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Body System Checklist

Circulatory System
• Major functions of circulatory system heart, blood vessels, and blood
• Diagram that includes the major parts - heart, artery, vein, capillary - and list the function(s) of
each. The heart pumps blood, artery gives blood to the lung, vein keeps the blood flowing, capillary
brings in nutritions
• Describe each of the components of blood- red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, &
plasma red blood cells keep you alive white blood cells keep you healthy platelets stop bleeding plasma
make clots with protein
• Describe the path blood travels through your body Blood enters the heart through two large
veins, the inferior and superior vena cava, emptying oxygen-poor blood from the body into the right
atrium
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. Use 2 examples.the
skeletal helps with the muscular and the digestive helps with nervous
• Describe two diseases associated with your body system Celiac disease crohn disease

Digestive System
• Major functions of digestive system function of the digestive system is digestion and absorption.
Digestion is the breakdown of food into small molecules, which are then absorbed into the body. The
digestive system is divided into two major parts: The digestive tract (alimentary canal) is a continuous
tube with two openings: the mouth and the anus.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver,
pancreas, and large intestine - and list the function(s) of each. The mouth breaks down food esophagus
swallows the food stomach breaks it down small intestine it travels through you liver pancreas makes it
into waste large intestine gives water to the waste
• Describe the path food travels throughout the digestive system. liquid through your GI tract,
break food and liquid into smaller parts, or both. Once foods are broken into small enough parts, your
body can absorb and move the nutrients to where they are needed.
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. Use 2 examples. Your body
works with your skeletal system and muscular to make a curl and your veins work with your circulatory
system to keep blooding flooding

Endocrine System
• Major functions of endocrine system endocrine system is made up of glands that produce and
secrete hormones,
• Describe what hormones are and what they do A hormone is any member of a class of signaling
molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system
to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - hypothalamus, pituitary, thymus, thyroid,
parathyroid,adrenals, pancreas, ovaries, and testes - and list the function(s) of each.

• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. Use at least 2 examples.
The heart works with the muscular system the muscular system works with the nervous system
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system. Celiac disease
Cholera

Excretory System
• Major functions of excretory system s responsible for the elimination of wastes produced by
homeostasis. There are several parts of the body that are involved in this process, such as sweat glands,
the liver, the lungs and the kidney system. Every human has two kidneys.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - lungs, kidneys, urinary bladder, ureter, urethra, liver,
and skin - and list the function(s) of each. Lungs provide breathing kidneys filters blood urinary bladder
controls pee ureter urine passes through kidney urethra conveys semen liver tests blood skin keeps you
safe from diseases
• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples. The liver works with kidneys and the bladder works with urethra
• Find 5 fun facts about your body system. The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells, 206
bones, 600 muscles, and 22 internal organs.
Every square inch of the human body has about 19 million skin cells.
Every hour about 1 billion cells in the human body must be replaced. There’s enough electrical current in
your brain to power an LED light, 12-25 watts.
An adult brain weighs about three pounds. If you hold your fists together with your thumbs touching,
that’s the size of your brain.
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Dysentery

Muscular System
• Major functions of muscular system Mobility
Stability
Posture
Circulation
Respiration

• Describe the function and locations of each type of muscle – skeletal muscle, smooth muscle,
and cardiac muscle Cardiac muscle tissue is to pump blood throughout the body and is located by
the heart
The smooth muscle in the uterus helps a woman to push out her baby. In the bladder, smooth
muscle helps to push out urine. Smooth muscle determines the flow of blood in the arteries.
a muscle that is connected to the skeleton to form part of the mechanical system that moves the
limbs and other parts of the body.

• Diagram that includes the major muscles in the body - biceps, oblique abdominis, sartorius,
deltoid, orbicularis oculi, sternomastoid, gastrocnemius, pectoral, temporalis, gluteus maximus,
quadriceps, tibialis, masseter, rectus abdominis, and triceps

• Describe how muscles work in pairs to make parts of the body move using the biceps and triceps
as an example.Cardiac Cardiac muscle tissue is to pump blood throughout the body and is located
by the heart

• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems
Endocrine and Immune Systems
• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.Cholera:A bacterial disease causing
severe diarrhea and dehydration, usually spread in water.
Celiac disease:An immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye.

Nervous System
• Description and major functions of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous
system.CNS is responsible for integrating sensory information and responding
accordingly.
The main function of the PNS is to connect the CNS to the limbs and organs,
essentially serving as a relay between the brain and spinal cord and the rest of the body.
• Diagram that includes the major parts - brain, spinal cord, nerves, and neurons - and list the

function(s) of each.
• Describe the path a nerve impulse travels throughout your body from stimulus to
response.interneurons—connect sensory and motor neurons and interpret the impulse;
only in the brain and spinal cord. When a stimulus is received by a sensory neuron, the
impulse is carried through fibrous extensions called dendrites to the cell body

• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.There are eight systems in the human body. Each system relies on the other to
keep the body functioning. The systems of the body includes the circulatory, immune,
skeletal, excretory, muscular, endocrine, digestive, nervous and respiratory.

• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.Epilepsy, in which abnormal
electrical discharges from brain cells cause seizures.

● Parkinson's disease, which is a progressive nerve disease that affects
movement.
Respiratory System
• Major functions of respiratory system The function of the human respiratory system is
to transport air into the lungs and to facilitate the diffusion of Oxygen into the blood
stream. Its also receives waste Carbon Dioxide from the blood and exhales it.

• Diagram that includes the major parts - trachea, lungs, diaphragm, epiglottis, larynx, vocal cords

- and list the function(s) of each.
• Describe the “breathing” process When you breathe in, or inhale, your diaphragm
contracts (tightens) and moves downward. This increases the space in your chest
cavity, into which your lungs expand.

• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.The circulatory and respiratory systems work together to circulate blood and
oxygen throughout the body.
Air moves in and out of the lungs through the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles.

• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.Diseases and conditions of the
respiratory system fall into two categories: viruses, such as influenza, bacterial
pneumonia, enterovirus respiratory virus; and chronic diseases, such as asthma

Skeletal System
• Major functions of skeletal systemsupports the body

● facilitates movement
● protects internal organs
● produces blood cells
● stores and releases minerals and fat

• Diagram that includes the major parts -bones, ligaments, and tendon - and list the function(s) of
each. NOTE: Your diagram should also include the following bones in the body: cranium, clavicle,
humerus, scapula, sternum, rib, vertebra, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges, pelvis (may list

parts), femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, and metatarsals.
• Describe each of the following joints and where they are located: hinge, pivot, and ball-and-
socket. You may include other joints as well.The six types of synovial joints are the pivot, hinge,
saddle, plane, condyloid, and ball-and-socket joints. ... Saddle and plane joints are found
in your hands.

• Explain how your body system works with other systems in the body. You will need at least 2
examples.Your skeletal system is made up of cartilage and calcified bone that work
together. They help the process of movement happen in a smoother manner.

• Describe 2 diseases associated with your body system.Osteoporosis: This is a disease in
which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture.

● Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells.

What is homeostasis? Why is it important?
Answer: Humans' internal body temperature is a great example of homeostasis. When an
individual is healthy, his or her body temperature retains a temperature 98.6 degrees
Fahrenheit. Cells depend on the body environment to live and function. Homeostasis keeps the
body environment under control and keeps the conditions right for cells to live and function.
Without the right body conditions, certain processes (eg osmosis) and proteins (eg enzymes) will
not function properly.