How to Draw

with

Cindy Wider
Author of: Draw and Paint in Your Pyjamas!

J08 INTERMEDIATE: SKILLS & SECRETS
Medium: Charcoal on grey Mi Teintes paper In this lesson you will be taught four popular techniques for drawing with charcoal. Once you have completed this you might consider the lesson on ‘How To Draw Curly Hair’ or enroll into the unit four portrait unit where you will learn another 8 charcoal techniques among many other wonderful things.
This lesson is divided into the following five sections:          Introduction to charcoal Willow charcoal and charcoal pencils Charcoal papers Fixing your image after completion Prepare your paper for drawing with charcoal 1. Cover medium sized areas with willow charcoal 2. Draw fine lines with willow charcoal 3. Draw fine lines with charcoal pencil 4. Experiment with erasing techniques This project is recommended for artists age 14 and up, as well as students of home schooling, academic, and recreational fine-art educators.

11 PAGES – 18 ILLUSTRATIONS

Published by Drawspace.com, Halifax, NS, Canada – August, 2010

It is cleaned. Finally the sticks are packaged and sent off to stores. WILLOW CHARCOAL AND CHARCOAL PENCILS During this lesson we will be using charcoal that has been prepared by the manufacturer in two different ways. The sticks are then fired at a very high temperature in a kiln for several hours before being left to cool. The willow is cut into long lengths. suggest Flannel Gray (colour 122) Soft.) This is optional.paintpj. We will mostly be using these for fine details or after an initial under-drawing with the willow charcoal stick. Willow is grown in plantations and harvested every year in winter.com Web site http://www. INTRODUCTION TO CHARCOAL Charcoal has been used in various forms by artists for centuries and is one of the oldest drawing materials. a plant that grows in long rods up to seven feet high.2 ART MATERIALS LIST              HB Charcoal Pencil (for fine lines) White charcoal pencil Several Willow charcoal sticks preferably 6mm and 9mm in diameter Automatic or click eraser or normal plastic eraser and craft knife to cut into a thin slither or chisel shape Putty Eraser (or kneaded eraser) Ruler Pencil Sharpener to sharpen the charcoal pencils (optional extra. The Charcoal that artists use these days is made from willow. This is optional but recommended.) Medium to coarse sandpaper 80 grit (to prepare your willow charcoal) Special Paper: Canson Mi-Teintes Drawing Paper – light grey. bundled up and boiled in water. projects. Email info@paintpj.com . Glassine sheets (special paper purchased from an art supply store which prevent your work from smudging. dried in open air then sawn to the right length before being placed in metal boxes. clean water colour brush (I recommend the 3/4" size) or a new and clean make-up brush for gently removing eraser particles Can of fixative is optional to spray your charcoal drawing afterwards Non-greasy baking paper to place under your hand while you work and protect the image from smudging. filled with sand and lids placed on. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. Copyright to all articles images. Charcoal pencils are quite difficult to erase. willow charcoal sticks and charcoal pencils. you could consider buying a special charcoal or pastel pencil sharpener. text. The entire process takes about three days.

