# ﻿!

ili
~ DRAGOSLAV HERCEG
~
E
~
"<II V
::;t MATEMATICKE
::;t
::;t FORMULE
~
~
~
..
.. -s '1
:01 -,' -: -l.
-;: ~
:01
=<I ? ri 1,'- \
=<I
""
~
'!l ~
'!l
'!l
~ ZMAJ
:it • [,,100>." •• 10.'. p.q,r, ..

• Ako."piqi.b.>."cfo,",ul<>,ond.sutoi pVq, pAy, p"'q, p ... q . ....".

• 1.,ksz1lcrorm"le .. mOR"dohi'i""""I'(m''''''' irun"","ogb,ojaprlmenapreth",llIil,r"",,,,I&

II

ThutoJogijc

V,,',nij<> ""Ohillc logifkih opcr~cija

Znlihjniji lo"i~kiMkoni

• -.('p)",,"p

: -:::~'P)

• VAq)<>-.pV-.q

• -{pVq)<>-pIl-,q

• (,.=q)",," (-,q..,.",)

• (..,11(,.=q»oo-q

• (-,qll(..,oo-q»""",

• (.....".".(qll-,q))~p

mkc" d.,.,;.... ''''lI<'<Ve mkcn "q>t"Oli~ret .. q.ti ..v.:q""klju«h",I,...;:"y De/ll"'fl'UUln.okbn I)~M....,.""",..v.:"" ..v.:<>nk<mlnl"".icije

:;'.:!:::::='

.... 1.".1;" ",I "~ .... d",,,

hwol"';",,,,"t ""9,,6j~ ,(,p)*"p

• Z''',. .... ,~ z" ;"'I·bb,dj", (p=q),",(,pVq)

• Z"",,,,,,,=,ktoi"alenciju (p*q)<>((p=q)A(q=>p»

:<a61l<lki ... zabilokoji ...

Eg'~isteu<>ijalni kvanliflkalor

• Lagifki.imbol po.otofibdrjcdon

~~ ::'!:f~ ...

,(v"~)P(:t;) *(~J;)""P(l'), '(~.r)P(x)MCv"")'P(")

II

S

rt ~~~,;;J~ y;,i~ ~Ij~~:, 41 ~

Skul'

Prazau SkuI' &F-

• Praz.anokup "e",.,'I,·,,,,,,,.,,~

!> 0,"0100., \1_0 ::::!!

CDCDCDCDrn

AUl) .1nB A\/J A6.B C,A

Simctritnara:.o]ika.kupo""

• A \ /i, ......tik~ dvn skup. A i B ie ,k"l' .~;I, elemen., •• k"I'" A Itoji ncpripadaju,kupu l)

• ,1\8 = {~IJ: e fl/lx" IJ}

o A_{I,,,,2,1'f.B-{Ld,a,,,qj A\II={2,b!

e~. C======::!ip!Jo[!r~i!~j:t~ " •• ,~:KKi" UiiiPiCOIVVAA---p-"rlitivni skup

. • !'arti~;j •• knl'aAjo_'"1' (A"A, ..... A.J • Partitj,-nj,kup,KUp. A,P(A),

n.pT8Znihpod>k""",,",.k"~Ak"ji,"d","'_ je,k,,1',,·;Lpo<t.k"I.,,,,,.k"p.A

Ij"lI.juuslo,..,· 0 A-I),"}'

i~i~,\;nA;-e i ,\'u,t,U···UA.-A. P{.4)~{{),{I).I"),(1."H

Dekartov p.oi~vod

• Ut'O,I,'"" "·j","ka.,, """."'"" ... (u"i1'".,.,<I.j,ojodnalcoo, """l.'nih .... ',"k;d,·mm"',addi",,,"'ujc."

jop" ... kompooen<a .... "' .. (o.b) _flN<"l'i(a.~li(c.d)j"dliaki _, _akojea~cib~d.

3.1) o.,,to'·!ovI,,,,jz,,,!d,hpOVH B .Gp{(",o)la~A~"!;B} _(,.B""'A~ BfBxA.

_~"11.3). B,., (",<oJ

_~ 8", j(l,(lj,(l,c).(:l.a).(3,cj)

=-

~

=,..

=,..

=-

,..

,..

:a .11,,,,,-,,,,,,,,,1,,,,;· y. " .~"I''' A ~ lJ

;jI ~:;ki nj,~"" puoJ·

•• ~"" Jo peA' :a "nd")opilIMrnn ",Io''''j'' """1'" II

• K"",ulontm"'!

