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RAMI 4.

0
An architectural Model for Industrie 4.0

Dr.-Ing. Peter Adolphs


Berlin, 18th of June 2015
Platformproject today and tomorrow as bracket
for all Industry 4.0 relevant activities in Germany
► The Platform Industry 4.0 sees itself as a cooperation of all stakeholders
► The goal is a broadly supported consensus

Platform
Platform Industry
Plattform 4.0
Industry 4.0
I4.0 AG2
►AG1
► AG1 Strategy
Strategy and
and Framework
Framework
►AG2
► AG2 Referencearchitecture,
Referencearchitecture, Standards
Standards and
and Norms
Norms
►AG3
► AG3 Innovation
Innovation and
and Research
Research
►AG4
► AG4 Security
Security of
of networked
networked systems
systems

VDI/VDE BITKOM ZVEI VDMA DIN/ DKE

►Focusproject ►Cyber Physical ►Leaderchip circle ►Forum ►Mgt. circle


Industry 4.0 Systems Industry 4.0 Industry 4.0 Industry 4.0
►GMA 7.21 ►I4.0 Inter- ►SG1 see above
Industry 4.0 operability ►SG2 -"-
►GMA 7.20 CPS ►I4.0 Market & ►SG3 -"-
Strategy ►SG4 -"-

Quelle: Roland Heidel, SIEMENS


Internet of Things and Services

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© Martin Hankel, Bosch Rexroth AG
Targets for the Reference Model

1. Illustrative and simple architectural model


 Structuring of all Industry 4.0 aspects into manageable partial contents for
focused discussions

2. Localization of existing norms and standards


 Identification and closing of gaps
 Identification of overlaps and establishing preferred solutions
 Identification of subsets of a norm or a standard for rapid implementation of
partial contents of Industry 4.0

3. Localization of Use Case content


 To identify and close technical gaps for the implementation of use cases
 Identification of development opportunities for the future

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Four main aspects for Industrie 4.0

Horizontal Integration Vertical Integration

Worldwide value chains High-flexibility • lot-size 0

consistent Engineering People as main director of the value chain

Systems Engineering through out the life Systems follow the people needs
cycle • digital production Qualification for people
Basic Element for Industrie 4.0 systems

the

Industrie 4.0 component

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I4.0 component

 Unified model for description of


 assets (from sensor/actuator til the whole plant)
 products
 All IP used in the plant

 It consists out of an asset enriched by the so called


„Administration Shell“
 Virtual representation of the real asset
 Data for status information of the asset
 But also all data which was generated during life
cycle in a consistent format

 The administration shell is the central Data-Warehouse


for the asset during the whole life cycle
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The model for the administration shell

Funktionen
Administration
shell
Repräsentation

Communication
Kommunikationsfähigkeit

Typ/ Instanz
Type/instance

Gegenstand/ Entität
Asset/entity

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Data & functional access during the whole life cycle

Maintenance Maintenance
Development Production
Usage Usage
Type Instance

Zugriff auf Daten


und Funktionen

Gegenstand, z.B.
Elektr. Achse

Verwaltungs-
Schale 

I4.0-Komponente
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I40 components can be defined during
engineering according to relevance
Keine I4.0-Komponente Beispiele für I4.0-Komponenten

Verwaltungs- Verwaltungs-
Schale  Schale 

Gegenstand Gegenstand, Gegenstand, z.B.


(Unbekannt) Klemmenblock
(Anonym) z.B. Maschine 
(Individuell bekannt)
Entität

Verwaltungs- Verwaltungs-
Schale  Schale 

Gegenstand, z.B. Gegenstand, z.B.


Elektr. Achse  Standard-SW

 = Schnittstelle/ Datenformate
I4.0-konform ausgeführt
(Gegenstand gibt Zugriff (Übergeordnetes System
auf Verwaltungsschale) gibt Zugriff auf
Verwaltungsschale)
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I4.0-konforme Kommunikation 
Administration shell can be hosted
on the asset or centrally

Lebenszyklus der FabrikMaintenance Maintenance


Development Production
Usage
Nutzung/ Usage
Nutzung/ Access during whole
Entwicklung Wartung Produktion Wartung
Type
Typ
Instance
Instanz
life cycle
Zugriff auf Daten
und Funktionen
Repository

Verwaltungs- Verwaltungs- Verwaltungs- Realisation of administration


Schale  Schale  Schale 
shell on a central server
possible

Identifizierbarkeit
Shopfloor
Gegenstand, Gegenstand, z.B. Gegenstand,
z.B. Maschine 1 Klemmenblock  z.B. Maschine 2

assets

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I4.0 components can be interleaved

I4.0-konforme Kommunikation ("oben") 

I4.0-Komponente
 = Schnittstelle/ Datenformate
I40-konform ausgeführt
Schnittstelle
 For several aspects the view on a
Verwaltungs-Schale ,
whole functional unit is useful
Komponenten-
Gegenstand mit Management
Aktiver I4.0-Komm.- Gegenstand, → e.g. control functions of a machine
fähigkeit, so dass z.B. Maschine  Schnittstelle
Schnittstellen 1
ausgeprägt werden 2
können

I4.0-konforme Kommunikation ("unten")   For other aspects the direct access


to basic Assets is needed:
I4.0-Komponente I4.0-Komponente

Verwaltungs- Verwaltungs- → e.g. Condition Monitoring


Schale  Schale 

Gegenstand, z.B. Gegenstand, z.B. → e.g. Asset-Management


Elektr. Achse  Klemmenblock

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Reference Model Industrie 4.0

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Reference Architecture Model Industry 4.0 (RAMI4.0)

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View: Functional hierarchy for Industrie 4.0 components

r ld )
W o
e c ted
Co nn c
ti l
d u ct
pr o
(f rom
ne nts
mpo
. 0 co ved
a ll I4 terlea
l for n in
e
od nts c a
m
i f i ed
p o ne
n m
• U .0 co
4
• I

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Technical asset of IEC and ISA

Quelle Thomas Schulz, General Electric

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Anlagenhierarchie

Quelle Thomas Schulz, General Electric

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View: Life cycle & value added chain

• Co
n
• Co sistent d
mbin a
ation ta model
of va d
lue c uring the
hain w
for ty hole life
pe an c
d ins ycle
tance
in on
e mode
l

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Life cycle according to IEC CD 62890

Quelle IEC CD 62890

Realisation in RAMI4.0

Maintenance Maintenance
Development Production
Usage Usage
Type Instance
Quelle Plattform Industrie 4.0

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View: IT Layer

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View: IT Layer

• Assets (e.g. sensor, actuator,


mechanical parts, documents, IP, …)

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View: IT Layer

• Interface between „real world“ and


IT representation
• HMI of the assets

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View: IT Layer

• Harmonized communication towards the


information layer
• If necessary (e.g. in time sensitive applications)
direct communication via real time network

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View: IT Layer

• I4.0 compatible data


representation and access

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View: IT Layer

• I4.0 compatible functional access


to the assets
• Base services for the business
processes

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View: IT Layer

• Realisation of business processes

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What is the practical relevance?

… shown on the example sensors

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Example: Sensor-Data-Fusion

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Example: Sensor-Data-Preprocessing

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Example: Big-Data-Transfer from sensor

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Thank you for your attention!

www.plattform-i40.de 31