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Copyright © 2018 Halit Demir

This glossary is an excerpt from the below e-book. It may be copied and distributed for non-commercial purposes, provided that it remains in its complete original form. If you would like to view more sample pages from the book, please visit the author’s web site www.easyturkishgrammar.com.

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. TURKISH HOMONYMS

Homonyms are words that are spelt and sound the same, but are different in meaning or origin. As Turkish script is almost like a phonetic transcription, homonyms are quite common in Turkish, and they might be confusing for learners of Turkish. Here is a list of the most common homonyms in Turkish.

 

noun

adjective

verb

acı

1 pain 2 grief

1 hot (food) 2 poignant

ache, hurt

hungry

open

açık

1 open 2 clear 3 light (colour)

al

crimson

1 take 2 buy

an

moment

commemorate

arı

bee

pure

at

horse

throw

atlet

1 athlete 2 vest/undershirt

ay

1

month 2 moon

bağ

1 vineyard

 

2 tie (connection/relationship)

baş

1 head 2 beginning

ben

1 I (pronoun) 2 mole (on the skin)

bin

thousand

ride (bike/horse)

büyü

magic, spell

grow (intr)

çal

1 steal 2 play (a musical instrument,

çay

1 tea 2 stream (small river)

a piece of music, a CD)

dal

branch (of a tree)

dive

dik

steep

1 sew 2 plant (tree/plants)

dil

1 tongue 2 language

slice

diz

knee

line sth up (=arrange things in a row); string (=put things together

dolu

hail

full

onto a thread, chain etc)

düş

dream

fall

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noun adjective verb el 1 hand 2 people other than your family and circle of
noun
adjective
verb
el
1 hand 2 people other than your
family and circle of friends 1
1 They don’t
necessarily have to be
perfect strangers.
2 As a verb, it is in the
infinitive form
ekmek 2 bread
sow
(ekmek ).
emir
1 emir 2 command
geç 3
late
1 pass (go past a place/person/thing)
2
pass (exam/test)
3
pass [intr] (time)
4
pass (become more than)
güç
power
hard
gül
rose
laugh
3 pass (give): uzat
pass [tr] (time): geçir
inside
drink
it 4
dog (also for a dishonest man)
push
kara
land (not sea)
black
4 When we say, ‘I have
a dog.’, we do not use
it, we use köpek:
kat
1 fold 2 storey; floor
add, mix in
Köpek/ğim (NOT itim)
var.
kaz
goose
dig
kazan
cauldron
1 win 2 earn
kır
the countryside
grey (hair)
break (sth into pieces)
kız
girl
get angry
koca
husband
big
koru
small wood
protect
ocak
1 cooker 2 January
pazar
Sunday
1 market 2 bazaar
sağ
right (≠left)
alive (not dead)
soy
line, lineage
1 peel (fruit or vegetables)
2 take sb else’s clothes off
3
rob
top
1 ball 2 cannon
5 It has got nothing to do
ton 5
1 tone 2 ton
with ton in tonbalığı
‘tuna fish’.
tip (end)
fly
ünlü 6
vowel
famous
yaş
age
wet
6 The root ün means
sound in the noun, and it
means fame in the
adjective.
yat
yacht
go to bed
yaz
summer
write
yüz
1 face 2 hundred
swim

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