AUB-SUA .-1(11)",/1'111

'~';~.~~

AnA-It

=-

R,nbdjockvlvalcncijeiporetka

'!I '!it ::a

=-

Vainije osob;ne oper~cij~ "~ skupov;",a

::J ,1-(1,'1) A'-{(1.1).(1,3),(3,1),(3,3)}

• A8<><,ijal;""""t (AUO)JC= AU(JluC) (---InB)'1C_ An(one)

• ~~n~~/ru""1

An/~A

• Distribt.ti,.w.d

A<J(BnC) _(AuB)n(AuC) A'l(/IUC)=(AnfljU(ArlC)

• OSQ!rine.".,.,.,e

1~::04

neecue

• Di".rh~ T€h.";j~ ",k,,1'" A j<!

f/ (n'nek.iI-uaj eo ('Ia f'A) (a",,) AR(."'i",Uek,ivn.) <> ('I"C.1)(_)

S (.I"'."i~Da) -=> ('I".~E A)"pII= 6/",

AS (an,;.imelritna) -=> ('I".~EA)(.pII"'~,,)""'"-b '/' (IrhB,;';,-"aj ~ (Vo,b,<€-A)(opbAbp<).".a/",

Klo5e "kvival~ncijc; iaktor .kup

Urc("'n ~kllp

Inverzna rcl~cij~

• l"".".zo-w",lacij<> ,~lneljcpJe""""'Oj<> ,,-' ~({6,a) I (~.b) (,oj.

--''liiiill~======:::::J~ E

iF.e;:

S e: s s 6 6 S S S 0;;: e: 0;;: 6 eo: 6 0;; E E

Domen,kudolllenigcankfuIlkcUe

SUl'.iekc~j", injekcija j bijekcija

Neke"pecijaille fUIlkcije

Zarlavanje fnnkdjo

Kanlinalni bI'oj skupa

• A,.."_",..";,,,,.tbrojAr _Ir,-'<J

• 0aN.. Pi = """,,/r,-z}.

~'"

14I_0-<>a=O

101>0 ... a,.0 141'-a'

REALNI BRO.lEVI

o """,{2,-5,6} = """,/2,"'''''1 f>,fill=ma>:{2.6}=6

m;" lx, .x, ... _ ,~"j = mi" (~,.",in (~,., ..• min{x~_"x~l.,.))

m;"p,-5,6j=".;,,{2,<";"{ 5,1;))=min{2,-,j=_S

Apsollltna vrcd""~t

• m~x/x.ul=~(x+y+ x-y)

• minl".~l = 4(r+~ I,,-yl)

("J.bl:S:I"I+lbl 11,,1

:;;t

• V4letecijrebroj.sup,""",,,,,,,,I,,df,nsoleve

:, ~'8~~7~~<~'~ :.~~ cilarA. 0 0.0.191 "'"<0 3

l"I=II'I"","'~b'''''''=±i> lal:S:AAII'I:S:B=>la+i>I:S:A+B jal:S:AAlblsIJ=>I..bI5:AB

PribliZui bn.jevi

• Re40n ..... ~·

6(,,') = I~~~;JI = 1"'1:.7"1, ~·,.O

• G",,,iro rdati""e gre'k~, ,VI'k~ 6,· '" k<lji v"'i ~ {,,'J :s: s.:

51gu:rnecifre

• 1',i1oli"'" I...,j,,· broja"a±m·10·. "EZ, i,"~ p-.<ib.;gun>;A";'!aTn..Jwjc

Iz ,,':s; ~iO"-.

~.r=f.,u·;o!Oir,.o,ondaje

I'/·IC .

I> ~ .. <itKk"o ,m""jeili pribllt"oJedn~'o"

• Stq.oe,,:,,"

:> ff ~ R.i<'''''''u,,,

:> m~R.je.k,po"'nt

!) :;,~:;~:"o'" meN:

• am.,_o",·o :>am_~

· .°.1,

4) Eksponendp.qE;Z:

• (1"=(1, p;o'O

• ( .... )·~(a·)·~o ..

• 0"" =01>') f."

• (ab)P=a'lI" ,

.'

• At"i''''''IOI!k.:"·U",",,,,n ;rabn>j~aE1Calroje"no. pa .... "brujjl!jl"Ii,,"''"'",",''<:g><.;'·ngre;.,ojejednaliner·_.

Racioo"li~anj" I"'o:.oloea "ekajeo,b.Cf"R-, b;o'c;o'li';o'a. Tada =>;

• 0 = ~Jb • ___!___ b'fy'oi

7b b b±JOi 1,2-0

• ~~~crFT • Vb:JC=~(Jb=,re)

• Zlotnil"""Kk: a:z=z,(a-x).o">x

• A";t"'.t~ka",",;",,: 0_ o'Ta,: ... +"" G~trjj.ko"",u, .. :q=;:i~

Zla~ni pce .... k i ~n'<linc

: ;t:~t;~:::;) :

w;:

Lognri'.mi

• Hcumonijska...m .....

."--'-'-

t+;t+ +;t

""B,.O,MfO

Ncprckidno ukamaCivaIlje

HacionalniaJgebarski izrazi

Algcbarskirazlomak

, c LiD

=Al)l~C/Jj "~Bfll,I),.1I

t> E=NZS(B,DJ, D, =E: B, 8, =E, D

• D~Djnirozlom"'" "B",O,C#O,D#O

OsnOVllC opcracije"a kornpleksnim brojevima Konjugovan bruj

'Ihgonomctrij,kioblikkomplcksnogbro_ia

,.. ~ ,..

