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2018 MAY VOLUME 83 ISSUE 04 100

VOL-83/ISSUE-04 MAY 2018

04 Editorial - Ar. Anand Palaye

05 President’s Message - Ar. Divya Kush

07 Updating of Records

08 An Appeal

08 Advertisement Tariff Chart

09 Income Generating Proposal for Future Development of Coastline of Mumbai -


Prof. Archana Bhattacharyya

15 Eco-Friendly Resort, Pattipuram Village, Dist. Kanchipuram, T.N. -


Student B. Sivakumar

24 JIIA One Year Subscription Form

25 Place of Learning at Diu Relationship of Integrated Studies - Student Dipika


Parikh

29 Convention Centre Complex, at Rajarhat New Town, West Bengal - Student


Sonali Das Chowdhury

39 Welcome New IIA Members

41 400 Beded General Hospital at Bhopal - Student Sandhya Jain

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 2006. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or IIA OFFICE BEARERS 2015-2017
by any means, electronic or mechanical, photocopying, recording or any information storage or retrieval
Ar Divya Kush - President
system without permission in writing from THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS.
Only materials accompanied by stamped and self-addressed envelopes can be returned. No responsibility is Ar Prakash Deshmukh - Imm Past President
taken for damage or safe return by the Editor of JIIA. The Editor of the THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF
ARCHITECTS takes no responsibility for author's opinion expressed in the signed articles. Ar Vilas V. Avachat - Vice President

Printed & Published by Ar Anand Palaye on behalf of The Indian Institute of Architects and Ar Amogh Kumar Gupta - Jr Vice President
printed by Foto Copy Design Studio, M-2, Sai Vihar, 22, Mint Back Road, Fort, Mumbai 400 001 and
Published at The Indian Institute of Architects, Prospect Chambers Annexe, 5th Floor, Dr D N Road, Fort, Ar Sunil R. Degwekar - Hon Treasurer
Mumbai – 400 001.
Tel. : +91.22.22046972/22818491/22884805 Fax : +91.22.22832516 Ar C. R. Raju - Jt Hon Secretary
Email : iiapublication@gmail.com / iiaho1214@gmail.com
Ar Lalichan Zacharias - Jt Hon Secretary
Website : www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com
Editor : Ar Divya Kush R.N.I. No.9469/57 Ar Anand Palaye - Chairman -
Email : divyakush@yahoo.co.in Publication Board &
Printer’s Email : fotocopy.ks@gmail.com Executive Editor, JIIA
EDITORIAL

EDITORIAL
Ar. Anand Palaye
Dear Fellow Architects, Members and Readers,

As our Institute continues its journey in to its second century we are pleased to present a set
of articles and papers on a varied group of subjects for our readers.

Prof. Archana Bhattacharya presents a paper for a revenue generating proposal for utilising
Mumbai's coast line based on her extensive study titled Income Generating Proposal for
Future Development of Coastline of Mumbai.

Student B. Sivakumar have presented a case study of an Eco-Friendly Resort at a coastal


village of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu. This article outlines the project's design concept
which is based on a complex relationship between human beings and honey bees,
translated into a real project.

Student Dipika Parekh present their paper on a Place of Learning they have designed for
coastal site at Diu, with an emphasis on making its proximity to seashore as the integrating
element to facilitate learning process.

Student Sonali Das Chowdhary projected a large Convention Centre Complex at New Town
Kolkata which is designed with a focus on using conventional construction technology to
create interactive spaces in the Convention Centre.

Finally Student Sandhya Jain has presented a design for a 400 Bedded General Hospital at
Bhopal, which is designed with a view to conserve energy and being sensitive to the
patients using the facility and being eco friendly in its planning.

We are sure that our readers will find these papers and articles interesting and useful.

Ar. Anand Palaye


Chairman - Publication Board & Executive Editor, JIIA

04 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE

PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE
Ar. Divya Kush

Dear Fellow Architects,

Warm Greetings,

This issue of the Journal covers outstanding thesis works of IIA students on topics that
include an Eco Friendly Resort in Tamilnadu, Place of learning, Convention Centre
Complex at Rajarhat, West Bengal & 400 Beded Hospital at Bhopal.

We also have a very interesting articles on Proposal for future Development of Coastline of
Mumbai.

I am sure our initiative of publishing of the outstanding works of the students will encourage
them to do better in their academic pursuits particularly at thesis stage.

Friends, due to certain technical reasons we could not bring out the special issue on
ARCASIA FORUM at Jaipur in the month of April 2018 however, we are planning to publish
the same in the month of June 2018.

Ar. Divya Kush


President,
The Indian Institute of Architects

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 05


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06 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


AN APPEAL
Dear Friends,
It gives me immense pleasure and satisfaction to inform you that a long cherished desire of the members of
the Institute of owning the IIA Head Office premises at Prospect Chambers Annexe, Fort, Mumbai of which
we are the tenants for the last several decades has fructified.
Friends, we have finally entered into an agreement to purchase, with the Owners of the premises for a price of
Rs. 1.25 crores. Applicable Stamp Duty and other fees amounting to Rs.6.55 lakhs along with a token advance
of Rs. 1 lakh has already been paid.
I congratulate all the members of the Institute for this achievement in the Centenary Year of I.I.A.
I also take liberty of appealing to all the Chapters/Centres/Sub-Centres and also individual members of the
Institute to handsomely contribute to meet the requirement of the balance payment to be made to the
Owners.
“Wishing you all the Best once again”.
With warm regards,

Ar. Divya Kush


President
The Indian Institute of Architects

JOURNAL
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INCOME GENERATING PROPOSAL FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF COASTLINE OF MUMBAI

Income Generating Proposal for Future Development of


Coastline of Mumbai
Prof. Archana Bhattacharyya - Email : archana_b51@yahoo.co.in
Prof. Archana Bhattacharyya, an academician, researcher and practicing architect, Archana
Bhattacharyya did graduation from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, Masters in Architecture (Urban
Design) from University of Oklahoma, United States of Americaand Ph.D in Architecture from
Jadavpur University, Kolkata.
She is a retired professor of Sir J.J. College of Architecture, Mumbai. She worked with M/s. Ghosh,
Bose & Associates, Kolkata. She has 20 years of Professional Experience and 18 years of Teaching
Experience.

ABSTRACT : This Thesis was awarded the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Engineering from the Department of Architecture,
Jadavpur University, Kolkata. The topic of research was “Critical Assessment of Coastal Urban Areas and Formulationof
Guidelines for Future Development (Focus on Coastline of Mumbai).
The entire proposal forms an overview which should be useful to the public – enhancing the urban coastal ambience –
increasing the tourism and commercial potential while simultaneously securing a clean and healthy environment-protected
and designed to suit and serve the various requirements. The intention is to formulate the potential role of the coastal areas of
Mumbai. The study was conducted through primary surveys of the areas.
One of the issues which this present research has managed to provide a fresh perspective is in the area of user-response-
behavioral study. The researcher's firsthand experience of visiting many seafronts both in overseas and India have also
contributed to the research finding of the topic. The conclusion drawn from the analysis and evaluation of the questionnaires
was applied in various areas of the design development process and formulation of guidelines for future development. The aim
of the project was to find a
strategy for future development of the area to benefit the city. A vision plan for the area is prepared to look at multiple
scenarios.
The set back line of 500 m. in urban cities is not practical. Other developed countries have developments sometimes just
adjacent to the shore. F.S.I. in Island City should be increased to cater to the additional housing need. Advanced countries have
F.S.I. up to 10 in such conditions whereas Mumbai has very less F.S.I. For efficient urban planning and development, GIS system
has become important.
The redevelopment research report can be adopted as model for Coastal Urban Areas keeping in view architecture, socio-
economics and development regulations.
Vision 2020 is inclusive growth, composite culture and peaceful neighbourhood.
Supporting key words denoting the attitude in the application of the present philosophy are :
• Respect -Sensitivity and
• A sense of Gratitude for Nature
The design facilitates -
• Maintaining views to and from the site;
• Establishing urban streets and public spaces;
• Reinforcing streets as the Park Axis;
• Integrating with nearby waterfront development
• Connecting waterfront precincts
• Promoting an active and working waterfront
• Facilitating a mix of uses and activities
• Providing sustainable transport options

