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PROPOSAL TITLE:

SEDIMENTATION FOR SOIL TEXTURE

PREPARED BY:

NAME MATRIC NUMBER


ABDUL MUHAIRITH BIN ABDUL MUNIR 02DKA16F2063
NUR IZZATI BINTI ABDULLAH 02DKA16F2019
MOHAMMAD HAFIY BIN JOHAN 02DKA16F2041

PROJECT SUPERVISOR:

TEE LIAN YONG

DECEMBER 2016
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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

Soil is a major component of the Earth's ecosystem. The world's ecosystems


are impacted in far-reaching ways by the processes carried out in the soil, from ozone
depletion and global warming, to rainforest destruction and water pollution. With
respect to Earth's carbon cycle, soil is an important carbon reservoir, and it is
potentially one of the most reactive to human disturbance and climate change.

Soil acts as an engineering medium, a habitat for soil organisms, a recycling


system for nutrients and organic wastes, a regulator of water quality, a modifier of
atmospheric composition, and a medium for plant growth, making it a critically
important provider of ecosystem services. Since soil has a tremendous range of
available niches and habitats, it contains most of the Earth's genetic diversity.

Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes


of weathering and erosion, and is subsequently transported by the action of wind,
water, or ice, by the force of gravity acting on the particles. For example, sand and
silt can be carried in suspension in river water and on reaching the sea bed deposited
by sedimentation and if buried, may eventually become sandstone and siltstone.
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1.2 Problem Statement

1.3 Objective

The objective of this project is:

i. To investigate the occurrence or the occurrence of a change of


circumstance whether it is natural or due to other matters
ii. To predict and take appropriate steps to overcome the magnitude that may
arise during construction caused by coordination and other local
conditions
iii. To identify whether the site is suitable for the proposed work

1.4 Scope of Study


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1.5 Importance of the Study

kepentingan
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CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction

This project will be conducted at Hydraulic Laboratory and Pipe Laboratory.


The building process of this product will follow the procedures. After that, the
efficiency of the product will be tested using formula in Figure 1.

Figure 1
The efficiency of the pump depends on the relationship between F/H and Qin/Qout(see
Figure 1). In order to determine the efficiency of the prototype, two sets of
experiments were conducted. First, Qin/Qout was kept constant while F/H varied.
Second, F/H was kept constant with varying Qin/Qout. The efficiency of the ram pump
can be defined as the ratio of heads at the output to the input where F is the fall
height; H is the elevation height; Qin is the volumetric flow rate at the inlet; and
Qout is the volumetric flow rate at the outlet.
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3.2 Research Design

Diagram 3.1: Project Flow Chart Details


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3.3 Experimental Laboratory / Questionnaire / Interview / Field Study

3.4 Gantt Chart

Diagram 3.2: Shows the Gantt chart for project titled Designing a Low Cost,
Self Operating Hydraulic Ram Pump for Water Retention and Developing an
Efficient Product

Diagram 3.2: Gantt Chart


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REFERRENCE

5 rujukanlengkapsamaada:
1. Buku
2. Jurnal
3. Artikel/Majalah/Surat khabar
4. Tesis
5. Piawai / Standard
6. Web