,..

11 ~ ,..

,.. 11 11 :;it :;;t

= :;r

:;;J •• ,'H"o,O, .,0,«".,' • Diskrimi"''''(I' D~o'-4ac. •• Vije!o,·"t",,,~ma:

Xl+:r,= _~, X, ,X,=~ W·J"klori,acij<>h.a,I,....' .. "!llri"O"'''' f ..r+!Ix+"=,,(,,-,,,)(r-z,)

O.n""ni "'av aigcbro

VijetovcfOI,,.u,,le ~eka," x",', .. ,.,x" nulo POIi"O'''H P,{~)~a.~'_'_""_lX" '+., +a,x-"o

• :<II. kub<ro~, 1,8.'l7,&I, 12(},2U;,:J..Ij.~12, 729. a,-no

lEI

.1\1·1 ... )ie

I) ""'I"ei"koi~ "-+' > ..... "e;}/

3) "I"'iltJjul:iakoje an+l<" •• !lCN

• !\I.io mo"oton akoje r .. ',,'i, '1'",iI~1LI,j ""'""L,,~i iii "oopadajuCi.

• """".'rg~"'aU nizje ogr.Dlten

• MO!lOVI"I"izjclron' .. ,gen'.D.kui""'''''Hk''je ograllitcn.

• !\1<!"'.).iclrom .. 'gen'an.koi .. "'''Ako .... "ko E >() p, .. ,oji ,.,,,,-,.t, ~o-",,(€), ' .... vud\$j. la.-a",I<€, m",n".n",n,

NIZOVI I REDDVI

• :<I1.kvGdrnta,1.4,9,i6,25,36,4!1,6-\,8L,LOO.L2L a.=,,·

Ogran;cenost

• l\iz{ ... )i<<>!f"U,.....,,,

I) oo{»d,,"ko """tojilroos"'Dla ME Jl .... k,"d".ic _!of ~ a •• nEll!

• l\iz je "fI,.,,,,il;e,, akuj,' ug"~"i",'" odo',do; "do.go

to> !\"'{"")j~ogmn;re.,.#~·E1<.I'f"(N. a.·SC

Kon"er-geDcija

•• ~ r,

'1' ·'t:· .

. r,·" ..

III .<=",M '

"1;~1a .. ~a, 7'" ~ (k,,,.)

"1 1""'"

'1-:-.,;-, .""';",;---+,r.-'----

c,. ;'t. r • .------' •• "',.,~ T" - (k.~.)

III

• Ak<>je "l~",,"n= Ji~b,.=-yia..~c,.S:~n' n?:"<lEJIf, Q"']"j'

Geomet.,ijskin;z

Srednjalinijatcou)(]a

ID

TROUOAO

m

Paralnlograrn

£3J

• <>1 "'...:!d . O~:~~t~:dd

• m=--;r- 2

• I'=~J'IS "+,,ji.-b)(, d)

• P-T"~mh

CatvON>ugao

~r:' C=====::!!:N!!iO~QmU~Q:AAiloTI KK",RUU;ZNICA

F;~~ M''''O'''"O~ ~o,",

.ZIlII_jihU{jlo"",(" 2)l~O' ~

• Zbu ~j4mjih u.\'!a~", 300'

• Bm;dija9""'''I'''~

P,a"ilall lIlnogougno p"",ilni mnogollgli (duzina .tr~nicc 11)

~ ~

F.'

~ ~

~

~ ~ ~ ~

~

• S"'." ... i ...... 'n'."j",.,I,no)odn.k.

• Sl"ioI\lOli.umedu,.,hMjlld"nki

360" 2~

• Ceotraln;uga.,,,=-;;---;;-

• spoij..,,,j;ug.'>o,1~~-¥-

• \:"H"",,,jiU~M1_)8O"_/J~~(I_*)

• ObimO~,,·~

• a~2~=211'i"%~2"g~

T IlT,,~%=ItII';i""=~

Potcncija \atku AIC,-Al/Jl~.411i,·A,£,-r' m' .4B-AE~AC.AJ)_A,/,'_",· r'

• Poy,,;napr.!<nil P~"'(II'_I',) .. j(liJ_dJ)~hpb

11= 2.m~ r=2,g;; P-T
iJ3 ~v'3 ~J3
~,f! ,
a\!f:?: RvH ~~
~V3 ~Q',;3
"V,q ~ (l + vi) 2a' (1+ v'Tj
ro }(I+vt5) %~ %"t~ • SiIina p,,'en. ~ ~ /1-,

-'Poi:iEDIRiIOiiiiiiiilG'm~=::::::I ~

Em POLIEDRI I oaRTHA TELA ...J

~ ~

~ ~

~

Pmv""gli

•• j."I);m ,,,,,,,,al pllrnlclopipcd • P-.I/+D

.oglr,cka ~ oV=2./JI/

:::~:i" "' c ~"

~ "b Ii

r.2!?9 : ~~~k) •

HI~ . ''Ok

• V"'I"""';'" • P: nkupn.povrili" .... If: p"'-r.li1l&omQt~ •• Be po\,?inabare

Pravilllipolietld

·"'_:;;";""8"

• J'~,,'~(r_'_ II) iI

• V". r'~H _.------ ..

