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CLASSROOM PRACTICES AND THE BEHAVIOR OF GRADE 3

PUPILS IN FAMY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

A Thesis
Presented to the
Faculty of
-----------------------

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
of Arts in Education
Major in ___________

Name

September 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preliminaries Page
Title Page ................................................................................................. i
Approval Sheet .........................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
Acknowledgement ....................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
Dedication ................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.
Table of Contents .....................................................................................ii
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Abstract ....................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

Chapter

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING ................................................. 5


INTRODUCTION .......................................................... 5
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY................................. 5
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK .................................... 5
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK .................................... 5
THE PROBLEM ............. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Statement of the Problem ....................................... 6
Null Hypotheses ...................................................... 6
Scope and Delimitation of the Study ............... Error!
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Significance of the Study ........ Error! Bookmark not
defined.
DEFINITION OF TERMS ............. Error! Bookmark not
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REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES ............. Error!
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FOREIGN LITERATURE ............. Error! Bookmark not
defined.
LOCAL LITERATURE ... Error! Bookmark not defined.
FOREIGN STUDIES...... Error! Bookmark not defined.
LOCAL STUDIES .......... Error! Bookmark not defined.

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defined.
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Subjects of the Study .......................................... 108
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Statistical Treatment of Data .. Error! Bookmark not
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PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA


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Subproblem 1 ........................................................... 114
Subproblem 2 ........................................................... 116
Subproblem 3 ........................................................... 117
Subproblem 4 ........................................................... 119

SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND


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BIBLIOGRAPHY ......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.


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APPENDICES ............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.


A. Letter of Request ................Error! Bookmark not defined.
B. Questionnaire ................................................................ 162

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Chapter 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING

INTRODUCTION

Classroom social environment plays an important role in development for school-

aged children. Student experiences within the classroom help to develop their

behavioral, social, and academic skills. Much of the discussion in educational reform

hinges on the question of whether schools matter. Over the past two decades,

policymakers have called for improvements in the academic performance of U.S.

students. Many educational reformers, particularly those associated with the standards

movement, hold that the key to improving student performance lies in improving

schools. If academic standards are rigorous, curriculum and assessments are aligned to

those standards, and teachers possess the skills to teach at the level the standards

demand, student performance will improve. However, this perspective is to some extent

at odds with another that has emerged from the discussion about school improvement,

namely that it is students rather than schools that make the difference. The quality of

the interactions that students have with their teachers predicts later academic success

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
Statement of the Problem

The study aims to assess the Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in

developing comprehension skills in literature for grade II in Famy-Mabitac District,

Division of Laguna: Basis for proposed Teacher's Guide in Literature Instruction..

Specifically, it will attempt to answer the following research programs.

1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:

1.1 Highest educational attainment;

1.2 Ethnicity?

2. What is the extent of Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in developing

comprehension skills in literature for grade II?

3. What are the problems encountered by the teachers in using Mother Tongue

Translation as a technique in developing comprehension skills in literature for

grade II?

4. Is there significant relationship between Mother Tongue Translation as a

technique in developing comprehension skills in literature for grade II used by the

teachers and the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of highest

educational attainment and ethnicity?

Null Hypotheses

The study tested the hypothesis that:

HO1: There is no significant relationship between the Mother Tongue Translation as a

technique in developing comprehension skills in literature for grade II used by the


teachers and the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of highest

educational attainment and ethnicity

Scope and Limitations

This research will focus on the Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in

developing comprehension skills in literature for grade II in Famy-Mabitac District,

Division of Laguna: Basis for proposed Teacher's Guide in Literature Instruction..

. The coverage of this study was only for the teachers of grade II in Famy-Mabitac

District, Division of Laguna, Academic Year 2018-2019 and the learners.

Significance of the Study

The researcher has high hopes findings of this study will be used by and shall

benefit the different person’s included in the educational process.

Pupils – In this study, the result may directly benefit the students. Mother tongue

encourages a child to express himself easily and active participation because they

understand what is being discussed.

Elementary Teachers – Mother tongue can empower the teachers as well, the

teachers can more accurately assess what has been learned. Teachers can reflect and

see if they are using the appropriate language and technique in teaching basic

education and to maintain their ability in the art of teaching.

School Administrators – The result of this study may help the school administrators in

the assessment and re-evaluation of what happening in the classroom. Especially, the

administrators would be guided to examine the existing policies and practices,


identifying which of these (policies and practices) have to be retained, improved or

strengthened and to involved reasons for such actions, furthermore, the result of this

study would enable the administration to evolve styles and approaches that can be used

to attain the desired efficient practices and vision in the development of the high mode

among the teachers.

DepEd– The result of this study may help the DepEd strengthened the implementation

of mother tongue as a medium of instruction in grade 1 to grade 3.

Government – The result of this study may help the government as source of recent

study to pursue the mother tongue as effective medium of instruction.

Future Researchers – The result of this study will personally benefit the researcher.

The researcher will be made fully aware of the importance of mother tongue based

multilingual language as effective medium of instruction.