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 09


INCOME GENERATING PROPOSAL FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF COASTLINE OF MUMBAI

Study Area for Design Proposal : East Coastline of Mumbai -

The study focuses on that part of the Western and Eastern 1. Jamshedji Bunder and Sassoon Docks
Waterfront that is included in the island city of Mumbai. The
2. Apollo Reclamation Estate and Gateway of India
Western Waterfront part of the area is bounded on the East by
the Western Railway line and on the North by the areas of 3. Naval Docks
Bandra. The Eastern Waterfront part of the area is bounded by
Hourbour line on the West and on the north by the areas of 4. Indira Dock, Victoria Dock and Prince's Dock
Wadala. The Design proposed for Mumbai waterfront aims to 5. Mallet Bunder and Ferry Wharf
create a lively, bustling and safe environment for people to
live, work and play. 6. Mazgaon Reclamation

West Coastline of Mumbai - 7. Company's Land

1. Marine Drive 8. Sewree Estate


2. Girgaum - Chowpatty Beach 9. Wadala Estate
3. Malabar Hill, Napean Sea Road and Bhulabhai Desai
Salient points of the Design Proposal :
Road Waterfront
4. Haji Ali Waterfront The Urban Design Concepts establish three ideas that
integrate the site waterfront and the city. These concepts
5. Dadar- Prabhadevi Waterfront respond to the city's present and future urban and landscape
6. Worli Sea face and Worli-Bandra Sea-link Area conditions and together establish its physical structure.
7. Mahim Causeway - Mahim Fort - Mahim Beach 1. Waterfront Axis
8. Bandra Waterfront and Bandra-Worli Sealink Area 2. Park Axis
9. Juhu Beach 3. Wharf Axis

Mumbai Island City - Waterfront Axis


The Waterfront Axis is the spine of the Western waterfront area.
It extends south to north from Nariman Point to Worli and subsequently
up to Bandra and the ultimate proposal is to extent upto Versova and Mumbai Island City - Park Axis
to Madh to create the primary linked element of the Waterfront.

10 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


INCOME GENERATING PROPOSAL FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF COASTLINE OF MUMBAI

1. Waterfront Axis • The Western Waterfront Axis is identified as potential


site for cultural destination.
Establishing the waterfront Spine
• A Giant Wheel is proposed at the Nariman Point along
West Coast Shore Drive
with ancillary areas.
• The Waterfront Axis is the spine of the Western
• Water bus and Water taxi facility is proposed at Nariman
waterfront area.
point. It can go up to Worli or further northwards.
• It extends south to north from Nariman Point to Worli
• A Ferry route is proposed to connect three forts – Worli
and subsequently up to Bandra and the ultimate
Fort, Mahim Fort and Bandra Fort which can enhance the
proposal is to extent up to Versova and to Madh to create
historic glory.
the primary linking element of the waterfront.
• Freeway has been proposed along the west coast shore
• The Waterfront Axis will be an urban promenade which
drive and developments for recreation are proposed
prioritizes pedestrian movement along the entire length
along the waterfront Axis.
of the waterfront. This promenade will integrate
pedestrian and cycle access, public open space, maritime • A historic tour can be thought of combining Worli Fort,
structures, the recreational destinations of the Mahim Fort and Bandra Fort or individually.
waterfront. Landscape will be provided by the parks
• The elements of Westside Waterfront Precinct will be
which will provide a green space activated by retail
Exhibition Centres, Parking, Swimming, Rowing,
activity at street level.
canoeing, Fishing, Sitting areas, Viewing terraces,
• A Storm Water Pond is planned at Haji Ali bay. It can have restaurants, shops, Community Centre, clubhouse,
a storm water treatment facility for the area. A range of Coast guards, Public Utilities, Landscaping, Bollards,
water re-use and reduction initiatives can be promoted Parks, playgrounds, Cultural areas, Trash, Beach,
including rain and storm water collection facilities and Promenade, Civic plaza, Kiosks, Water transport, Fair-
water efficient fittings and appliances. It will serve both a ground, Receptacles, Recreational areas, Streetscape,
landscape and infrastructural function to enable a Elderly sitting, Street furnishing, Beach Sports facility,
sustainable storm water management system and will Walkway widening, Water fountains, Street lighting,
open views to the Arabian Sea Bicycle tracks Public information signs

Mumbai Island City - Proposed Freeway


The North-South (West coast) shore drive to be developed into freeway.
The East-West connector roads to be widened and cleared for
easy accessibility. Mumbai Island City - Waterfront Precincts

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 11


INCOME GENERATING PROPOSAL FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF COASTLINE OF MUMBAI

North-South Axis 2. Park Axis


Three roads to be developed into freeway Creating a Landscape Network
i) West Coast Shore Drive to be developed into Freeway • The Park Axis establishes the second linking element by
creating eight east west connections between the
ii) Central Island Freeway
Western Waterfront Area and Eastern Harbour Area.
iii) Eastern Island Freeway (D'Melo, Sewri and Rafi Ahmed
• This axis follows the existing streets which will be
Kidwai Road)
widened along with pedestrian walkway and landscaping
East-West Axis on both sides of the streets with elevated walkways at
some area.
Main link roads to be widened and cleared for easy
accessibility • A plaza is located at the intersection of the Waterfront
and Park Axes.
i) HomiBhaba Road to Uran
• The parks can be connected by direct pedestrian link
ii) Madam Cama Road
across the Streets.
iii) St. Marine Road and Lokmanya Tilak Road
• The Park Axis can connect the other open spaces of the
iv) Sardar Patel Road city forming a continuous green link in the city.
v) Keshavrao Khade Road, E. Moses Road and Kalachowki • The public space within the Western Waterfront includes
Road a series of parks and plazas that maximize connectivity
and access to the water's edge.
vi) Bhatankar Road, Acharya Dande Road and King Edward
Road • A Cultural Center on the public space location creates the
opportunity to establish an architectural icon and a
vii) Ranade Road, Kelkar Road and Tilak Road
cultural destination that will activate Park and celebrate
viii) Sion - Bandra Link Road its waterfront setting.

Mumbai Island City - Proposed Ferry Route Mumbai Island City - (Key Map)
Ferry Routes on the West from Sassoon Dock to Nariman Point, Design Proposal for West Coast and East Coast
Malabar Hill, Haji Ali, Worli, Mahim, Bandra, Juhu and further on.
Ferry Routes on the East from Sassoon Dock to Gateway of India,
Ferry Wharf, Wadala and Navi Mumbai.