~ J::=====--'T'iiRIl'GiCOONNiOOMMFETfiRIT'JJJA.-

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~

r'

Ell

Os"<)~,,i i,je,,~it"ti <go·otg<>-l

• .... ,.-OOOOCQ_,

• -'''-1:~3~''

• """'<>-I+:g0"

Svodenja,,,.prvik,, .. d,,,,,t

• ';D(-n)~ -.ina • ",,"(-0)=<:000

• 19(-al

• ctg(-n)=-c<go

" 0<,

:~l" ~:l("OI~ ;~lo

<t~ elK ±ctg

in ;;:l(~+ ~[l

Fi,nkdjedvo..trukol:ugla; polovilleugl,.

• msoc",,=l+o.r,,'sin?,,-~

ctga±ctgp- ,::~,;~=:~

• ";,,<>.,;,,,q=~'u",(,,-{l) "",,(n .. tll

• sin,,-cosll-~ !stn(a-tlj-,-.iD(a-OJI

• 006"-QJ6tJ-~(ooo(,,+9)+ooo{,,-;J)1

Va~nijcformul"

o"""_~

U.Ju" parale1no"ti prn"lh • I'rn"" y=k,x-n" U~k.:r+". gU J>&I".loh,~.ku i .. "",a!wjc It,~ ....

• Pr&,. ,1,z+R,y+C, ~o. A,..,+B,:r+C, ~O 0" J>&I".IeI~n~ .k" i """,0 akojc

I~: ~: :~A,B,

Ugao ;'''Ill~du pravih

• u-k,.-+,,, iy=.k,z+",

lW"--= t~~,~~.za l_k, .... "'O

l+k,k,,=O=>'!'=±90'

• R"Mj&nj~ I~ LMk Mo(4,1O» ~~~::j;::;::k~ :~. P:::;":':jC d = _j;f';C

I> d.C><l->Moik<)m.lin"Lui~ok.u ... l .. e .. r.neprave I> d=O=>.\loptipadap'~voj

c> C·d<o..M, i kuo,Ji"",,,i 1'0~NAk"lSn ""lOih,tranapraYe I> C=O=>k .. o'-'\inatnip<><' ... kprlp,d.provuj

r,,'J,

• E!L"CelI,·riciw" ~=;;=g<l.

• Fokusi(iiZe), (",O),(_c,O)

• JednaCinedirekLr;.,., ",=;,-,,--;:

• Fokaln;J>"rametar: p=~

• 1'<,1uoJ,,;=l;jo,k r,=a+,,,,, ,.,_a_e;>:

• ~:_!~~; ~;"I'~a::: y = h+n bude tangeD's eHI>'"

• r"k.>I,,; paramo,,,,, p

• 'Jangontau<aekiM(zo,l/O) YOY=P(>e+ZO)

• l"sIo,;d.pm'.,.y=b+ .. b",I~I.". gontaparaboJe:

2kn_p

• Veklur j" kla.sn ehivnk",<ijo f>" ,daciji - ~ .kup~ ovih u''''''

::ni~::~; <I. b. ,-':

~A~ ,~~.e ... m",.ne dUll AB. CD. XY .... pripadoJ" ;OI1o'D

,-..hu","-____':'!daJ:<:... _

"--AB~CD=XY=

• Nlda-oektorieklaoad"'i¢ljl ,., J><)(;eI~k i k, .. j pokla.pniu.

I> O.naka: U. M. BE

• Duhno (",ooul) ~<kttrro <i ="1B jo "",.oj,Dj'IABI

I> O''''''''''IABlililal

• P""",c ""kloro a = All Je pra,-,," odreilen p'MU'" AU_

• s.~ ~~kt."" <I = Ali _;., 'u"" [>(0["1""'" AB

• Jedi"it"i(orl)_kt",")c""ktordn1inel.

• iiO)<!jo!d;"IOn; '''k'-'''knji ima P""'"'; ,me, ,,,ktora. ..

• (AB). ie jedlnii'ni ,-ekmr Iroil iota p,o'". I >me, '-e~")f" AB

• K.m"""""i.~10'~"'kto'iislO~'''-'i'.:___

• N"u,_,,,,.k,,,.. j~ kolin",.,-." "" ""bm ",h""""

Pravilo trougla

S"b;r~"je i "uu~i",a!lje vektora

• Zbir,"<kto,~ G'; b (1'<""I"",."j,;) je ",,"10, 7_ a+ t: ("''''<Ita'' .... )

Praviloparalelog,·a.mn 0.4=,,', ou= 1:. 7'=-;;'+ /, or

Kolif!likv~kt",al.kalara

p,oo, r7i-;;;;' --;;'=1-;;'1;;;;

V"ktorski -;:'~r\-i-"n' Para",el;arski -,,~r,+>.a,

~:~;!~:

