CHAPTER 7

PUBLIC FACILITIES ELEMENT

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Introduction The anticipated economic and population growth of Spotsylvania County will require an increased level of public services. More population will mean more school students as well as more health services, social services, and recreation facilities. Economic growth will require expanded utilities, improved fire and rescue protection and coordination with the business community. The purpose of the Public Facilities Plan is to assess the current and future public service and facility needs and provide a plan for addressing these needs in an efficient and cost effective manner. The County's public facilities must be carefully coordinated with land use and transportation plans to integrate the provision of services with anticipated growth, revenues, and available funding. The principal goals of the adopted Comprehensive Plan regarding the provision of public facilities and utilities are:
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Provide community facilities/services to serve existing and new development in an efficient and cost effective manner; Provide emergency services and law enforcement to protect citizens and allow them to enjoy a safe and secure environment; Promote an integrated information system for the County, supporting the education and the enrichment of all of its citizens; Serve the recreational needs of the community through a comprehensive system of recreational facilities and programs; Provide a system of high quality educational opportunities that meet the future educational needs of all citizens; Provide safe and adequate facilities and educational programs for the removal, disposal, and reduction of solid waste; and Provide a sufficient supply of high quality drinking water and a distribution system to serve the domestic, recreational, industrial, commercial, and fire protection needs of the community at the most economical price possible.

It must be recognized that areas of the County are different and levels of service within these areas will vary. Where possible, current and future needs should be addressed through existing facilities. Where this is not possible, new facilities can be constructed. By identifying where public schools, water or sewer lines, fire and rescue stations, and other improvements should be constructed, the County can encourage development in appropriate areas and discourage development in inappropriate areas. Appropriate here is meant to be consistent with adopted policies. Coordination of County land use, transportation and public facilities development is the key to providing equitable, efficient, and cost effective government services for current and future County residents. Created in concert with other County departments, The Public Facilities Plan recommends the general timing and location of future County facilities based on desired service levels. It is designed to function as a needs assessment supporting the establishment of specific project priorities through the annual Capital Improvement Program. A comprehensive approach integrates facility needs, siting criteria, and design issues with adopted land use plans and other planning concerns. The Plan will guide the acquisition of public facility sites through the rezoning process and advance purchase or optioning. The Public Facilities Plan does not address funding availability, debt capacity, or other financial concerns; nor does it address facility components, equipment, building design, and numerous other factors best left to the

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expertise of the operating departments. In addition, the location recommendations are general and should not be interpreted as site specific. This plan is one element of the Spotsylvania County Comprehensive Plan. As with all components of the Comprehensive Plan, it is intended to function as guide for decision-makers; flexibility is required when fundamental conditions change or analysis based on new data reaches differing conclusions. The comprehensive plan and each of its components should be reviewed and, if necessary, updated periodically based on new data and analysis. Relationship to the Comprehensive Plan and County Growth Management Strategy: The adoption of the Public Facilities Plan as part of the County's Comprehensive Plan provides an important implementation tool for the County's overall growth management strategy. Articulated through the recommendations of the Comprehensive Plan, this strategy encourages sustainable and orderly growth in designated areas of the county while supporting the overall desires and aspirations of the community. A key aspect of the growth management strategy involves the appropriate timing and location of future land development. Relationship to the Capital Improvements Program: The County's annual Capital Improvement Program (CIP) addresses short-term facility planning. The CIP proposes a specific schedule for acquisition, development, enhancement or replacement of public facilities, usually over a five (5) or six (6) year period. It shows the arrangement of selected projects in priority order, and establishes cost estimates and anticipated funding sources. Organization The Public Facilities Plan is organized into six (6) sections: 1) Public Schools; 2) Parks and Recreation; 3) Fire and Rescue Services; 4) Libraries; 5) Solid Waste Management; and 6) Water and Sewer Facilities. In preparing the Public Facilities Plan, each of the above categories will be addressed in terms of existing conditions, evaluation criteria, future expectations and future plans. In this way the Plan will provide a baseline for future planning, evaluating existing development policies and creating new policies where appropriate. General Evaluation Criteria An evaluation of existing public facilities and a determination of needs for future facilities involves several related criteria. These criteria cannot be static or absolute because particular needs and existing conditions vary greatly throughout the County. Location Location must be considered in relation to various elements of the Comprehensive Plan, such as existing and future population distribution, zoning, major transportation arteries, topography, and utilities. A centralized location is required for facilities that provide services to intermittent visitors

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where a time and distance factor is not critical. Decentralized locations are desirable for facilities that serve day-to-day needs of citizens and where a time and distance factor becomes less important. Accessibility The site should be accessible to major transportation routes providing the best possible access to the greatest number of citizens expected to use the facility. Proximity to Related and Supporting Facilities There are advantages to the grouping of related central-type facilities within one complex or area. Convenience to the public is thereby enhanced, operational economics are achieved, and less land is required to provide shared facilities such as parking. Some facilities are also more effective when located adjacent to a business district or shopping center, thereby assuring the greatest convenience to the largest number of people. Public facilities should not be located in the very heart of the retail core, but preferably near the periphery of the commercial center. Condition and Obsolescence Assessment The present state of repair for a particular facility needs to be determined. Existing building space arrangements and special mechanical equipment requirements to meet the function needs of the facility must be considered. The operational efficiency of the facility and its possible adaptation to change or enlargement are factors that must be reviewed to determine the relative obsolescence of the building plan. Poor condition and high levels of obsolescence may indicate a need for replacement. Capacity in Relation to Present and Future Utilization Increased demands for services will typically require increased staff and equipment resources with a corresponding need for additional space. Site Adequacy The site for each building should be adequate to provide for: (a) the space needs of the building and any probable future additions, (b) parking space for vehicles of both visitors and employees, and (c) sufficient landscaped open space for a satisfactory and pleasing appearance. Supportive of Adopted Planning Policies The proposed project should support adopted County policies and plans. Without reference to an overall framework for development of the County, projects can be inconsistent and counterproductive. If a project appears justified, even though it is not consistent with adopted policies, then a change in policy should be proposed and reviewed through the planning process. Public Facilities Plan Map Proposed facilities which form an integral part of the County's future land use pattern are shown on the Public Facilities Plan Map (inserted in back of document); these include the schools, parks and recreation facilities, and various other buildings, structures and sites needed to provide

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Use the recommendations of the plan. Consider existing facility maintenance or replacement needs in already developed areas of the county. Schools. environmental constraints. Key building blocks include countywide population projections to the year 2030. Construct or expand facilities in accord with established level of service standards. The locations of public services. Help guide future growth by coordinating the location of public facilities with recommendations in the County's Comprehensive Plan. Acquire sites for future public facilities as soon as possible. These projections were derived from a detailed analysis of numerous factors affecting development potential in the county.Fire/Rescue Stations. where feasible.e. As they are developed. such as water and sewer systems. Solid Waste. approved zoning.public services. Parks. Service Area vs. Use the recommendations of this plan to determine whether proposed public facilities are substantially in accord with the Comprehensive Plan. Mitigate the impact of public facilities on adjacent planned and existing land uses. and Libraries. including adopted land use plans. as required by state law. Only general locations are indicated on the map. to develop multiple use locations (i. are identified within the Water and Sewer Master Plan. In making these decisions. the following objectives should be considered: • • • • • • • • • Locate new facilities to provide convenient service to the greatest number of residents. joint park/school sites). Methodology Detailed demographic information provides the basis for the demand analysis included in the Public Facilities Plan. and subdivision activity. smaller area plans may indicate more specific sites when possible.. 5 . and school enrollment projections. Key Objectives of the Public Facilities Plan The Public Facilities Plan should serve as the foundation for future decisions concerning the location and expansion of public facilities. Recommendations through the year 2020 are based on service level goals as defined by the applicable department. Countywide Facilities The plan reflects differing levels of review based on the type of public facility. Certain facilities were reviewed based on geographic service areas . Use the plan as a general guide for the County's Capital Improvements Program. both short-term and long-term needs have been addressed. As a guide to timing. Ensure equitable distribution of public facilities between established and newly developing areas of Spotsylvania County. ideally obtaining property for facilities many years before there is a need to build.

Spotsylvania County Planning Department.600 90. 6 .490 139.395 114.Projected Population Growth Spotsylvania County Year 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2030 Population 57.190 187.960 134. *Implementation of graduated growth to reach Comprehensive Plan goal of an annual growth rate of 2%.402 217.400 175.S.403 71. Virginia Employment Commission.957 Source: U.797 Managed Growth* 126.655 154.163 154. Census Bureau.

The Spotsylvania County Public School System consists of thirty (30) schools: seventeen (17) elementary schools. Provide up-to-date learning facilities including advances in technology and related instructional software. In addition to vocational courses offered at the local high school. Elementary. for a total of 24. in addition to vocational education. 5. 7 .186 students. Provide locations for new schools that minimize travel distance for current as well as future students. Middle and High Schools site design should minimize impacts of the recreational areas on adjacent residences. programs for gifted students. Pursue acquisition of school sites in projected growth areas of the county as identified on the school plan map. five (5) high schools. seven (7) middle schools. were enrolled in the school system. Obtain optimal locations and minimize costs through advance acquisition of suitable sites. as a center for the alternative education and preschool programs. students may take career-based courses at the Spotsylvania Career and Technical Center located adjacent to Courtland High School.677 high school students. and 7. John J. Courthouse Academy and the GATES Center provide services to non-traditional secondary students. Continue to coordinate school site planning and development with the Parks and Recreation Department in order to maximize community recreational facilities.644 middle school students. special education and related services. The school system operates a federally funded Title One program for children whose math and reading skills are below grade level and houses Headstart and the Virginia Preschool Initiative (VPI) program for preschool children.865 elementary and pre-k students. Schedule school construction to relieve overcrowding and plan for new growth before it occurs. and alternative education.Public Schools Introduction The Spotsylvania County Public School System offers a comprehensive program for grades preKindergarden-12. Facility Design and Location Standards Location Criteria The goal of the school system is to provide for the highest quality education for students in the County in the most cost-effective manner. Wright also reopened in the fall of 2008. 10. and the Spotsylvania County Career and Technical Center. • • • • • • • • Provide new facilities to adequately and equitably serve all areas of the county. During the 2006-2007 school year. In addition the Maintenance Warehouse Complex will open in December of 2009. Sports facilities and their parking areas should be buffered from nearby homes.