12 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


INCOME GENERATING PROPOSAL FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF COASTLINE OF MUMBAI

• To create safe, continuous, & functional bicycle & • The design includes areas for the commercial fishing and
pedestrian routes to parks, open spaces, & recreation marine industries, retail and entertainment businesses,
facilities from other areas through the use of well- offices and apartments to create a mixed-use
defined crosswalks, sidewalks, bicycle facilities, street community.
lights, and traffic calming measures on streets near parks
• The Maritime Museum will be a significant tourist
• To develop or designate perimeter trails with lighting and attraction and will reflect the maritime heritage intrinsic
mileage markers around parks to encourage regular use to Mumbai's character. A Marine Events Centre on the
by the community to increase safety and extend evening waterfront will include public open spaces, buildings and
hours of park usage. water space for events in the heart of the city.
3. Wharf Axis • Existing Port Trust land can be developed on port related
Connecting Land and East Sea Coast activities and should charter a well- conceived course to
• The Wharf Axis runs along the eastern edge starting from economic development. It should enhance investment in
Sassoon Dock at the south to Wadala in the north. The infrastructure so that it becomes increasingly attractive
axis will function primarily as a pedestrian connection to domestic and overseas investors. It should have
linking part of the existing marine industry area with industrial parks, Hi-tech Park, Science Park and
working waterfronts of Wharf and Harbour. Technology Park.

• The Wharf Axis will be linked to the western edge of • Relying on its port facilities, the city can develop pillar
waterfront by the park axis. industries including shipbuilding, construction
equipment, new energy, energy equipment,
• The interaction of the wharf, the water and the park will petrochemicals and new materials.
provide a recreation edge for fishing, walking and a
natural vantage point for views of the city and harbour. • It should serve as a modern international port, new
• The Wharf will be activated by retail and commercial material and new energy base and regional
activity fronting the wharf. The existing buildings that are transportation hub.
not used can accommodate the infrastructure and • The elements of Wharf Precinct will be Offices & Car
services that will support the use of the wharf for the Park, Fishing, Parking, SCUBA diving, Rowing,
fishing fleet and cruise ships. The wharf edge will remain Landscaping, Canoeing, Water-skiing, Water transport,
accessible to the fishing fleet to create an active working Board sailing, Sitting areas, Seating, Viewing terraces,
waterfront experience. Marina, Shops, Restaurants, Coastguards, Water
• The Wharf will establish pedestrian & vehicular fountains, Commerce & Trade Centre, Street lighting,
waterfront street with maritime character. Port related activities, Boat building and repair,
Streetscape, Public Utilities, Parks & playgrounds,
• A Marine Events Centre will occupy the existing Harbour Mooring Facilities, Cultural areas, Recreational areas,
site. Its proximity to the proposed Maritime Museum will Walkway widening, Public information signs.
create a new cultural precinct. The Maritime museum a
significant tourist attraction and reflects the maritime Proposed Ferry Route
heritage intrinsic to Mumbai's character. A Marine
Events Centre on the waterfront will include public open • Ferry routes on the west from Sassoon Dock to Nariman
spaces, buildings and water space for events in the city. Point, Malabar Hill, Haji Ali, Mahalaxmi, Worli, Mahim,
Bandra, Juhu, and further on would be worthwhile
• Water transport terminals redeveloped at Gateway of combining history with pleasure
India and Ferry Wharf.
• Ferry routes on the east from Sassoon Dock to Gateway
• A historic tour can be organized for Sewri Fort and of India, Ferry Wharf, Wadala and Navi Mumbai.
surrounding area.
• Along with that this area will have fishing activity, spaces Guidelines for Future Steps :
for Marina and mooring facility for boats and yachts, A New Beginning :
hovercraft terminal, floating display, exhibition for art
exhibits, naval displays, boat repairs, transport • Contemporary India is developing towards globalization.
terminals, Maritime Museum, Seafood restaurant, Fish In order to retain the traditional values without losing
market, Theme area, exhibition of naval activity, water developing opportunity, a global approach needs to be
sports like sailing, rowing, water-skies, Aquarium.. considered with local infrastructure and resources.
• It will function as the social and cultural heart of Mumbai • Proactivity is the order of our lives and must permeate
and provide the main pedestrian and private transport our attitude toward Nature – towards our urban zones –
connection to the CBD. towards our seafronts.

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 13


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14 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

Eco-Friendly Resort, Pattipuram Village, Dist. Kanchipuram, T.N.


Student B. Sivakumar - Email : sivarc07@gmail.com

B. Sivakumar, completed D. Arch. in P.T. Lee Chengalvaraya Naicker Polytechnic College and Started
career in 2002 in Padgro Consultants (P.) Ltd., Chennai. Projects involved were Medical College,
School, I.T. Parks, Factory Buildings, High end Residence, etc. Skilled in designing, presentation
drawings and sectional detailing.

Graduated in Indian Institute of Architects

Introduction Health and Quality


Mankind in this busy world seldom find time to relax and
Holidaying in Eco resorts equates with relaxation and feeling
involve in leisure activities which induces stress, leading to
good. Special emphasis is placed on activities that reduce
medical complications and results in under performance of his
stress, promote health and Ecological farming are the
day today work. Studies have proved that the best way to
preferred choice.
reduce stress is to keep away from all busy schedule sand get
involved in recreational activities, so that one can rejuvenate Commitment to Sustainable Development
oneself. A leisure village caters to guests who wish a quite
isolated vacation environment but usually with some Eco resorts co-operate with nature conservation.
recreation activity available. organisations, are involved in cultural and social projects and
sensitizes their staff in the destination country to
Criteria environmental issues. High level of ecological efficiency. The
An eco hotel must usually meet the following criteria : environmental management system of the Eco Resorts are
• Dependence on the natural environment assessed by independent, accredited specialists and certified
• Ecological sustainability in accordance with a recognized national or international
• Proven contribution to conservation environmental standard, such as ISO 14001characteristics
• Provision of environmental training programs Low energy or energy conserving lighting is a must for an eco-
• Incorporation of cultural considerations friendly hotel that wants to reduce its carbon footprint.
• Provision of an economic return to the local community The furniture in green hotels is usually made from eco friendly
Experience nature and the environment at first hand Eco or sustainably sourced materials. While recycled or reclaimed
Resorts offer their guests the opportunity of wood works quite well, bamboo and cork are also good
experiencing nature close up – either in the hotel's own choices.
inviting gardens or in the outstanding natural beauty of
the nearby countryside.

ABOUT THE SITE


Site Location : Pattipuram Village (Near Mamallapuram)
District : Kanchipuram
State : Tamil Nadu
Language : Tamil
Country : India
Nearest Town : Mamallapuram (8 KM)
National Highway : East Coast Road.
Location Co-ordination : Latitude : 13°6'15"N, Longitude : 80°9'19"E

ABOUT PATTIPURAM :
Pattipuram is a Village in Thiruporur Taluka in Kanchipuram District of Tamil Nadu State, India. It is located 68 KM towards East from District
headquarters Kanchipuram. 8 km from Thiruporur. 51 km from State capital Chennai. The total geographical area of village is 870.02
hectares. Pattipuram has a total population of 2,250 peoples. There are about 591 houses in Pattipuram village. Mamallapuram is nearest
town to Pattipuram which is approximately 8km away.

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 15


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

Design Concept

The truth is, honeybees are crucial


elements of our environment, and
almost never get the credit that
they deserve. If bees didn't exist,
humans wouldn't either. Wonder
Why? Out of the 100 crop species that provide us with 90% of
our food, 70% are pollinated by bees (source). It's that simple.
Bees are the primary initiators of reproduction among plants,
as they transfer pollen from the male stamens to the female
pistils. When we say our building design to be eco friendly,
what more can represent the concept better. As architects we
need to contribute to society to cater human needs in a way
we live bonded with nature, precisely restrict the way we use
resources and not to exploit them. The honey bee shape is just
a symbolic representation for the eco-friendly building
representation for the eco-friendly building designed to
conservatively use the natural resources and to bond with
nature for people coming to unwind from their regular
schedule.

