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# DEVELOPMENT OF A COIN OPERATED WITH THREE-DOF SOLAR

## TRACKER CHARGING STATION

A Constraints Defense

Submitted to
The Faculty of the Electrical Engineering Department
University of Mindanao

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering

Submitted by

## Violon, Mark Joseph T.

June 2018
II. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This research study has the goal to develop an enhanced coin operated

## d. Filtering the voltage spike deployed by the solar battery

C.Applicable constraints

1. Economic

## A tedious and careful use of resources for a research may be the

key in choosing the best design for the research (Economical, 2016). This

section will discuss different several costs like labor, material handling, energy

cost, and project implementation cost that will help the proponents decide

## which is Electric Linear Actuator and design 2 Gear Motor. According to

Pump school. (2007)., this formula can be used for compute the life cycle cost.

## LCC= Cic + Cin + Ce + Co + Cm + Cs + Cenv+ Cd

Equation 1.1. Computation at Appendix B
Whereas:
LCC = life cycle cost
Cic = initial costs, purchase price
Cin = installation and commissioning costs
Ce = energy costs
Co = operating costs
Cm = maintenance and repair costs
Cs = downtime costs (loss of production)
Cenv = environmental costs
Cd = decommissioning/disposal costs

## Table 1.2 Life Cycle Cost

Economics Design 1 Design 2

## balancing economic activity, environmental responsibility, and social progress.

A development that meets the needs the need of the present without

compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own need.

## Management Systems- Consistent and predictable results are most likely to be

achieved when more effective and efficient activities are understood and

## including: Enhanced ability to focus effort on key processes and opportunities

for improvement; Consistent and predictable outcomes through a system

## management, efficient use of resources and reduced cross functional barriers.

2. Sustainability

## sustainability to withstand in countering weights and reaction with respect to

Geared Motor which is the design B that are being used. According to

## Michael A. Lacasse, D. J. (1999)., This formula can be use to solve the

sustainability for both Design A (linear actuator ) and the Design B ( geared

motor ).

I. Life Span

Life Span of the design pertains to its length of functionality without failing

## within 5 years. According to HodaRohani, A. K. (2013). This formula can

be used to solve the life span. This formula can be used to solve the life

span for both Design A (linear actuator) and the Design B (geared motor).

Also according to Slocum, Alexander A.K. (2011) load life equation can be

## L10 = ( Weight maximum / Actual weight )^3 x (1 x 10 ^ 6) revolution

% Life Span= (Linear Actuator Life Span / 5 years) x 100%

## The overall percentage sustainability of the design.This

formula can be used to solve the Total sustainability for both Design A ( linear

Parameters)

## Equation 1.4 Computation (Appendix B)

Table 1.5 Sustainability

## electromechanical (EEE) parts

a. Focus on utilizing technologies with lowest life cycle cost and maximum

longevity.

ISO 281

## Sustainable development is about integrating the goals of a high

quality of life, health and prosperity with social justice and maintaining the

earth’s capacity to support life in all its diversity. These social, economic and

## development can be treated as a way of expressing the broader expectations of

society as a whole.
Device is durable

IEEE Std 1656-2010 The guide provides the end user with test

## event of wildfire interaction

3. Manufacturability

The availability of the components and materials, as well as the repair and

maintenance materials used in the project should be within the reach of local

## and mechanical shops, and through international ordering. The proponents

decided to use the following sub-constraints to compare which design has the

## which is Electric Linear Actuator and design 2 Gear Motor. According to

Raaz, N.A. (2014)., this formula can be used to solve the manufacturability

I. Time Span

## ordering either local or online required materials to be used for design

fabrication.According toRaaz, N. A. (2014). this formula can be used to

solve the life span for both Design A (linear actuator) and the Design B (geared

motor).

whereas:

II. Availability

## function. According to . Paul Barringer, P. (1997)., This formula can be used

to obtain the availability of the motors.this formula can be used to solve the

time span for both Design A (linear actuator) and the Design B (geared motor).
% Availability = [ Purchase Time / ( Purchase Time + Order Time ) ] x

100%

whereas:

## being used in fabricating the design model. According to Raaz, N. A. (2014).

This formula can be used to obtain the material minimality of the materials.this

formula can be used to solve the life span for both Design A (linear actuator)

## and the Design B (geared motor).

% Material Minimality= (Number of Planned Materials-Number of Used

## Raaz, N. A. (2014)., This formula can be used to obtain the total

manufacturability.

## Sub-Constraints Design A Design B

% Manufacturability 49.21% 39.25%

## Management Systems- Needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide

products and services that meet customer and applicable statutory and

requirements.

## ISO 9001-Clause 7.5.1 Control of Production and Service Provision-

The organization shall plan and carry out production and service provision

## Electromechanical (EEE) Parts- It is to eliminate redundant efforts and non-

value added evaluations. Realize significant cost reduction on existing and new

programs. Focus on utilizing technologies with lowest life cycle cost and

maximum longevity.
Easy to Build. ISO 9001-Clause 7.5.1 Control of Production and

Service Provision- The organization shall plan and carry out production and

## Management Systems- Consistent and predictable results are most likely to be

achieved when more effective and efficient activities are understood and

## Management Systems- It covers the needs to demonstrate its ability to

consistently provide products and services that meet customer and applicable

## “Low cost manufacturing” is a company value driver, standards used in the

production processes that contribute directly to this capability are likely to have

