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SUPPLY-AIR-CEILING

SUPPLY-AIR-CEILING
FOR OPERATING THEATRES
2
Series
AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceilings

System description
State-of-the-art – solutions Results of the inquiry concerning the degree of contamination
I low germ number in the operating of a Supply-Air-Ceiling-System with Size 1.8 m x 2.4 m:
area and in the supply air flow
I low germ sedimentation Degree of contamination (µs) / Air velocity (m/s)
I low air speeds in the working area 0.4 µs
I low harmful gas concentration also
0.3 µs
in the anaesthetics work area
I good screening of the operating area
0.2 µs
in case of disturbances by opening
doors 0.1 µs
I minimum requirements according
to DIN 1946/4 are exceeded by far 0.0 µs
I examination according to DIN 4799 0.15 m/s 0.20 m/s 0.25 m/s 0.30 m/s
by the Hermann Rietschel Institute
• Degree of contamination
of the TU Berlin Degree of contamination (exponential)
I contamination-proof sealing of the
operating theatre light fi xture Prof. Dr.-Ing. K. Fitzner – University of Technology Berlin
H. Rietschel – Institute of heating engineering and air-conditioning technology
I low disinfection and maintenance
expenditure

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Series
AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceilings

General explanation for series AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceilings


The low, predominantly laminar air frames with clamping device, test
velocity at the patient’s location must groove for the seal fi t examination and
be emphasised from the medical point measuring connecting pieces are well
of view. The cooling down of the patient accessible, easy to assemble and
is less than with turbulent flow systems. exchange without special tools. The
The ceiling system is disinfectantresis- maintenance work can be accomplished
tant and consists of a large output field, within the AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
equipped with patented laminarisators. without intervention into the room
These consist of aluminium frames ceiling. Easy connection to the duct
covered with flow-optimised special system by duct flanges.
profiles with minimised frame width,
The AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling for oper- covered with a tear-proof, monofilament Manually adjustable or dampers with
ation theatres Type AL is a supply air polyester tissue. actuators are available as an option.
system with constant laminar flow for Supply air box and ceiling housing are
all types of operating theatre. It is The laminarising effect practically made of galvanised steel with disinfect-
characterised by particularly low germ excludes a secondary air contamination. antresistant coating or of stainless
numbers in the operation field and low The support leadthrough is aerodynami- steel, material No. 1.4301. The AL-KO
harmful gas concentrations in the cally designed, so that no wake areas or Supply-Air-Ceiling, type AL, also fulfils
working area of the operation team flow deflections occur. Installation the requirement of low germ numbers in
with a high thermal comfort. The AL-KO tolerances of the ceiling and support the operation area in spite of high thermal
Supply-Air-Ceiling fulfils requirements can be compensated at the same time. loads. The contamination degree of less
necessary for cleanroom technology. The HEPA-filter units in stable mounting than 0.1 is substantially lower than the

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minimum requirement of JJLS=0.67 A further benefit in comparison to tur- The AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling, type AL,
according to DIN 1946/4 for operating bulent flow ceilings is the fact that the therefore ensures optimal protection
theatres of the type A, highly aseptic. germ sedimentation is much lower in against infections for the patient.
The examination according to DIN 4799 the laminar flow.
was accomplished by the Hermann Riet-
schel lnstitute for Heating and Air-Con-
dition Technology of the Technical 64
University of Berlin. The outstanding
temporal particle reduction characteris- 12 12 66 54
22a 54 16 16
tic of the laminar flow system protects
the patient against air germs much
better than operating theatre supply 32
air systems with turbulent mixed flows. 48 50 50
18 18 48
22b 22b
30 30
Only the operating theatre supply air 20 26 26 20
ceiling with laminar displacement flow
offers protection, since the socalled 28 28
protection retention cannot prevent 24 24
particle entry from adjacent areas in ope-
10 14 14 22a
rating theatres with several closed doors 10
or with open doors. It ensures low
contamination in the working field. Abstract of patent