Sea breeze that moves towards land during day, due to the low
pressure created in land, usually tend to cool the interior. So
proper openings in this direction would save a large amount of
energy that otherwise is artificially cooled. Land breeze that
eventually move towards night as low pressure is created at
sea. This air generally has a lot of heat in it. So reduction or
proper cross ventilation is required so that there is no
accumulation of heat in the interior. Setting up farm land that
would be cultivated to produce all organic fruits and
vegetables. (south west covered by vegetation to protect solar
heat radiation) Visitors can also engage in this activity and
educate themselves.

Creating Own Microclimate

By introducing water bodies like small or big pools would tend


to a viable microclimate a that would in turn make the resort
rooms feel comfortable. Site divided into three zone from
front to rear marked indifferent color and front having the
closest proximity to ECR it is ideal to host the, - Business centre
- Restaurant that are used by people on a daily basis. Mid color
a good buffer space that can house all the resort rooms. This
also provides the necessary privacy to resort rooms. Rear color
zone this space would be ideal for recreational activities with a
good sea view. A 200m set back is provided as per the CRZ - III
regulation. No structure is built in the set back.

16 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

The Design

Visual connec vity of various of water bodies merging with


the ocean, a visual focus is con nued ll end.

Sea food restaurant and bar have an interes ng surprising


form of building blended with nature hide behind the amphi-
theatre approach from entry side. Sea view sea ng
arrangement to create pleasant mood and nice environment.

Spa has an architectural forms blended with nature needs to


be reached through a nice scene boa ng area.

Bamboo structure Single room is beauifully designed with a


bold architecture to make a comfortable private space for
couples overlooking the pool set among the landscape in front
facing and boa ng with landscape in another side of the
rooms.

Restaurant Sea ng area facing water body &swimming pool to


create a mictro climate.

Banquet hall Central garden area has a visual freef low of space
integrated with nature. Recep on is designed with a
voluminous height with filler slab with low height wall,
handmade furnitures with locally available materials to give an
airy ven lated lobby. The filler slab used cut down the heat
radia on making it more cooler and avoid A/C. The open lobby
carefully inter twined with landscape & waterbody gives a
total unwinding feel for the guests to enjoy the nature. Radial
shaped recep on for free air circula on surrounded by water
body to enter a pleasant mood and cool breeze.

Total free flowing forms of planning is to set the whole resort


amidst the landscaped organically yet blend with nature to
give pleasant nature atmosphere surrounding in the both side
of the entry to make the guest mind go in to nature feel.

LINE INDEX
NON-STAY GUEST ACCESSABLE AREA
ROAD ACCESS FOR FIRE SERVICE
GUEST VEHICLE ENTRY/EXIT AND PARKING
BATTERY OPERATED VEHICLE ACCESS
SERVICE VEHICLE ACCESS

OUTSIDE
SERVICE
VEHICLE AREA STATEMENT
ENTRY/EXIT Total Plot Extent - 195747.00 Sqm. (acre-48.3)
Open Space Reseravtion(OSR ) - 19574.70 Sqm. (acre-4.83)
Total Plot Coverage - 13922.70 Sqm.
Total Percentage of Plot Coverage - 7.11%
Total No. of 4-wheeler Parking - 115
Total No. of 2-wheeler Parking - 240
Total No. of Bi-cycleparking - 040
Total No. of Battery Cars - 006

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 17


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

18 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 19


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

20 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 21


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

22 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


ECO-FRIENDLY RESORT, PATTIPURAM VILLAGE, DIST. KANCHIPURAM, TAMIL NADU

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 23


24 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018
PLACE OF LEARNING AT DIU RELATIONSHIP OF INTEGRATED STUDIES

Place of Learning at Diu Relationship of Integrated Studies


Student Dipika Parikh - Email : dipikaparikh1984@yahoo.co.in

Dipika Parikh has completed diploma in architecture from government polytechnic for girls. After
completion of diploma she had trained under Ar. Ashwin Mukul and has a work experience under
Ar. Yagnesh Vyas for 13 years. She has also worked in HCP planning and management for a year. With
over 14 years experience in architectural design, she has exceptional skills and experience in
planning, detailing, designing and coordinating projects both in the public and private sectors. She
has worked in housing, residential projects, private bungalows, hospitals, hotels, schools, interior
works of bungalows, flats and restaurants.

She has excellent communication, public relations, problem-solving and leadership skills, combined
with a deep knowledge of engineering and architectural codes, make her a highly valuable employee
and team leader. She is looking to further her career with a professional firm with an environmentally
sustainable focus.

Dipika is also looking to take part in many international and national competitions regarding
architecture, to explore new ways of designing.

“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively The quote by Churchill also underlines the importance of
and to think critically. Intelligence plus character - that is the Architects in our society.
goal of true education”
- Martin Luther King, Jr. All of these quotes were chosen by me as an introduction
because they seem very apt to justify and describe my thesis
“As an Architect, you design for the present, with an proposal.
awareness of the past for a future which is essentially
unknown” The thesis proposal here is a place of learning located in Diu
- Sir Norman Foster, Architect holding the capacity of 1800 students.

“We shape our buildings, thereafter they shape us” This learning hub, a educational campus is a vehicle for
- Winston Churchill exploring and expressing my ideas about the role of structure
in architecture, and about an architect's realm of control in a
The above mentioned quote by Martin Luther King Jr., stresses building project.
on the important role which education in the lives of people.

The quote by Norman Foster underlines the importance of an


Architect as a pioneer of the current generation and the ones
to come.

Site Study Design Program

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 25


PLACE OF LEARNING AT DIU RELATIONSHIP OF INTEGRATED STUDIES

Site Study and Concept Development

Hence the need for quality education will also rise


substantially. A study of Diu revealed that there is no
educational institute present in the city state and the students
need to continually migrate to other cities for attaining
education. My proposal aims at building a education institute,
so the children can obtain proper learning hub in their own city
and so would stop them from leaving the comfort of their
home.

The typology of a educational institutes allows a good number


Process of functional requirements while, at the same time, allowing
for, a creative structural solution because the chosen site has a
Also as India is second most populous country in the world and quite evident set of contours.
the population is still increasing at a steady rate increasing the
quantity of quality educational institutes is of utmost A educational institute is first and foremost the staging ground
importance. A role of an architect is critical here as he has to for students for masses of people. However, this utilitarian
provide a place where learning would prosper and a building perspective is limited and it belies the bigger implications of a
which could facilitate the ever so curious young minds. institute's effects on the students as well as visitor and on the

Master Plan
26 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018
PLACE OF LEARNING AT DIU RELATIONSHIP OF INTEGRATED STUDIES

Site Sections

community it serves. The influence of a educational institute is Since the chosen site is near the sea, there is an opportunity to
tremendous in its immediate surroundings, and, in some connect people physically to the sea. The presence of sea side
cases, can be felt around the world. creates a healthy environment for the users throughout the
year.
My idea of the project is the platform for sharing concerns.
And it should also become a place or a destination in the city of I have proposed some blocks as academic zone and some as
Diu. In the case of Diu, the sea is the strongest visual element residential zone for the students and the faculties. After trying
of nature. a lot of options I finalized the best option in which i could

Elevation From A

Section AA

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PLACE OF LEARNING AT DIU RELATIONSHIP OF INTEGRATED STUDIES

satisfy the aims set down by me for the design of this institute. As Diu has a characteristically low skyline, the buildings
As far as the movement within in the site, I have also tried to proposed by me are not more than 4-5 storey height overall.
create different pedestrian and vehicular movement for a
clear access throughout the site. The residential buildings for students have two sharing, three
sharing and four sharing rooms whereas the faculties have a
The main aim while designing was that all blocks should be small residential unit. The academic building has admin block,
getting sea view and north light ( which is warm and constant faculty room, classrooms, labs, canteen, audio visual rooms,
throughout the day). So all the services are placed below the discussion rooms, amphitheater and a library as the main
buildings so it doesn't block the view and light. programmatic elements.

