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# Unit 1 Lesson 3

## Name ______________________________________ Date _________

Lesson Quiz
Gravity and the Solar System
Choose the letter of the best answer.
1. What role did gravity play in forming the sun? 3. Which of these choices states Kepler’s first law
A. Gravity turned the protoplanetary disk into of planetary motion?
a planetesimal, which became the sun. A. As a planet moves around its orbit, the planet
B. Gravity turned the protoplanetary disk into a sweeps out equal areas in equal amounts of
rotating solar nebula, which became the sun. time.

C. Gravity caused the solar nebula to collapse B. The orbit of a planet or other body around the
toward the center, causing the center of the sun is an ellipse, and the sun is one focus of
sun to be dense and hot. the ellipse.

D. Gravity caused small particles to collide to C. The square of a planet’s orbital period is
form larger particles called planetesimals, proportional to the cube of the planet’s mean
which eventually formed the sun. distance from the sun.
D. Gravitational force increases as the mass of
2. The diagram below shows the effect of mass and an object increases or as the distance between
distance on the force of gravity. two objects decreases.

## 4. Which term best describes the shape of the

orbits of planets in our solar system?
A. circular
B. elliptical
C. spherical
D. centripetal

## 5. Diana is explaining centripetal force to some

younger students. Which example illustrates the
concept of centripetal force?
Which configuration will result in the greatest A. Centripetal force is a force that makes a body
gravitational force? follow a curved path.
A. small masses far apart B. Centripetal force is a force that makes objects
B. large masses far apart move in straight lines.
C. small masses close together C. Centripetal force is a force that is directed
D. large masses close together away from a center of rotation.
D. Centripetal force is a force in which a smaller
body acts on a larger celestial body.

## Lesson Quiz 5 Unit 1 • Assessment Guide

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