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1. Identify two embedded systems which are sold on the market today and analyze their interfaces.

Embedded System 1: Digital Camera
Embedded System 2: Glucose Meter
Digital Camera
Module 2 Peer Review Questions Input(s) Input Description Process Output(s) Output Description

Identify two embedded systems which are sold on the 1. light - could be natural
light refracted off the subject 1. Digital image -
market today and analyze their interfaces. or electronic (flash)
is captured and focused by the digitally aligned pixels
Image processing systems are used
camera lens that can either be
to crunch the digital data
colored, black/white,
Describe all inputs to each system and outputs from each 2. subject - could be
or other gradients
system. human or non-human
the shutter of the camera
3. Button
opens

Mode of Interaction: Mode of Interaction:
Classify the inputs and outputs based on their mode of
interaction: 1,2 - Light, Subject - Visual (data carried by visible light)
Electronic (data encoded in electrical signals)
- Visual - describing data carried by visible light 3. Button - Tactile (data carried by touch)
CCD/CMOS
- Audio - describing data carried by sound
Analog-to-
- Tactile - describing data carried by touch
Digital
- Electronic - describing data encoded in electrical signals
conversion
For each input and output, estimate the rate at which data Rate of data transfer Rate of data transfer
is transferred in any units that seem appropriate. For 1,2 - light(photons) to CCD/CMOS - 186,286 mi/s 1,2 - Between 2 to 14 frames per second (depends on camera)
example, a video game with a screen might output video 3 - Button (no info available) 3 - Button (no info available)
data at 24 frames per second.
Response Time (button press->shutter->capture)
1,2,&3 - about *1.2 seconds
Estimate the “response time” of the system for different
inputs. That is, what is the time between when the system
receives input and the system responds to that input? For
Explanation
example, a digital camera might take a picture after a
button is pressed. The response time would be the time
Reviewed various DSLR types for their 'record to play'
between pressing the button and taking the picture.
timing. For a particular model it was qouted for 1.2
Explain how you made your estimation.
seconds to see an image after capture.

Glucose Meter
Module 2 Peer Review QuesƟons Input/Interface Input /Interface Description Process Output(s) Output Description

1. blood - contains
LCD (Liquid Crystal
glucose to be measured Chemical reaction between
Display) readout of the
chemicals in the strip and the Blood sugar level
level of glucose from
blood sample
sample
Identify two embedded systems which are sold on the 2. test strip - contains
market today and analyze their interfaces. chemical to initiate
reaction
Linear Active Thermistor™
LCD (Liquid Crystal
Describe all inputs to each system and outputs from each 3. Temperature Sensor whose output voltage is
Temperature Display)Real-time
system. directly proportional to
temperature monitoring
measured temperature
LCD (Liquid Crystal
User interface for menu Display) menu to change
4. Button(s) Information
options time,date,review last
reading

Mode of Interaction: Analog-to-Digital Mode of Interaction:
Classify the inputs and outputs based on their mode of
1,2 - Blood,Test Strip-Tactile (data carried by touch) (Chemical-to-
interaction:
3- Temperature Sensor - Electronic (data encoded in Electrochemical) 1,2,3,&4 - Electronic (data decoded in electrical
- Visual - describing data carried by visible light
electrical signals conversion signals)
- Audio - describing data carried by sound
4 - Push Button - Tactile (data carried by touch) occurs
- Tactile - describing data carried by touch
- Electronic - describing data encoded in electrical signals

Rate of data transfer Rate of data transfer
For each input and output, estimate the rate at which data
1,2 - Blood to test strip---> (0.3ml-1.5ml)/second 1,2 - 0.04ml/second - 0.2ml/second
is transferred in any units that seem appropriate. For
3 -Temperature (no info available-bits per second) 3 - no information avaialble (bits per second)
example, a video game with a screen might output video
4 - Button Interface (no info available-bits per second) 4 - no information avaialble (bits per second)
data at 24 frames per second.

Response Time
1,2 -*7.5 seconds average (depending on model)
Estimate the “response time” of the system for different 3 - no information available for temp sensor
inputs. That is, what is the time between when the 4 - no information available for button press
system receives input and the system responds to that Explanation
input? For example, a digital camera might take a picture
*Reviewed various Glucose meter types for their 'test
after a button is pressed. The response time would be the
timing'. Models fell in the range between 5 to 10
time between pressing the button and taking the picture.
seconds, so the average of 7 seconds was calculated.
Explain how you made your estimation.
Note that test time starts when the strip with sample is
inserted into the meter port.