and facility standards for the purpose of providing a consistent. Middle Schools • • • • • Sites should range in size from 50-80 acres depending on the full educational needs. d. A multi-purpose room/gymnasium should be provided at each school sized to accommodate a regulation basketball court. e. zoning and other requirements established or desired by the School Board or County Board of Supervisors. Access to restrooms. Buildings should be a minimum of 95.Design Criteria The following are recommended design criteria. One (1) Little League/Softball Field with a 200 foot playing area with fences for a backstop and dugouts. One (1) Soccer/Football Field with minimum dimensions of 65 yards x 120 yards. Grading for outdoor facilities to include the following community use facilities: a. zoning and other requirements established or desired by the School Board or County Board of Supervisors. restroom facilities. desired community recreation needs. as well as all engineering. storage room and locker rooms. A multi-use/gymnasium facility should be provided at each school sized to accommodate a regulation basketball court. Two (2) Soccer/Football Fields with minimum dimensions of 70 yards x 130 yards. Buildings should be constructed at a minimum height no less than two stories. Grading for parking adjacent to facilities. Grading for parking adjacent to facilities. desired community recreation needs. c. One (1) with lights (prepared and funded by Parks and Recreation).000 square feet accommodating 930-950 students. Elementary Schools • • • • • Sites should average in size from 20-35 acres depending on the full educational needs. c. acreage. Grading for outdoor facilities to include the following community use facilities: a. d. A Public Access Track. equitable and cost effective countywide public school system. Public Access Playground. b. as well as all engineering. with a desirable class size limit of 22 students.000 square feet accommodating 940-960 students with a desirable class size limit of 25 students. Buildings should be a minimum of 125. b. Tennis Courts/Basketball Courts. Grading for two (2) Little League/Softball Fields with a 200 foot playing area with fences for a backstop and dugouts (prepared and funded by Parks and Recreation). 8 . and f. bleachers. and e. Restroom access. restroom facilities. and storage rooms. Buildings should be constructed at a maximum height no greater than two stories. bleachers.

a second gym (auxiliary gymnasium) should be provided at each high school sized to accommodate a regulation basketball court. and h.High Schools • • • • • • Sites should range in size from 70-120 acres depending on the full educational needs. restroom facilities. Three (3) Multi-Purpose Football/Soccer Fields with minimum dimensions of 70 yards x 130 yards. d. Access to restrooms (funded by Parks and Recreation).100 students/70-120 acres Recommendations The following recommendations are general in nature. A Public Access Track. f. 9 . storage room and locker rooms. Tennis Courts/Basketball Courts. One (1) with lights (funded by Parks and Recreation). g. Parking adjacent to facilities. school capacity is the key Level of Service indicator.900-2. Findings For the purpose of the Public Facilities Plan. The Plan for school system expansion is based on the County School Board school design capacity as follows: • • • Elementary Schools: 930-950 students/20-35 acres Middle Schools: 940-960 students/50-80 acres High Schools: 1. zoning and other requirements established or desired by the School Board or County Board of Supervisors. Geographic Analysis Traffic Analysis Zone (TAZ) data provides a basis for working through a detailed analysis to determine the locations where residential growth is anticipated to occur to the year 2025. In addition to the main gymnasium. bleachers. c. e.100 students with a desirable class size limit of 25 students.000 square feet accommodating 1. school capacity needs and land availability are shown on the accompanying map. Buildings should be constructed at a minimum height no less than two stories. The following maps depict the areas of the county in which the greatest percentage of residential growth is projected to occur during the planning period with generalized locations for future school facilities. The general location of proposed schools based on anticipated residential growth. Grading for outdoor facilities to include the following community use facilities: a. One (1) Regulation Football/Soccer Field with stadium. b. desired community recreation needs. Buildings should be a minimum of 313. Two (2) Regulation Baseball Fields with fully enclosed playing area. as well as all engineering.900-2. One (1) with lights. Two (2) Softball Fields with fully enclosed playing area.

Maintenance Warehouse Complex is scheduled to open in the December of 2009. a media center. unsafe and long bus trips. This addition will provide space for 100 additional students. In addition. This school will encompass 90. Ni River Middle School Addition is to be completed by the fall of 2012. restrooms. will be reconfigured to accommodate this project. This road construction is a stipulation of the Spotsylvania County Board of Supervisors as part of the Special Use Permit for (Cedar Forrest) Elementary School #17. The current Maintenance Facility site (behind the Marshall Center). Maintain levels of service by staying consistent with state standards for classroom size by education level and full utilization of school facilities based on building capacity Reduce bus travel distances for students going to and from school in a safe manner Reduce land costs for new schools through advance acquisition. 5 special education rooms. This addition will provide space for 100 additional students. This school facility will be located in the west-central area of Spotsylvania County. and gymnasium. etc. etc. This one story masonry structure will include 38 regular classrooms.General • • • • • • • Consider realignment of Attendance Zones to best utilize existing facilities to accommodate student population before constructing new school facilities Look to constructing additions to existing school facilities before constructing new school facilities for cost efficiency purposes Establish new Attendance Zones based on the safest and shorter school bus routes in order to get students to and from school in a timely fashion Construct new schools to provide the best educational opportunities for students by preventing overcrowded classroom sizes. 10 .448 square feet which includes an 8. Elementary School #19 is scheduled to open in the fall of 2015. This facility will serve as the centralized base for all maintenance personnel and equipment for the school division and the county. restrooms. 5 resource rooms. and the widening and straightening of five-tenths of a mile of the road between Route 17 and Cedar Forrest Elementary School. Short Term (2008-2013) • • • • • • Massaponax Church Road is scheduled to be addressed with respect to: the addition of turning lanes near the entrance of Cedar Forrest Elementary School. This school facility will be located next to Spotsylvania High School on Towles Mill Road.448 square feet which includes an 8. This one story masonry structure will include 38 regular classrooms.500 square foot multipurpose room. and gymnasium. This school will encompass 90. 5 resource rooms. cafeteria. a media center. to this middle school. and the school division Records Warehouse. Thornburg Middle School Addition is to be completed by the fall of 2012. cafeteria. Elementary School #18 is scheduled to open in the fall of 2013. This project will add four to eight rooms with ancillary support spaces (corridors. 5 special education rooms.500 square foot multipurpose room.). This project will add four to eight rooms with ancillary support spaces (corridors. this facility will house the school division’s textbook inventory. The deadline for this road construction project is the fall of 2010.) to this middle school. the addition of a traffic signal at the intersection of Route 17 and Massaponax Church Road. etc.

at the LOS standards contained in the Schools Plan. and the school facility demand generated by the proposed residential development. This one to two-story masonry structure will encompass approximately 318. The future residential demand for education programs and school facilities must be measured. Existing Number of Schools 17 7 5 29 Current Growth Rate by 2025 21 (4) 9 (2) 7 (2) 37 (8) Managed Growth Rate by 2025 23 (6)* 10 (3)* 7 (2)* 40 (11)* Type of School Elementary Middle High Total * Implementation of graduated growth to reach Comprehensive Plan goal of an annual growth rate of 2%. This school facility will be located in an area of growth (possibly the northeastern portion of Spotsylvania County). and means must be identified for maintaining the established countywide level of service after new development occurs. Level of Service Standards for Public School Facilities New development presents demands for countywide school facilities that impact the current levels of service provided by the public school system in Spotsylvania County. athletic fields. a school forum. the applicant shall be required to provide the following: • • A statement from the Spotsylvania County Planning Department regarding the anticipated shortfall between existing. athletic fields. ( ) Additional school needs by 2025. Provision of a voluntary proffer for school sites and facilities. It is important that the County provide both current and future residents adequate education services.800 square feet including an auxiliary gymnasium. auxiliary gymnasium. and ancillary facilities. Current Growth Rate reflects long range projections using the current growth rate of the student population not the general county population. Middle School #8 is slated to open in the fall of 2016. This school facility will be located in an area of growth (possibly the northeastern portion of Spotsylvania County). projected and already funded school facilities. Also includes existing facilities.Long Term (2013-2025) • • High School #6 is slated to open in the fall of 2015. This one to two-story masonry structure will encompass approximately 128. All applications for a rezoning and/or special use permit for residential dwelling units shall contain the following information: • • Number and type(s) of dwelling unit(s) proposed Anticipated occupancy date for proposed dwelling units Where the proposed rezoning and/or special use permit application proposes the addition of dwelling units that may contain school-age children.800 square feet including an auditorium. and ancillary facilities. so long as those sites and facilities are acceptable to both 11 .

as above. and site development costs. and the monetary difference between the value of that school site. 12 .• the Spotsylvania County Planning Department and the Spotsylvania County School Board. acceptable to both the Spotsylvania County Planning Department and the Spotsylvania County School Board. as determined by both the Spotsylvania County Planning Department and the Spotsylvania County School Board. The methodology for determining equitable monetary contributions for new development is outlined in the Spotsylvania County Zoning Evaluation and Proffer Policy Guide. Or. a combination of a school site. and the total monetary contribution that would otherwise be provided. Rezoning and/or special use permit applications that are found by the Spotsylvania County Planning Department to generate a shortfall between the new demand and existing and projected and already funded school facilities without committing to mitigation measures that are acceptable to the Planning Department shall be found inconsistent with the Schools Plan.

The County is currently working towards providing personnel at each station seven days per week.). investigates environmental issues (illegal dumps. They include the Spotsylvania Volunteer Fire and EMS Department. Spotsylvania Volunteer Rescue Squad. Chancellor Volunteer Fire and Rescue Department and Spotsylvania Volunteer Rescue Squad. There are approximately 400 operational volunteers spread among these agencies. Monday through Friday from 4:00am until 6:00pm. Emergency Management/Support Services . 13 . seven days per week by July 1.Fire and Rescue Introduction Fire protection and emergency medical service are indispensable services that are essential to the quality of life of every County resident. public fire education. There are three volunteer organizations (rescue squads and fire companies) providing services to the County.Fire suppression. 24 hours per day. The volunteers are the primary providers of night and weekend coverage. spills. Services provided by the department are divided into five distinct categories as follows: 1 2 3 Fire . coordinates search and rescue efforts. rules and regulations and related issues.Emergency medical treatment and transport and public education.Plans for natural or man-made disasters. In order to fill this coverage void. Spotsylvania County Department of Fire. provides in house vehicle repair and maintenance for fire and EMS vehicles and provide logistical support for the department. Previous planning efforts related to fire/rescue stations were the sole responsibility of the Fire. training standards. first responder program. This is an attempt to integrate that planning into the comprehensive planning of all public facilities throughout the County. Chancellor Volunteer Fire and Rescue Department. Rescue and Emergency Management provides career personnel who staff fire and rescue stations during daytime hours. responds to hazardous materials spills. Rescue and Emergency Management (FREM) Department. processes Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). The Fire and Rescue Commission has recommended a goal of staffing all stations 24 hours per day. the County Fire Chief and one Spotsylvania County citizen unaffiliated with any public safety agency within or outside the county. Rescue and Emergency Management. the Spotsylvania County Department of Fire. The majority of the volunteers work regular full-time jobs resulting in limited availability of volunteers for weekday coverage. This element of the Public Facilities Plan is mainly concerned with the planning of fire/rescue stations in order to provide effective and efficient fire protection and emergency medical response. Fire and rescue services are provided to Spotsylvania County residents and visitors through a system comprised of both volunteer and career personnel. 2009 and this is supported by the Board of Supervisors. as well as provide certain specialized and administrative functions. The Fire and Rescue Commission is an advisory board that provides recommendations to the Board of Supervisors regarding the provision of such services. Each of these agencies has its own officers to oversee the operations of each respective organization. The Commission is appointed by the Board of Supervisors and consists of a minimum of one representative to be appointed from the following entities: Spotsylvania Volunteer Fire Department. and company inspection programs. etc. Rescue . This Public Facilities Plan is closely associated with the Capital Improvements Plan adopted each year by the County Board of Supervisors.