Always test a small sample whenever using any new product to see the effect before using it on an important artwork. Email info@paintpj. When we use a mid-toned grey paper. Charcoal is a wonderful sensitive drawing medium.com Web site http://www. To help prevent your charcoal from smudging you can place a small sheet of non-greasy baking paper under your hand but make sure you always peel back and lift it off – never drag it across the surface or it will smudge. medium (9mm in diameter) and thin (6mm in diameter. both sides give different effects. Canson Mi-Teintes paper.com . Often called a ‘Ghost line. When sprayed your image usually dries very similar to before you sprayed. Your choice of paper is really just a matter of personal preference. however for the purpose of this lesson your will need to use light grey paper with a little tooth. To protect your image from smudging with a swipe of your finger. It is especially designed to allow repeated reworking so it is ideal for charcoal work. FIXING YOUR IMAGE AFTER COMPLETION Charcoal images are very delicate as the particles can easily fall off the surface of the paper.’ this remaining fine line that cannot be removed becomes an expressive part of your drawing. the colour of the paper provides the middle values in your artwork. providing you choose a paper with some tooth.’ There are some very good spray fixatives available on the market today.paintpj.3 There are two sizes of willow charcoal that we will be using in this lesson. Just a fine line will be left behind. Hold the charcoal softly in your hand for fine results and smile while you work to relax your shoulders and entire upper torso. text.’ There are many different papers on the market which you can use.) Providing you don’t press too hard. CHARCOAL PAPERS The type of paper you choose for charcoal drawing is a vitally important part of the process of drawing with charcoal. This paper which has a 65% rag content is very strong. you can spray your artwork with a ‘Fixative. with a variety of colours. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. Charcoal cannot adhere to a glossy or shiny surface. or ‘tooth. projects. The paper needs to have a little bit of texture. Copyright to all articles images. your results will be greatly influenced by how you hold the charcoal. or it may go a little darker. You can further protect your artwork from smudging by placing a sheet of glassine over the top. willow charcoal will wipe off your paper almost like chalk off a blackboard. This is a shiny paper that can be purchased in many good art supply stores. A popular paper used by artists is. You can use white paper with charcoal. You will be shown how to prepare your willow charcoal so that you can achieve either very fine lines or cover large areas. It gives your drawing a fresh appearance if we leave the paper untouched in those areas then add white charcoal or white conté into the center of those areas as a finishing touch. One side of this paper is smooth and the other is quite textured. Spraying your charcoal drawings still does not completely protect your work but just makes it a little less likely to smudge. Watercolour papers are also great to use.

  Divide your page into half vertically. Shave medium willow on sandpaper Fig. Draw fine lines with charcoal pencil 4. 1. projects.paintpj. Rule this sheet of paper into four similar-sized sections using a ruler and HB Charcoal pencil. Ellipse on medium willow Copyright to all articles images. Holding it in this position. make sure you have your sheet of light grey Mi-Teintes paper with the smooth side facing upwards. Turn your page sideways and divide it into quarters horizontally. You don’t have to copy the same shapes in the designs that are demonstrated. Erasing techniques 1. 2. rub back and forth to shave the willow stick (see Fig. text. 1b. Have some fun with the following charcoal techniques. You can do this simply by approximation like this. COVER MEDIUM SIZED AREAS WITH WILLOW CHARCOAL You can cover medium sized areas of your page using your medium willow charcoal stick prepared in a special way known as the ‘Chisel Point’ tip. Draw fine lines with willow charcoal 3.4 PREPARE YOUR PAPER FOR DRAWING WITH CHARCOAL Before you begin this exercise.) Fig. 1a. 1b. Write these names of each technique in a box before you place an example in the individual sections. Place a small section of coarse sandpaper (80 grit) onto a flat surface such as a table. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. Email info@paintpj. Gradually lower the charcoal until it is approximately on a 30º angle off the surface of the table.) This shaving action will gradually wear the charcoal down to form the vitally important angle known as a ‘chisel point’ (see Fig.com Web site http://www. 1a. Use your ruler and a HB charcoal pencil for neatness but no need to measure.com . 1. Cover medium-sized areas with willow charcoal 2. You can be creative with the small patterns that you create in each section. Gently rest the tip of your willow charcoal stick on the sandpaper holding it perpendicular to the surface to begin with.

) Copyright to all articles images. If. during the shaving process. Chisel point on thin willow Fig. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. Fig. Make sure that you are holding the ellipse area flat onto the page. To achieve very light tones. Charcoal will not adhere properly in that area. 1c. and Fig. 5. 4. text.) Once positioned on your paper you can then drag it across the surface in any direction you choose. DRAW FINE LINES WITH WILLOW CHARCOAL The chisel-point shape on a stick of thin willow charcoal also provides us with a narrow but strong tip which enables us to create very fine lines. the tip of your charcoal shatters (or when you are drawing) this means you have applied too much pressure. If this is done correctly.paintpj. Always wash your hands well with soap before drawing with charcoal. Hold the thin willow on even less of an angle when preparing for fine lines (approximately on a 20º angle off the surface of your paper. You can use strokes or soft circular motions.5 3. hold your charcoal with a very soft grip and lightly skim the surface of the paper. the natural oils in your skin will place a barrier on your paper which is impossible to remove. To do this. By varying the pressure you apply to the willow stick you can create a variety of tones. Make sure your hands are always clean and don’t work anywhere near a kitchen to avoid coming into contact with oily surfaces. Place the large ellipse-shaped area flat onto your page. you should create a large ellipse shape with a tip on the end. Never blend charcoal with your fingers. Ellipse area on thin willow 2.) This will achieve a larger ellipse shape and more long and narrow tip (see Fig.com Web site http://www. you will need to position it so that you are holding it on the exact same angle as you just held it on when shaving it across the sandpaper (ie: on a 30º angle off the surface of your paper. Email info@paintpj. 1d. You can also cover small areas of your page using the thin willow charcoal stick prepared and applied in the same way as the medium willow sticks. The harder you press the darker the tone.com . You can even blend this area with a Q-tip or paper stump afterwards for very soft effects. 1d. 1c. projects.