Kanonickl

x~,r, ~ ~~,Yl _ ' a,Zj,

",:,,,,j %1I:t, , 0,=0. y-y!=O, z- z,=o

P"atnenravni .io ,kup ,vib ravni kuj" I',."I~"" k'"" 1'",,,.,'"'' 1"»"" ,Iv<'j" ,~v'" J.~ """; ,jl~ + B,y + C,z + D, ~ 0 ; A", + 8-'11 + C,. + D, 0 .i"d"otiu~ I>ilo koj. ],8,'ni pranlell~ (Oi;;I!J ,"Vll; A,z + /J,y + C,~ + D,) jc

AI~ + lilY + c" /), ~ (A", + B,~ +C" + D,) ~ lJ, ~do.io \ E g pl'Ouvolio.Jl parame\ar

---~

R"EfAALiLNiiiEfiFFiU"NiiCK'Ccf.j'J;<:E]R~EA~L[iNi!EJpijjR~oiiM!iENiiiL~JIl'Y~''===::::::I e.!

,. eJ

e= e;: eo: e: e: ~ S; g g ;;;: e: g:

e: e;: g:

e: e: s s e:

IE' IE' e;:

e: e;:

""

Konvergendjai nepl'ekidnost

.I'regJed gr"ni~Ilih vreuno"i funkcije

Desna i leva grani~lla vredllost

if!.

DIFEREE1Nilca"uAU:LjiNiJ' RiijA"C:jiUii_!N====::::=::J E E eo: eo: e:

• Fu"kc;ja}<dif~lnan~in'~,v",,,(),Ako e= Je diferencij"bilna" ...,aloi laCk; to!l;in'~,v.l"

t\~~k~ .. -,~.~~;:;k~-::::~1i dif""",cijabilD~ i;

> o'n"""J'("'.)--!/;.J(Zo)-*I.~.

• /jcdiferencii<lW .... W"""a",.fklzo .• kopo "'<!iign,"ituo,n:dnoo'(;wWj

._I~_.,f(Z!=~;zo)

"" O,uoke: r~(zo)

• fjed~jal>iJ"o"""D"'~kj~o,&lwpo. "'>ji grani~""'-rednOll' (u.'~I)

.~.~./(Z1=~"''')

;> O,nok (1' (zo»)

~ifC~~j::a:. ~:::~~t,~!:~:;";C2itln'- oko j.. e;: ,," '~:~:"~"::':k\i~ e:

Tnhlkn i~"od"elel1lentarnjh funkdja
1,,,,,,,,,,, 1,,,,,,,;,,, "",' 11,,,,,",;,,, ;""'" -""'"
1"_,,," .;;;i"+li 2J<iJ"+lj
~ ~
~ -n cl,';
-,;nr;: -I
~
h' >loT.
~
-;;;;;-; ,0,
-;JT,:
-ii ... ' d,;;gilo&.e ,;=> ,fG?
aJ:~b I"/(.:r) I'(z)
c;;;::w 7W ,~ ~
x> , (J(~))' 2JV;)f'(z) ~ r-a
-;;
" a (f(r))" .. (f(z))" '1'(20) -, -,
-;; 1+",'
" -;;;:;:; '" , -,
~ xv~ X(l-:_-;T)
.fi es , -- -
2vi ,,~ xv'X'=! x(I+,.-') ~

,

~C=====~~~~Co~ ::3 ::3 :3 ::3 ::i ::i ::3 ::i =::l

:::f ::l

=:::f

:::f :3 :3 :3 :3 ::; :3 :3 ~ S :6 os

O,obincdiferencijabilnihfunkdja

O'"OVIl~ teureme tlifereJ1c~iaIIlog I'acuna

Th.ilorovai Maklorenova formula

• Funkcija f, difer"ncU~b;ln3 "" [",0[, ",,1.0 ("1'",14) '''' (",I,) "Iu, ''''''Hl ")wjc f'(x) ~O (I'(;;)"-;O) '~",".J;E ( .. ,O) , Alrupri 'or" ne p06'oji in'",,'al (",Il) C (a,o), ,,,kn~ do j< J'(~) _0, ~ E (a,fJ), onda ronkcij"! "'.'O~O , .. ,e (opn<ia),

KorlVck\$no"tikonka"",,"(

• Funkcij. J, dif. .. u";j"i>il",,,,~ (a,b)le ko,wck."" (."o~o kon_ nk.na) D. (a,.) .... u'a.v"k<>"".z.E(~,b) .... , f~, """j

!(.:",)2: f(X,)+f'(T,)(Z, .l:,).(f(z.)> !(.l:,)+/'(.ro)(oo .. -.r,)), • Fuokcija J, difureucij.bil"" ll~ (~.b), j~ k''''kst~"", (o«ogo konkstv"",) ". (a.b) alto .... ~.ko .l:,.~, E (o.b). :r, Io~, \'lIZi J(z,)<J(c",)+f'("',)(z,,- .. ,,).(J(r,)< !(z.)+J'(;,:o)C..,-:r,)),