Orange. Rescue and Emergency Management (FREM) also seeks to reduce demand for fire and rescue services through a proactive fire prevention and safety program. Caroline. building plan. and the Counties of Louisa. etc.Company 6 & Rescue 6 Wilderness* .Company 7 & Rescue 7 Thornburg* . Develops departmental budget. fire and EMS reports and departmental related permits and administers the Revenue Recovery Program for Spotsylvania County. The specific stations are listed in the table below. The program includes numerous public 14 .Company 9 & Rescue 9 Salem Fields* – Company 10 & Rescue 10 Brokenburg – Rescue 2 Partlow – Rescue 3 Five Mile Fork – Rescue 5 *Indicates joint use sites Type Fire & Rescue Fire Fire Fire & Rescue Fire Fire & Rescue Fire & Rescue Fire & Rescue Fire & Rescue Fire & Rescue Rescue Rescue Rescue The County maintains mutual aid agreements with the City of Fredericksburg. Fire Prevention – Performs plan review (site plan. and subdivision plat). establishes departmental policy and procedures. Table 1 Existing Facilities Facility Courthouse – Company 1 & Rescue 1 Brokenburg . fire investigations. The Department of Fire.) Existing Facilities Currently there are 10 Fire Companies and 10 Rescue Stations spread throughout the County.4 5 Fire and EMS Administration . conducts new construction and existing occupancy inspections to ensure compliance with applicable codes and standards. conducts investigations of fires.Company 2 Partlow – Company 3 Four Mile Fork* – Company 4 & Rescue 4 Five Mile Fork .Company 5 Salem Church* .Provides administrative support for the entire department. processes fire inspections. issues related permits (blasting. The facilities currently housing Fire Company 5 and Rescue 5 are being consolidated and a new joint use facility will be constructed in the Route 3 corridor or general area in the future.Company 8 & Rescue 8 Belmont* . fireworks. Some facilities are joint facilities and some are stand-alone facilities devoted to either fire or rescue services. and Hanover. burning.

education activities as well as a fire safety inspection program. the targets were 8 minutes for urbanized areas and 12 minutes for rural areas. This is based primarily on the current increase in population continuing throughout the period. The additional 1. Table 2 Number of Calls by Fire Company / Rescue Station 2007 Fire Company / Rescue Station 1 Fire Company / Rescue Station 2 Fire Company / Rescue Station 3 Fire Company / Rescue Station 4 Fire Company / Rescue Station 5 Fire Company / Rescue Station 6 Fire Company / Rescue Station 7 Fire Company / Rescue Station 8 Fire Company / Rescue Station 9 Fire Company / Rescue Station 10 Total 1. The newly adopted targets are 6 minutes for urban and 8 minutes for rural.443 emergency response calls are contributed to mutual aid responses. The primary indicator of level of service in regard to fire protection is response time.021 1. This increase will require additional stations and staffing in order to maintain or improve the current level of service.000 calls for service by 2020.574 emergency response calls.760 639 456 5. The areas for the stations in the urbanized area (northeast portion of the County) are somewhat smaller than 15 . with an overall average of 7 minutes countywide.862 3. An even greater percentage of the existing structures are within the fivemile radius due to the density of development in the Primary Development Boundary. The response area for each station varies in size due to location within the County. Additional full time staffing would greatly enhance this program and outreach opportunities.131* * CY07 had a total of 16.448 651 917 377 Opening in 2008 15. The County has recently modified its target response time goals. Approximately 90% of the land area of the County is within the desired fivemile radius of a fire station. The current level of service is measured by distance from the various stations whether the station is fire or rescue only or a joint use location. The total number of emergency response calls is growing at a rate of 4-5% annually and the total call volume is expected to exceed 25. This is a standard commonly used by the Insurance Services Organization (ISO) a group funded by the insurance industry to establish insurance rates on a national level. Inspections are provided for the public school system as well as commercial and industrial businesses through our existing occupancy inspection program that was established in early 2007. Public education activities are performed by on-duty staff as schedules permit and by the volunteers on nights and weekends. Previously.

density and target hazards within those respective areas. • • • • • Locate stations at points with quick access to a major arterial. Capital equipment for each building should be provided as follows: a) one Pumper engine b) one Tanker c) one brush truck d) one ambulance e) one ladder truck * Make up of units will depend on the location in the County. • • • Co-locate fire and rescue facilities for maximum efficiency. The areas served by Companies 2. This again is due to residential density and commercial intensity. Response times will also be considered in evaluating and selecting appropriate sites. • Consider including a training room for 50-100 persons in the design of new fire/rescue facilities unless there is a similar public facility available for the surrounding community. Design Criteria The following design criteria should be considered when developing a new site for emergency response stations. 3.those in the more rural portions of the County. Stations 1. This will ensure that the targeted response goals are being met. Location Criteria The following criteria should be used in determining appropriate sites for additional stations in order to provide a consistent level of service across the County. Response areas outside the Primary Development Boundary should have a 5-mile radius. 4. Reduce response areas to a 3-mile radius for facilities within the Primary Development Boundary in order to reduce response times. safety and response time. 5. 8 and 9 and the associated Rescue stations typically have the lower number of calls but also have responsibility for the larger land areas. Buildings should be a minimum of 15.000 square feet in size. 16 . 7. 6 and 10 have the greater number of calls (see Table 2) but relatively smaller areas of responsibility. Consider co-locating with other public facilities as well. Acquire sites of at least 3 acres in the urban area since there is the availability of county water and sewer lines and 5 acres in the rural area in order to accommodate a drainfield with a 100% reserve drainfield in order to provide for co-location of public facilities and future expansion. Locate new fire/rescue stations near village and mixed-use centers where possible based on key site planning considerations such as access. If possible sites should be located near two major arterials that offer both east/west and north/south travel.

Fireview. Additional phases will require funding to meet the future training needs. particularly response time standards and staffing standards. age and density of population. Four-Mile Fork (4). road networks. The area between Massaponax and Thornburg and the area around New Post continue to be outside of the recommended three-mile response zone even though these areas are in the Primary Development Boundary. and Five-Mile Fork (5). The general location of proposed emergency response stations based on anticipated growth. Certain findings may be reported as follows: • • • • Sizeable geographic areas within the rural parts of the County currently are outside the preferred 5-mile radius. Until such time. particularly the Shady Grove area of Livingston Voting District and the eastern portion of the Lee Hill Voting District.500 calls per year and thus may be considered above capacity. Currently the fire/rescue stations with the highest number of calls are Courthouse (1). Reduce land costs for new facilities through advance acquisition. General • • • • • • • Develop separate response time standards for urban and rural portions of the County. The response time goals have been set in the urban or suburban areas at 6 minutes.500 total calls per year is used as the benchmark indicator of full capacity at any single fire/rescue station.Findings Many variables affect response time and the generation of fire/rescue calls by a given population. 17 .000 calls for fire/rescue service by 2020. The analysis of the department focuses on future population projections and call loading within a fire/rescue district or response zones. a 3-mile service radius should be considered as the planning standard within the Primary Development Boundary. Construct new stations to provide coverage for those areas currently outside the preferred five-mile service radius and to meet newly created response time standards. The total number of service calls is growing at a rate of 4-5% annually and the total call volume will likely exceed 25. The recommended response zones (1st – 10th response zones) will be evaluated by the fire and EMS staff and adjusted as needed. A site has been selected off Trench Hill Lane and first construction phase (burn building) of the Regional Training Center has been completed. to plug in the new locations of the replacement stations and the new Salem Fields station (#10). A threshold of 1. Recommendations The following recommendations are general in nature. Among them are geography. Establish new service areas based on response time standards resulting in smaller service areas for the fire/rescue stations located within the Primary Development Boundary. and age and quality of the building stock. Salem Church (6). Develop minimum levels of service. This is based on the most recent figures available. Four fire/rescue stations currently experience over 1. as response time data can be developed. The response time goals have been set in the rural areas at 8 minutes. service area needs and land availability are shown on the accompanying map. Staff is currently using a software application.

The Regional Training Center will need continued funding to help develop the master plan as developed by the regional partners. However. intersection) of the Livingston Voting District lies outside the preferred 5-mile radius response area. Possible locations are in the Ely’s Ford Rd./ Spotswood Furnace Rd. Reduce the response areas for the stations exceeding 1. Level of Service Standards for Fire and Rescue Services Facilities The County Capital Improvement Program shall be the fundamental basis for meeting current needs based on the adopted level of service standards. the Shady Grove area (in the vicinity of Catharpin Rd. With reduced response zones. Finalize the associated projects in the Fire and Rescue Bond Referendum that was approved in 2001. 18 . In order to provide for better emergency preparedness a regional training facility has been developed in conjunction with surrounding jurisdictions. The US Rt. but funding is limited for site acquisition. In order to reduce costs and to promote efficiency in developing emergency service facilities.500 calls annually. This can be achieved either by donation. Property needs to be secured for the replacement of the FC/RS 3 facilities into a new joint use site.Short Term (2008-2013) • • • • • • • Currently. Need to work with the Planning Department to develop a master plan for fire and EMS facilities in the County. Salem and Lee Hill Voting Districts. The land acquisition for fire/rescue joint use sites will need to occur in order to relieve the burden on existing fire/rescue facilities. Of particular need are the stations in the Chancellor. The response areas for these stations should be reduced to 3 miles in order to promote better response times. Long Term (2013-2025) • • • • • Development around the Lake Anna area will necessitate adequate emergency response capability including both fire and rescue. any new applications for rezoning or special use shall contain the following information: • Number of residential units proposed. Funding for the future phases is needed. Site acquisition for this proposed site is currently underway. Development of a site in the Massaponax area should be considered in order to relieve some of the burden on Company 4. proffer or advance purchase. new development presents demands for fire and rescue services that affect the ability of existing facilities to meet the level of service standards. Continued development in the Chancellor Voting District may necessitate the need for additional facilities./Robert E. advance land acquisition should be considered. 17 South Bypass area near New Post should be considered for a joint use site. Property has been acquired for such a facility. area and Post Oak area. Therefore. Lee Dr. This will allow the placement of proposed facilities to be most appropriately sited where development is occurring or projected to occur. The initial construction phase (burn building) has been completed. new stations will be needed in the Lee Hill Voting District to supplement the existing station and to improve the response times in that zone.

