You are on page 1of 9

PRACTICAL No______

Processing Data
Grade 8
Communication in Science /8
Student’s name Year Group MYP Assessment Your Mark

TITLE SHOULD HAVE THE RESEARCH QUESTION? OR A


STATEMENT ABOUT YOUR INVESTIGATION (CALIBRI 18 FONT)

1. INTRODUCTION

 Here you need to describe and explain what your research or


study is about, to understand in more depth the global context of
your investigation.
 Also, explain why you chose this topic.
 This background information may content images, chemical
equations, scheme of apparatus, formulas, graphs, theory (using
APA format) etc.
 Reference all your information (APA format).

Example
Catalytic decomposition of H2O2 is extensively
studied due to its vast applicability in water
treatment technologies; various organic waters and
soil pollutants can be successfully oxidized and
degraded by hydrogen peroxide[1].
The catalytic decomposition by different transition
metal oxides such as MnO2, CuO, PbO2 and Fe2O3 at
comparative amount where for each amount
guaranties the same number of molecules in each
case.
The rate of a reaction can be measured by the rate
of formation of products or the rate of removal of
reactants.

1
In this experiment will study the rate for what oxygen is produced by different metal oxides. The
chemical reaction is as follow:
Metal Oxide
2 H2O2 (aq) 2 H2O (l) + O2 (g)

O2 produced (cm3)
Rate = -----------------------------
Time (min)

2. OBJECTIVES:

 The objectives express what do you intend to achieve with this investigation, not only
from knowledge point of view but also the development of a different abilities that you
may not knew before, like handling new equipment.

For example:
2.1. GENERAL OBJECTIVE
 To determine rate of the chemical reaction produced by different metal oxides.

2.2. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE


 To understand the role of transition metal oxides and heavy metal oxides in hydrogen
peroxide decomposition.

3. MATERIALS:

 Use a detail description of the equipment and reagents used:


 You have to mention Number/ material description/capacity/unit of measurement

For example:

Equipment Reagents
 01 stop watch.  0.09 g (0.001mol) Manganese dioxide
MnO2
 01 Measuring cylinder  0.08 g (0.001 mol)Copper Oxide CuO
100 cm3
 01 Pair of gloves  0.02 g (0.001 mol)Iron Oxide (III) Fe2O3

 04 conical flask 250  0.26 g (0.001mol) Lead Oxide PbO2


cm3

 01 Balance  50 cm3 of 10 volume Hydrogen Peroxide

2
4. SAFETY NOTES

Here show evidence of full awareness of the safety, ethical and environmental issues relevant to
your investigation. Specify if there is a danger or safety precautions you need to take during this
investigation. Use safety images.

For example:
Wear eye protection at all time due to the chemicals could sprinkle at the time
you pour them into a container.

5. HYPOTHESIS:

 Hypothesis is a testable statement about the relationship between independent and


dependent variables or a proposed explanation for some observed phenomenon. In a
scientific experiment or study, the hypothesis is a brief summation of the researcher's
prediction of the study's findings, which may be supported or not by the outcome

For example:
 The volume of Oxygen produced due to the decomposition of H2O2 in presence of a
catalyze increases as the metal mixed with the Oxygen in the catalyze has a greater
atomic number.

Brief explanation of why you think it is going to happen.

6. PROCEDURE:

 The selection of the steps needs to be appropriate to address the research question. Take
into consideration how to handle the variables, factors that may influence the relevance,
reliability and sufficiency of the collected data.

 You may use images to guide your readers what is the apparatus setting (recall them if
applicable).

3
For example:

1) Work in group of three.


2) Set up the apparatus showed below

3) Weight out the amount required for each of the oxides to be tested.
4) Place the oxide compound in a conical flask.
5) Add 50 cm3 of 10 volume Hydrogen Peroxide and tap immediately.
6) Start the chronometer and measure the time that takes to obtain 60 cm3 of O2 gas produced.
7) Record the time in table 1.
8) Repeat step 4 using a different type of metal oxide.

7. RESULTS:

Show your results giving qualitative observations (how it grew, gas emission, color smell, etc) to
support the quantitative data (numbers/quantities obtained). Tables and graphs are included full
with title and axis labeled with units!.

4
For example:

1) Make a bar graph by hand on a graph paper or using excel, using the data from table 1.

Table 1. Volume of Oxygen produced of different Oxides during a period of 20 seconds

Independent Title of the dependent


variable/ units table variable /units

Volume of O2 produced /cm3

Metal Average
T1 T2 T3 T4
Oxide

MnO2

CuO

PbO2

Fe2O3

8. CONCLUSIONS:

In your “Conclusion, Discussion and Evaluation” you must include the following:

a) Give a brief description of the aims of this practical.

b) Describe your results you obtained experimentally and use them to answer the research
question and to accept or reject the hypothesis proposed.