• Za.fuDldju!.delini&onll".(o.O).v ... hH",.J{",,)."<IC(a,b),je.I"'!I"lolrolnimaksim=C",,-,.;,,,,,,,,) altoi .. n,onkopostojiokolin.U(z.)C(4.b).'.ak, .. <I~jeJ{,,):>f(~).(J(,,)<!(:r.,).=:r"U(:r.,)\{zo}

Po~r.,l>a" u.l",v Zll p<»;toj""je ekstremuma

• Ak" jc I(zo) loknlni eko~",",um funk<;ij.· f. <>"d~ f,,,,'dj~ f" '''j '''''ki iii """'~ ;.,00 ili Je f' (Xu) ~ 0

Jcd1l"tin"tll"gellteillormaienakr;vu!utackiXn

I(~.) I /'(ZO)(z -zo) • No""ala, II~J(X")- I'(~o)('>: ~.),f'(XD)-fO

• 'Ie"" j<" ~ z(t), 11 - Y(lj, I E II"I;~. p"'~lll.," .. kl "bli~ f'!nk"ijo 11 ~ 1("')· A1o.n funkdje ,,(I) i U(I) dlf"", .. cij&bilne "a (1,.1,), ;"'<1. je r",,~djot II _ 1(",) <I;h~""ij"bil,,~ ua (>o(t,),o:(I,)) i y'(z(l)) - ~

N"meritkodifcrcndranje

• '1.kB j< I k_pn,. ne"",kid". dif .. ~""ij.~iln .. r""kijo ,,~ '".b'. T"d" ," """'-0 r,z =h '0 (a,b:. h:> O. ~~~~;_.!"fJ, E (.<,r+h) i i'"i' •• ~' E: ( .. _It. x), <>,.~<= (z-~z~."~';"t d",""',;

l'(zl-lJ+f(x)= /,(x) d'/(r) __ r~(~)It' J"(:rJ_Df(:r)=J"'(iJ,);r'b,),:

• Z" k =4, rex) -DJ(x) = _f"J~"')h',

• I) f("j = f(x) - {(~-hl, fix + h) - ~~,~~) + f{x It)

• D"f(~) f(X+h)2-/(~-h),

• ~j<_jaJd.!i"i"'lL~;O~I'~"i(;""~ _~io,"'.aP"okAJ"poddAln,bl'm .. ~'r'_I.~,)pd~.",uJ •

• ~z.<:r, <.-- <r._l <~" =1,. i ~P-'=,~.{z,~r, ,j .

• 1~ .. ",,,, .. odlW# .. ,,,,,,,,deI .. P: "'Pt-t,J«,j(r,-Z'_'),

pj<"'''''ko'i .. b''''~''"'k''<,E:(X'_I,J:,1

Gcometrijskaintcrpret .. cij .. • z~ f{X)?: 0.1 E la.bj, IIJ;a,1lj .ie "",-rSi~~ OU",,;o'«no .-..on. L,g ..... filomj(z)ipra,-.unax=oiz=b • Za j(x) ~ 0, Z €' (a.b!, odgo.=ajocapominaje-Ij;a.bj

Ii (r)d.r:!: 1~(~)d.:

\lwjcm~/(x}~M.rE[4,bl.o"d.je m(b-a)::; li(z)dx~,If(b-a)

• IP(Z)dxl~lt/(Z)'d:t'.Q<~ "'. •

• Alrojej(",)~g(",),ZE(Q,bI,,,"d"je if{")""''' iy(r)dz /EC!o-.b]""F(r)_jf(f)dlECIa,lljifUDkcija Fimaiz'-odF'(r) J(z).z<ofa,bj.

T(!oremeosrednjojvrednosti

ED

f>rirnlt.iv,u.,fllllkcija

=;S C,

nEZ\l 11 rp.O&lc"ien<O

- _1"1",.,,,,1+(>, (~"(2k+ Il~)

_ tp+c, (., f (2,'+ l)~)

J ~ ~ .. ~':I,g,,+C. ( .. ,.2,,,) J a"~~' - *arotg;;+c, ~fa

f /~X, - ';';1" ;;-::-;I+C. ",<0 J x>~"' -i,;I":;-;;;I+C, n;iO

.J~ - "._~~~ .. , .

INTEGRALNI RAC;~uiiiN;:::::==::;:=== E (;;:

Ne<>dredeniintogral

N"ociredeniintcgral e:

Thblicn ncotlredellih intcgrala

OiiObincn""drcdenogintegrala

• jU{Z)+g(:<)),u", J [(r)d.t+ / g{.:r)dJ:

• / Cf(x)dz ~ C J I(rld"

• Ale je F prim;'.iv,," r"nkcij" f"nkcij~ f "" ;"",,,"'u D, ond. je ~~ j>rn1zI'olj"" kon.'an'"" i b (a;l 0) J !(=+b)dl-_ *}'I'''' -t-b) +C, pri ~'"'' r I',if"ldfi ime" ... lu .. 'ni; ur+bpripada j"",,,'a.ln D

,Parcij"j"" ;lltegracijll

Slllenapromenljivih

~ C::======.!iffi'CiiiALNfiiA;

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ :;t

=" :::!t ~ ~ ';;t

Njutn~L"jbnicovn (,corcIlln • _u". J ;n"",~bjl"a fl",kcij~,,~ 111,&1; F D,inooprimiu''D&funkeija,ond"j.