e. Name(s) and location(s) of fire and rescue station(s) serving the project area. 19 .). sprinklers. 8 minutes – rural. It shall be determined that LOS standards have been met if the following condition is met: • The applicant has provided a monetary contribution to fund existing or planned fire and rescue facilities that will meet the Level of Service Standards for Fire and Rescue Facilities with development of the proposed use. Re-zonings or special use permits for new development should meet the recommended LOS standards for fire and rescue facilities.. The contribution(s) will be an equitable amount to provide for Fire and Rescue facilities at the LOS standards contained in the Public Facilities Plan.• • • Floor Area for commercial development. Number of calls per station. Building construction type (i. The methodology for determining equitable monetary contributions for new development is outlined in the Zoning Evaluation and Proffer Policy Guide for Spotsylvania County. etc. Response Time Guidelines: 6 minutes – urban. There are three LOS standards for fire and rescue currently being utilized: • • • Within a 3-mile radius in the urban/suburban areas and a 5-mile radius in the rural areas. Voluntary proffers that fail to meet the standards should be considered inconsistent with the Public Facilities Plan.

use and maintenance of school recreational facilities.000 persons. This relationship is critical in the overall delivery of park and recreation facilities Countywide and includes recreational land of 76 acres at elementary schools. softball. the County historically has not developed nor maintained any Neighborhood Parks and presently no County park has been accounted for in this category.800 acres within the County to serve some of the passive recreation needs.000 population. More than 9. However. Elementary and middle schools make up the majority of the school recreation space consistently available for after school community use and represents 1. The high school utilization policies should be looked at more closely for additional after school community-use opportunities since they have the possibility of representing an additional 2. it is necessary to review the inventory of current park lands and facilities to determine acceptable level 20 . and preserve and protect natural and historical resources. is one of Spotsylvania's most valuable recreational resources. this Department has identified a need for additional playing and practice fields. cheerleading squads and a variety of classes. The County's Department of Parks and Recreation is responsible for maintaining all local parks and community centers.810 acres is a focal point of Lake Anna.400 acres of homeowner association owned property in the County. Due to the popularity of its organized sports teams. Anglers can take advantage of the more than 33 species of fish found in its annually stocked waters. soccer and football teams. 175 acres at middle schools and 168 acres at the high school level. boating and swimming attracts thousands of visitors to its shores. The County Parks and Recreation Department continues to strengthen its cooperative relationship with the school system in the design. Conversely. acquisition and development increases. There is estimated to be approximately 1. criteria and polices for provision of recreation facilities. basketball.6 acres of recreational land per 1. Lake Anna. many Neighborhood Parks exist through neighborhood homeowner's associations.9 acres of parkland per 1. Spotsylvania County is fortunate to have the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Battlefield Parks encompassing 5. the significance of parks and recreation planning. therefore. programs and special events. Water skiing. These facilities provide varying recreational opportunities for people of all ages. however. development. are not controlled by the County and. this Department sponsors a number of organized activities including baseball. In addition. As Spotsylvania County continues to grow. ethnic groups and physical abilities. This chapter provides detailed standards. Parks and recreation facilities provide visual relief from concrete and pavement. some of which is utilized for Neighborhood Parks. a 13.Parks and Recreation Introduction The park's plan combines leisure and recreational objectives with the suitable locations necessary to provide a broad-based recreation and open space program. The State and Federal parks. Lake Anna State Park with its 2. cannot provide some of the recreational opportunities sought by residents. Future park development in the County will be aimed at meeting these needs when possible. Existing Facilities In order to achieve the long range goals of the Parks and Recreation Department. income levels.000-acre manmade lake. make surroundings more habitable.900 acres of the County's current land uses are public parklands.

A passive park is an outdoor facility. or a bike path. multi-use courts. topography. Spotsylvania County has identified its four (4) park types as follows: • Community Parks: Community Parks are recreation areas (. or serves as or features. or fishing. or portion of an outdoor facility that is used for passive recreational activities. Accordingly.25-50 acres) that provide a wide range of activities (i. and is open to the public. ecological areas and nature interpretive programs. and landscaped areas which may be used for informal group activities. middle. water features. basketball courts. passive parks may have more hardscape.. building or structures for recreational activities.6 miles depending upon the degree of suburbanization or rural character of the community it serves. sport fields. except events for uses allowable within a passive park. A community center can be the focal point of the park. The service area of Community Parks is approximately 1 . swimming area. Additionally. and restrooms. Any existing natural qualities. dog play area. trees. These natural elements also should be used to provide a space for more passive forms of recreation such as nature walks. Their location depends on the natural terrain. and jobbing. Generally a passive park is maintained in a natural state.e. trails. playground. sitting area. should be preserved as natural buffers between activity areas. an historical. hiking. there was a total of 620 acres of County parkland operated by the Spotsylvania County Department of Parks and Recreation. primary function and the facilities (passive and active) that they may offer. and picnic areas which may include shelters. courses or courts. Community Parks usually meet most of the close-to-home recreational needs of most localities. Community Parks should be located near its center of community service area. it is estimated that there are approximately 186 acres of School Board community park land available for community use at elementary. size. picnic area. with good and convenient transportation access. A passive park does not include organized competitive activities. ecological. walkways or auxiliary structures. In 2006. cultural. Organized activities and supervised play are administered from this point. nature centers. When possible. 21 . restrooms and parking). Examples of passive park features may include trails or walkways for hiking. informal areas used for concerts. Allows for uses such as organized team sports or serves as or features a cultural. as well as to protect the recreational environment from surrounding incompatible influences. areas for photography. open lawn. need for control and vehicular access. etc. shelters. historical or archeological attraction.of service standards for park lands and facilities and to then establish a strategic plan for the identification of new park and recreation facilities as the County grows. walking. open play fields. nature studies. Classification Park and recreation areas are classified according to their service area. It can better serve a widely dispersed population than two or three smaller sites. A multitude of activities must be provided by this intensive use recreational facility. such as pedestrian activities. horseback riding. or archeological attraction. scenic overlooks. In urban settings. Other activities are grouped in the surrounding area. except for minimal clearing for paths. concession. tennis courts. An active park refers to any outdoor facility that includes the following facilities or facility types: athletic fields. educational studies. children’s play area. and high school sites. picnicking and fishing. bicycling. community garden.

golf courses. or other facilities generally not offered by the other park categories. Patriot Park. historic areas. Spotsylvania County owns three District Parks: Loriella Park which is 206 acres in size. restrooms and parking as basic elements of the schools but also have been increased in acreage to allow for passive as well as expanded active recreation facilities. trails. • Special Use Parks: Special Use Parks are highly specialized recreation areas that serve the entire county. These may exist independently or may be developed in combination with other parks. and 14-104 acres at high schools. multi-purpose/basketball courts. 22 . gymnasiums. which is 131 acres in size. dog parks. sport fields. roller skating/skateboarding. the School Board provides multi-purpose rooms. on school grounds and by allowing for the use of its lands and facilities to the community through the Parks and Recreation Departments affords County residents various park and recreation opportunities. They have a service area of approximately 5-15 miles depending upon the suburbanization or rural character for which it serves. amphitheaters. 3-40 acres at middle schools. etc. they provide unique activities such as marinas. To this end. multi-purpose rooms. The School-Community Use Park areas range in size from 2-11 acres at elementary schools. playgrounds. playgrounds. District Parks should be located near the center of their service area. While the Spotsylvania County School Board's primary mission is providing for the primary education of Spotsylvania school children an inherent part of the education system is physical fitness. • District Parks: District Parks are large (usually 100+ acres) specialized parks that serve a wide geographic area of the county and provide a diverse mix of facilities such as swimming pools and recreation centers (to which people are more willing to travel a longer distance) as well as the multiple facilities found within Community or SchoolCommunity Use Parks. They are designed to be jointly operated and maintained by the school system and recreation department. The service area of District Parks is within 5-15 miles depending on the level of suburbanization or rural character. The site should also be accessible by pedestrians and bicycles. They should be on or near a major collector street providing good access to the facility.• School-Community Use Parks: School-Community Use Parks are similar to Community Parks in that they are larger recreation areas (approximately 10 acres) that provide the sport fields. basketball courts. Generally. and the Hilldrup tract which is 65 acres in size and undeveloped. The service area and facility designs of the School-Community Use Parks should coincide with the elementary and middle school service areas that are generally 26 miles depending upon the degree of suburbanization or rural character of the community they serve. tennis courts.

0 148 2 1 1 0 3 1 0 2 3 0 0 27 1 4 23 0 5 1 1 27 4 5 23 2 68 TOTAL COUNTY PARK ACREAGE 620 23 .presently undeveloped Loriella Patriot Park Subtotal District Parks Community Parks Arritt Virginia Central Trail Chewning Cosner Harrison Road Lee Hill Legion Fields/Marshall Marshall Mary Lee Carter Park Subtotal Community Parks Special Use Parks Berkeley Community Center – 2.5 22 14 3.5 3.5 5.500 square feet Marshall Center Ni River Recreation Area Belmont Park Todds Tavern Community Center – 1.5 9 10 6.5 2.210 square feet Harrison Road Community Center – 2.640 square feet Chancellor Community Center – 2.5 2 11 0.Existing Public Park & Recreation Areas Park District Parks Hilldrup (Tract) .120 square feet Subtotal Special Use Parks Active Passive Total Acres 61 40 147 91 65 208 131 404 14 2 7.5 10 11 22 20 24 25 4.5 12.5 2 12 13.700 square feet Huntington Run Recreation Area Lee Hill Community Center – 6.5 26.

000 3 Total (2 Active/1 Passive) 3 Total (2 Active/1 Passive 4 Total (2 Active/2 Passive) Unspecified Size (Acres) .000 population. In addition.Standards Acres Per 1.50 Acres** 100+ Acres Unspecified Service Area 1 . the following minimum populations must be projected within a proposed park's exclusive service area within 20 years before park acquisition is warranted. this does not mean park acquisition efforts in these areas are necessarily warranted.25 . a minimum population base is to be projected within the facility's service radius within 20 years. Minimum Population within Park Service Areas Although some areas of the County are not served by one or more kinds of parks. passive areas within County owned parks help to manage critical open space and environmentally sensitive lands throughout the County. In addition. 24 .000 population standard is not exceeded even if a facility of the minimum size is acquired and developed. It is also necessary to distinguish between active and/or developable park areas from passive and/or less developable park areas for each park. acreage and facilities should be in proportion to the school age population they serve.6 Miles 5 . Before a commitment is made to the acquisition of any given park facility. The Spotsylvania Park Plan encourages both active and passive areas within each park for the overall enjoyment of our residents.6 Miles 2 . Parkland Acquisition Standards The following depicts the five basic park categories in Spotsylvania County and their associated open space standards.000 Population Utilizing an acres per 1. This is important to ensure that the facility will be sufficiently utilized and the acres per 1. Spotsylvania County Park Standards Type Community School-Community Use District Special Use Acres/1.50 Acres 10 .000 population standard balances the site's size with the population in its service area to assure adequate and equal service across the county regardless of varying population densities within suburban and rural areas. Based on standards for minimum site size and acres per 1.15 Miles County Wide **School-Community Use acres are only those acres on school sites designated for recreational use.