5
c) Explain your experimental results using the theory you have studied in class.

d) Discuss the accuracy and the consistency of your findings in the light of the difficulties and
limitations you had.

e) Describe the experimental errors, difficulties and limitations you had during this practical,
(strength and weaknesses of the investigation and not only account of the practical or
procedural issues)

f) Describe realistic simple and practical suggestions to improve this investigation so as to


reduce the experimental errors and to go over the difficulties and limitations.

g) Describe how your experiment could be applied in the real life to suggest a solution.

6
Processing Data
Grade 8
Communication in Science
ATL /8
Area of Your
Student’s name Year Group MYP Assessment Interaction Mark

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT SHEET:

Item

Description What your “Laboratory Report” needs to show!

Tables for Raw The raw and processed data are organised and presented in clear tables with table numbers,
1 & Processed proper titles and heading paying due attention to units, uncertainties, decimal places and
Data qualitative observations when relevant.
Calculations Calculations and statistical data analysis are performed correctly paying due attention to
2 and Data decimal places and units, and showing when necessary formulae, sample calculations and/or
Manipulation Excel commands.
Raw and/or processed data are presented in self-contained and clear graphs which show
Graphical
3 graph numbers, proper titles and axes-labels paying due attention to units, uncertainties,
displays
decimal places and error bars when relevant.
Conclusion, The conclusion refreshes the aim of the investigation and presents the results of the
4 Discussion and investigation in a clear way in order to respond to the research question or to assess the
Evaluation (I) hypothesis proposed.
Conclusion,
The validity and reliability of the results are discussed in comparison with other evidence
5 Discussion and
(theory) or on the basis of the consistency of the data.
Evaluation (II)
Conclusions,
Relevant sources of experimental error, problems and limitations are described and feasible
6 Discussion and
ways to improve the investigation are proposed.
Evaluation (II)

7
RUBRIC TO EVALUATE THE LAB REPORT
Grade 8 – Eighth year of MYP

Criterion C: Processing and evaluating


Maximum: 8

At the end of year 4, students should be able to:

i. Present collected and transformed data


ii. Interpret data and explain results using scientific reasoning
iii. Evaluate the validity of a hypothesis based on the outcome of the scientific investigation
iv. Evaluate the validity of the method
v. Explain improvements or extensions to the method.

ACHIEVEMENT
LEVEL DESCRIPTOR
LEVEL
0 The student does not reach a standard described by any of the descriptors below.
The student is able to:
 Collect and present data in numerical and/or visual forms
 Interpret data
1–2  State the validity of a prediction based on the outcome of a scientific
investigation
 State the validity of the method based on the outcome of a scientific
investigation
 State improvements or extensions to the method.
The student is able to:
 Correctly collect and present data in numerical and/or visual forms
 Accurately interpret data and outline results
 Outline the validity of a prediction based on the outcome of a scientific
3–4 investigation
 Outline the validity of the method based on the outcome of a scientific
investigation
 Outline improvements or extensions to the method that would benefit the
scientific investigation.
The student is able to:
 Correctly collect, organize and present data in numerical and/or visual forms
 Accurately interpret data and explain results using scientific reasoning
 Discuss the validity of a prediction based on the outcome of a scientific
5–6 investigation
 Discuss the validity of the method based on the outcome of a scientific
investigation
 Discuss improvements or extensions to the method that would benefit the
scientific investigation.

8
The student is able to:
 Correctly collect, organize, transform and present data in numerical and/ or
visual forms.
o The raw and processed data are organized and presented in clear
tables with table numbers, proper titles and heading paying due
attention to units, uncertainties, decimal places and qualitative
observations when relevant.
o Calculations and statistical data analysis are performed correctly
paying due attention to decimal places and units, and showing when
necessary formulae, sample calculations and/or Excel commands.

 Accurately interpret data and explain results using correct scientific


reasoning.
o The raw and processed data are organized and presented in clear
tables with table numbers, proper titles and heading paying due
attention to units, uncertainties, decimal places and qualitative
observations when relevant.
o Calculations and statistical data analysis are performed correctly
paying due attention to decimal places and units, and showing when
necessary formulae, sample calculations and/or Excel commands.
7–8 o Raw and/or processed data are presented in self-contained and clear
graphs which show graph numbers, proper titles and axes-labels
paying due attention to units, uncertainties, decimal places and error
bars when relevant.
 Evaluate the validity of a prediction based on the outcome of a scientific
investigation.
o Offer a considered and balanced review based on the comparison
between theoretical and experimental value.
o Discuss why the experimental value is validated (error dispersion, low
measurement errors)
 Evaluate the validity of the method based on the outcome of a scientific
investigation
o Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.
o Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by
appropriate evidence.
 Explain improvements or extensions to the method that would benefit the
scientific investigation.
o Relevant sources of experimental error, problems and limitations are
described and feasible ways to improve the investigation are
proposed.