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JURISDICTION OF COURTS

IN CIVIL CASES
SUPREME COURT COURT OF APPEALS REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURTS FAMILY COURTS SHARI'A DISTRICT COURTS SHARI'A CIRCUIT COURTS
*Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or Actions for annulment of judgments of RTC Note: In areas where there are no Family Courts, 1. All cases involving custody, guardianship, 1. Offenses defined and punished under
mandamus against the: (BP 129, Sec. 9 [2]) If gross value, claim, or demand does not exceed these shall be adjudicated by RTC legitimacy, paternity and filiation arising under PD 1083
If gross value, claim, or demand exceeds P300k the Code of Muslim Personal Laws. 2. Disputes between parties who are
P300k (outside M.Mnl), or does not exceed P400k
1. CA (Judiciary Act of 1948, Sec. 17) (outside M.Mnl), or exceeds P400k (M.Mnl) 1. Petitions for guardianship, custody of children, 2. All cases involving disposition, distribution Muslims or have been named in
(M.Mnl)
2. COMELEC (CONST. Art. 9, Sec. 7) habeas corpus involving children and settlement of estate of deceased accordance w/ PD 1083, relating to:
3. CoA (CONST. Art. 9, Sec. 7) 2. Petitions for adoption of children and the Muslims, probate of wills, issuance of letters a. Marriage
4. Sandiganbayan (PD 1606, as amended) revocation thereof of administration or appointment of b. Divorce
5. CTA (RA 9282) 1. Actions involving personal property depending on the value of the property 3. Complaints for annulment of marriage, administrators or executors regardless of c. Betrothal or breach of contract to
2. Admiralty & maritime cases depending on the amount of demand/claim declaration of nullity of marriage, and those nature or aggregate value of the property marry
*Disciplinary proceedings against members 3. Probate proceedings (testate/intestate) depending on the gross value of the estate relating to status and property relations of 3. Petitions for the declaration of absence and d. Customary dower (mahr)
of the Bar and court personnel (CONST. Art. 4. Demand for money depending on the amount husband and wife or those living together under death for the cancellation or correction of e. Disposition and distribution of property
8, Sec. 6; ROC Rule 56) different status or agreement, and petitions for entries in the Muslim Reggistries mentioned in upon divorce
Note: Amount must be specifically alleged exclusive of Interest, Damages of whatever kind (those merely dissolution of conjugal partnership of gains Title VI, Book 2 of the Code of Muslim f. Maintenance and support and
incidental/consequences to main action), Atty's fees, Litigation Expenses, and Costs --> excluded in 4. Petitions for Support and/or acknowledgment Personal Laws consolatory gifts (mut'a)
determining the jurisdiction of court, included in determination of filing fees 5. Summary judicial proceedings brought under 4. All actions arising from the customary g. Restitution of marital rights
provisions of Family Code contracts in which parties are Muslims, if they 3. Disputes relative to communal
Test in Determining Jurisdiction: Totality of all claims embodied in one complaint 6. Petition for declaration of status of children as have not specified which law shall govern properties
abandoned, dependent or neglected children, their relations
petitions for voluntary or involuntary commitment 5. All petitions for mandamus, prohibition,
EXCLUSIVE of children, the suspension, termination, or injunction, certiorari, habeas corpus, and all
ORIGINAL restoration of parental authority and other cases other auxiliary writs and processes in aid of its
If the assessed value/interest of the real property If the assessed value/interest of the real property cognizable under PD 603, EO 56 (1996), and appellate jurisdiction
exceeds P20k (outside M.Mnl) or exceeds P50k does not exceed P20k (outside M.Mnl) or does not other related laws
(M.Mnl) exceed P50k (M.Mnl)
Special Provisional Remedies:
1. In cases of violence among the family
5. Actions involving title to or possession of real property, or any interest therein depending on the members living in the samedomicile or
assessed value (if prop is personal prop, basis of jurisdiction is the valuation alleged by the plaintiff in the household, the Family Court may issue a
complaint) restraining order against the accused or
defendant upon verified application by the
6. Actions in which the subject matter of which is complainant or the victim for relief from abuse
incapable of pecuniary estimation (where basic issue 2. The court may order the temporary custody of
is s/t other than right to recover a sum of money or children in all civil actions for their custody. The
the money claim is merely incidental to the principal court may also order support pendente
relief) except the annulment of judgments of the RTC liteincluding deduction from the salary, and use of
(cognizable by CA, not RTC) 6. Inclusion and exclusion of voters conjugal home and other properties in all civil
actions for support
7. Cases not w/in the exclusive jurisdiction of any 7. Cases falling under the 1991 Rule on Summary
court, tribunal, person or body exercising Procedure
judicial/quasi-judicial functions a. Forcible Entry and Unlawful Detainer -->
irrespective of the amount of damages or unpaid
8. Sec. 5.2 of Securities and Regulation Code, to rentals sought to be recovered
hear and decide: Note: Atty's fees shall not exceed P20k
a. Cases involving devices, schemes employed by b. Other civil cases, except probate proceedings,
or any acts, of the board of directors, business where the total amount of the plaintiff's claim does
associates, its officers or partnership, amounting to not exceed P100k or P200k in M.Mnl, exclusive of
fraud and misrepresentation interests and costs
b. Controversies arising out of intra-corporate or
partnership relations 8. Cases falling under the 2016 Revised of
c. Controversies in the elections or appointments of Procedure for Small Claims Cases
directors, trustees, officers or managers of
corporations, partnerships or associations These Rules shall govern the procedure in for
d. Petitions or corporations, partnerships or payment of money where the value of the claim
associations to be declared in a state of suspension does not exceed P200k exclusive of interest and
of payments costs

Applicable in all actions that are purely civil in


nature where the claim or relief prayed for by the
plaintiff is solely for payment or reimbursement of
sum of money.