My other aim was to provide as many gathering places as I As far as the feasibility of the proposal is concerned, I think
could so as to promote the exchange ideas and increase the that by providing the proper multidisciplinary education
social communication amongst the students as well as facilities under one campus will help to attract the local and
faculties. The concept of street between academic and out states students, government staff, non government staff,
residential blocks creates good hang out spaces and also scholars, researchers, institutional partner for study at one
separate both the blocks in good way. Learning outside the place with necessary infrastructure facilities and healthy
classroom helps with the overall development of the students. environment.
Apart from learning sports plays an important role and so
Large open space has been provided with sports fields Overall, I was able to design a solution for institutional use
encouraging student's physical well-being. which provides a serene congenial, collaborative & healthy
environment which today, in my opinion - is missing in all
As far as the forms of the buildings are concerned I tried to play institutes.
with the space making elements in such a way as to create a
variety of informal volumes within the residential block, It was very helpful in designing an institute by discussing and
enabling one to rest whereas the same elements created a implementing the inputs of my guide who is an experienced
more formal learning environment for the academic blocks. practicing architect.

28 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Convention Centre Complex, at Rajarhat New Town, West Bengal


Student Sonali Das Chowdhury - Email : dasonali@gmail.com
Sonali Das Chowdhury, has attained a degree in B. Arch (2017) from Indian Institute of Architects.
With around 10 years of industrial experience she has handled various residential & commercial
projects from planning to completion in Multinational Consultancy Organization and is engaged in
preparing design & detail drawings of various public buildings in Government Organization for last
2 years.
Presently she is employed as Architectural Assistant in the office of Chief Govt. Architect & ex-officio
Chief Engineer, Public Works Department, Government of West Bengal, India.
Introduction industry sectors generating opportunity for economic growth,
The word Convention means a meeting or formal assembly of the ascending demand for Convention Centres cannot be
representatives or delegates for discussion and action on denied.
particular matters of common concern. Thus, a Convention
Center Complex is a group of buildings designed for the Presently, it has become the top most priority of the state
purpose of conducting meetings, conferences, seminars, government of West Bengal to get a boost in its economic
exhibitions etc. Since conferences and events create platform growth as well as to showcase the uniqueness of Bengal's
for the exchange of knowledge and information across cultural life and rich heritage to the world. As an appropriate

Netaji Indoor Stadium (Capacity 12000) & Salt Lake Stadium (68000) has more capacity
but it is an Indoor Stadium which is often let out to hold meetings and cultural functions

Science City Complex has a grand Theatre Hall Nazrul Mancha situated in South Kolkata
with a seating capacity of 2,232 has a more than 2,000 seats

Other Auditoriums including Rabindrasadan and Mahajatisadan have less than 2000 seats.

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 29


CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

growth strategy, MICE (Meeting-Incentives-Convention- Based on this study the most important conclusions are as
Exhibition) events are the best option to strengthen the brand follows :
value of the state as an international tourist destination also
creating employment and income. Some recent newspaper 1. Location on the major arterial road will be advantageous
reports on 'Biswa Bangla Convention Center' at Rajarhat's to commute from any part of the city and it will be an
Action Area II, by the Housing Infrastructure Development iconic convention point for South East Asia due to its
Corporation (HIDCO), initiated the selection of this topic. proximity to the Airport and Rail Stations.

Aim of the project was, to create a Landmark as a distinct but 2. Porosity of soil provides good drainage and fertility which
harmonious element in its urban setting along with the visual is best suited for Landscaping development.
expression of the Bengali culture and to build a leading Global Maintenance will be easier due to the presence of the
Destination that contributes to the growth and vibrancy of the Canal by the North-East side (Fig. 2).
city and province.

Based on this Aim, the Objectives of the project are as follows :


1. To Promote &Preserve the Cultural Heritage of Bengal.
2. To create an Impression of the City on the visitors.
3. To build a centre, that will remain Relevant &
Competitive for many years.
4. To create Interactive Spaces.
5. To use Conventional construction Technology.

Accordingly the Scope was to design a Grand Theatre (3000


Fig. 2 - Land form & Vegetation
capacity), 2 Auditoriums (450 capacity), 1 Business Center,
Banquette, Cafeteria, Hotel Block with Club and other
requirements as per HIDCO and ICC (International Convention
Center) norm. However, for its vast extent the Hotel& Club
functions were excluded from this design scope.

Site Study :
The Site is located in New Town Kolkata (Fig. 1), a well-planned
fast growing metropolis, spread over thousands of acres, with
developed infrastructure facilities and road networks.
The site has been studied through the process of Observation,
Analysis &Interface in terms of 8 nos. parameters, such as :
1) Location
2) Land form & Vegetation
3) Orientation
4) Climate
5) Visibility
6) Movements-access & parking Fig. 3 - Orientation
7) Activities
8) Form

Fig. 1 - Location

30 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Shadow Analysis

Fig. 4 - Sun Path & Wind flow direction

3. Roads on two sides are advantageous for segregation of Case Study :


Visitor's Entry &Service Entry. Also being a corner plot
(Fig. 3) design of vehicular movement is very flexible. Science City, Kolkata, has been selected for primary case study
North side needs to be blocked to prevent the cold wind &Indian Habitat center, Delhi is selected for Secondary case
of winter and the odour of flood water of Bagjolakhal study. The study is done in 2 levels -
from entering the site (Fig. 4). 1) Site level study &
4. Maximum shading is required to resist the glare of the 2) Building level study.
summer sun. The South East & North West side walls will
be much more vulnerable to solar heating (Fig. 4).

5. The site will be clearly visible from the major arterial


road& vicinity (Fig. 5).

Bagjola Canal

HIDCO Building
Rabindra
Tirtha

Major Arterial Road


Major Arterial Road

Fig. 5 - Visibility

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CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Site level study is done in terms of parameters, such as : 4. Plaza & large entrance foyer is used forgathering and
waiting. The level differences provide privacy for
1) Location
interaction, but too many steps create obstruction for
2) Landform the flow of pedestrian circulation (Fig. 6).
3) Orientation
4) Climate
5) Visibility
6) Movements-access & parking
7) Activities
8) Spaces
9) Form
10) Architectural features. Fig. 6 - Entrance Plaza Science City, Kolkata
Building level study is based on the internal functions. 5. Courtyard with trees create refreshing& comfortable
environment. Water features are provided to cut the
rigidity of harsh materials. Shading Devices greatly
enhances the enclosure qualities of the courts (Fig. 7).

Primary Case Study - Science City, Kolkata


Fig. 7 - Large Courtyards with Tree &
Shading Devices Indian Habitat Center, Delhi

6. From is established with well-defined geometry.


Sometimes, forms are given greater importance and the
functional areas are accommodated in the adopted
form.

7. Vehicle-free environment in the site with adequate


parking space(Fig. 8).

Secondary Case Study - Indian Habitat Center, Delhi

The most important inferences of the Case Studies are as


follows :

Site Level :

1. Both the Convention centers are well-connected by all


the major modes of public transport and cater a large
segment of people locally & internationally.