5
Series
AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceilings

Central and decentralized systems

Decentral
Decentralized system with outside air
intake AHU, exhaust AHU and circula-
tion AHU (as various options are
possible, only one schematic drawing
is shown)

Central
Centralized Air Handling Unit
within the technical room for
total supply of the OP-theatre

DESIGN CRITERIA FOR AL-KO SUPPLY-AIR-CEILINGS

Type AL-S Type AL-H Type AL-PA


with vertical filters with horizontal filters for pathology

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AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
type AL-S

AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling with vertical filters type AL-S

Smooth internal surfaces without corners and edges Lamp shaft with maintenance plate for better sevice

Easy and safe maintenance of filters including test Operation lamp for installation through OP-Ceiling
procedure for tightness

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AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
type AL-S

Technical data with sizes and dimensions type AL-S

View from below

Lamp opening
500 / 600

Width B
View from above

Size for damper or Size for damper or 175


duct connection duct connection
a a
Length L

HEIGHT H = 400 MM
Item no. Type Scheme Length Width Air-volume Pressure loss Weight Duct connection
L B 0.20 m/s 0.25 m/s 0.20 0.25 kg St. a b
mm mm m3 / h m3 / h Pa Pa mm mm
1 24124 2 400 1 200 2 074 2 592 186 233 170 2 873 263

2 24144 2 400 1 400 2 419 2 024 215 269 190 2 873 263

3 24184 2 400 1 800 3 110 3 888 212 265 235 4 568 263

4 30184 2 400 1 800 3 888 4 860 210 262 270 4 720 263

5 24244 2 400 2 400 4 147 5 184 202 253 295 2 720 263
2 873 263
6 30244 3 000 2 400 5 184 6 480 201 251 320 4 568 263
2 873 263

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Options:
I Casing made out of galvanized
steel with painting (resistant
against disinfection) or stainless
steel 1.4301
Access
Panel I Filter frame made out of reinforced
fiber material or galvanized steel

I Duct connections with or without


airtight dampers with actuators
50
(b 161)
b 263

(H 300)
H 400

HEIGHT H = 300 MM
Item no. Type Scheme Length Width Air-volume Pressure loss Weight Duct connection
L B 0.20 m/s 0.25 m/s 0.20 0.25 kg St. a b
mm mm m3 / h m3 / h Pa Pa mm mm
1 24123 2 400 1 200 2 074 2 592 182 227 175 4 720 161

2 24143 2 400 1 400 2 419 2 024 210 262 195 4 720 161

3 24183 2 400 1 800 3 110 3 888 210 262 240 4 568 161
2 720 161
4 30183 3 000 1 800 3 888 4 860 210 263 280 4 720 161
2 873 161
5 24243 2 400 2 400 4 147 5 184 210 263 305 2 720 161
4 873 161
6 30243 3 000 2 400 5 184 6 480 204 255 330 4 720 161
4 873 161

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AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
type AL-S

Tendertext type AL-S

Supply-Air-Ceiling for operating theatres Support leadthrough


Particularly suitable for generating a laminar clean air Aerodynamically designed to avoid airflow disturbances
flow, while avoiding secondary air contamination, for the to a large extent and thus contamination, built in dead
creation of a sterile operating area, complying with the centre into the air outlet, with tolerance compensation
test report according to DIN 4799, for ceiling-flush for the support position.
installation, in a flat design, consisting of:

Accessories
Ceiling housing  Duct connecting piece made of galvanised steel sheet
as a pressure box according to the over-pressure principle  Galvanised airtight damper according to DIN 1946-4,
to prevent leak air flows, housing ready for assembly, manually operated
suitable for transportation through normal doors  A irtight damper with electrical servo motor
Material ceiling housing and filter frame: with spring return
 Galvanised steel sheet with  A irtight damper with pneumatic servo motor
disinfectantresistant coating  Pressure monitoring with remote display
S tainless steel, material No. 1.4301  Spare filters
 Basic lighting

HEPA-filter
According to DIN EN 1822, class H13 with both-way handle Performance and dimensions
protection, on stable mounting frame with clamping device Supply air volume flow m3/h
and test groove for the filter seal fi t examination, complete Exit speed m/s
with pressure measuring connecting piece, Frame material: Air resistance (Start) Pa
 Medium densified fibre board Length x Width mm
A luminium Height mm
Weight kg
Number and dimensions of the filters mm
Laminarisators
Number and dimensions of the connecting pieces mm
According to the European patent 0 355 517 B1, as large-
area ceiling panels, whose good laminarising characteristics
Delivery and assembly including all auxiliary material, as
almost exclude a secondary air contamination, consisting
well as accomplishment and recording of the acceptance
of aluminium frames with minimised frame width, without
inspection according to DIN 1946 Bl. 4 paragraph 10.2.2
lee areas between the ceiling panels, with a monofilament
(Edition 03/99)
polyester tissue covering, flame and disinfectant-resistant,
colour white, simple disassembly of the air distribution
Manufacturer AL-KO THERM GmbH
frame without tools.
Type AL-S
= Optional, please select

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AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
type AL-H

Supply-Air-Ceiling with horizontal filters type AL-H

Supply-Air-Ceiling AL-H with media supply Typical design of AL-H with air guiding Filter frame: stainless steele
curtains and media supply

Laminarisator with HEPA filter HEPA filter Closed laminarisator

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AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
type AL-H

Technical data with sizes and dimensions type AL-H


b b a
h h

175
30
h
H

B
Partial delivery Partial delivery
Cut A / B

d
35 35

L
c

A B

35
B
35 35

TYPE AL-H
Scheme 1 Scheme 2+3 Scheme 4 Air-volume
Item Type Length Width Pressure loss Lamp Weight
no. 100 Pa opening
0.20 0.25
H h b H h b H h b L B m/s m/s c d
mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm m3/ h m3/ h mm mm kg

1 2626 415 175 800 520 340 800 415 504 710 2 660 2 660 5 095 6 370 618 508 315

2 2828 415 175 900 520 340 900 415 504 800 2 810 2 810 5 685 7 110 768 658 360

3 2929 415 175 1 000 520 340 1 000 415 669 710 2 960 2 960 6 310 7 885 618 508 400

4 3030 415 175 1 120 520 340 1 120 415 669 800 3 055 3 055 6 720 8 400 660 660 440

5 3232 415 175 1 250 520 340 1 250 415 834 710 3 265 3 265 7 675 9 595 636 564 520

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Tendertext type AL-H

Supply-Air-Ceiling for operating theatres Support leadthrough


Particularly suitable for generating a laminar clean air Aerodynamically designed to avoid airflow disturbances
flow, while avoiding secondary air contamination, for the to a large extent and thus contamination, built in dead
creation of a sterile operating area, complying with the centre into the air outlet, with tolerance compensation
test report according to DIN 4799, for ceiling-flush for the support position.
installation, in a flat design, consisting of:

Accessories
Ceiling housing  Duct connecting piece made of galvanised steel sheet
As a pressure box according to the over-pressure principle  Galvanised airtight damper according to
to prevent leak air flows, housing ready for assembly, DIN 1946-4, manually operated
suitable for transportation through normal doors.  A irtight damper with electrical
Material ceiling housing and filter frame: servo motor with spring return
 Galvanised steel sheet with disinfectantresistant coating  A irtight damper with pneumatic servo motor
S tainless steel, material No. 1.4301  Pressure monitoring with remote display
 Spare filters
 Basic lighting
HEPA-filter
According to DIN EN 1822, class H13 with both-way handle
protection, on stable mounting frame with clamping device Performance and dimensions
and test groove for the filter seal fit examination, complete Supply air volume flow m3 /h
with pressure measuring connecting piece. Exit speed m/s
Frame material: Air resistance (Start) Pa
 Medium densified fibre board Length x Width mm
 A luminium Height mm
Weight kg
Number and dimensions of the filters mm
Laminarisators
Number and dimensions of the connecting pieces mm
According to the European patent 0 355 517 B1, as large-
area ceiling panels, whose good laminarising characteristics
Delivery and assembly including all auxiliary material, as
almost exclude a secondary air contamination, consisting
well as accomplishment and recording of the acceptance
of aluminium frames with minimised frame width, without
inspection according to DIN 1946 Bl. 4 paragraph 10.2.2
lee areas between the ceiling panels, with a monofilament
(Edition 03/99)
polyester tissue covering, flame and disinfectant-resistant,
colour white, simple disassembly of the air distribution
Manufacturer AL-KO THERM GmbH
frame without tools.
Type AL-H
= Optional, please select