[Hzl.Jr=F(:<lI:=P(II) 1"(';)

I =[./1 +U'{,Wdr.

• P<>4><TJe,,,,,,,,Unale IJ(;».<><I;>,.do'P, l=l~p'('Pj+(p'(<;>)pJ.,o

tzrnt'lIlll''lI,ljepovr.line.avnihllgura

1)"k.~nO\<ckoocdi"al"

• Alwj"r""kdja!,,"p,,'kid· • Povrtinnlig""'<>s,"";'-,,ne"epre-

na;noncg,,'i,n" "'-'€ [a,~l. kicl.,lm k,h'nIllDV=!,(T), v=h(z)

Onlia it! I',,"";H~ "g,~"ife"" (alco Je [,(z) :<; h{~), ;r E la,o)) i

"""In CE, g,afikolll fun.oii. o,I'otci'''''p,"vih ~=a,x-I>o

f(x}; p,.'"~n"\ z=a i r ~ t> \$= l(h(~)-Jdr))dr

'~D(')~ 1.~3)T

o J+_;._),

rOVI'~i"a i Mprcmjn" oLrtnih tela

'1/r:T\

~

• f~ c"{<>."_ • <>. EO :"."i,' 1,2,3,4.~ • x, =a ! ih_ i

(z.Simpoonoynfornm!unjoparMbr<>jl)

• Pa""""'lar.""lw<>rdi .... t" x~z(l)_!l=y{t).od"dofJ

I=L~~dI

L..(f;n.b)=It~f(~"'ih) D.(f;4.b)= I.t,f(<'+!h)

;e

D>O ""J.>_-b±~2~ D-"

ED

In''''.~n'' trigonuUletrijske runkcijc

r"nkcija

(:H;)-'

. (:,HH;')

Bi[lO"'",, rocmnla, ,,_bER. nEN

• l'ennhtw:ija b<% po""clj~"J" '~"J"' od "do_ men.'''ie", ... ''''ntcdcoan-10rka",,,,litilih,'k,,,,·,,.I.. tog.kup.

• lJroj"" .. "",,,,,ijabe<,,,moolja,\i<>..k,,p.oo,, elemeoat.aje

p(")~n!

• Droj lTuZ,Uh ,..,,,,,,.d4cijo be~ J><n,ut)/j,mia ,ku""od .. eh'''''''''''.j&

(n-I)!

Komb'n"torniprincipproizvoda

Vnl"ijacija k_tc kJ!lli~

P.mllutacija

• Pen,wt,a.cij"'''l'''''''uii""p,,,··l'U1''',,,I,,.lo>rnoDa ... A-{a""' .... 'On}je»llk.ur"""".' .. ,,, .. ,,, <·Ie,,,,,,,,,,-,,A ukojojse,,'akiekmena, ... I>""",·li. I<-'I''''.'gd<>j"

a=k,+k>+""+···+k..

• UrujpennnWeiju ... p"" .... Jjatli""';kul"'oon .!elncna"'jc

P("'k,_"" •. ,kA)-k,lk,~!"_k.!

KOlnbill .. cij"k-te klase

~

~ C======:!L!jIN~E~A""N"AiAiALLiGiiEjj."A ::;!

51 51 51 51

:::i Detcrminontc matrice A ~ la;jlnx"

51 51 51 ::iI ::ii, ::iI ::iI ::II ::II

::II "~,CO ''':'',C','::'C'

:51 ::iI

6a "'''''''''''''''.,' ,""'" C::"'C

6a

f!

~ ~ ~

Kramerovopravilo

-VV~E.~O~V~ATfiN«O)~AJI]'~TA~T~I'~T~IK~A[;;;;;;;;;~~

~

.-; e e e;

~ .-; ~ .-;

A.+(D-,-C)_(A+E)!C .t1{RCJ= (:1 IJ)U

A+(DC) ~ (MB) (A-I-C) II (IHe) = (!l/I)+{J1C)

A+!l=J

• I'reh."cija (.ro.~!QI""I) d"f}~"aja A jt: broj o;.{,"OrcnjadOfllldajaAp,ji""""'..2ju,ille.l"hjllih ~k.,j""imC"At" eiji i.hod jo A III A

• ~=A • A\tJ-AIi

,. l\A=A

ClDClD

A+/J ..l.ll

• lIe"" .... u.!n'.lretmcija.,.(.1JdogNl.jaAje ~oli<ni~ f...,h",,<';je (.n) i "k"pnog brojo .11I~.jnih c""""riltlona"'( .. )je;.. •• (.4)·-~.

