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Class # 13

Modal Passive
(15-m.)

6 Tense Gi Passive Gi K_v g‡b Kiæb|


Tense Gi Auxiliaire verb ¸‡jvi RvqMvq ïay Modal Auxiliaires
¸‡jv ewm‡q ‘’be’’ ‡hvM Ki‡jB Avgv‡`i KvR †kl|

Can be
*
Could be

S Should be
Should have been P.P
must be
need to be

* Subject will act as object

Modal Passive Process


He can be told (to learn English at WinEng

Auxi.
Not

1.
2.
3.
4.

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Class # 13

Exercise : Practise by changing the Modals you like. (10-m.)


01. Zv‡K wek¦vm Kiv ‡h‡Z cv‡i|
02. eBwU µq Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i|
03. welqwU cybivq we‡ePbv Kiv (consider) †h‡Z cv‡i
04. me©`v Avjøvn‡K ¯§iY Kiv (remember) DwPr|
05. iv¯ÍvwU kxNÖB (immediately) †givgZ Kiv DwPr|
06. GUv GKUv D`vni‡Yi mvnv‡h¨ †`Lv‡bv (show) †h‡Z cviZ|
07. KvRwU `ªæZ (quickly) †kl Kiv DwPr wQj |
08. cÖ¯ÍvewU (The proposal) MÖnY Kiv DwPr wQj |
09. ‡Kvb& c`‡¶cwU (which step) byZb K‡i †bqv DwPr wQj?
10. cÖKíwUi (The project) Rb¨ b~¨bZg KZ UvKv e¨q Kiv cÖ‡qvRb?

I.P.F.: Enlarging + WH+ 6-Tense +M


Passive for Present/Future Modals
“CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO”

 The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive.


 3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in
passive.
 To change sentences having present/future modal into passive, auxiliary
verb “be” is added after modal in sentence.

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Class # 13

Passive for Present/Future Modals

“CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO”


Auxiliary verb in passive: be
Active: CAN Passive : CAN BE
She can play a violin. A violin can be played.
She cannot play a violin. A violin cannot be played.
Can she play a violin? Can a violin be played?
Active: MAY Passive: MAY BE
I may buy the computer. The computer may be bought.
I may not buy the computer. The computer may not be bought.
May I buy the computer? May the computer be bought?
Active: MIGHT Passive: MIGHT BE
Guests might play chess. Chess might be played.
Guests might not play chess. Chess might not be played.
Active: SHOULD Passive: SHOULD BE
Students should study all lessons. All lessons should be studied.
Students should not study all lessons. All lessons should not be studied.
Should students study all lessons? Should all lessons be studied?
Active: MUST
You must learn the test-taking Passive: MUST BE
strategies. Test-taking strategies must be learnt.
You must not learn the test-taking Test-taking strategies must not be learned.
strategies.
Active: OUGHT TO Passive: OUGHT TO BE
They ought to take the examination. The examination ought to be taken.

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Class # 13

Passive for Past Modals


“MAY HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MUST
HAVE, OUGHT TO HAVE”
 The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed[RvqMv
cwieZ©b Kiv] in passive.
 3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in
passive.(400tk)
 To change sentences having past modal into passive, auxiliary verb “been”
is added after modal in sentence.

Passive for Present/Future Modals


“MAY HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MUST HAVE,
OUGHT HAVE TO”
Auxiliary verb in passive: been
Passive: MAY HAVE BEEN
Active: MAY HAVE
The opportunity may have been
You may have availed the opportunity.
availed.
You may not have availed the
The opportunity may not have been
opportunity.
availed.
Active: MIGHT HAVE Passive: MIGHT HAVE BEEN
He might have eaten meal. Meal might have been eaten.
He might not have eaten meal. Meal might not have been eaten.
Active: SHOULD HAVE Passive: SHOULD HAVE BEEN
You should have studied the book. The book should have been studied.
You should not have studied the book. The book should have not been studied.
Active: MUST HAVE Passive: MUST HAVE BEEN
He must have started job. Job must have been started.
He must not have started job. Job must not have been started.
Active: OUGHT TO HAVE Passive: OUGHT TO HAVE BEEN
You ought to have helped him. He ought to have been helped