2. Both are visible from the vicinity and have become land
marks for their interesting built form.

3. In hot &humid climate, large open paved area generates


heat through heat island effect.

32 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

4. Sufficient space is provided for circulation, back stage


activities, supporting facilities &services.

5. VIP rooms have isolated entry and attached pantry &


toilet.

6. Seminar halls are equipped with movable & sound


instated partitions for better flexibility.

7. Both the convention centers have façade cladding. Use of


significant architectural features are very much
emphasised in the built form (Fig. 10).

Fig. 8 - Vehicular movement Paths

Building Level :

1. Building Components are connected for smooth


functioning of the activities. But sometimes entrance of
the different functional spaces is not properly signified.

2. In Large Auditorium orchestra pit conceals the orchestra,


while providing the conductor a complete view of the
acting area (Fig. 9).

3. Entry & exits are efficient for easy evacuation of the huge Fig. 10 - Architectural Features
gathering. Separate entry for large public gathering,
helps in better crowd management (Fig. 9).

Fig. 9 - Auditoriums

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CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Design Guidelines : Building Level :

Based on Site Study& Case Study the design guidelines 1. Comfort should be first priority in hot & humid climate
evolved are as follows- for developing Building from, established with well-
defined geometry.
Site Level :
2. As per Sun path East&West oriented facade should be
1. Almost Square plot creates a sense of equality and debarred to avoid direct solar heating(Fig. 4).
conformity.
3. Individual entry to each building should be emphasized
2. Scarce resource of outdoor recreational space to be equally.
utilized effectively providing comfort in hot & humid
climate. 4. Building components should be connected for smooth
functioning.
3. Central gathering space will boost the inter activity of the
various affairs or events of the Convention Center. As a 5. Provision for barrier free movement is required.
focal point, traditional Courtyard can be introduced in
plan form(Fig. 11).

Fig. 11 - Courtyard Type Plan

4. Create vehicle free environment by restricting vehicular


movement to entry/exit points &traffic nodes. Minimum
2 entry-exit points are required to cater large number of
visitors(Fig. 12).

All the 4 Building blocks will be visible from the Major Arterial
Fig. 12 - Traffic Circulation Road considering this 3nos. Visual Axis.

5. Architectural features should be used to create vibrant


spaces.

34 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Area Programming :

Total Plot Area-40470.07 Sq.M. with 200% permissible FAR.


Proposed Ground Coverage -36.406%, 23.547% Green Area is
kept virgin, Proposed built up area-42603.62 Sq.M. (Excluding
Hotel & Club Block).

As per the local by-laws 210 nos. car & 4 nos. bus parking
required (Excluding Hotel & Club Block) and Total 534 nos. car
& 10 nos. bus parking is provided considering additional area
for Hotel & Club Block.

The broad area programming is as follows :


1) Plaza –1100 Sq.m.
2) Grand Theatre - 5195 Sq.m.
3) Mini Auditorium – 1780 Sq.m.
4) Business Center – 3575 Sq.m.
5) Hotel & Club Block – 25000 Sq.m. Fig. 14
6) Parking & Services Area - 11710 Sq.m.
Other relevant details have been considered in the proposal 3) Sense of Enclosure, defined by the surfaces of the built
itself. masses around Plaza (Fig. 15).
Proposal :

The following key points are incurred from Design Guide lines -

1) Plaza is considered as most important focal point of the


convention center. Approach Sight lines from plaza
emphasizes the outer landscape (Fig. 13).

Fig. 15

4) Response to climatology and careful modification of built


environment by intentional punctures,
whichwillinitiateflow of prevailing wind in &around the
open plaza & built massesprovidingcomfort (Fig. 16).

Fig. 13

2) Building Blocks arranged around the Plaza give clarity of


direction to different spaces andcreateover
allimpression of the Complex (Fig. 14).

Fig. 16 - Punctures initiating wind flow

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CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Fig. 17 - Shadow Analysis

5) Shadow of the built masses willalso help in cooling the Fig. 20 - Traffic Plan
environment (Fig. 17).
• Grand Theater&Mini Auditoriumisarrangedalongthe
The design concept in terms of plan form are explained Axis of symmetry due to their a symmetrical form.
through Functional zoning plan, Site geometry &Circulation
• Business Center with Admin Block is close to the
plan as follows :
entrance to restrict visitors (Fig. 21).
• Equal importance is given to all buildings. Square form of
• Location of Hotel& Club Blocknear theSecondary Entry
site provides flexibility in zoning & design.
Point will be advantageous to run the hotel& Club
• Green Landscape zone spreading around the building functions separately (Fig. 21).
blocks creates a soothing foreground when the site is
viewed from surrounding area, and act as green back
drop for views from the plaza.

• The Grand Theatre Block is placed at the most prominent


visible point of the site (Fig. 18). This block with
significant form will be instantly recognisable from the
access road & surroundings.

• Areas with maximum footfall like Grand Theater,


Auditoriums & Exhibition Halls are accessed directly
from Plaza for smooth circulation of the large number of Fig. 21
visitors.

Squares suggest Stability, Solidity &


Equality and Square Geometrical
Form represent Order, Rationality & Formality.

Fig. 19 – Site Geometry

Fig. 18 – Functional Zoning Plan

36 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

The design concept in terms of built form is also established • Built Form of Mini Theatre is as dramatic as possible.
with well-defined geometry as follows : Terrace at different levels are adopted to create massing
of different height (Fig. 23).
• The Built Form of Business center is formal as its
• The long carved glazed façade of Grand Theatre is
function. Large glazed entrance of the exhibition halls is
directly oriented towards the south being the brightest
inviting the visitors from the plaza. Square window
façade of the complex. A large opening is created in this
punctures in Flat façade helps to recognise Admin Part
façade to emphasise the entrance (Fig. 24).
(Fig. 22).

Fig. 22 – Built form of Business center

Fig. 23 – Built form of Mini Theater

Fig. 24 – Built form of Grand Theater

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CONVENTION CENTRE COMPLEX, AT RAJARHAT NEW TOWN, WEST BENGAL

Accordingly the most important design sheets are sequentially arranged as follows :

Fig. 25 - Site Plan & Views

Fig. 26 - Site Elevation, Section & Views

Similarly the proposal also consists of detail drawings of Grand Theatre, Mini Auditorium,Business Center &
Basement including Site Landscape Plan, Site services & details etc.

38 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


WELCOME NEW IIA MEMBERS
12th Com Dated 6th March, 2018 at HQ Mumbai.
Sr. Name Memb. Place Sr. Name Memb. Place
No. No. No. No.

