A water-efficient toilet has been designed to use 6L of water or less per flush and can be installed in any

home, apartment, business or industrial space. Green home improvements are by far one of the biggest trends going on right now and many projects have to do with energy and resource conservation. One of the most popular and easiest projects to take on is replacing water-guzzling toilets for newer, water-efficient models. Older models, from thirty years ago, could use up more than 20L of water in one flush. Innovations in the 1990’s, introduced a new model that needed only 13L of water. The push for water conservation has introduced the latest version of toilets which have reduced the flush capacity to 6L or less.

Figure 1 – Standard Toilet upgraded to dual flush capabilities

Gravity: This type is found in most residences still using the older single flush models. The bowl of the toilet has been designed with improved siphoning (when water is pulled out) action. Vacuum-Assist: Similar to gravity type toilets but are aided by a mechanism, found in the tank, which acts a vacuum in the trapway when a toilet is flushed.

Types of Water-Efficient Toilets

Pressure-Assist: These toilets do not have flappers and rely on pressure in order to create a strong flush. This is done with compressed air, trapped inside tank, forcing the water down into the bowl “pushing out” waste material. Dual Flush: While relatively new to North American, this type of water-efficient toilet is probably the most familiar. These toilets allow the user to flush liquid water with a 3L flush or solid waste with a 6L flush. High Efficient Toilets (HET): Generally are single flush and can be pressureassisted but use 20% less water than 6L toilet – meaning that then a single flush uses 4.8L of water. Some models even use less.

Water Consumption
Litres used by a person yearly

27 000 L

14 000 L 8 900 L Standard Toilet Low Flow Toilet
Figure 2 – Water Consumption by Toilet

High Efficiency Toilet

Water Savings

The older model toilets with a 13L flush can wastes as much as 27 000 L a year per person. Water consumptions drops dramatically with the use of waterefficient toilets. The low-flow models, which use 6L, only use up 14 000L a year per person while HETs use only 8 900L. Total water conservation varies from person to person due to the frequency of flushes. For a family of four, this allows you to save up to 80 000L of water by using lowflow. If your residence is on a water meter this can mean a savings of $100 or more a year.

There is a common misconception that many of the low flow toilets are not as efficient as they claim to be. The most common complaint is that it takes several flushes in order to clear the toilet -it is true that first generation of 6L toilets did in fact perform poorly. However, newer models, which have been re-designed, are far superior in performance.

Misconceptions And Possible Downsides

Many dual flush and high efficiency toilets cost more than standard 13L toilets. A water-saving model can cost as little as $70 more than a standard toilet, however, the price can go as high as $1 000 depending on design, performance and any extra features it may have. If you are on a water meter, the cost of a new water-efficient toilet can be recouped within 7 to 10 years. Issues arise with cleanliness in water-efficient toilets because they employ less water. As there is less standing water in the bowl, there is a possibility that more residue and odors can form and therefore require more regular cleaning than standard models.

Many municipal, provincial and federal government programs offer incentive programs in order to help those wishing to change to water-efficient toilets.

Rebate Opportunities

For example the city of Toronto offers between $60 and $75 to replace your toilet with one of their city-approved water-efficient models. To learn more, the internet is a great place to find what rebates are offered by your city or province or water conservation programs available in your area. You may also call your city or water meter company for more information.

Purchasing of low flow and high efficiency toilets is quite easy now that the green home improvement trend is in full swing. You can find them at most places that sell bathroom and plumbing fixtures or purchase them at well known store such as:

Purchase And Installation

Home Depot Réno Dépôt Rona Lowes Kohler Installation can be made in any residence, commercial or industrial building, as long as the appropriate rough-in exists. In general, the average or skilled handyperson can swap out their own toilets for the new dual flush and high efficiency models in order to keep costs down.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful