Lisbon in recent years surpassed the Algarve as the leading tourist region in Portugal. the Algarve. The main tourists areas are. Greater Porto and Northern Portugal (Porto and Norto) and Alentejo Lisbon is. the European city attracting most tourists. nautical tourism or travel in business. and are not only in search of the beach and the sun. city breaks. the country was visited by 12. with 7 million tourists sleeping in the city’s hotels in 2006.9%) in 2006. but mostly searching culture. Porto and Northern Portugal. business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited.8 million tourists. after Barcelona. The World Tourism Organisation defines tourists as people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure. especially the urban areas of Douro River. most tourists in Portugal are British. gastronomy. Portuguese Islands (Ilhas Portuguesas: Madeira and Azores). Tourism is playing an increasingly important role in Portugal’s economy contributing with about 5% of the Gross Domestic Product. leisure or business purpose. In 2006. Spanish or German. travel in low cost airliners.What is tourism? Tourism is travel for recreational. was the tourist destination which grew the most (11. by order of importance.8% compared to previous year. the Greater Lisbon (Lisboa). Most visited places in Portugal . Today. the number grew 11. Tourism in Portugal Portugal attracts many tourists each year.

An example may be the visitors’ use of drugs and alcohol • May change individual behaviour and family relationships • May lead to an increase in sexually transmitted diseases • Loss of traditional values and culture through imitation of visitor. Greater Lisbon 4) Porto and its region is an upcoming star in Portuguese 5) Porto and its region is an upcoming star in Portuguese tourism 6) Pico. • Encourages civic involvement and pride • Provides cultural exchange between hosts and guests • Encourage the preservation and celebration of local festivals and cultural events • Facilities and infrastructure developed for tourism can also benefits residents • Encourages the learning of new languages and skills • Tourism relates funds have contributed towards schools being built in some areas Social costs • May attract visitors whose lifestyles and ideas conflict with the community’s. one of the leading tourism cities in Europe. behaviour or cultural diffusion resulting from normal. is a wine region whose landscape is protected as world heritage Social benefits • Brings in outside dollars to support community facilities and services that otherwise might not be developed. besides being the highest mountain in Portugal. 2) The Algarve – the main beach tourism area in Portugal 3) Monserrate Palace in Sintra.1) Belem tower is one of the most famous landmarks in urban. everyday interaction • May create crowding and congestion .

Tourism seasonality • Directly contributes to sewage and solid waste pollution • Emissions generated by forms of transport are one of the main environmental problems of tourism . resulting in land degradation loss of scenery.• May compete with residents for available services. facilities and existing recreation opportunities • May result in harassment of visitors perceived to be wealthy and an increase in crime • Can involve violations of human rights. People have been displaced from their land beaches have been reserved for hotel guests while access is barred to local people. cultural and historical resources • Encourages community beautification and revitalization • Could be considered as a clean industry Environmental costs • May threaten specific natural resources such as beaches and coral reefs or historical sites • May increase litter. noise and pollution • Brings increased competition for limited resources such as water and land. • Environmental benefits • Fosters conservation and preservation of natural.

each year through accommodation and restaurant taxes.etc) can cost the local government a great deal of money May inflate property values and prices of goods and services Leakages: If outside interests own the tourism development. employee income tax. Tourist multiplier effect. Tourist money is returned to the local economy as it is spent over and over again. sales taxes. • Creates local jobs and business opportunities. This is a particular problem in LEDCs where the local workforce lack the skills to fill the better paid management positions . 2) Helps to attract additional businesses and services to support the tourist industry. most of the economic benefits will leave the community Considerable amount of foreign exchange revenues leaks back out of destination countries for tourism related imports. Tourist multiplier effect Employment tends to be seasonal. etc. airport taxes. Workers may be laid off in the winter season. roads. • Is labour intensive • Earns valuable foreign exchange • Economic costs • • • 1) 2) • • Tourism development of infrastructure (airports. park entrance fees. Tourism seasonality Many jobs in the tourism industry are poorly paid.Economic benefits Helps diversify and stabilize the local economy • Provides governments extra tax revenues. These include those jobs directly related to tourism (hotel and tour services) and those that are indirectly support tourism (such as food production and housing constructions) • The multiplier effect: 1) Brings new money into the economy.

• • Tourist numbers can be adversely affected by events beyond control of the destination e. Tourism dependency Tourist follows a “product life cycle with a final stage of decline where the destination no longer offers new attractions for the tourists and the quality has diminished with the rise of competition and tourist saturation. .g. terrorism economic recession. This is a big problem in LEDC countries dependent on tourism. Tourism cycle life.