CHEMICAL PROCESS PRINCIPLES (CLB 10904)

CHEMICAL PROCESS PRINCIPLES (CLB 10904)


TUTORIAL 2
CHAPTER 2: MATERIAL BALANCE (PART 1)

1. Given the molar flow rate of a mixture entering the distillation column at 150 mol/min. It is known
that the inlet mixture of A (MW 20.0) and B (MW 40.0) consists of 40 mole% A. The product streams
leave at the top and the bottom of the distillation column. The flow rate of the bottom stream is
measured and found to be 70 mol/min, and the overhead stream is analyzed and found to contain 50.0
mol% of B.
a. Draw and label a flowchart of the process.
b. Calculate all unknown molar flow rates in the process flow diagram
c. Determine the mass fractions of A and B in both bottom and overhead stream.

2. A mixture containing equal parts by mass of methanol and water is distilled. Product streams leave the
top and the bottom of the distillation column. The compositions of the bottom stream is measured and
found to be pure water with mass flow rate of 30 kg/hr, and the overhead stream is analyzed and found
to contain 98.0 wt% methanol.
a. Draw and label a flowchart of the process.
b. Calculate the molar flow rates (kg/hr) of methanol or/and water in Inlet and Top Products.

3. You are asked to prepare 4500 g of acid solution containing 60 wt% H2SO4, 32 wt% HNO3, and water
by mixing:
a. Acid solutions containing 15.0 wt% H2SO4, 12.0 wt% HNO3, and water
b. 85 wt% HNO3 aqueous solution
c. 95 wt% H2SO4 aqueous solution
Draw and label a flowchart of the process and subsequently calculate the total mass for each of the
inlet streams.

4. Evaporator is used to concentrate a dilute caustic soda (CS) solution 5 wt% to a 35 wt% caustic soda
solution. Draw and label a flowchart of the process and calculate the amount of water has to be
evaporated per 500 lbm of feed.

1 DR. KELLY 2015


TUTORIAL JAN 2015 CHEMICAL PROCESS PRINCIPLES (CLB 10904)
5. An inlet containing 300 m3/hr of benzene (B) and another of 400 m3/hr of toluene (T) enters separately
into a distillation column. A portion of the mixture is vaporized to yield top products containing 95%
of the benzene fed into the system initially and toluene. In addition, the bottom products contain
mixture of 70 mole% benzene. Given properties of Benzene (SG 0.897, MW 78.11) and toluene (SG
0.866 MW 92.13).
a. Draw and label a flowchart of the process.
b. Determine the mole fraction of benzene and toluene at the top.

6. A liquid adhesive, which is used to make laminated boards, consists of a polymer (P) dissolved in a
solvent (S). The amount of polymer in the solution has to be carefully controlled for this application.
When the supplier of the adhesive receives an order for 5000 kg of an adhesive solution containing
13wt% polymer, all it has on hand is (1) 500kg of a 10 wt% polymer and solvent solution, (2) a very
large quantity of a 20 wt% polymer and solvent solution, and (3) pure solvent. Draw and label a
flowchart of the process and calculate the weight of inlet (2) and (3) that must be blended together to
fill the order.

7. A solution composed of 40 wt% ethanol (E), 30 wt% methanol (M) and water (W) is fed at the rate of
1450 kg/hr into a separator that produced one stream at the rate of 150 kg/hr with the composition of
30 wt% ethanol, 15 wt% methanol and water. In addition there is a second stream of an unknown
composition. Calculate the composition of the three compounds in the unknown stream (in wt%) and
its total flowrate in kg/hr.

8. A triple effect evaporator is designed to reduce water from an incoming brine (NaCl + H 2O) stream
from 30 wt% to 2 wt% as shown below in the diagram. If the evaporator unit is to produce 14,000
lbm/hr of NaCl, determine the feed rate of brine in lbm/hr and subsequently the amount of water
removed from the brine in each evaporator.
V1 lbm/hr total V2 lbm/hr total V3 lbm/hr total
100 wt% H2O 100 wt% H2O 100 wt% H2O

F lbm/hr total P1 lbm/hr total P2 lbm/hr total

30 wt% H2O
1 75 wt% NaCl
2 85 wt% NaCl
3

P3 lbm/hr total
2 wt% H2O
2 DR. KELLY 2015