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REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

PANGASINAN STATE UNIVERSITY


COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE
URDANETA CITY CAMPUS

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM


(ELEC IV)
PREPARED BY:
ESQUIBAL, NELSON JR. ORIGINES
BSME-V
ENGR. CATHERINE T. CAOILE
INSTRUCTOR
I. BACKGROUND OF THE BUILDING
The building is a hospital and has a height of (8) meters, width of Sixty-one (61) m and length of
Forty (40) m with a total floor area of 2440 sq. m including the basement of the building.

II. DESIGN CALCULATION


The design calculation used in designing the fire protection system of the building was the pipe
scheduling system.
First, the building was divided according to the area that will be covered by the protection system
and was summarized and listed below.

Table 1: Area covered by the protection system. AREA (m2)


Ground floor

LOCATION AREA

MORGUE 3.08
CHAPEL 4.0378
WARD 4.0378
KITCHEN 2.4354
CAFETERIA 2.4354
SURGICAL ROOM 4.02
DIALYSIS UNIT 3.3933
EMERGENCY ROOM 3.08
FEMALE WARD 6.8467
MALE WARD 6.8467
PRIVATE ROOM 1.3171
NURSE STATION 1.3171
ADMIN OFFICE 2.7184
LABORATORY ROOM 2.5556
X-RAY ROOM 2.5556
CT-SCAN ROOM 1.4586
CONSULTATION ROOM 1.4586
DOCTOR'S OFFICE 2.5556
NURSE OFFICE 2.5556
BILLING SECTION 1.9668
PHARMACY 0.9693
UTILITY ROOM 1.3171
SUPPLY ROOM 1.7911
ENGINEERING SUPPLY 3.08
RAMP 2.0517
STAIR 2.0517
HALLWAY 81.6463
Second floor

LOCATION AREA

WARD 4.0378
MALE WARD 6.8467
FEMALE WARD 6.8467
NURSE STATION 1.3171
PRIVATE ROOM 1.3171
BLOOD TRANSFUSION 4.02
INTENSIVE CARE UNIT 7.9311
M.R.I ROOM 5.2133
NURES ROOM 3.3016
CONFERENCE ROOM 6.8044
DOCTOR'S OFFICE 3.3016
ADMIN OFFICE 4.6822
HEART STATION 4.6822
HALLWAY 73.1544
STAIR 2.0517
RAMP 2.0517
TOTAL 288.0589

Since the total area that will be covered by the system is 288.0589 m2 it is considered to be light
hazard or ordinary hazard with a condition having an area of 4 831 m2 using the pipe schedule
system.
Then, to be able to determine the numbers of sprinklers per area/room covered, the area was
divided by the minimum area covered by the sprinkler depending on what type of hazard were
determined per area covered/room. In ordinary hazard the area that will be used per sprinkler is
12.1 m2 and in light hazard is 18.6 m2 (NFPA #13, Table 8.6.2.2.1(a) and Table 8.6.2.2.1(b))
Table 2: No. of sprinklers per area covered/room

Ground floor

TYPE OF
LOCATION QUANTITY
HAZARD
MORGUE Light 4
CHAPEL Light 4
WARD Light 4
KITCHEN Ordinary 4
CAFETERIA light 4
SURGICAL ROOM light 4
DIALYSIS UNIT light 4
EMERGENCY ROOM light 4
FEMALE WARD light 12
MALE WARD light 12
PRIVATE ROOM light 34
NURSE STATION light 2
ADMIN OFFICE light 2
LABORATORY ROOM light 4
X-RAY ROOM light 4
CT-SCAN ROOM light 2
CONSULTATION ROOM light 2
DOCTOR'S OFFICE light 4
NURSE OFFICE light 4
BILLING SECTION light 2
PHARMACY light 1
UTILITY ROOM light 1
SUPPLY ROOM light 2
ENGINEERING SUPPLY light 4
RAMP light 8
STAIR light 8
HALLWAY light 86
SECOND FLOOR

TYPE OF
LOCATION QUANTITY
HAZARD
WARD light 8
MALE WARD light 12
FEMALE WARD light 12
NURSE STATION light 2
PRIVATE ROOM light 39
BLOOD TRANSFUSION light 4
INTENSIVE CARE UNIT light 7
M.R.I ROOM light 3
NURES ROOM light 3
CONFERENCE ROOM light 5
DOCTOR'S OFFICE light 3
ADMIN OFFICE light 4
HEART STATION light 4
HALLWAY light 76
STAIR light 8
RAMP light 8

TOTAL SPRINKLER =424


The table 2 shows the desired numbers of sprinklers and of what specific hazard in each area
covered/room.
Lastly, to be able to get the water supply in each sprinkler, the density/area curve was used to
locate what specific water supple per sprinkler and multiplied by the area of the covered
area/rooms (NFPA #13, FIGURE 11.2.3.1.5 Density/Area Curves).
Table 3: Density in Area/Covered/ Rooms

GROUND FLOOR
LOCATION L/min

MORGUE 12.628
CHAPEL 16.55498
WARD 16.55498
KITCHEN 112.27194
CAFETERIA 9.98514
SURGICAL ROOM 16.482
DIALYSIS UNIT 13.91253
EMERGENCY ROOM 12.628
FEMALE WARD 28.07147
MALE WARD 28.07147
PRIVATE ROOM 5.40011
NURSE STATION 5.40011
ADMIN OFFICE 11.14544
LABORATORY ROOM 10.47796
X-RAY ROOM 10.47796
CT-SCAN ROOM 5.98026
CONSULTATION ROOM 5.98026
DOCTOR'S OFFICE 10.47796
NURSE OFFICE 10.47796
BILLING SECTION 8.06388
PHARMACY 3.97413
UTILITY ROOM 5.40011
SUPPLY ROOM 7.34351
ENGINEERING SUPPLY 12.628
RAMP 8.41197
STAIR 8.41197
HALLWAY 334.74983
TOTAL 629.641
SECOND FLOOR
LOCATION L/min

WARD 16.55498
MALE WARD 28.07147
FEMALE WARD 28.07147
NURSE STATION 5.40011
PRIVATE ROOM 5.40011
BLOOD TRANSFUSION 16.482
INTENSIVE CARE UNIT 32.51751
M.R.I ROOM 21.37453
NURES ROOM 13.53656
CONFERENCE ROOM 27.89804
DOCTOR'S OFFICE 13.53656
ADMIN OFFICE 19.19702
HEART STATION 19.19702
HALLWAY 299.93304
STAIR 8.41197
RAMP 8.41197
TOTAL 523.40992

III. BILL OF MATERIALS

PIPES
PIPING
GROUND FLOOR
DIAMETER PRICE PER AMOUNT
(mm) Length of Pipes (m) DESCRIPTION 6m ($)
25 93.87 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 73.26 1146.1527
32 65.58 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 83.73 915.1689
40 26.72 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 92.15 410.37
50 14.31 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 100.26 239.12

PIPING
SECOND FLOOR
DIAMETER PRICE PER AMOUNT
(mm) Length of Pipes (m) DESCRIPTION 6m ($)
25 87.25 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 73.26 1065.3225
32 65.58 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 83.73 915.1689
40 26.72 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 92.15 410.37
50 14.31 Standard Galvanized Steel Schedule 40 Pipes 100.26 239.12