OSllovna 6voj.~"a verovatoCe

B~j~"ov" i rormu!" to("I"" ""rov~tnocc

• Ako "" 0 ,""'arivanju dog>«l.jl! A n'o>~ i.neti n " .. j~n"'o """agi"""i!, hipoteza H"TI". """"""'oX""," P(H.) >0, k~ 1,2, .... ".; ~k<>je peA) >0, ando , .. ti

Bajesova!Of71Iula

P(H./A) = nP(H.l P(A/H~) .1.-= 1,2 t;P(HklP(A/ih}

P(A)~ ~P{Jh)P(AIH..)

Slutajuepro,nouljivc

• H"'kolj~ ""'P'"kle "..,,,,oatnoee siucajn€ pl'Q,",c"ljiv" X Po f,onkcija koj. d",I"lj"j~ "o""",,'"<o<u

Sillcajnapromen(iiva apsolnt."o ncprckklnog Lipa

Unspodcla, di"pcr •. ija i oristuP""jc

• ZauzOJakcbima "rOjl;i." .. "'nno~km.d ..... b"c,a.licitib ,·roonosriobele1jaX, r •• ; od.o\ovarajucimopsolu'"im!.i,dntiv"l,.",.f,ok,onoij<uun

• Empirijs/rofu"kcVo ..... pod~le F~{.-)_ .~~., •. xe"R .fI~/rodispenija 3·~~tf.{;r,-,"·)·

• Swndo.ni"" oo.1"I"'"j~· .;;;

• ArilmetiC/rosre<iiTr",,_

",' ~ ~ t,f.z• - t,,,,,,,,,

• Poprn~Ijeno.,,~d"p"'"zija .·-~t.f.{z..-"'·)'

• P"Im.uJ.y.u,.landa.-.l,,,,oo.'''Jl'lnje,,,fii

U,eden. trojka (S,.,o)kjene",."unid""",,,al,h.)jo

• pr6fenoko,.""i (S")jekonlUla,h=o;rupa

• (~_~~ek~M~<UI''' (Vu_b_cES)(ac(boc)-(acb).(aoc)) (S")jeko,n,,,aU,-nagmpa

(S\ {e}.o)jegrupa (ejenentr,.)n; ~I"mc"", ,,(S,.)) (Va.b.cES)(ao(b.c)~(acb).(aoc))

• poIj<ako\'a1.;

('<'-")j. k<.>"'u,a';,-n~g'"1''' (S\{e).o)jekomu,.li,,,.gn,,,,, (Va,b.c~ S)(ao( •• c) ~ (.Gb)_ (."e))

Bulo,-"algeLra

• Pp '"

,II!! m,

Mubimumiminim"TI

3 Ap:;olumu~"'''''1

=;:0::: ~od",,'

~i~ilIli~oioii -'" sy,,,,,ofr<

r.tI\otu ....

i.:w_

lIo<iono""i_ !o;Ia'''''' -~ 1IaI.~"'i"'ino f'mormiipaillin

~

KoInl1lliIll1lo SIo!eti~lI'IOIIIioo.

H ... B ...... ' .. ~

h<ionol~ • ..tiiml1i AIgtbo"~""""'" (on'~"""ki'oci!ll1ll!~imI1iiniih"", 100~sfu"",,(iie

POUNOMl JEDNE PROMENUIVE O."I.>ililtrukasum, 0".1. i&I~,kJJg pon"",d,

6 I'ollnom

Alg.I:o,<ioj6dnaona ¥i~"I;oOMJI. 1l<o"'"""lge\" Vj_fomdo K\Oto",jId...coo

7 NIZOVlIREDOVI

'"

s:

0....._

N"_._ Aoil'lOli1lin~

::::"ijllioiz

CETVOROUGAO

~~eloj,,,"

"_ .. '"""

:::::...

-""""-goo ~......_.

MNOGOUGAOI KRUtNlCA ......

--

~"'~

fbtw<ij<tl,i\;' """,io:l"",k KrutlliPfSlw

TRiGONOMETRUA j,ig",_,jj;l:o.lruln;co O""""h.,,,W S..r"""OOllMiYodro,!

lod:jIO ...

'<1 :.'":r::: .,u.~

~~bg j"""" ...

VO!I.-~Iamdt

... ._' /a"bolo

NUMERICKI I GRAftCKI PRIKAZI FUNKCUA

--

LM..,WIijI

X"","""furtrijo

,'"p""tunl:ol' E«p.nen<ii'h~luoktijo lollll,ilmi;ufu_,ktijo Toig,nam~'ij>k!luok<ijl 1_,....,...... ..... 1uN.<ijo HiporIoIiinoWUjo

ELEMENll KOMBINATORIKE rOkl"ii~;b;nom"ikOil(;ilOl; BI,_ofomwlo

30 Knmt;,.,too,;I'ioIiP_

IodoiuumipillOpjllDilwlllo ~k_"1lIIIa !'Irm","'1' Kom~no"i,I-lOkJm

AlGEBARSKESlRUKTURE 45

5trui:tu","io:ioomOIl"",ii"'" Sl!ui:t""",""'~,"(lil

Grupo

- ....

.......