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AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling
type AL-PA

AL-KO Supply-Air-Ceiling for pathology and anatomy


type AL-PA

300
800
View from below View from above

300
300 300

400

1800

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Tendertext AL-PA

Description Construction
The Supply-Air-Ceiling Type AL-PA ensure a continuous  Air supply chamber made of galvanised steel with opti-
laminar flow for the total area according to DIN1946-4 mum disinfection surface and for concealed installation
(March 1999). This warranties optimum working condi-  Duct connection to the side or to the top
tions as f.e. protection against infection and a better  Diffusor for air intake on top
thermal comfort. The particles and the amount of gas  Patented laminarisator according to European patent
will be reduced. Also the required values for MAKguide- 0.355.517 made of polyester fixed on aluminium profiles
lines are ensured. The installation of the ceiling and the  Both sides of the chamber are equipped with lighting
fi tting of lighting devices can be done very easily. system with glas cover and wired to a terminal box

Technical data Accessories and options


Air supply volume 3
1 040 m /h  A ir supply chamber made of stainless steel
Air velocity 0,2 m/s  Partly covered
Pressure loss 25 Pa  Chamber for suspended installation
Value of contamination according to:  A ir tight dampers according to DIN 1946 – part 4
DIN 1946-4 > 01  Lighting system included above the laminarisator
Temperature difference R - tZU <=3K

PATHOLOGY

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Air guiding curtains

Air guiding curtains


Air curtains are stabilizing the laminar
flow, minimizing the entry of germs
and enlarging the entire zone. Curtains
are most efficient if the air supply field
is close to the curtain and the length
of the curtain is done accordingly.

Air curtains are mechanically strong,


resistant against desinfection liquids
and protected against scratches. There-
fore special glass need to be used.

LS-VR LS-VB LS-VF

Air curtain 8 mm safety glass, for suspended Air curtain 8 mm safety glass for suspended Air curtain with 8 mm safety glass, fi xed at
installation, framed with aluminium profi les. installation with profi le, gaps are sealed. the Media Supply Elements gaps are sealed.

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Media supply elements

Media supply elements


Media supply elements are foreseen
to provide electricity and medical gases.
They can further include lighting
systems, communication systems and
can be used for the installation of other
equipment as f.e. air curtains with
safety glass. Media elements can be
fixed on all four sides of the laminar
flow field.

SUPPLY-AIR-CEILING FOR OPERATION THEATRES

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Separator for slubs

Separator
for slubs
Separators protecting the ducts and
the components against sedimentation
and provide better economic and
service operation of the entire air
handling system. There are various
solutions for ceiling and wall installa-
tion available.

