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Developing a squad within a police department

of highly trained police officers. They formed the first SWAT unit with marksmen
who had military experience. They used the same tactics against american civilians.
The boomerang effect helps explain the invention of militarized police. (War on
drugs and war on terror) International drug cartels and terrorist organiztions and
against home grown terror threats. Huge amounts of dollars go to police
departments. The use of overwhelming force is far cry from traditional policing.
Program 1053 500 hundread million have transfered to police. Under the 1033 program
the Pentagon has given military grade equipment to police departments throughout
the country.Some police forces have the equipment of military as well. More people
need to recognize that foreign internvetion can do bad to home.

Torture and Police Brutality

Treatment of foreign terror suspects outside of USA. Torture inflicted on US


citizens. One of the most infamous examples happened in Chicago 1970. Andrew Wilson
after hew as tortured. Burge subjected 110 African American to torture. John Conry
documend this. In Vietnam Bunge procesed transported and guarded prisoners. This
illegal treatment was part of a broader partment. Protections against torture 8th
amendment Excessive bail shall not be required nor excessive fines imposed nor
cruel and unusual punishments inflicted . 5th Amendment nor shall be compelled. any
criminal case to be witness against himself.

The Boomerang Effect

Government policies and actions which are initially focused outside the US have a
tendency to back back around and significantly impact domestic governments back
home. One major example of this effect is how foreign interventions allow for the
centralization of government decision making and power. The centralization of power
happens in two major ways. The first is the process of bureaucratization, existing
federal government agents expand and gain more resources in order to achieve the
foreign policy objective. New agenciesa re also created. This means more decisions
are being made by unelected bureaucrats and military officials without much
oversight by the general republic. Second foreign interventions provide a rallying
cry for citizens around a common external cause. Citizens shift their attention
from governemtn actions that affect them. Fear and foreign intervention can stifle
this important check on government.

Human capital channel


In order to be successful at a foreign intervention the people involve must
possess or acquire skills (soldiers bureaucratts contractors spies). These skills
do not leave and disappear when they return home. They seek work to governemnt
agencies law enforcement this has a real effects in a variety of institutions.
Another way foreign interventions can boomerang back is through technology and
equipemnt or physical capital.
Administrative dynamics. A Firms culture what people think feel and whats
considered normal acceptable unacceptable. Mentalities and skills change tacticts
methods and equipemtn become standard operating procedure. Activities abroad have
and do real consequences at home.

The Military Industrial Complex

In 1961 President Eisenhower have a farewell speech in which he warned the nation
about what he called the Military Industrial Complex. It refers to the close
relationship between military leaders governenment legislators, bureaucrats, and
private contractors, all of whom have a stake in our national defense. The US
government has a monopoly on defense on the national level meaning that they are
only providor of defense to US citizens. The government purchases military
equipment and services from private firms including uniforms vehicles wweapons and
more. But only a small number of companie who have close relationships with
government officials and specialie knoweldge of the process tend to wind the
contracts.

Crucial decisions about war are not necessarily made by dispassionate politciains
comparing the costs and benefits of military action. The governments defense budget
is fought over by the many firms looking to secure military contracts.

In competitive markets profit and loss provide continual feedback as to whether


companies are using their resources effectively or not. The result is that
resources tend to be used where the create the msot value

For military contractors, profit and loss are determined not by the market, but by
a firms ability to navigate politics. Decisions about where resources will go are
made by bureaucrats not through market competition. There is no way to ensure that
resources used in the defense industry are being used where they are valued most
highly. It's taxpayer money so there is little accountability for wasteful
spending.

What's the solution?

Expand oversight agencies or create more laws. But nothing is done. Department of
defense has been unable to provide accurrate and credible financial documents. The
only real solution would be to drastically reduce the size and scope of the
military and related government agencies which would remove many of the incentives
for special interests to influence our foreign policy and defense spending.