This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

BooksAudiobooksComicsSheet Music### Categories

### Categories

### Categories

Editors' Picks Books

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Audiobooks

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Comics

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Editors' Picks Sheet Music

Hand-picked favorites from

our editors

our editors

Top Books

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Audiobooks

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Comics

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Top Sheet Music

What's trending, bestsellers,

award-winners & more

award-winners & more

Welcome to Scribd! Start your free trial and access books, documents and more.Find out more

Matrix w/ no solns. = inconsistent at least 1 soln = consistent - Interchange rows - Multiply row c≠0 - Sum of multiple

Elementary Row Op

**Reduced Row Echelon Form
**

- 1st nonzero in row is 1 - following row has more 0’s - row w/ all zeros at bottom - 1st entry ≠ 0 in row is only entry ≠ 0 in column

Overdetermined: eqs > ?? Underdetermined: eqs < ?? Arithmetic 1. αA = αaij 2. A + B = B + A 3. (A + B) + C = A + (B + C) 4. (AB)C = A(BC) 5. A(B + C) = AB + AC 6. (A + B)C = AC + BC) 7. (αβ)A = α(βA) 8. α(AB) = (αA)B = A(αB) 9. (α + β)A = αA + βA 10. α(A + B) = αA + αB

11. An =

2n-12n-12n-

12n-1

Symmetric Matrix AT = A Singularity A= nonsingular/invertible if exist A-1 such that A-1A = AA-1 = I Algebraic Rules: Transposes 1. (AT)T = A 2. (αA)T = αAT 3. (A + B)T = AT + BT 4. (AB)T = BTAT Partitioned Matrix 1. AB1B2=AB1AB2

3. Adding multiple of row/column has no effect xxx0xx00x LowerΔ (L) = xxx0xx00x A=L×U STEPS: A → U = E-1…U E-1… = L Adjoint of a Matrix adj A = (Aij. A1A2B=AB1AB2 det(AB) = det(A)det(B) det(A-1) = 1det(A) Types 1. A-1 = 1det(A)adj A det(A) = 0 Cramer’s Rule If identical row/columns. Interchanging two rows/ columns change sign 2. Multiplying row/column by scalar α = α det (A) 3. det(A) x1 = det(Ai)det(A) =0 . Aij …)T take 1)i+jdet(Mij) cofactor of each digit.For every row op done on each E. but apply Elementary Matrixes only to digits under (En) diagonal that was Computing A-1 : (A|I) → transformed to a row ops to both sides → zero. (I|A-1) Determinants UpperΔ (U) = Aij (cofactor)=(2. then transpose Thm: If row/column all zeros. do reverse for same row A1A2B1B2=A1B1+ and column in new A2B2 matrix “L”.

A – λI is singular 5. (A – λI)x=0 has nontrivial soln.STEPS: Ai obtained by X-1AX = D replacing ith column of A by b (solution) Eigenvalues/Eigenvecto rs 1. det(A – λI) = 0 Similar Matrices B similar to A if exists nonsingular matrix S such that B = S-1AS Matrix: idempotent if A2 =A Diagonalization nilpotent if Ak = 0 . 3. λ is eigenvalue of A 2. N(A – λI)x ≠ {0} 4.

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd