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Fall 2010

Homework Set #5

DUE: Wednesday 10/06/2010

3.5, 3.9, 3.24, 3.25, 3.28, 3.39, 3.50, 3.55, 3.59, 3.73, 3.77, 3.80, 3.98, 3.119, 3.x

moment of P about B when is equal to 25°.

x

SOLUTION

problem, we will use M = Fd to solve similar 2D problems.

For the coordinate system shown, the components of the force are

Py P sin (8) sin 25 3.3809 (lb)

rA / B xiˆ yiˆ 8i 22 ˆj

or

MB = 186.6 lbin.◄

3.9 A winch puller AB is used to

straighten a fence post.

Knowing that the tension in

cable BC is 1040 N and length

d is 1.90 m, determine the

moment about D of the force

exerted by the cable at C by

resolving that force into

horizontal and vertical

components applied (a) at Point

C, (b) at Point E.

SOLUTION

0.875 5

Slope of line EC=

1.9 0.2 12

Therefore, the direction of the force is determined as shown, and the magnitude of the

components are (Note that this is the magnitude, it’s always positive)

12 12

T ABx T AB (1040) 960 (N)

13 13

12 5

T ABy T AB (1040) 400 (N)

13 13

Therefore,

M D T ABx d CDy T ABy d CDx (960)(0.875) (400)(0.2) 760 (N m)

or

MD= 760 Nm◄

(960)(0) ( 400)(1.9) 760 (N m)

or

NOTE: When we use M = Fd to calculate moment, both F and d are the magnitudes

and hence are always POSITIVE. However, if we use M = xPy yPx to calculate the

moment, x, y, Px and Py are components, and therefore may be positive or negative.

3.24 A wooden board AB, which is used as a

temporary prop to support a small roof, exerts at

Point A of the roof a 57-lb force directed along BA.

Determine the moment about C of that force.

rA/C

FBA

SOLUTION

We have

M C r A / C FBA

where,

r A / C ( x A xC )i ( y A yC ) j ( z A z C )k

( 48 in.)i (6 in.) j (36 in.)k

and

BA (5 in.)i (90 in.) j (30 in.)k

FBA FBA λ BA FBA (57 lb)

BA ( 5 in.) 2 (90 in.) 2 (30 in.) 2

(3 lb)i (54 lb) j (18 lb)k

i j k

M C r A / C FBA 48 6 36 ( 1836 lb in.)i (756 lb in.) j ( 2574 lb in.)k

3 54 18

MC = −153 i + 63.0 j + 215 k (lb∙ft)◄

3.25 The ramp ABCD is supported by

cables at corners C and D. The

tension in each of the cables is

810 N. Determine the moment

about A of the force exerted by (a)

the cable at D, (b) the cable at C. rG/A

rE/A

SOLUTION FDE

(a) We have

M A rE / A FDE FCG

where,

rE / A ( 2.3 m) j

and

DE (0.6 m)i (3.3 m) j (3 m)k

FDE FDE λ DE FDE (810 N)

DE (0.6 m) 2 (3.3 m) 2 ( 3 m) 2

(108 N)i (594 N) j (540 N)k

i j k

MA rE / A FDE 0 2.3 0 ( 1242 N m)i ( 248.4 N m)k

108 594 540

MA = −1242 i − 248.4 k (N∙m)◄

NOTE: We can also use rD/A as the arm to calculate MA = rD/A ×FDE. However, rE/A is

simpler than rD/A for this problem.

(b) We have

M A rG / A FCG

where,

rG / A ( 2.7 m)i ( 2.3 m) j

and

CG ( 0.6 m)i (3.3 m) j (3 m)k

FCG FCG λ CG FCG (810 N)

CG ( 0.6 m) 2 (3.3 m) 2 (3 m) 2

(108 N)i (594 N) j (540 N)k

i j k

MA 2.7 2.3 0 ( 1242 N m)i (1458 N m) j (1852 N m)k

108 594 540

3.28 In Problem 3.22, determine the perpendicular distance from Point O to cable BC.

rB/O

PROBLEM 3.22 Before the trunk of a

large tree is felled, cables AB and BC

are attached as shown. Knowing that FBC

the tensions in cables AB and BC are

555 N and 660 N, respectively, d

determine the moment about O of the

resultant force exerted on the tree by

the cables at B.

SOLUTION

We have

M O rB / O FBC

where,

rB / O (7 m) j

and

BC (4.25 m)i ( 7 m) j (1 m)k

FBC FBC λ BC FBC (660 N)

BC ( 4.25 m) 2 ( 7 m) 2 (1 m) 2

(340 N)i (560 N) j (80 N)k

i j k

MO rB / O FBC 0 7 0 (560 N m)i (1380 N m)k

340 560 80

M O 2445 (N m)

d

FBC 660 N

d = 3.7 m◄

3.39 Consider the volleyball net shown. Determine the angle formed by guy wires AB

and AC.