Claim for demand may be:


EXCLUSIVE a. For money owed under the ff:
ORIGINAL i. Contract of Lease
ii. Contract Loan
iii. Contract of Services
iv. Contract of Sale
v. Contract of Mortgage
b. For liquidated damages arising from contracts
c. The enforcement of a barangay amicable
settlement or an arbitration award involving a
money claim covered by this Rule pursuant to Sect.
417 of LGC
associations to be declared in a state of suspension does not exceed P200k exclusive of interest and
of payments costs

Applicable in all actions that are purely civil in


nature where the claim or relief prayed for by the
plaintiff is solely for payment or reimbursement of
sum of money.

Claim for demand may be:


EXCLUSIVE a. For money owed under the ff:
ORIGINAL i. Contract of Lease
ii. Contract Loan
iii. Contract of Services
iv. Contract of Sale
v. Contract of Mortgage
b. For liquidated damages arising from contracts
c. The enforcement of a barangay amicable
settlement or an arbitration award involving a
money claim covered by this Rule pursuant to Sect.
417 of LGC

With the RTC:


Cases affecting ambassadors, other public
ministers and consuls (BP 129, Sec. 21 [2];
With the SC:
CONST. Art. 8 Sec. 5 [1])
1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or
mandamus against the:
With the CA: With the SC:
a. RTC (BP 129, Sec. 21 [1])
1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or Actions affecting ambassadors, public ministers and
b. CSC (RA 7902)
mandamus against the: counsuls 1. Petitions by Muslim for the constitution of a
c. NLRC (St. Martin Funeral Homes vs
a. RTC (BP 129, Sec. 21 [1]) family home, change of name and
NLRC)
b. CSC (RA 7902) With the SC & CA: commitment of an insane person to an asylum
d. Central Board of Assessment Appeals
c. NLRC (St. Martin Funeral Homes vs 1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus 2. All other personal and legal actions not
(PD 464; BP 129; RA 7902)
CONCURRENT NLRC) 2. Petitions for Quo Warranto mentioned in Par. 1 (d), Sec. 143 of PD 1083,
e. Other quasi-judicial agencies (BP 129; RA
(the same is still d. Central Board of Assessment Appeals 3. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus (no. 4 above) wherein the parties involved are
7902)
subject to Doctrine (PD 464; BP 129; RA 7902) against inferior courts and other bodies Muslims except those for forcible entry and
2. Petitions for a Writ of Kalikasan
of Hierarchy of e. Other quasi-judicial agencies (BP 129; unlawful detainer, which shall fall under the
Courts) RA 7902) With the SC, CA & Sandiganbayan: exclusive jurisdiction of the MCTC
With the SC & RTC:
2. Petitions for a Writ of Kalikasan 1. Petitions for a Writ of Amparo 3. All special civil actions for interpleader or
1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus
2. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Data declaratory relief wherein the parties are
2. Petitions Quo Warranto
With the RTC & CA: Muslims or the property involved belongs
3. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or
1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus With Insurance Commissioner: exclusively to Muslims
mandamus against inferior courts and others
2. Petitions Quo Warranto Single claim not exceeding P5M (Insurance Code, as
3. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or amended by RA 10607, 439)
With the RTC, CA & Sandiganbayan:
mandamus against inferior courts and others
1. Petitions for a Writ of Amparo
2. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Data
With the RTC, CA & Sandiganbayan:
1. Petitions for a Writ of Amparo
2. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Data

By way of petition for review on certiorari 1. By way of Ordinary Appeal from RTC and
(Appeal by Certiorari under Rule 45) against Family Courts
the: 2. By way of Petition of Review from RTC
1. CA rendered in the exercise of its appellate
1. Shari'a District Courts shall have appellate
2. Sandiganbayan jurisdiction
jurisdiction over all cases tried in the Shari'a
3. RTC on pure questions of law 3. By way Petition for Review from the
Circuit Courts w/in their territorial jurisdiction
4. In cases involving the constitutionality or decisions, resolutions, orders or awards of All cases decided by the MTCs in their respective
2. The Shari'a District Courts shall decide
APPELLATE validity of a treaty, international agreement or the: territorial jurisdiction except decisions of lower courts
every case appealed to it on the basis of the
executive agreement, law, presidential a. CSC in the exercise of delegated jurisdiction
evidence and records transmitted as well as
decree, proclamation, order, instruction, b. Office of the Ombudsman
such memoranda, briefs or oral arguments as
ordinance or regulation, legality of a tax, c. Other bodies mentioned in Rule 43
the parties may submit
impost, assessment, toll or penalty, 4. Exclusive appelate jurisdiction by way of
jurisdiction of a lower court (CONST. Art. 8, ordinary appeal over decisions of the MTCs in
Sec. 5) cadastral/land registration cases pursuant to
5. CTA En Banc (RA 9282, Sec. 19) its delegated jurisdiction
Petition Habeas Corpus or application for bail in
The SC may designate certain branches of RTC to
criminal cases in the absence of all RTC judges in
handle exclusively criminal cases, juvenile and
the province or city.
domestic relations cases, agrarian cases, urban land
reform cases not falling under the jurisdiction of any
SPECIAL In the absence of all the RTC judges, any MTC
quasi-juducial bodies and agencies, and/or such
judge in the province/city where the absent RTC
other special cases as the SC may determine in the
judges sit, may hear and decide:
interest of speedy and efficient administration of
1. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Corpus
justice (BP 129, Sec. 23)
2. Applications for bail in criminal cases

May be assigned by the SC to hear cadastral or


land registration cases where:
1. There is no controversy or opposition over the
DELEGATED
land; or
2. In case of contested lands, the value does not
exceed P100k