text. DRAW FINE LINES WITH CHARCOAL PENCIL In your collection of art supplies you should find a HB charcoal pencil as well as a white charcoal pencil. eyes.) Draw a series of fine lines including straight. Support the willow stick by resting your little finger on the page either in an outstretched position or by resting the outside of your hand on the page (see Figs. 1. projects. Email info@paintpj. Hold the willow stick on its tip to create fine lines 3. 2a.6 The advantage of being able to use willow charcoal for fine lines is that it is very easy to erase unlike charcoal pencil. Copyright to all articles images. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. We can achieve very fine lines with charcoal pencils if we first of all sharpen to reveal the maximum amount of charcoal and then create a chisel point tip just as you did with the willow charcoal stick. 2c. The HB charcoal pencil is good for general drawing of fine details and the white charcoal is used to achieve the lightest highlight tones in small areas or thin lines. 2c. It is best to draw your fine lines with willow first then firm these into place with charcoal pencil in any areas you feel a need to darken such as the hair. wavy and curved strokes (see Fig. Create some fine lines with your thin willow charcoal stick prepared with a long chisel point by placing the narrow tip almost perpendicular to your page (see Figs 2a and 2b. Hold the willow stick on its tip Fig.) Make sure there is a sheet of scrap paper or non-greasy baking paper under your hand at all times. 2b. This is not necessary though.paintpj.) You can experiment to find the most comfortable position that also allows you to create fine lines.com Web site http://www.com . Fig. You can spray your work once you have completed your drawing to help the charcoal hold in place better. nose and lip line on a portrait. Use your little finger for support Fig. 2a and 2b.

3a. Copyright to all articles images. 3a and 3b.) You can also use hatching or stippling (short) strokes (see Figs. 3c. putty eraser and a hard plastic (or click eraser. EXPERIMENT WITH ERASING TECHNIQUES Within your list of supplies you were asked to purchase three different types of erasers. 3b. text. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. white charcoal pencil Fig. 3c and 3d.paintpj. Have a practice with both the black and white charcoal pencils to see the fine lines you can achieve with these (see Figs.com Web site http://www. 3d. HB with stippling strokes 4. HB hatching strokes Fig. If you have problems sharpening your charcoal pencils consider investing in a special charcoal or pastel pencil sharpener. Email info@paintpj.) Fig. a gum eraser.7 Be careful not to shatter the tip.) In this section we will look at the various uses of each different eraser. HB charcoal pencil Fig. Charcoal pencil is quite hard to completely erase so you need to be very sure of your markmaking before applying it to your page. projects.com .

one in each of these four quarters. Copyright to all articles images. Email info@paintpj. In the top left quarter of the square. projects. 2. Divide the square into 4 sections using your charcoal pencil on top of the shaded area of charcoal by halving it horizontally and vertically (see Fig. 4b. 4b.paintpj. It is very crumbly so that you cannot easily ruin your paper. The gum eraser is great for erasing larger areas and thick lines. 4a. 1. Example of the shaded square with 4 different erasing techniques 3. text. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art.) You will be creating four different eraser techniques. You can draw into any area that has been covered by charcoal. Erasing techniques Fig. using your erasers. 4a. Use a medium piece of willow charcoal dragged across the surface.8 It is important to understand that the eraser is not simply used for removing mistakes. making it ideal for erasing more stubborn charcoal marks and larger areas. Before you begin. then blend the area afterwards with your paper stump or Q-tip. The eraser when used with charcoal is also a drawing tool. Each eraser will achieve a different effect and therefore suit a slightly different purpose. Fig. Because it is quite large and cumbersome it isn’t suitable for finer details. please shade the entire square that was set aside for this technique on your sheet of Mi-Teintes paper.com Web site http://www. draw some lines and marks into the layer of charcoal with your gum eraser (see Fig.) Notice the kinds of marks it makes as you remove the charcoal.com .