SOLUTION

AB ( 6.5 ft) 2 (8 ft) 2 ( 2 ft) 2 10.5 ft

AC ( 8 ft) j (6 ft)k

AC ( 8 ft) 2 (6 ft) 2 10 ft

By definition

AB AC ( AB )( AC ) cos

or

(6.5 i 8 j 2 k ) ( 8 j 6 k ) (10.5)(10) cos

Or

( 6.5)(0) ( 8)(8) ( 2)(6) (10.5)(10) cos

= 43.63°◄

tackle attached to the bottom of an I-beam at

hook B. Knowing that the man applies a 195-N

force to end A of the rope and that the moment

of that force about the y-axis is 132 N m,

determine the distance a.

SOLUTION rA/O

TAB

BA (2.2i 3.2 j ak )

d BA (2.2) 2 (3.2) 2 ( a ) 2 15.08 a 2

195 N

TBA TBA ˆBA (2.2i 3.2 j ak )

d BA

The position vector r can be chosen as OA or OB. We will use OA in this solution.

rA / O ( x A xO )i ( y A y O ) j ( z A z O )k (2.2 m)i (1.6 m) j

Now we can use the equation My = zTABx xTABz to solve this problem. For this problem,

x rA / O _ x 2.2 m z rA / O _ z 0

Therefore,

132 (0) (2.2) a = 1.256 m◄

2 2

15.08 a 15.08 a 15.08 a 2

We can also solve the problem from the definition of moment about an axis. By definition

0 1 0

195 195 429a

M y j (r A / O TBA ) 2.2 1.6 0 ( 2.2a )

d AB d AB 15.08 a 2

2.2 3.2 a

i.e.,

429a

132 a = 1.256 m◄

15.08 a 2

and is supported by a cable that passes

through a ring at B and is attached to

hooks at G and H. Knowing that the

tension in the cable is 450 N, determine

the moment about the diagonal AD of

the force exerted on the frame by

portion BH of the cable.

TBH

SOLUTION

rB/A

By definition,

M AD λ AD (rB / A TBH )

where,

λ AD 0.8i 0.6 k

AD (1 m) 2 (0.75 m) 2

rB / A (0.5 m)i

TBH TBH ( 450N)

BH (0.375 m) 2 (0.75 m) 2 ( 0.75 m) 2

(0.375 m)i (0.75 m) j ( 0.75 m)k

( 450N)

1.125 m

(150 N)i (300 N) j (300 N) k

Therefore,

0.8 0 0.6

M AD λ AD (rB / A TBH ) 0.5 0 0 (0.5)[(300)(0.6)]

150 300 300

MAD = −90 N∙ m◄

3.59 A regular tetrahedron has six edges of

length a. A force P is directed as shown

along edge BC. Determine the moment of

P about edge OA. OA

SOLUTION

By definition,

rC/O

M OA λ OA (rC / O P)

OAx

It is easy to see that C

O x

30°

rC / O ai 60° OAz

P 3P

P P cos 60i P sin 60k i k

2 2

z B

OAx a / 2

OAz OAx tan 30 (a / 2)(1 / 3 ) 3a / 6

Since

OA 2 OAx2 OA y2 OAz2 or a 2 ( a / 2) 2 OA y2 ( 3a / 6) 2

we have

a 2 3a 2 6

OA y a 2 a

4 36 3

Therefore,

a 6a 3a

OA OAx i OA y j OAz k

i j k

2 3 6

OA a 6a 3a 1 6 3

λ OA ( i j k) / a i j k

OA 2 3 6 2 3 6

Finally,

1/ 2 6 /3 3/6

6 3 aP

M OA λ OA (rC / O P) a 0 0 ( a ) P

3 2 2

P/2 0 3P / 2

MOA = aP / 2◄

3.73 Four 1-in.-diameter pegs are attached to a board as shown. Two strings are passed

around the pegs and pulled with forces indicated. (a) Determine the resultant couple

acting on the board. (b) If only one striing is used, around which pegs should

F1 it pass

and in what direction should it be pulled to create the same couple with minimum

tension in the string? (c) What is the value of that minimum tension?

SOLUTION

(a) There are two couples in the problem. Use the 2D equation, we have

M = F1d1 + F2d2 = (35 lb)(7 in.) + (25 lb)(9 in.) = 470 lb∙in.

M = 470 lb∙in.◄

Note: we can also use the vector equation to solve the problem.

M = M1 + M2 = rD/B × F1 + rD/C × F2

= (−7 in.)j × (35 lb )i + (9 in.)i × (25 lb )j = 470k (lb∙in.)

470 lb∙in., either pegs A and D, or B and C should be A

used to minimize the tension when the distance is d

maximized. Also, when the direction of the force is F

perpendicular to the center line AD or BC, the

−F D

perpendicular distance d between the two forces are

maximized (see figure).

tan 6 / 8 0.75

= 53.1°◄

(b) The distance between the centers of the two pegs is (8 in.) 2

(6 in.) 2 10 in.