500) 7 Parks 189 acres X X X 442 acres BY 2020 NEEDS (201. 5 – 50 acres 3 acres / 1000 pop. 100 + acres 4 acres / 1000 pop.000 Park Acquisition Standards 2000 NEEDS (90.300) 4 Parks 128 acres X X X X 2005 NEEDS (110. 2000 DEMAND 11 Parks 270 acres X 270 acres 3 324 acres 2000 INVENTORY 9 Parks 142 acres 26 Schools 378 acres 3 427 acres Community School-Community (Elementary/Middle) District Parks 25 .Park Category Community District Minimum Population Required 7.000) 15 Parks 461 acres X 225 acres 3 377 acres PARK TYPE SPOTSYLVANIA STANDARD .25 – 50 acres 3 acres / 1000 pop.000 25.

000 1/10.5 Miles/1.000 1/5.000 - SPOTSYLVANIA STANDARD 1/3. standards for recreation facilities should be formulated to plan for recreation needs and serve as a basis for capital planning as well as proffer guidelines. The following chart shows the recommended County facility standards that have been derived from national and state standards.000 1/5.000 1/5.000 (1/30.000 1/20.000 1/5.000 1/50.000) 26 .000) 1/20.000 1/5.000 1/3.000 (1/10.000 1/5.000 1/3.000 (1/30.000 1/10.000 1/25.000 1/2.000 9 Holes/25.000 1/15.000 3. FACILITY Baseball Field (Lighted Regulation) (Lighted Little League) Basketball (Indoor) (Outdoor) Bike/Fitness Trails Community Center Field Hockey Football Golf Horseshoes Indoor Recreation Center/ Pool Complex Lacrosse Playgrounds Soccer Softball (Lighted Adult) Swimming Pool Tennis (Lighted) NATIONAL STANDARD 1/5.Facility Standards As with park land needs.000 1/2.000 1/2.000 1/20.000 1/10.000) 1 Mile/1.000) (1/10.000) (1/30.000 (1/5.000 1 System/Region 1/20.000 9 Holes/25.000 - STATE STANDARD 1/6.000 1/15.000 1/10.000 1/5.000) 1/5.

d.000 population. Provide for an agreed upon short and long range plan for the improvement and expansion of community use facilities. Future site acquisitions by either the School Board or the Parks & Recreation Department will be considered for joint or complementary use. b. the most pressing current needs for additional park and recreation facilities can be accommodated on already acquired acreage on the Belmont Park. The Spotsylvania School System provision of recreation field areas has helped balance the need for community size parks. Formally adopt a school/park and recreation policy that would include the following: a. Based on County adopted standards. the following short and long term recommendations focus on the current and future needs for public parks including community. General • • Encourage VDOT to construct bicycle lanes and/or paths in conjunction with road widening projects. Provide an annual CIP submission of needed facilities based on adopted standards. Recommendations Because of this plan's strategy for homeowner association provided neighborhood park facilities together with the uniqueness of sites associated with special use parks. Patriot Park and Hilldrup Tracts and surplus school property.000 population versus the recommended 10 acres per 1. • • Consider additional public/private partnerships or any other joint opportunities in the delivery of park and recreation service delivery similar to the YMCA/School Board/ County partnership at the Patriot Park District Park. The general location of proposed public park areas based on land acquisition needs.6 acres per 1. Additionally. The following are general recommendations for the provision of local public park areas. at existing school sites including use of available high school lands. Provide for specific facility standards and designs for all community type use facilities at new school sites. Provide for the Park & Recreation Department's operational & maintenance agreements. where feasible. c. the joint work of the County Board of Supervisors and the School Board has led to innovative and cost effective approaches to school facility design that serves both the educational needs of our students as well as new facility standards that maximize the cost effectiveness of school construction for after school use. service area needs and the population served are shown on the enclosed park map. school/community use and district parks. Based on County adopted standards. 27 .Findings • • • • The combined inventory of school board property available for after school use together with Spotsylvania County Parks totals 910 acres or 7. the most pressing current need for additional park land exists for the acquisition of four community size (10-50 acres) parks totaling 128 acres.

Level of Service Standards for Parks and Recreation Space New development presents demands for Countywide parks and open space facilities. In the year 2009 field upgrades are scheduled to occur to school athletic fields to improve their current design for use by the public. Development of such park and recreation facilities at the existing school sport facilities at all schools.Short Term 2008 – 2013 By the year 2008 the Patriot Park District Park should be completed. By the year 2008 the Hunting Run Recreation Area should be in full operation as a passive park with access to fishing. The current availability of surplus vacant or underutilized land at existing school sites should be considered for the many parks and recreation facility needs of County residents. etc. This can continue to assist the offset of the County goal of ten park acres per 1. In the years 2013 and 2014 five community parks should be developed in the county.000 population. The future demand for parks.) should be added as needed. It is important that Spotsylvania County provide both current and future residents adequate recreation services that meet current and future demand according to established levels of service. By the year 2009 the development of a master plan for the Hilldrup property should be developed for the two construction phases for 2010 and 2011. Trails and environmental interpretation stations should be added as deemed appropriate. 28 . The acquisition and development of all new schools should include the provision for school/community use facilities. An emphasis should be placed on the acquisition and development of the planned school construction so to include the provision for additional school/community use facilities. and means must be identified for maintaining the established Countywide level of service for these important services after new development occurs. open space. and recreation facilities must be measured. dog parks. An emphasis should be placed on the current utilization of the parks with installation of artificial lighting to enhance the availability of current athletic fields. All applications for a rezoning or special use permit for residential dwelling units shall contain the following information: • Number of dwelling units proposed. Minor infrastructure items (shelters. Long Term 2013-2025 The acquisition and development of Community parks and District parks should occur based on population estimates.

so long as that the voluntary proffers are acceptable to the Spotsylvania County Parks and Recreation Department. Rezoning and/or special use permit applications that are found by the County to generate a shortfall between the new demand and existing and projected and already funded parks and park facilities without committing to mitigation measures that are acceptable to the County shall be found inconsistent with the Parks and Open Space Plan. Alternatively the applicant can provide a monetary contribution in an equitable amount to provide park and recreation facilities. It shall be determined that LOS standards have been met if the following conditions are met: • The applicant can dedicate a park site or park sites. dedicate park facilities. or funding for parks and park facilities.• • Number of new residents anticipated in the proposed residential development. The methodology for determining equitable monetary contributions for new development is outlined in the zoning evaluation and Proffer Policy Guide for Spotsylvania County. 29 . Names. provide adequate recreation sites and /or facilities on-site to address the identified shortfall. or a combination of one or more of these alternative mitigation measures. at the established LOS standards contained in the Parks and Open Space Plan. locations and type of parks and park facilities serving the project area.

account services. Salem Church (including the upcoming addition of 10.544 374. The C. and the regional Library of Congress Collection for the visually impaired.645. as well as the system holdings available to Spotsylvania residents.123 • The current square feet of floor space for Spotsylvania Library facilities including Snow.800 Total Books/ Materials 42.34 square foot per capita for Spotsylvania County Library facilities based on the 2007 population estimate of 123. 800 sq.500 25. six (6) branches.). 12. is 41. graphics. Stafford. It is governed by a seven-member Library Board appointed by the participating jurisdictions.000 sq. ft. to the Salem Church Branch. ∗ 30 .000 ∗ 12. Melvin Snow Branch was opened in 1998 and the Salem Church Branch was opened in 1994. Salem Church C. The CRRL system consists of a Headquarters facility.968 231.300 sq. Existing Facilities Below is a listing of the existing library facilities directly serving Spotsylvania County and their capacities in terms of overall floor space together with the current total of materials at each branch. expected to be completed in 2008. will bring the Salem Church Branch to a total of 25. Central Library Total Library Facilities in Proximity (includes Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania) Findings • Gross Sq. network services. used jointly by residents in the City of Fredericksburg.300 ** 41. outreach. Law. ft. Stafford. and the circulation department. This addition. and a bookmobile.000 sq. The current overall level of service is 0. ft. Branch A. ** The Headquarters facility. The regional library was established in 1969 by the Commonwealth of Virginia as a model system to demonstrate the value of regional resource sharing between cooperating jurisdictions. ft. is attributed to the total square footage of each jurisdiction. Spotsylvania Courthouse (Snow Library) B. as well as centralized acquisitions.611 99. and one third of the Headquarters. ft. The Headquarters houses special collections for the system including Virginiana.3 million dollar referendum to ad 10. Two (2) of the branches are located within Spotsylvania County.900 sq. and Spotsylvania Counties is 36. connected by daily courier service and an extensive regional catalog and database system. For purposes of space analysis. of Floor Space 4. The administration is also located in the Headquarters.000 sq. In 2005 Spotsylvania voters approved a 4. cataloging. Ft. ft. and Westmoreland.Library Facilities Introduction The Central Rappahannock Regional Library (CRRL) is a regional public library system serving the City of Fredericksburg and the Counties of Spotsylvania.

The system was recognized in American Libraries Magazine as one of the top ten public libraries in the nation of its size in the cost efficient delivery of a broad range of user services.6 to 1 square foot per capita 15 . technology.6 mile radius) The selection of sites for library facilities should take into consideration geographic obstacles to transportation. Space Requirements The following guidelines should be used in determining space requirements: • • • Aggregate size of all buildings in the system should equal at least 0. Location (Rural) D.15 minute drive (2 . as appropriate.6 square feet per person living in the jurisdiction served. resources. 31 . either through additional facilities or expansion of existing facilities.30 minute drive (15 . Location (Urban/Suburban) Criteria 2 to 4 books/materials per capita 0. library space in the community should be increased. Collection B. Service A. Adequate space should be provided for planning activities (e.20 mile radius) 5 . 2. community meeting space and computer stations. Spotsylvania County citizens benefit from participation in the Central Rappahannock Regional Library system and as such have the opportunity to access the collections.Standards The recommended minimum standards for Virginia Public Libraries are approved and adopted by the Virginia State Library and are adopted by the Central Rappahannock Regional Library Board. All buildings should be on or near heavily traveled roads. children's story hour. Buildings C.g. staff expertise. or in or near shopping areas and be clearly visible to traffic. These standards are the recommended standards for localities in the Commonwealth for the provision of library services in each locality.. Beyond these thresholds. and databases of a much larger library. Level of Service The Library of Virginia Board Summary of Standards: 1.) Include sufficient space within its service area to stay within the following thresholds: • A minimum of 4 check-out per square foot per month in any single facility • A maximum of 1 patron visit per square foot per month to any single facility • A maximum of 5 books per square foot housed in any single full service facility.

