You are on page 1of 3


The Japan Self-Defense Forces (自衛隊 Jieitai?), or JSDF, occasionally referred to as JSF or SDF, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established after the end of the post-World War II US occupation of Japan. For most of the post-war period the JSDF was confined to the islands of Japan and not permitted to be deployed abroad. In recent years they have been engaged in international peacekeeping operations.[4] Recent tensions, particularly with North Korea[5] have reignited the debate over the status of the JSDF and its relation to Japanese society.[6]

Defense policy
See also: National security of Japan Japan's Basic Policy for National Defense stipulates the following policies: [9] 1. Maintaining an exclusive defense-oriented policy. 2. To avoid becoming a major military power that might pose a threat to the world. 3. Refraining from the development of nuclear weapons, and to refuse to allow nuclear weapons inside Japanese territory. 4. Ensuring civilian control of the military. 5. Maintaining security arrangements with the United States. 6. Building up defensive capabilities within moderate limits. Japan's military budget is to be maintained to only be 3% of the total Japanese budget. About 50% of that is spent on the personnel and the rest is split on supplies, new weapons, upgrades, etc.


Reflecting a

tension concerning the Forces' legal status, the Japanese term gun (軍 , pronounced [ɡuɴ]), referring to a military or armed force, and the English terms "military", "army", "navy", and "air force" are never used in official references to the JSDF. [edit]Article


In theory, Japan's rearmament is prohibited by Article 9 of the Japanese constitution which states: "The Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes", but also declares, "land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained." In practice however, the Diet (or Parliament), which Article 41 of the Constitution defines as "the highest organ of the state power", established the Self-Defense Forces in 1954. Due to the constitutional debate concerning the Forces' status, any attempt at increasing the Forces' capabilities and budget tends to be controversial. Thus the JSDF has very limited capabilities to operate overseas, lacks long range offensive capabilities such as long-range surface-to-surface

This was passed by the Diet in December 2006." The amendment is gaining more and more public support in recent years. Japan is in the process of deploying a multi-tiered BMD system made up of upgraded Aegis vessels and Patriot PAC-3 missiles. Recent reforms and developments SM-3 is launched from the Aegis Destroyer DDG-173 Kongō After North Korea test fired a Taepodong-1 ballistic missile over Japanese airspace[11] in August 1998. military forces for self-defense shall be maintained with the prime minister of the cabinet as the supreme commander. amphibious units. the Japanese cabinet endorsed a bill elevating the Defense Agency to Defense Ministry. and large caches of ammunition. In December 2004. The Rules of Engagement are strictly defined by the Self-Defense Forces Act 1954. The new wording proposed is "In order to secure peace and the independence of our country as well as the security of the state and the people. [15] . the JSDF would also be formally referred to as a military force for the first time since its establishment. Legislation that would allow authorities to authorize shooting down an incoming ballistic missile is also being considered. constitutional revisions were proposed which would create a cabinet level Defense Ministry while keeping the old clauses mandating official non-aggression.[14] On June 8 2006.missiles. Under the proposed revisions. subsequent North Korean tests[12] as well as other issues contributing to rising tensions between the two countries[13] have led to increased interest in Japan for a ballistic missile defense (BMD) system.[9] In November 2005. marines. Japan and the United States signed a memorandum of understanding creating a general cooperation framework for joint development of a sea-based BMD system. aerial refueling(as of 2004).

org/wiki/Japan_Self-Defense_Forces .wikipedia.Japan has also deepened its security and military ties with Australia and its leaders are talking about the formation of a military pact in Asia similar to NATO. [16] Source: http://en.