Therefore,

F = 42.7 lb◄

3.77 If P 0, replace the two remaining couples

with a single equivalent couple, specifying

its magnitude and the direction of its axis.

SOLUTION F1

F2

There are two couples in the problem,

( 480 lb in) k

M 2 rBE F2

where,

F2 F2 λ DE F2 ( 40 lb) (8 5 lb) j (16 5 lb)k

DE (5 in.) 2 (10 in.) 2

rBE (15in.)i (5 in.) j

Therefore,

i j k

M 2 rBE F2 15 5 0 80 5 i 240 5 j 120 5 k (lb in.)

0 8 5 16 5

178.885 i 536.656 j 268.328 k (lb in.)

Hence,

178.885 i 536.656 j 211 .672 k (lb in.)

and

M = 604 lb∙in.◄

cos y M y / M 536.656 / 603.99 0.88852 y = 27.3°◄

cos z M z / M 211 .672 / 603.99 0.34045 z = 110.5°◄

3.80 Shaft A and B connect the gear box to the wheel assemblies of a tractor, and shaft C

connects it to the engine. Shafts A and B lie in the vertical yz plane, while shaft C is

directed along the x axis. Replaces the couples applied to the shafts with a single

equivalent couple, specifying its magnitude and the direction of its axis.

SOLUTION

M B 1200 sin 20 j 1200 cos 20k 410.424 j 1127.63k (N m)

M C 1120i (N m)

Therefore,

The magnitude and direction are

d = 135 mm◄

Mx 1120

x cos 1 cos 1 cos 1 (0.3912) 113 .0

M 2862.8

M y 136.808

y cos 1 cos 1 cos 1 (0.0478) 92.7

M 2862.8

M 2631.1

z cos 1 z cos 1 cos 1 (0.9191) 23.2

M 2862.8

3.98 A 77-N force F1 and a 31-N m couple M1 are applied to corner E of the bent plate

shown. If F1 and M1 are to be replaced with an equivalent force-couple system (F2,

M2) at corner B and if (M2)z 0, determine (a) the distance d, (b) F2 and M2.

M2

F2

SOLUTION

M 2 M 1 rH / B F1

where,

M 1 M 1λ EJ M 1 (31 N m)

EJ ( d ) 2 (0.03 m) 2 ( 0.07 m) 2

31di 0.93 j 2.17 k

(N m)

d 2 0.0058

F1 F1λ EH F1 (71 N)

EH (0.06 m) 2 (0.06 m) 2 (0.07 m) 2

(42 N)i (42 N) j (49 N)k

Therefore,

rH / B F1 [(0.31 m)i (0.0233 m) j] [ (42 N)i (42 N) j (49 N)k ]

i j k

0.31 0.0233 0 1.1417i 15.19 j 13.9986k (N m)

42 42 49

Therefore,

M 2 M 1 rH / B F

31di 0.93 j 2.17 k

1.1417i 15.19 j 13.9986k (N m)

d 2 0.0058

2.17

13.9986 0 d = 0.135 m

d 2 0.0058

d = 135 mm◄

(b) F2 and M2 are given by

M2 1.1417i 15.19 j 13.9986k (N m)

d 2 0.0058

( 25.858 N m) i ( 21.190 N m) j

M2 = – (25.9 N∙m) i + (21.2 N∙m) j◄

3.119 Four forces are applied to the machine component ABDE as shown. Replace these

forces by an equivalent force-couple system at A.

MAR

F1

F2

F3

F4

SOLUTION

( 420 N)i (50 N) j (250 N)k

rB / A (0.2 m)i

rD / A (0.2 m)i (0.16 m)k

rE / A (0.2 m)i (0.1 m) j (0.16 m)k

Therefore,

MR

A rB / A F1 rB / A F2 rB / A F3 rE / A F4

(0.2 m)i ( 50 N) j (0.2 m)i ( 300 N)i (0.2 m)i ( 250 N)k

[(0.2 m)i (0.1 m) j (0.16 m)k ] ( 120 N)i

(10 N m)k 0 (50 N m) j [ (12 N m)k (19.2 N m) j]

(30.8 N m) j ( 22 N m)k

So the force-couple at A is

3.x Replace the force and couple system acting on the member by an equivalent

resultant force and couple acting at point O.

F1

MOR

Rx

F2

Ry R

SOLUTION

Force Summation. It is easy to see that the couple forces of 200 N are equal but

opposite, and they produce no resultant force. Therefore,

(300 N)i (350 N) j

R

MO M O (750 N)(1.25 m) (500 N)(4/5)(2.5 m) (500 N)(3/5)(1.0 m)

(200 N)(1 m) 37.5 N m

Therefore,

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