landscaping and parking. Availability. such as buried foundations of previous structures. Proximity to compatible traffic-generating land uses. Cost of site acquisition and preparation. etc. High visibility from major vehicular and pedestrian access routes. 2. Topography and soil conditions. At a minimum. Location Criteria The goal of the library system is to provide County citizens convenient access to highquality library services at a minimum overall service level of 0. toxic wastes. 3. with evaluation similar to the needs for commercial retail business. public libraries serve as anchor stores and can draw one to two thousand patrons a day. Parking Requirements Library facilities should have adequate parking to accommodate library users and staff at peak service times. 2. Sites should be located along main travel corridors with consideration of minimizing users’ drive time.6 square feet of floor space per capita. The following are location objectives: • • • • • Provide new facilities to adequately and equitably serve all areas of the County. 8. 7. In Fredericksburg and other locations. Sufficient land for the building (including future expansion). 5. At a minimum. Suburban locations.3. 5. Branches could be located within the proposed mixed-use development areas proposed on the County’s Future Land Use Map. Schedule library land acquisition and/or construction to respond to both current unmet demand and new growth when it occurs. Provide locations for libraries that are within a 5 to 15-minute drive within the Primary Development boundary and within a 15 to 30-minute drive within the rural area of the County. 32 . 4. An alternative to construction of new facilities is to establish new libraries in leased commercial spaces such as shopping centers. should be 7 parking spaces per thousand square feet of library space. fuel tanks. there should be one space for handicapped parking for every 25 spaces. 6. particularly those with large meeting rooms. Convenience and accessibility to the maximum number of users. there should be 5 parking spaces per thousand square feet of building space. Generally library sites should be at least 5 acres in size to allow for a full size branch and adequate parking. Guidelines include: 1. Possibility of hidden obstacles below grade. 3. The site should be chosen to support the mission of providing library material and services to the greatest number of people. 4. Library parking should be well lit for the security of library users and staff. Site Selection Library site selection should follow a reasonable and systematic process for comparative analysis of potential sites using the following criteria: 1.

visiting school buses. An expanded facility for the existing Snow Branch.000 square feet for a total of 16. and passenger pickup and drop off should be allotted in the front of the building.000 square feet).957.716 square feet of library facility space based on Spotsylvania County's current population of 119. 6.6 square feet per capita. Long Term 2012-2030 With the Lee Hill/Massaponax Branch. If the new 30. The plan for library system expansion is based on the County’s overall floor space needs of 0. by the year 2030 a total expansion of 40. 5. A Berkeley/Livingston area facility (minimum 5. A Route 3 West/Chancellor area facility (30. Recommendations For the purposes of the Public Facilities Plan. Short Term 2007-2012 • • A new 30. together with the location criteria of a 15-30 mile radius for rural residents and a 2-6 mile radius for urban/suburban residents. and curbs should be incorporated into the surrounding landscape. sidewalks. Library parking should be located adjacent to the library building to provide maximum convenience for the library user. Space and traffic flow for drive up book drops should be provided adjacent to the staff work areas. 7.600 for Spotsylvania.974 square feet of public library space will still be needed based on the Spotsylvania population projection of 187. 8. Due to the long range population growth projections an additional library facility should be considered for the Thornburg area (minimum of 20. street crossings. 3. adding 13.160 square feet based on the 2012 population projection of 131. The following recommendations are based on this analysis. unmet needs will be approximately 7.194 persons.000 square feet) 4. 33 .000 square feet) 2. Pedestrian walkways. A Lake Anna facility (minimum of 5.4. library floor space is the key level of service indicator. Adequate space for courier trucks and semi unloading adjacent to a loading dock by the staff works areas should be included.000 square feet) 5.000 square feet. 6. priority consideration should be given for: 1. Space for a public bus stop. Current There is a current unmet demand for approximately 29. • In addition to the construction of a new Lee Hill/Massaponax area (minimum 30.000 square foot branch in the Lee Hill/Massaponax area should be constructed to meet unmet needs by 2012.000 square feet) that will be needed.000 square foot Lee Hill/Massaponax branch opens by the year 2012.

Of the 85 acres permitted as Phase 1. Berkeley now operates as a convenience site only. cushion. safety and the welfare of the citizens of Spotsylvania by providing for and planning for the present and future solid waste disposal needs for the County. It is located north of State Route 602 and east of State Route 208 approximately 3 miles southeast of Brokenburg. The remainder consists of business/commercial/industrial waste (30%). commercial and industrial waste. This is designated as Phase 1.000 tons annually or 164 tons per day. The information contained in this section is derived from that plan. Under current volumes (164 tons per day) site life will be approximately 16 years. Pursuant to Virginia State Code sanitary landfills are forbidden to accept certain specific wastes. The County Code further bans specific waste from being placed in the landfill (Table 1). When a landfill receives a permit. to the development of convenience sites. 968. This is the County's primary yardwaste collection and mulch production facility. and to the development of recycling and other educational programs.000 cubic yards of daily and intermediate cover and 3. with 250 acres ultimately proposed for disposal of municipal solid waste. The site has wells for monitoring potential ground water contamination. This total includes 310.200 tons of mulch were generated. In 2006 approximately 10. Existing Facilities Spotsylvania County operates one landfill facility in the southern part of the County. Currently 85 acres are permitted for use as a landfill under the authority of the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.000 tons of waste per year. 34 .Solid Waste Collection & Disposal Introduction The Spotsylvania County Department of Public Works prepares a Solid Waste Management Plan every five years in accordance with the Virginia State Code. 220.000 cubic yards of liner and drainage layers. The objectives of this plan are to protect the health. The residential component of the stream comprises approximately 70% of the waste that is placed in the landfill. The facility is designed with a capacity of 5.4 million cubic yards. It is the intent of the County to provide these services as efficiently and economically as possible. This plan deals with all aspects of solid waste management from operation of the landfill. The plan minimizes the amount of solid waste disposed of in the County's landfill by providing an integrated plan of recycling and education. 55 acres will be actual disposal area with the remainder to be used for roads. the Berkeley debris landfill was closed in the fall of 1994 under the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality regulations. and topsoil). drainage area. This will serve to maximize the life span of the existing landfill and promote the effective and efficient use of limited natural resources. A second disposal facility. and buffers.87 million cubic yards of waste. A third area in the County of significant importance to solid waste disposal is the Chancellor Public Use area. The entire site covers approximately 538 acres. A synthetic cap covers the landfill area and methane gas vents are in place. This facility collects approximately 30. it is specifically designed for each municipality. The current waste stream is approximately 60. Spotsylvania County maintains a comprehensive solid waste disposal program that includes the disposal of household.000 cubic yards of final cover (cap.

residents of the County are provided with 13 drop off or convenience sites. The sites have designated areas for household waste as well as specific containers for different recyclable materials. 522. Table 2 Spotsylvania County Convenience Sites Convenience Site The Barn Belmont Berkeley Public Use Area Chancellor Public Use Area Chewning Park Cole Hill Creek Lee Hill Livingston Landfill Marshall Park Mine Road Post Oak Todds Tavern Wilderness Location Lewiston Road Belmont Road Standfield Road Harrison Road Post Oak Rd Partlow Road Lee Hill School Drive Massey Road Massaponax Church Road Mine Road Post Oak Road Brock Road Orange Plank Road 35 . including the landfill itself. the Pigeon Creek area and at the Dickinson Sawmill. These collection sites are located in the Belmont area. Table 2 identifies the individual convenience sites. The convenience sites are different from the collection or green box sites in that they have attendants. off US Rt. The green box sites or collection sites are merely those sites with dumpsters available for the public to utilize for the disposal of household waste as well as some recyclables. located at various locations throughout the County. Along with the convenience sites there are four collection or green box sites spread throughout the County.Table 1 Waste Materials Diverted from the Landfill Aluminum Anti-freeze Cardboard Glass Newsprint Magazines Motor Oil Plastics Phone Books Propane Scrap Metals Tires Used Clothing White Ledger Paper Yard Waste Household Hazardous Waste Currently.

logs and brush are collected at the public convenience sites and periodically ground to provide the bulking agent required for the composting program. The composting process for the Spotsylvania County Livingston Landfill Compost Site is the aerated static pile (ASP Tree trimmings. Besides contracting with brokerage houses and multi-product processors the County also identifies and contracts with end-users of the various recycled materials. 36 . Additional population will require additional convenience sites that are convenient and readily accessible to the population concentrations. Convenience sites should be located according to the following criteria. The existing convenience sites may need to be expanded and the remaining collection sites will need to be closed and replaced with convenience sites although not necessarily on a one for one basis. Spotsylvania County built a recycling center in 1992 at a cost of $63. horizontal bailer and other equipment necessary to process material to market specifications. Per development of the Biosolids Management Plan. The composting facility is located at the Livingston Landfill and encompasses approximately two acres of the County’s property. the County committed to composting their biosolids. In that same year. In 2003.000. Currently the cost of operating the recycling center is only slightly more than the revenue generated although the County aggressively pursues markets for these recyclable materials. Location Criteria The existing landfill will suffice for the next 25 years approximately and thus will not need replacement for at least that period. The compost was later trademarked as Livingston’s Blend and marketed/distributed with information regarding proper applications. Spotsylvania County adopted the composting process as the choice method to stabilize its biosolids. industrial or residential will put additional pressure on the existing landfill and the convenience sites. While the current waste stream directed to the landfill is 164 tons per day it will undoubtedly increase along with the increase in development. • • Convenience sites should be located so that travel distance for users is kept to a minimum. In 2001. Maintaining the five-mile service area will aid in improving the curbside recycling and trash pick-up. This will still allow the landfill to remain open well into the next century. and soluble salt content to name a few. the compost was registered with the United States Compost Seal of Testing Assurance Program. This program certifies through rigorous testing that the product not only achieves class A criteria according to the US EPA Part 503 regulations. It is estimated that the waste stream will be approximately 172 tons per day by the year 2012 provided the waste stream grows at a similar rate as the population. which also requires some materials from the mulching program. Convenience sites should not be located on arterial or major collector roads. preferably not more than five miles. the product was registered as a fertilizer with the Virginia Department of Agriculture.Spotsylvania County has been providing voluntary drop off facilities for recycling since 1989. Future Expectations Continued growth in the County whether it is commercial. stability. but that it meets growing standards of quality for attributes such as particle size. The center is equipped with a loading dock.

