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DEFINITION of leprosy
Leprosy is caused by Myocobacterium Leprae, these bacteria grow very slowly
and it may take up to 5 - 20 years to develop signs of the infection. which can be killed
only by cell mediated immunity. The disease can affect the nerves, skin, eyes, and
lining of the nose (nasal mucosa). The bacteria attack the nerves, which can
become swollen under the skin. This can cause the affected areas to lose the ability to
sense touch and pain, which can lead to injuries, like cuts and burns. Leprosy was once
feared as a highly contagious and devastating disease, but now we know it doesn’t
spread easily and treatment is very effective.

DESCRIPTION of leprosy
Person who infected Myocobacterium Leprae immunity poor enough that can't
fight against bacilli the bacteria, then he will get into severe trouble, but our try to control
it by other type of immunity which by producing antibodies against but it's not worth to
destroy the bacteria, but worth to destroy our body as a complication of those antibody
stick with antigen and destroy our blood

Prolonged, close contact with someone with untreated leprosy over many
months is needed to catch the disease. Due to the slow-growing nature of the bacteria
and the long time it takes to develop signs of the disease, it is often very difficult to find
the source of infection
In the southern United States, some armadillos are naturally
infected with the bacteria that cause Hansen’s disease in people
and it may be possible that they can spread it to people. However,
the risk is very low and most people who come into contact with
armadillos are unlikely to get Hansen’s disease.

For general health reasons, avoid contact with armadillos whenever

possible. If you had a contact with an armadillo and are worried
about getting Hansen’s disease, talk to your healthcare provider.
Your doctor will follow up with you over time and perform periodic skin examinations to
see if you develop the disease. In the unlikely event that you have Hansen’s disease,
your doctor can help you get treatment.

Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms mainly affect the skin, nerves, and mucous membranes (the soft, moist
areas just inside the body’s openings).

Painless swelling or lumps on the

face or earlobes

Eye problems that may

white / reddish lead to blindness (when
patches and facial nerves are
numbness affected)
throughout the body
Growths (nodules) on
the skin

Enlarged nerves Muscle weakness or

(especially those paralysis
weakening of the
muscles of the around the elbow Painless ulcers on
hands, leg muscles and knee and in the soles of feet
and eye muscles the sides of the
Enlarged nerves below the skin and dark reddish skin patch overlying the nerves
affected by the bacteria on the chest of a patient


1) Treatment usually lasts between one to two years. The illness can be cured if
treatment is completed as prescribed.

If you are treated for Hansen’s disease, it’s important to:

 Tell your doctor if you experience numbness or a loss of feeling in certain parts of
the body or in patches on the skin. This may be caused by nerve damage from the
infection. If you have numbness and loss of feeling, take extra care to prevent
injuries that may occur, like burns and cuts.
 Take the antibiotics until your doctor says your treatment is complete. If you stop
earlier, the bacteria may start growing again and you may get sick again.
 Tell your doctor if the affected skin patches become red and painful, nerves become
painful or swollen, or you develop a fever as these may be complications of
Hansen’s disease that may require more intensive treatment with medicines that can
reduce inflammation.
 giving leprosy killer medicine to break the chain of transmission
 prevent the addition of existing defects before treatment
2) Mediation usually using antibiotics

Hansen’s disease with multidrug therapy (MDT) mediation using a combination of

antibiotics depending on the form of the disease:

 Paucibacillary form – 2 antibiotics are used at the same time, daily dapsone and
rifampicin once per month
 Multibacillary form – daily clofazimine is added to rifampicin and dapsone.