Definition of Terms
This section defines the key term used in order to make ease in understanding

the problem. To aid the comprehension of the study, the following terms are defined

operationally.

Pupils- The Grade II pupils enrolled in Famy-Mabitac District, Division of Laguna.

Teachers- These are the Grade II teachers teaching in Famy-Mabitac District, Division

of Laguna.

Translation- The way of translating Second language to the Mother Tongue.

DepEd-- Department of Education

-- Sources of information and guide in implementing MTB-MLE.

Language-- System of communication which consists of a set of sounds and written

symbols which are used by the people of a particular country or region for talking or

writing.

-- Words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same

community or nation

First Language -- The language that they learned first and speak best.

-- Filipino or Tagalog used to be the first language of the Philippines.

Second language -- Language which is not their native language but which they use at

work or at school.

-- Tagalog
Linguistic-- Study of human speech including the units, native, structure, and

modification of language.

-- Way in which language works

Mother Tongue -- Native language, first language

-- Language that you learn from your parents when you are a baby.

Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Education -- Program of DepEd

-- Fundamental educational policy.

-- Well advanced in an art, occupation or branch of knowledge

Reading comprehension - ability to process text, understand its meaning, and to

integrate it with what the reader already knows. ...

--An individual's ability to comprehend text is influenced by their skills and their

ability to process information

CHAPTER II

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES


This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies that give

relevant information helped the researcher in establishing the justification and additional

insights to the study under consideration.

Foreign literature

Chapter III

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter presents the methods of study used; the research utilizes to obtain

the needed data and information including its preparation, validation and administration

on the respondents, other research techniques employed and the statistical treatment

applied to the data.

Method of Research Used

In this chapter, they will see the brief explanation based on the methods of

research writing. The methods of research generally categorized as descriptive,

historical. It will also provide corresponding explanation to the process on methods that

has been used like research design, research instrument, and the statistical treatment

that has been used.

Research Design

The study adopted the descriptive method that assessed the Strategies and

Problems Encountered by Teachers in Implementing Mother Tongue - Based Instruction

in a Multilingual Classroom in public elementary school at 4th district of Laguna.

Pertaining to the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: Highest


educational attainment; Ethnicity, extent of Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in

developing comprehension skills in literature for grade problems encountered by the

teachers in using Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in developing

comprehension skills in literature for grade II, significant difference between Mother

Tongue Translation as a technique in developing comprehension skills in literature for

grade II used by the teachers to their demographic profile.

The study utilized the descriptive method of research as the most

appropriate method in conducting the investigation. The method was deemed most

appropriate in the light of the objective nature and scope of the study.

Description of the Respondents

The study involved Public Grade II elementary School Teachers and learners

who are currently employed and enrolled in public elementary school in Famy-Mabitac

District at Division of Laguna Academic Year 2018-2019.

Research Instrument

Questionnaire – A prepared set of questions design to operate data necessary

for accomplishing the objectives of the research project. It will be the primary instrument

of the researcher to have the data.

The questionnaire consisted of the following: The General Profile of the

respondents such as the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of:Highest

educational attainment; Ethnicity, extent of Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in


developing comprehension skills in literature for grade problems encountered by the

teachers in using Mother Tongue Translation as a technique in developing

comprehension skills in literature for grade II, significant difference between Mother

Tongue Translation as a technique in developing comprehension skills in literature for

grade II used by the teachers to their demographic profile.?..

The weighted average had the following interpretation.

Legend Scale Description

5 4.50-5.00 Always

4 3.50-4.49 Often

3 2.50-3.49 Sometimes

2 1.50-2.49 Seldom

1 1.00-1.49 Never

Procedures in Gathering Data

A letter of request to conduct a study addressed to the school administration was

submitted after it was approved, another request letter to the respondents were

attached to the questionnaire asking for their cooperation about the study to be

undertaken. The questionnaire was distributed during school year 2018-2019. The

researchers personally collected the data from the respondents.

The data gathered were compiled and was strictly scrutinized for accuracy,

computation and analysis for later tabulation.


Statistical Treatment of Data

The following descriptive and inferential statistical tools are used in the treatment

of the data for analyzing and interpretation.

Descriptive Statistics

a. Percentage – this was used to provide relative distribution of the respondent’s

according to some variables; the formula for obtaining the percentage (p) is;

Where in:

P = percentage

F = Frequency of the respondent’s

N = total number of the respondent’s

X = fx

b. Weighted Mean – this was used to compute the average values of the

observation

Where in;

F = frequency

x = corresponding rank of the verbal interpretation

n = total number of the respondent’s


∑ = fx

Z-Test

To determine if there is a significant difference between proportions of two

variables, the z-test will be used.

Z= P1 – P2

p1q1 + p2q2

n1 n2

Where:

P1 = Proportion of first sample

P2 = Proportion of second sample

q1 = 1- p1

q2 = 1- p2

n1 = number of cases in the first sample

n1 = number of cases in the second sample