ASSOCIATE TO FELLOW MEMBERS 23 Ar. Sudhakar M. V A22500 Chennai

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DIRECT FELLOW MEMBERS 29 Ar. Shamik Galui A22506 West Bengal

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8 Ar. Medha Naniwadekar F22476 Secunderabad 37 Ar. Yogendra Meharban Singh Yadav A22514 Nagpur

9 Ar. Prerna Vijaykumar Mehta F22477 Delhi Northern 38 Ar. Dnyaneshwar Omprakash Patange A22515 Nashik

ASSOCIATE MEMBERS 39 Ar. Hemant Bhagirath Khaire A22516 Nashik

1 Ar. Raveena Chauhan A22478 Delhi Northern 40 Ar. Rohan Sandeep Shah A22517 Pune

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11 Ar. Rohini Pinnika A22488 Andhra Pradesh 50 Ar. Man Singh Meena A22527 Rajasthan

12 Ar. Shemayal Faiz A22489 Karnataka 51 Ar. Sachin Vasant Salvi A22528 Thane, Maharashtra

13 Ar. Vivek Joshi A22490 Hubli, Karnataka 52 Ar. Akansha Veena Topno A22529 Jharkhand

14 Ar. Damayanti A22491 Karnataka 53 Ar. Deepak Kumar A22530 Jharkhand

15 Ar. G S Mahaboob Basha A22492 Karnataka 54 Ar. Mohammad Faheem Saifi A22531 Delhi Northern

16 Ar. Sooraj K Sushaman A22493 Kerala 55 Ar. Arun Kumar Badana A22532 Andhra Pradesh

17 Ar. Meenukutty M N A22494 Kerala 56 Ar. Veda C A22533 Karnataka

18 Ar. Ganga Dileep C A22495 Thiruvananthapuram 57 Ar. Subhash Chandra A22534 Uttar Pradesh

19 Ar. Shameem Ahmed P N A22496 Cochin, Kerala 58 Ar. Srinath Suresh A22535 Tamil Nadu

20 Ar. Kamalam P L A22497 Thiruchirapalli, TN 59 Ar. Abha Agarwal A22536 Uttar Pradesh

21 Ar. K Sheela Arul Rani A22498 Tamil Nadu 60 Ar. Rohan Rajesh Anuja Bhavsar A22537 Mumbai

22 Ar. Anand David M A22499 Tamil Nadu 61 Ar. Jay Amrut Kshatriya A22538 Nashik, Maharashtra

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 39


WELCOME NEW IIA MEMBERS
12th Com Dated 6th March, 2018 at HQ Mumbai.
Sr. Name Memb. Place Sr. Name Memb. Place
No. No. No. No.

62 Ar. Apoorva Lakshmi R A22539 Karnataka 77 Ar. Vijay Krishnani A22554 Raipur

63 Ar. Vinayak Nayak A22540 Karnataka 78 Ar. Aditi Prakash Chellapilla A22555 Chandigarh

64 Ar. Vijay Upadhyay Belman A22541 Karnataka 79 Ar. Jyoti Chaufla A22556 Panckula, Haryana

65 Ar. Anushree Darshana A22542 Jharkhand 80 Ar. Kaushal Sharma A22557 Bathinda, Punjab

66 Ar. Jagadish Sharma A22543 Uttar Pradesh 81 Ar. Vishal Gupta A22558 Uttar Pradesh

67 Ar. Shreya Giri A22544 Uttar Pradesh 82 Ar. S. Radhakrishnan A22559 Madurai, Tamil Nadu

68 Ar. Rupali Shrikrishna Patki A22545 Karnataka 83 Ar. R. Shanthi Priya A22560 Madurai, Tamil Nadu

69 Ar. Suman Biswas A22546 West Bengal 84 Ar. Snehal Shivaji Shedge A22561 Satara, Maharashtra

70 Ar. Poulami Biswas A22547 West Bengal 85 Ar. Suruchi Ketan Bhosale A22562 Satara, Maharashtra

71 Ar. Neema Gujarkar A22548 Nagpur 86 Ar. Swarali Dashrath Sagare A22563 Satara, Maharashtra

72 Ar. Rushikesh Subhash Changedia A22549 Mumbai 87 Ar. Shrikant Anil Khatavkar A22564 Satara, Maharashtra

73 Ar. Nikunjbhai Hasmukhbhai Patel A22550 Surat 88 Ar. Abhishek Manikrao Kambale A22565 Satara, Maharashtra

74 Ar. Farhan Abdul Rehman Shaikh A22551 Gujarat 89 Ar. Vineet Jain A22566 Karnal, Haryana

75 Ar. Yash Raj Mehta A22552 Surat 90 Ar. Sanghamitra Rath A22567 Odisha

76 Ar. Tanuj Mishra A22553 Rajasthan

FORM IV
Name of the Publication : JIIA, Journal of The Indian Institute of Architects.
Place of Publication : Prospect Chambers Annexe, 5th Floor,
Dr. D. N. Road, Fort, Mumbai – 400 001.
Periodicity of Publication : Monthly.
Publisher's Name : Ar. Anand Palaye, Indian.
Nationality & Address : Prospect Chambers Annexe Building, 5th Floor,
Dr. D. N. Road, Fort, Mumbai – 400 001.
Editor's Name : Ar. Divya Kush, Indian.
Nationality & Address : Prospect Chambers Annexe Building, 5th Floor,
Dr. D. N. Road, Fort, Mumbai – 400 001.
Printer' Name : M/s. Krishna Graphics,
Nationality & Address : A-511, Royal Sands, A-Wing, 5th Floor,
Behind Citi Mall, Shastri Nagar, Andheri (W),
Mumbai – 400 001.
Name and address of individuals : The Indian Institute of Architects,
Who own Newspapers partners Prospect Chambers Annexe Building,
Or shareholders holding more than 5th Floor, Dr. D. N. Road, Fort,
One percent of the total capital Mumbai – 400 001.

I, Anand Palaye, hereby declare that the particulars given below are true to the Best of my knowledge.

Date : 31-05-2018 Sd/-


Place : Mumbai Ar. Anand Palaye
Signature of the Publisher

40 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


400 BEDED GENERAL HOSPITAL AT BHOPAL

400 Beded General Hospital at Bhopal


Authority proposed the Project : “MAHARISHI MAHESH YOGI VEDIC SANSTHAN”, Bhojpur Road, Bangrasia, Bhopal.

Student Sandhya Jain - Email : ar.sandhyajain@gmail.com, sandhyajainandassociates@gmail.com


Sandhya Jain, obtained Associate Membership of the Indian Institute of Architect and Council of
Architects through IIA Examination in the year 2014. Presently she is working as a Consultant for
Various projects like Residences, Bunglows, Housings, Schools, Shopping & Commercial complex,
Hospitals, Hostel, Auditorium, Bank, Offices, Landscaping, Site Development and various valuation
projects of Central India.

PREAMBLE Translated into spatial facilities, these different activities may


be subdivided into three 'blocks':
The hospitals becoming more and more business oriented,
their goals and aims are also very high. The hospitals owned by A. patient-related facilities where the patients themselves
private groups want their hospital to be renowned and listed are/may be present;
on national and international standards. As a result, the
service and growth of hospitals is more of goal oriented much B. patient-related facilities where patients themselves are
like other businesses. To prove themselves as one of the best not present;
service providers, they have to be accredited.
C. general & technical support services.
DESIGN CRITERIA
THE CONSTRAINTS
“A functional design can promote skill, economy,
conveniences, and comforts; a non-functional design can Hospitals are the most complex of building types. Each
impede activities of all types, detract from quality of care, and hospital is comprised of a wide range of services and
raise costs to intolerable levels." functional units. These include diagnostic and treatment

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 41


400 BEDED GENERAL HOSPITAL AT BHOPAL

functions, such as clinical laboratories, imaging, emergency be an advocate for the patients, visitors, support staff,
rooms, and surgery; hospitality functions, such as Catering volunteers, and suppliers who do not generally have direct
service and housekeeping; and the fundamental inpatient input into the design. Good hospital design integrates
care or bed-related function. This diversity is reflected in the functional requirements with the human needs of its varied
breadth and specificity of regulations, codes, and oversight users.
that govern hospital construction and operations. Each of the
wide-ranging and constantly evolving functions of a hospital, AIMS AND OBJECTIVE
including highly complicated mechanical, electrical, and
telecommunications systems, requires specialized knowledge The objective of the Clinical Services Strategy is 'better care,
and expertise. No one person can reasonably have complete closer to home'. To achieve there aim is to create Multi
knowledge, which is why specialized consultants play an speciality Hospitals that would undertake high-volume
important role in hospital planning and design. The functional scheduled services closer to home: outpatients, diagnostics
units within the hospital can have competing needs and and day care surgery. The network will be supported by a
priorities. Idealized scenarios and strongly-held individual Critical Care Hospital which would undertake mostly
preferences must be balanced against mandatory unscheduled care – lower volume, but with round the clock
requirements, actual functional needs (internal traffic and availability.
relationship to other departments), and the financial status of
the organization. The main Design theme is based on Energy saving building for
physical comfort according to climatic condition.
In addition to the wide range of services that must be
accommodated, hospitals must serve and support many Our strategic aims in the three core business areas of clinical
different users and stakeholders. Ideally, the design process services, research and teaching are shown below, along with
incorporates direct input from the owner and from key aims in key supporting areas. But in my Thesis project is only in
hospital staff early on in the process. The designer also has to Hospital building.