) Working with just a small piece.com .paintpj. 4d. 6. In the bottom right quarter draw some lines and curves (see Fig. You can achieve very fine lines by continually sharpening your click eraser this way. 4c. projects. ) The click eraser is fantastic because it feels like you are using a pencil and is especially helpful when drawing single lines. 4c. In the bottom left quarter of your large shaded square. This eraser has been cut with a craft knife into a ‘V’ shaped tip (see Fig.       Fig. Try preparing it so that it becomes a small ball with a point on the end like an ice-cream cone (see Fig. forming a hard edge between the line and the erased area. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. Fig. Email info@paintpj. 4d. You can cut the tip on an angle either on one side or both sides to form a chisel or ‘V’ shape tip. Charcoal pencil added then blended in with a stump. Putty eraser was used in this area. In the top right quarter of the larger square remove some areas with your putty eraser to see the kinds of marks you can make.9 4. 5. You can draw very fine lines and larger shapes with the putty eraser (see Fig. text. Willow charcoal is added then blended. you can mould the putty eraser into different shapes depending on your needs. After several swipes across the area it will need reshaping.com Web site http://www.) Putty-erased area. try a combination of putty eraser and lines with curves added to the outside of the erased shapes with your willow charcoal or charcoal pencil. Whatever way you prepare your putty eraser just be aware that you will need to continually re-mould it as it fills with charcoal very quickly. Charcoal pencil added to form a hard line. Willow charcoal added and left untouched. The ‘V’ shape is outlined in purple. Putty-erased area. Copyright to all articles images. 4f) using your hard plastic or click eraser. 4c. 4e insert. Blend some of these charcoal areas (see Fig.) or you can squash it as flat as a sheet of thin cardboard.

Art is the missing language that can bridge the gap in communication when words are not enough. text.10 Fig. award-winning galleryrepresented artist. Copyright to all articles images. My passion for helping others to learn to draw and paint comes from the joy and excitement I experience through the process of creating art and my desire to share that feeling! I stumbled upon my natural gifts for art at the age of 23years and wished I had known about it sooner. 4e. Drawspace. Australia with her husband Stuart.paintpj.com is proud to introduce Cindy Wider Art educator. Art philosophy I believe that almost everyone has the natural gifts needed for learning to draw and paint. Email info@paintpj. and author of Paint in Your Pyjamas. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art. Cindy Wider currently resides in Noosa on the Sunshine Coast of Queensland. 4f.com Web site http://www. and that art has the ability to heal and help us to reach our full human potential. projects.com . art curricula designer. It is my life purpose to share my love of art. and daughters Isha and Sumaya. through inspiring and motivating others to realize their natural gifts for drawing and painting. A click eraser with chisel point Fig.

thecoopergallery. For many years Cindy worked as a part time freelance illustrator for the internationally renowned rubber stamp company. projects. "Who am I and what do I really want out of life?” Perhaps you've been selflessly dedicating all your energy to your children or partner to help them fulfill their dreams and goals. You can view Cindy’s paintings at: http://www.com Web site http://www. text. ‘Annaleey crafts. corporate boardrooms and private homes as well as selling overseas.paintpj.paintpj. Email info@paintpj.com/ Copyright to all articles images.11 Professional accomplishments After ten years of serious art study Cindy went on to become one of her community’s leading artists with her artworks gracing the walls of many of the major hotels. ‘Paint in Your Pyjamas – every Woman’s guide to finding your life purpose through art’ at: http://www.com . Maybe you're working hard just to earn a living. along with her husband Stuart she was commissioned by the Microsoft Corporation to produce an original artwork for their Sydney headquarters. But now you feel the time has come to do something for yourself..au/wider/wider. this book is just for you. If so.. She began tutoring at the local Technical and Further Education College in 1988 and then went on to establish the largest on-going private art tuition school in Port Lincoln.’ In 2005. then several years later in Noosa Queensland. You can buy Cindy’s book. and limited edition prints for the annual corporate gift to their business associates.com.htm Paint in Your Pyjamas Have you been asking yourself. lessons and exercises within this course belong to StuartCindy Art and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of StuartCindy Art.

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