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Module 1: Place Value and Decimal Fractions Multiplying Decimals on the Place Value Chart and Area Model

Place value understanding of whole number multiplication using

Math Parent Letter place value charts and area models, help students make a

This document is created to give parents and students a better connection between whole number products and products of

understanding of the math concepts found in the Eureka Math (© one-digit whole number and decimal fraction.

2013 Common Core, Inc.) that is also posted as the Engage New Problem: 0.423 x 4

York material taught in the classroom. Grade 5 Module 1 of Eureka

Using Place Value Chart: Students know that 423 times 4 means

Math (Engage New York) covers place value and decimal fractions. 4 groups of 423; therefore 0.423 times 4 means 4 groups of

In Topic E students will focus on the multiplication of a decimal 0.423.

fraction by a one-digit whole number. In the place value chart, we represent 0.423 four times since we

need 4 groups of this decimal fraction. We will regroup when

Topic E: Multiplying Decimals there are ten or more in one place.

Words to know ones tenths hundredths thousandths

Thousandths/Hundredths/Tenths Decimal Fraction

Product Partial Product

Factor Unit Form 4 groups of

Estimate 0.423

together. 7 x 3 = 21

Factor Factor Product

Area Model – a graphic organizer that organizes the partial products 1 6 9 2

Example: 28 x 9

Using Area Model: The unit form of each digit of the decimal

180 and 72 are

fraction is written above the model and the other number or

partial products.

factor is written along the side. Multiply the unit form of each

Decimal Fraction – a fractional number with a denominator of 10 digit along the top by the number on the side. Add each of the

or a power of 10 (10, 100, 1000); can be written with a decimal point partial products to find the product.

Examples: 0.46 5.32 0.9 12.008

4 tenths + 2 hundredths + 3 thousandths

Unit Form – A way to show how many of each size are in the

number. 5.32 = 5 ones 3 tenths 2 hundredths 4 x 4 tenths 4 x 2 hundredths 4 x 3 thousandths

4 = 16 tenths = 8 hundredths = 12 thousandths

Estimate - A number close to an exact amount. An estimate tells

about how much or about how many. 1.6 + 0.08 + 0.012 = 1.692

1.6

0.08

Objectives of Topic E + 0.012

Multiply a decimal fraction by single-digit whole 1.692

number, relate to a written method through

application of the area model and place value

understanding, and explain the reasoning used. 0.423 Algorithm

x 4

Multiply a decimal fraction by single-digit whole 1.692

numbers, including using estimation to confirm

the placement of the decimal point.

http://www.lpssonline.com/mathresources

Using Estimation Application Problem and Answers:

Estimation can be used to confirm that the decimal has the correct Miles incorrectly gave the product of 2.6 x 7 as 14.42. Use a

placement as well as determine the reasonableness of the product.

Students usually want to work the problem and then round the

place value chart to help Miles understand his mistake.

answer. That is an incorrect procedure to follow when estimating. tens ones tenths hundredths

We round first to give us an idea of the exact answer.

Example:

2.5 rounded to the nearest whole number

2.5 x 5 is 3. Therefore when it is multiplied by 5

the product is 15. This means that the

answer to 2.5 x 3 will be near 15 and will

3 x 5 = 15 include a two-digit whole number.

product for the problem 2.5 x 5?

The answer would be letter ‘c’. 12.5 is close to 15 and it

consists of a two-digit whole number. Mike made the mistake by not regrouping the tenths

as well as the ones. He should have gotten the answer

18.2 rather than 14.42.

Application Problem and Answer:

Mrs. Zamir wants to buy 8 protractors and some erasers for her

classroom. She has $30. If protractors cost $2.65 each, how much Pedro is building a spice rack with 4 shelves that are each 0.55

will Mrs. Zamir have left to buy erasers? meter long. At the hardware store, Pedro finds that he can only

buy the shelving in whole meter lengths. Exactly how many

2 ones 6 tenths 5 hundredths meters of shelving does Pedro need? Since he can only buy

whole number lengths, how many meters of shelving should he

8

8 x 2 ones 8 x 6 tenths 8 x 5 hundredths buy? Justify your thinking.

= 16 ones = 48 tenths = 40 hundredths 5 tenths 5 hundredths

+ 4.8 + 0.40

0.55 x 4 4 4 x 5 tenths 4 x 5 hundredths

16 = 20 tenths = 20 hundredths

4.8 x 5 48

+ 0.40 $2 1 . 2 0

2 1 .20

Pedro needs exactly 2.20 or 2.2 meters of shelving.

$2 1 .20 (cost of 8 protractors) Since he can only buy whole number lengths, he will

have to buy 3 meters of shelving.

29

$30.00

-21.20

$ 8.80

should buy 3 meters.

http://www.lpssonline.com/mathresources

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