Installation types RAC-A/E and RAC-D: Wall installation type RAC-A Ceiling installation type RAC-D

Construction type RAC-E Construction type RAC-A Construction type RAC-Z

DRAWINGS
2.5 1
A/B A/B
A/B
25 20 25
25
17.5

16.5
16.5

Application AFL-E Application AFL-A Application AFL-Z

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Lighting system

Lighting system
Typical installation of the lighting
system is done close around the laminar 763 lx 3m
flow ceiling. In this case the difference
1291 lx
of the luminous density in the field of
operation and the room has to be 2345 lx 2m
considered accordingly. In the fi eld of
operation the the luminous power has 2506 lx
to be at least 1000 lux at the height 2646 lx 1m
of 1 m above the surface. Better is
2000 lux. Accessory to avoid reflections
can be equipped. Components against 0m
infrared influence are foreseen a stan-
dard.
1m
2000 lx
2m
1500 lx
1000 lx 3m

3m 2m 1m 0m 1m 2m 3m
Intensity of illumination in lux

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Air-handling-units for hygienic application

AT4 AHU for hygienic application


The VDI guideline 6022,
part 1 and 3…
… defines the hygienic requirements
for AHU with regard to:
I planning
I design
I operation
I service
I maintenance…

… according to highest technical


standard
… represents a qualified hygienic
standard providing planning security
and avoidance of problems

AL-KO AHU comply to these


requirements.

We recommend a design check


(Institut für Lufthygiene)

CONFORMITY

Complies with all national and European standards

0
-201
2007

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General requirements of VDI 6022 I continuous and complete condensate-
for manufacturers of AHU: drainage
I all materials must comply with health I use of fans with access for cleaning
requirements and prevent microbio I sealing materials must be closed-cell
logical growth type and not absorb moisture, give out
I sandwich panel construction odours or form a nutritive medium for
I low condensation tendency microorganisums
I smooth internal surfaces I hygienically appropriate manufacture,
I grooves easily cleanable transportation and intermediate
I bottom panel surface powder coated storage at the place of installation
or made in stainless steel
I all units and components are easily
accessible and equipped with lighting
where necessary and sight glasses
(possible to darken)

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Air-handling-units for hygienic application

AL-KO solutions
1 Construction Examples 2 Housing construction
I Providing enough maintenance space I Place silencer immediately down- I Sandwich panels
I Consideration of excellent air flow stream the fan, eliminator always I No condensation tendency (category
conditions for connections and air behind cooler. Alternative: Fan and T3 / TB 3 or T2 / TB 2)
dampers cooler in the direction of air flow I Smooth internal surfaces without
I The outside air dampers have to I The use of a direct driven fan or a fan corners and edges
be installed internally to avoid with flat belt drive requires only filter I Powder coated panels or internal
condensation class F7 for the supply air panels in stainless steel
I A drain pan under outside air filter I Avoidance of corrosive tin-plated
ensure better cleaning Not approved (e. g.) panel surfaces with unprotected
I All relevant components are available I Filter or silencer downstream a cutting edges
either fully powder coated or in stain- humidifier I Door and panel seals are foamed
less steel I Cooling coil without eliminator seamlessly, have a high density,
I Various design for all applications with and are non-ageing
AL-KO software Klima@Soft I All sections are easily accessible, have
the necessary lighting, access doors,
and sight glasses
I Possibility of cabling mainly outside
the casing: no additional dirty corners

1 1 2 2

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3 Filter 4 Sealing materials 5 Fans
Filter construction: All used materials Prevention of belt wear through:
I Microbiological inert filter materials I have been tested extensively I use of direct driven fans (plug fans)
I Only use of closed - cell type sealing I prevent microbacterial growth I use of flat belts for belt driven fans
I Mechanically sufficiently stable I are resistant to disinfectants Casing with water drainage and cleaning
materials even during humidity I permit physical and chemical access (from size 400 onwards)
I Filter differential pressure control disinfection
optically or electrically as standard
I Use of quality filters with test
certificates

Filter installation:
I Correct installation of filter to prevent
mechanical stress on the filter medium
I Filter maintenance with easy access by
using filter quick snap device
I Cleanable filter section optional with
drain pan

3 4 5

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AL-KO THERM GmbH
Hauptstraße 248 - 250
89343 Jettingen-Scheppach
Phone (+49) 82 25 / 39 - 176
Fax (+49) 82 25 / 39 - 55 176
E-mail ruediger.froehning@al-ko.de
www.al-ko.com