Combining household and business rates Spotsylvania currently recycles 31% of the waste generated. The State mandates a recycling rate of 25%. industrial and business make up the remaining 30%. Recommendations The following are recommendations for the provision of adequate solid waste facilities. An additional site should be developed in the Chancellor area generally west of Five-Mile Fork. Findings • • • The existing landfill has a remaining life span of approximately 30 years and additional landfill capacity should not be needed until after 2015. replacing the existing Mine Road and Lee Hill Convenience Sites. Long term (2007-2022) • An additional convenience site should be developed in the Massaponax area. Sites should be located in areas that will allow for adequate screening of the facilities from adjacent land uses. 37 . The general location of any future solid waste facilities based on unmet demand. Household waste makes up approximately 70% of the waste stream directed to the landfill. stacking and staging areas as well as the waste collection facilities. The sites should be of adequate size to expand if necessary. service area needs and increases in development density are shown on the accompanying solid waste facility map.• • Convenience sites should be located at joint use sites such as fire/rescue stations or other public facilities. Commercial. Design Criteria • • Convenience sites should be a minimum of two acres in area in order to accommodate parking. Convenience sites should be located on roads readily accessible to the large vehicles required to service them. Short term (2007-2012) • The existing wood waste recycling area should be relocated at the existing site or moved to a new site to allow for expansion and efficient operation.

The Primary Development Boundary encompasses the Primary Settlement District. in partnership with the City of Fredericksburg. demand. as well as roads. their improvement can stimulate further development. However. like many rapidly growing municipalities. This action represents a fundamental shift in water production and delivery within both municipalities. When these facilities are upgraded in response to growth pressures. Ensuring that the provision of community facilities and public services is phased with demand is a major aim of any Comprehensive Planning process. Rezonings outside of the Primary Development Boundary and other properties desiring to connect to public sewer and/or water shall require a Comprehensive Plan amendment. By establishing a Primary Development Boundary.000 customers with drinking water in the County and providing bulk water to the City of Fredericksburg. That development will increase demands on schools. emergency services. recreation programs. Recent growth has created service deficiencies which must be accommodated. development intensity and location are directly linked to the availability of services. treatment and distribution system to serve the five pressure zones in Spotsylvania County and three zones in the City of Fredericksburg. serving about 27. where development is discouraged. Jackson Gateway and Courthouse Development Districts as delineated in the Spotsylvania County Comprehensive Plan.Water and Sewer Facilities Overview The Water and Sewer Master Plan. The true challenge to Spotsylvania County in the future will be to balance this relationship through policies which will allow growth to occur commensurate with the provision of community services. except for instances pursuant to Spotsylvania County Utility Ordinance (Spotsylvania County Code Section 22-282). Spotsylvania County. service provision. and other services in a continuing cycle of growth. and more growth. adopted in 2002 as an Element of the Comprehensive Plan. has undergone dramatic changes since the acceptance of the original 1994 Water/Sewer Master Plan. This boundary is not permanent and can be adjusted when conditions warrant in conjunction with a formal Comprehensive Plan Amendment. Utility services will not be provided by the County outside of the Primary Development Boundary. faces a dual challenge regarding the provision of community services. 38 . identifies areas for expansion and establishes a timeline for implementation. the County will encourage more efficient use of the land while preserving the rural character of those portions of the County outside the boundary. It is an axiom of planning that development follows water and sewer lines. Over the course of the past eleven years the County. has developed a regional water supply. The extension of service pursuant to the above mentioned Utility Ordinance shall not be justification to support a rezoning either to the property served or to the vacant land passed by through such extension regardless of utility line location. One of the most effective tools for directing the timing and location of growth is the establishment of a Primary Development Boundary to define the area within which public utilities will be provided. Existing Water Service The Spotsylvania County water system.

was constructed in 1974 by the U. while the emergency spillway is at 247. however. the raw water supply to the adjacent Ni Water Treatment Plant. owned by Spotsylvania County. chlorine and corrosion inhibitor are added at the clearwell.3 mgd. Wastewater sludge generated at this facility is pumped to the Massaponax WWTP. Spotsylvania County water system consists of the following principal features: Ni Reservoir The Ni Reservoir. at three separate connections: Route 3 pump station. with one used as a backup.0mgd Surburban. while the backwash water decant is dechlorinated and returned to the Ni River below the dam. expanded again in 1981 to 4. Spotsylvania County operated the Ni Water Treatment Facility. The County currently manages water production and distribution at both the Ni and Motts Run Treatment Facilities and has discontinued use of the Route 3 connection. To augment water supply and distribution. and 3. Department of Agriculture. and 1440 feet long. serves both the County and the City of Fredericksburg. Fluoride. the County received water from the City of Fredericksburg Kenmore WTP. Ni Water Treatment Plant The Ni WTP was initially constructed in 1974 with a 1. 39 . Prior to the opening of the Motts Run WTP.0 mgd. especially with the installation and operation of the Motts Run Water Treatment Plant (WTP).0 mgd capacity. and clearwell storage. The class 2 earth-fill dam at the Ni Reservoir is 45 feet high. The dam principle spillway is at an elevation of 237. expanded in 1977 to 2.4 million gallons. Raw water pumping consists of four 2-mgd raw water pumps. Safe yield was re-calculated in 1999 during the 1998-1999 drought at 4. the County placed the Motts Run WTP into service concurrent to the City of Fredericksburg decommissioning the Kenmore WTP located along the Rappahannock River.0-mgd Crane-Cochran. The finished water pumping consists of four pumps .at 1300 gpm.0-mgd Superpulsator). Carbon can be added to the raw water by a carbon feed. All raw water is treated with lime and potassium permanganate.0 mgd annual average withdrawal.The County’s water distribution system has seen significant growth in recent years. The Ni WTP includes a rapid mix facility.0 mgd. 2. The reservoir has a volume of 750 million gallons covering approximately 417 acres. The clearwell storage consists of three separate rectangular facilities containing a total volume of 0.0 mgd. The City currently receives its primary water supply from the Motts Run Plant through a connection at Fall Hill Avenue and continues to maintain two emergency connections to Stafford County. three parallel upflow clarification processes (1.7 feet. and when placed into service significantly altered the operation of both systems. the Lafayette Boulevard pressure reducing valve (PRV). the 1998-1999 drought was not confirmed to be the drought of record. An additional 1400 gpm pump is stored and maintained at the plant to be utilized if one of the installed pumps goes out of service for a prolonged period. In the spring of 2000. as defined by the Virginia Water Control Board. Soil and Conservation Service. and polymer and liquid alum are added to the rapid mix basin as a coagulant aid. This plant.5 feet. and in 1993 underwent final expansion to its current capacity of 6. and the Route 1 interconnection.S. is 4. The safe yield. mixed media filtration.

but is jointly operated by the City of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County. As an alternative. reshaping the dam. and alum can be added. armoring the dam side to reduce erosion. and corrosion inhibitor. Additional chemical feed systems include chlorine for disinfection. and was upgraded and improved in 2001. The riverbank inlet includes both de-icing and automatic air bursting systems to maintain consistent intake flows. The existing dam is of earth-fill construction is approximately 100 feet in height and spans 700 feet in length. while the supernatant from the sediment basins is dechlorinated with sulfur dioxide and returned to the Motts Run Reservoir. located adjacent to the intake has a Rappahannock River withdrawal capacity of 28 mgd. The raw water pumping station. the reservoir will be capable of supplying raw water to the Motts Run WTP or receiving water to be stored from the Rappahannock Rive raw water pump station and intake. lime.5 feet. Raw water can either be pumped to the Motts Run WTP via vertical turbine pumps or to the Motts Run Reservoir through two 10-mgd vertical turbine pumps. Applying conservative criteria and assumptions the safe yield has been estimated to be between 3. Safe yield of this reservoir varies based on natural inflow assumptions. The total reservoir volume. and installing a blanket drain system on the downstream side.3 billion gallons. raising the crest of the dam 3. upgrading the emergency spillway.5 and 4.3-mg clearwell storage. Upon completion of the dam modifications. The reservoir is located adjacent to the Rappahannock River. Motts Run Water Treatment Plant and Intake on the Rappahannock River The Motts Run water treatment facility and Rappahannock River raw water pumping station were completed in the spring of 2000. Wastewater sludge generated at this facility is pumped to the City of Fredericksburg sanitary sewer system.Before the Motts Run Water Treatment Plant was placed into service in 2000. Currently. prior to modifications. as part of the County’s current water supply expansion project. The Rappahannock River Intake facilities consist of a 36-inch diameter raw water conduit from a header system of three (expandable to four) cylindrical shoreline well screens to the raw water pumping station. carbon. The Motts Run water treatment facility includes two contact basins and rapid mixers where potassium permanganate. The past safe yield studies of this reservoir are discussed in Section 7.4 of this report. The finished water high service pumping station is atop the clearwell and houses six vertical turbine pumps. is 1. The current treatment plant capacity is 12 mgd expandable to 24 mgd. inflow pumping rates. Clarification occurs through four Actiflo flocculation and high rate settling systems. prior to 1995 it was owned and maintained solely by the City of Fredericksburg. caustic soda for pH adjustment. Motts Run Reservoir The Motts Run Reservoir was built in 1971.0 mgd. Five mixed media filters are topped with GAC. Planned modifications to the dam include replacement of two 10-inch intake tower gates with two 24-inch sluice gates. water can also be released from the Motts Run Reservoir into the Rappahannock River upstream of the intake structure or can be piped directly to the raw water pumping station to be treated at the plant. The plant has 2. the reservoir is owned by the City of Fredericksburg. and sedimentation and recreational storage requirements. Three 3-mgd pumps provide 40 . slip lining the existing 48-inch conduit with 700 feet of 36-inch steel pipe. the Ni WTP served as the primary water supply to the County through a 16-inch main in the Five Mile Fork pressure zone along Gordon Road. polymer. fluoridation.

The total reservoir volume at normal pool elevation is 3.000 feet of 24-inch main. The City of Fredericksburg high service enters the Courtland Zone at the Fall Hill Avenue PRV vault. The Motts Run WTP serves Spotsylvania County through 7. and by the Ni WTP in the southwest. The intake is fully automated and controlled from both the Ni WTP and the Motts Run WTP. The hydraulic grade line (HGL) in this pressure zone will be controlled by the Sawhill Tank at 481 feet. water travels through the same 36-inch water conduit back into the Rapidan River. and three pumps (two at 3-mgd and one at 6-mgd) provide water to Spotsylvania County. During water release from the reservoir. The Hunting Run reservoir dam will be a composite roller-compacted-concrete (RCC) and earthfill construction. The proposed dam will be 2. The Motts Run WTP Spotsylvania County high service pump station ties into the Five Mile Fork Zone at Route 3 and the Battlefield Zone through a newly constructed 24-inch transmission main.500 feet of 30-inch transmission main and the City of Fredericksburg through 10. This area is higher than the 481 Five Mile Fork pressure zone and is constantly boosted pressure to 531 feet by the water station. The riverbank inlet includes both de-icing and automatic air bursting systems. Raw water is pumped to the Hunting Run reservoir by three 8-mgd pumps.000 gallon Five Mile Fork elevated storage tank (overflow elevation 481 feet). and the top elevation of the RCC at 259. Five Mile Fork Pressure Zone The Five Mile Fork pressure zone is supplied by the Motts Run WTP in the north. This elevated tank is being replaced with a one million gallon Sawhill elevated tank in between the Ni River Middle and Wilderness Elementary Schools. The Rapidan River intake facility consists of three screens and a 36-inch raw water conduit to the raw water pumping station. between the Fawn Lake Subdivision and Brock Road Elementary School. which drains to the Rappahannock River. 41 .053 billion gallons and the safe yield is 8 mgd.8 feet at completion. receives its finished water supply through the American Central booster pump station below Brock Road Elementary School. along the 12-inch American Central water line. The Five Mile Fork zone is served by the 100. Water is released into the Rapidan River to supplement the Rappahannock River during periods of low flow to allow continued river intake for the Motts Run WTP. The spillway is 100 feet long with a 110-foot excavation height.water to the City of Frederickburg. American Central Pressure Zone Development along the old American Central Railroad line. A new American Central Elevated Tank has been designed to be located near Brock Road Elementary School at the 531 foot grade line. Hunting Run Side-Stream Storage Reservoir and Intake on the Rapidan River The Hunting Run water supply dam and side-stream reservoir was completed in November of 2002. and is then used as source water for the Motts Run WTP through the Rappahannock River intake.300 feet long and 90 feet high with the top elevation of the earth-fill at 259 feet.