## greater impact. Similarly, if “innovative, superior-quality products” is a

company value driver, standards used in engineering that contribute to this goal

## Table 1.5 Intensity of Importance

Intensity of
Importance Definition Explanation

## 1 Equal Importance Two activities contribute equally to

the objective
2 Moderate Experience and judgement slightly
importance favor one activity over another
3 Strong importance Experience and judgement strongly
favor one activity over another
4 Very strong An activity is favored very strongly
importance over another; its dominance
demonstrated in practice
5 Extreme importance The evidence favoring one activity
over another is of the highest
possible order of affirmation

## Realistic Level of Importance Design A Design B

Constrain
Economic 5 4.165 4.0285
Sustainability 5 4.494 4.26
Manufacturability 5 2.1825 1.9625
Total 15 10.8415 10.251

## Cost Benefit Analysis

The researchers used the cost benefit analysis in order to assess the

strengths and weaknesses of each design. Achieving the best benefits while

maintaining the quality and minimizing the cost of the design is best approach

through the use of this analysis. Also, the cost benefit analysis will help in

## determining which device is worthwhile. The proponents conduct canvassing

of the required materials to be used to know the current prices in the market

and in the online store. The present worth method is used in analyzing the cost

and benefit of the compared designs. This method is used to compare the two

designs and evaluate which design has the best advantage that will meet the

## desired output. The computations will be found in Appendix B.

Thus, the data results show that Design A is better than Design B for the

Appendix A

## Cost Benefit Analysis

Costing

The expenses in constructing the coin operated solar charging station are

## DESCRIPTION QUANTITY UNIT PRICE AMOUNT

Monocrystalline Solar Panel
1 P4,250.00 P4,250.00
10W

## Deep Cycle 12V Battery 1 P8,350.00 P8,350.00

Linear Actuator 4 P2501 P10,004.00
LDR 4 P15.00 P60.00
Arduino Uno 2 P600.00 P1,200.00
Bearings 4 P50.00 P200
Motor Shield 1 P500.00 P500.00
PV connectors 2 P291.00 P582.00
AC Inverter 1 P5500.00 P5,500.00

## Miscellaneous --- --- P7,000.00

Total: P 41,606.00

## DESCRIPTION QUANTITY UNIT PRICE AMOUNT

Monocrystalline Solar
1 P4,250.00 P4,250.00
Panel 10W
Solar Charge Controller 1 P764.00 P764.00

## L298N H-Bridge Motor

2 P450.00 P900.00
Driver

## PV connectors 2 P291.00 P582.00

Geared Motor 2 P4700 P9,400.00

## AC Inverter 1 P4000.00 P4,000.00

Miscellaneous --- --- P7,000 .00
Total: P39,702.00

APPENDIX B

1. Economic

## (3*12/1000) (24/day)(365)( 4.8218)= P1520.6028

Operating Cost = (3*12/1000)*hours/day*generation charge=(36*1000)

## = P 2501 + P 300 + P1520.603+ P 4.16 + P 500 + P 130 + P 2 + P1500

= P 6457.7628

Economic Design 1

(Purchase Price)

## Installation and Commissioning Cost P 300

Energy Cost per year P 1520.6028

## Maintenance and Repair Cost P 500

Downtime Cost(loss of production) P130

Environmental Costs P2

Economics:

## 100 % - 16.14 % = 83.86 %

0.8386 * 5 = 4.165

2. Sustainability

 Life Span

Where:

 Durability

## % Durability of Aluminum = ( aluminum rod / 5 years) x 100%

% Durability of Aluminum = ( 4.8 / 5 years) x 100% = 96 %

Rod)] / 2

 Sustainability

## Sustainability = ( Life Span + Durability ) / 2

= ( 88 + 91.75 ) = 89.875 %

## Life Span 88%

Durability 91.75%

% Sustainability 89.875%

0.89875 * 5 = 4.494 %

3. Manufacturability

Sub-Constraints Design A

## Time Span 14.29%

Availability 100%

## Minimal Material 33.33%

% Manufacturability 49.21%
% Time Span = [(ETS - ATS) / (ATS)] x 100%

ATS=112 days

## %Time Span= 25%

% Availability = [ PT / ( PT + OT ) ] x 100%

PT=1 day

OT= 0 day

## % Availability = [ 1day / (1 day + 0day) ] x 100%

% Availability =100 %

## % Material Minimality= 33.33 %

%Summation of Percentage = (%Time Span + % Availability + % Material

Minimality) / 3

=43.65%

1. Economic

## = P 2501 + P 300 + P2534.34 + P 6.94 + P 500 + P 130 + P 2 + P1500=

P 7773.2

Economic Design 2

(Purchase Price)

## Installation and Commissioning Cost P 400

Energy Cost per year P2534.34

## Operating Cost P6.94

Maintenance and Repair Cost P500

## Downtime Cost P130

(loss of production)

Environmental Costs P2

Decommissioning/ P1500
Disposal Cost

Economics

## 100 % - 19.43% = 80.57 %

0.8057 * 5 = 4.0285

2. Sustainability

 Life Span

Where:

## Life Span 80.4 %

Durability 90%

% Sustainability 85.2%

 Durability

 Sustainability

## = ( 80.4 + 90)/2 = 85.2 %

Sustainability

0.852 * 5 = 4.26 %

3. Manufacturability
% Time Span = [(ETS - ATS) / (ATS)] x 100%

ATS=133 days

## %Time Span= 5.26%

Sub-Constraints Design B

## Time Span 5.26%

Availability 100%

## Minimal Material 12.5%

% Manufacturability 39.25%

% Availability = [ PT / ( PT + OT ) ] x 100%

PT=1 day

OT= 0 day

## % Availability = [ 1day / (1 day + 0day) ] x 100%

% Availability =100 %

## Number of Planned Materials=9

Number of Used Materials= 8

Minimality) / 3