Site Plan

42 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


400 BEDED GENERAL HOSPITAL AT BHOPAL

Clinical Services • To pursue teaching and learning partnerships with


• To provide efficient and effective services, affordable and education providers and others
desirable to patients and referring clinicians.
• To embrace personal and organizational development.
• To be the major specialist service provider for the
• To encourage a culture of innovation and enterprise.
population.
Supporting Aims
• To provide additional services for the local population
• To achieve a sustainable financial surplus
• To support the principle of local access wherever
possible • To improve the environment for patients and staff.

• To provide services which are quick and easy to access THE SITE
and provide an excellent patient experience The site- The site for proposed for 400 beded multi speciality
hospital Campus is about 6 km from Misrod Railway station, 12
• To deliver services to the highest standards km from Habibganj Railway station and about 3 km from
Bhojpur. It is Situated near by Many residential colonies on the
Research & Development
way of misrod towards Bhojpur road. It is to be designed on
• To develop collaborative and consultative research approx. 4.95 acres of land.
partnerships with patients, curers and the public
THE THEME PLANNING & DESIGN APPROACH
• To support research of national and international
The starting point of planning and designing of health facilities
excellence and innovation
should be ecology and humane considerations, for which
• To develop research activities in partnership with comprehensive check lists, parameters, standards and
academic and healthcare organizations. programmes should be evolved. The urban form, linkages,
landscape, facilities, circulation, services, etc. should integrate
Teaching and Learning into a composite framework. The aspects of energy,
• To ensure staffs are enabled to provide safe, effective and topography, climate comfort, water, sanitation, drainage, solid
high quality patient care. waste management, pollution abatement and building
management deserve more attention.

MAY 2018 JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com 43


400 BEDED GENERAL HOSPITAL AT BHOPAL

Requirements & Interpretation Considerations & Parameters


For micro-climate focus, not only the building technology and
1. Site consideration
materials, but the concepts of site planning, building design
and form may have to be re examined. At the design stage, the The site is Almost Flatter site. It has almost 10% slopes at
environmental efficiency and climate compatibility of a central area.
building are determined largely. The building should
incorporate flexible systems which respond to the changing Entrance - The access to the site has been taken from
micro-climatic needs and varying conditions of natural North-West side road, which is also leads the entrance of
ventilation and light. the 'Hospital'. A 12.00m. wide road on the site that
connects with main entrance (entrance to Hospital porch
The design should obviate outdoor and indoor pollution. It and also connect to Mortuary, Laundry and Stores by
should provide for rooftop rainwater harvesting and recycling 6.00 m wide road) from Left side & 6.00 m wide Road
of wastewater and exploitation of non-conventional sources with second entrance (Service Road) from Right side of
of energy (such as solar energy and photo-voltaic system). The the building.
design of openings and glazing should allow flexibility.

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

FIRST FLOOR PLAN

44 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


400 BEDED GENERAL HOSPITAL AT BHOPAL

2. Structural Consideration MAIN FEATURES OF PLANNING

The proposed Hospital Building complex has been built Garden to provide intrusting landscaping for openness in the
altogether of reinforced cement concrete. The Internal design and also to create a buffer between traffic and building.
Corridors are basically forms a Linear shape, which
evaluate for a easy circulation. The planning of building is Double road with pedestrian entry and landscape divider to
completely done on 3.6m. Basic grid. Corridors almost create interest in the design with some open landscape area
free from columns and any others obstructions. Building and also increase visual area and to avoid the traffic
is based on Grid Plan. congestion area at the entrance.

Corridors and Ramps - Within the building all spaces are The main entry of the site is from the NW side road. The NW
connected through Corridors and Ramp to make it barrier free roads are improved by widening the roads by 12.00 m also the
movement for Physically challenged people. The ramp for traffic movement are improved from urban and traffic
Hospital Entrance is 1.5 m. wide and ramp for floor to floor planning points of view.
circulation is 3.00 m wide enough to give easy circulation &
Central open land-scape gardens are provided while
having a slope of 1 in 10 for walking as well as for easy going of
connecting corridors. All the building areas to enjoy the
handicapped person.
openness and greenery.
FUNCTIONAL & AESTHETICAL EVALUATION
Central landscape garden provide to create Buffer of mortuary
The proposed hospital distributes the spaces in terms of their and hospital building.
functional divisions, like corridors, the attached IPD, OPD,
A common double height portico provided for emergency
Emergency and Diagnostics spaces. Such a division is clearly
building and pathology building.
evident in the plan where a Segrigation of Departments.
Sunkan windows running at eye level & at place by skylight A proper connection provided of admin. area and hospital
light the corridor spaces. This natural light has been suitably area above connecting double height portico.
blended with artificial light. Emergency block is situated on
easy access point. The open site Hospital is developed as an CONCLUSION
interesting landscape space with various exhibits.
Planning for health comprises a wide range of components
Three toilet blocks are placed at appropriate locations. First is and issues. The following elements are critical to make sure
located near the Emergency block, which will also serve the that health and environment preoccupations are incorporated
Reception and waiting lobby. Second is located near and end in sustainable development.
of OPD corridors.

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

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400 BEDED GENERAL HOSPITAL AT BHOPAL

• Planning framework and benchmarks for health and • Integration of health preoccupations in elaborating
medical infrastructure. urban regional master plans and environmental impact
assessment.
• Clear vision based on understanding the opportunities
and constraints and the establishment of goals, • Establishment of linkages of environmental data
objectives and priorities. information, health

• Overall approach to urban and regional planning to • consequences particularly during environmental impact
consider health as a focus issue. assessment.

• Comprehensive approaches for water supply and • Sensitise decision-makers, politicians and others to the
sanitation in order to include hygiene education, importance and impact of health aspects of
operation and maintenance and health surveillance. development. Town planners and architects have a
crucial role in the creation of a healthy environment and
• Development of health based legislation and regulations medical infrastructure. By better planning and design,
for the protection of air, water and food and their Indian cities can be provided with improved health
enforcement. conditions and better medical facilities, which will go a
long way in servicing the humanity.
• Proper management and disposal of health care and
hazardous waste.

L.H.S. ELEVATION R.H.S. ELEVATION

SECTION - AA

FRONT ELEVATION

REAR ELEVATION

46 www.indianinstituteofarchitects.com JOURNAL OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS MAY 2018


83/04 RNI NO.9469/57
IIA PUBLICATION POSTED AT PATRIKA CHANNEL SORTING OFFICE, MUMBAI-400001
PUBLISHED ON 14TH OF EVERY FOLLOWING MONTH AND
POSTAL REGD. NO.MCS/007/2018-20 POSTED ON 15TH & 16TH OF EVERY FOLLOWING MONTH

48