000 gallon Tallant Tank. the 250.0mg Mine Road ground storage tank (overflow elevation 267.000 gallon Battlefield Tank. The first connection is a PRV located along Lafayette Boulevard (control grade 395 feet).000 gallon Thornburg Tank. with a zone HGL of 395 feet. This pressure zone is served by the 250.and 30-inches. overflow can be pumped to the Battlefield Zone. Piping materials are typically polyvinyl chloride (PVC) for 6and 8-inch pipes and ductile iron pipe (DIP) for pipes greater than 8-inches in diameter.33). The Courtland Zone is the first to receive water. while pipes installed after 1980 are mostly ductile iron. Mine Road Pressure Zone Water enters the Mine Road Zone from a PRV off the Battlefield Zone at Route 635 (control grade 270 feet). When the tank fills. Also.000. but is supplied through two connections with the City of Fredericksburg Courtland pressure zone. which can be supply approximately 800-gpm to the Mine Road tank for pumping to the Battlefield Zone. The Mine Road pressure zone contains a 2. During the summer of 1999. This zone normally operates at approximately 431 feet. to Courthouse Road. The 24-inch line will be continued along Leavells Road through Lee’s Park to Route 1. The other connection is a 4inch diameter pipe segment along Route 1.000. Harrison and Leavells Roads. the 250.Battlefield Pressure Zone The Battlefield pressure zone is supplied from the Five Mile Fork zone by three pressure reducing valves (PRV). Water Distribution System The Spotsylvania County water distribution system consists of approximately 120 miles of piping ranging in size up to 30 inches.000 gallon Mine Road ground storage tank and booster pumping station can also provide water to this zone. varying between 24.000 gallon Courthouse Tank. Additional storage between Thornburg and Four Mile Fork is being evaluated to support development activities. the 250. The Courtland Zone has two tanks. The water distribution system is mapped on the County GIS system. The Spotsylvania County and City of Fredericksburg water distribution systems are combined for the purposes of hydraulic modeling.5 million 42 . an emergency 6inch connection was made to the City of Fredericksburg Zone at Artillery Ridge. and the 1.000 gallons and a second with a volume of 1. City Pressure Zone The City pressure is owned and operated by Spotsylvania County. design of proposed extensions for development and utility operations.000 gallon Courtland Tank. There are currently no storage facilities within the City pressure zone. New facilities are updated on the GIS system to provide for Miss Utility locating. In the past. City of Fredericksburg Distribution System The City of Fredericksburg water distribution system is supplied by a 24-inch transmission main from the Motts Run WTP to a PRV (control grade 425 feet) located along Fall Hill Avenue. has been completed from Motts Water Treatment Plant along Cherry. The 2. A water transmission main. but that connection is currently closed. the Mine Road Zone was served by the Lansdowne connection to the City of Fredericksburg. pipes installed between 1960 and 1979 are mostly cast iron. System improvements are outlined in the Utility CIP and coordinated with development activities. one with a volume of 200. which acts as a pressure reducing device.

The Downtown pressure zone is fed through the newly installed Lafayette PRV (control grade 195 feet) located adjacent to the out-of-service Lafayette pump station. The FMC WWTP consists of preliminary treatment with screening and grit removal. This includes a flow equal to that from the Hazel Run drainage basin that flows by gravity into the City of Fredericksburg wastewater collection system. the Courtland Zone supplies the Spotsylvania County City pressure zone through a PRV located on Lafayette Boulevard and through a 4inch pipe segment along Route 1. Facilities are in place to enable sewage from the Deep Run drainage basin to be pumped to the Massaponax Creek drainage basin. Sand filters were added in 1992 to increase WWTP capacity to 4-mgd. 43 . As previously discussed. and post aeration prior to discharge. In 1995 the FMC WWTP was further upgraded to enable the plant to achieve new TKN limits at a 4-mgd capacity. and final removal to the landfill. tertiary filters. Sewage from the City of Fredericksburg is pumped to the plant. The College pressure zone is fed from the Courtland Zone through two PRV that reduce the pressure to approximately 268 feet. A 2005 expansion to a high level BNR (biological nutrient removal) 8-mgd capacity is complete and operational. The plug flow BNR activated sludge process includes deeper and more efficient aeration basins with anoxic/oxic zone fine pore aeration and high performance clarifiers. both have overflow elevations at approximately 395 feet.5-mgd flow to the FMC WWTP.gallons. The wastewater treatment plant serves the Massaponax Creek drainage basin and includes the pump-over from the American Central sewage collection system and a small part of the upper Hazel Run drainage basin which is also pumped into the Massaponax Creek basin.0-mgd capacity.0-mgd capacity. The plant was purchased by the County in 1980 and in 1985 the plant was upgraded for municipal wastewater treatment service for a design flow of 2. biological treatment with extended aeration activated sludge. In 1978. Existing Sewer Service Spotsylvania County sewerage system consists of the following principal features: Massaponax Wastewater Treatment Plant The Massaponax WWTP was constructed in 1975 with 3. lime addition.619-mgd. centrifuge as backup to the press. belt filter press. off which the College tank floats. Construction has been completed for the Courthouse Area Sewage Pumping Station that conveys sewage from the Courthouse Area to the Massaponax Creek interceptor. In addition. the City has an option to pump an additional 1. the FMC plant receives flow from the Bowman Industrial Park and can receive discharge from the Deep Run sewage pumping station. the FMC Corporation viscose plant ceased production and the industrial WWTP shut down and was abandoned. The FMC WWTP has no gravity service area. It was expanded in 1991 to 6. In addition. Efficient odor control systems have been added in key areas such as the headworks. thickening. followed by clairification. alum or polymer addition. chlorination/dechlorination. FMC Wastewater Treatment Plant The original FMC industrial WWTP began operation in 1967 to treat up to 8-mgd of process wastewater from the production of cellophane. The solids handling includes aerobic digestion. Deep Run wastewater may also be treated at the FMC WWTP.

The total construction costs will exceed $50 million. The WWTP was expanded in 1990 to 345. Deep Run. Service area includes travel-trade along the west side of the Thornburg Interchange of Interstate 95 at Route 606 and residential and commercial customers along U. Sewers and Interceptors The sewer system is broken into collection sewers and four major interceptors. Route 606 and Route 632 near the intersection of Route 1 and Route 606. 44 . The sewer system includes 410 miles of gravity sewer and 30 miles of force main.5-mgd plant.4-mgd to 9. and 6-inch force main that passes westward under Interstate 95.000-gpd capacity. and fire protection needs of the community at the most economical price possible. The entire project is schedule to be completed by 2010. recreational. Objective: Supplement the existing supply of potable water and fire flow for Spotsylvania County citizens. Phase II is under construction and due to be complete in late summer of 2008. Phase I and the Thornburg Gravity Sewer section of the project will be completed at the end of August 2007. Route 1. an industrial site on the southeast corner of the interchanged is served by an 8-inch gravity sewer. A regional sewer operation with the City of Fredericksburg is being considered which would increase the phased 5. The Thornburg sewage collection system consists of approximately 12.4-mgd upgrade to the FMC WWTP to achieve enhanced nutrient removal is under design. Additionally.9-mgd with the decommissioning of the City’s 4.A 5. The Massponax Interceptor Replacement Sewer is a major capitol improvement project that will replace the near capacity existing sewer along Massaponax Creek. The new sewer interceptors will range in size from 18” to 54” diameter pipe. A regional pump station to serve the Jackson Gateway service area is being designed and construction will be phased as needed based on demand.000 feet of 6-inch force main.000 feet of 8-inch and 12-inch gravity sewer and 2.000-gdp capacity. The new interceptor will parallel the existing sewer for approximately 18 miles (96. Thornburg Wastewater Treatment Plant The Thornburg WWTP was constructed in 1972 with 60. 200-gpm pumping station. Hazel Run.S. The interceptors are defined by the drainage basins that they serve: Massaponax Creek. Goals and Objectives Goal: Provide a sufficient supply of high quality drinking water and a distribution system to serve the domestic. commercial. All Spotsylvania County sewers and interceptors have been mapped on the County GIS system. The project is divided into 4 phases and a section entitled the Thornburg Gravity Sewer Interceptor. Phase III is expected to be bid in September of 2007 while Phase IV will be bid in the spring of 2008.450 ft) along Massaponax Creek from our Massaponax Wastewater Treatment Plant to the area of Route 3. industrial. and Long Branch (which is a part of the Hazel Run drainage basin).

Ensure that all new private development utility infrastructure is consistent with the Water/Sewer Master Plan with the adoption and enforcement of ordinance and design guidelines. Ensure that all new private development’s utility infrastructure is consistent with the Water/Sewer Master Plan with the adoption and enforcement of ordinances and design guidelines. 45 . Goal: Provide for the adequacy of all new and existing sewage treatment that meets the needs of the community in an environmentally safe manner and only in targeted growth areas of the County. Objective: Locate new or upgraded sewer facilities to support orderly and efficient development within the Primary Settlement.Implementation Methods: Utilize the Water/Sewer Master Plan to develop a comprehensive approach for the development of new/ additional water sources. prioritized program for the extension of the County sewer system to identified development districts. Continue to promote a Water Conservation Program throughout the County and protect the County’s surface and groundwater supplies for the benefit of all. Utilize the Water/Sewer Master Plan to develop a Capital Improvement Program so as to phase water supply and fire flow improvements for designated County growth areas in a timely and cost effective manner. Jackson Gateway and Courthouse Development Districts. Provide for a pro-rata cost sharing program with developers to fund sewer improvements. Utilize the Water/Sewer Master Plan to develop a Capital Improvement Program so to phase sewer treatment improvements for designated County growth areas in a timely and cost efficient manner. Implementation Methods: Utilize the Water/Sewer Master Plan to provide a phased. Provide for a pro-rata cost sharing program with developers to find water improvements.

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