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Basic

Volleyball
Rules
and
Procedures
Basic Volleyball Rules for Playing the
Game
 6 players on a team, 3 on the front row and 3 on the
back row
 Maximum of three hits per side
 Player may not hit the ball twice in succession (A
block is not considered a hit)
 Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on
a serve
 A ball hitting a boundary line is “ in”
 A ball is “ out” if it hits an antennae,
the floor completely outside the court,
any of the net or cables outside the antennae, the
referee stand or pole,
the ceiling above a nonplayable area
 It is legal to contact the ball with any part of a
players body
 It is illegal to catch, hold, or throw the ball
 If two or more players contact the ball at the same
time, it is considered one play and either player
involved may make the next contact (provided the
next contact isn’t the teams 4th hit)
 A player cannot block or attack a serve from on or
inside the 10 foot line
 After the serve, front line players may switch
positions at the net
 At higher competition, the officiating crew may be
made up of two refs, line judges, scorer, and an
assistant scorer

The following are some basic volleyball rules for


violations.
The result of a violation is a point for the
opponent.
 When serving, stepping on or across the service
line as you make contact with the serve
 Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully
 Contacting the ball illegally (lifting, carrying,
throwing, etc.)
 Touching the net with any part of the body while the
ball is in play. Exception: If the ball is driven into the
net with such force that it causes the net to contact
an opposing player, no foul will be called, and the
ball shall continue to be in play.
 When blocking a ball coming from the opponents
court, contacting the ball when reaching over the
net is a violation if both:
1) Your opponent hasn’t used 3 contacts AND
2) they have a player there to make a play on the
ball
 When attacking a ball coming from the opponents
court, contacting the ball when reaching over the
net is a violation if the ball hasn’t yet broken the
vertical plane of the net.
 Crossing the court centerline with any part of your
body. Exception: if it’s the hand or foot, the entire
hand or entire foot must cross for it to be a
violation.
 Serving out of order.
 Back row player blocking (deflecting a ball coming
from their opponent), when at the moment of
contact the back row player is near the net and has
part of his/her body above the top of the net (an
illegal block).
 Back row player attacking a ball inside the front zone
(the area inside the 10 foot line), when at the
moment of contact the ball is completely above the
net (an illegal attack)
Volleyball Scoring Rules
Match

Olympic volleyball matches are best-of-five sets. In the


first four sets, the team that first reaches 25 points with
a minimum lead of two points wins the set. There is no
ceiling, so a set continues until one team gains a two-
point advantage. Fifth sets are played to 15 points, again
with a minimum lead of two points needed to end the
match.

Points

There are several ways a team can score a point in


volleyball. Among them:
 By successfully grounding the ball on the

opponent's side.
 When the opponent hits the ball more than three

times before getting it over the net.


 When the opponent hits the ball over the net, but

it lands out of bands without being touched.


 When the opponent's team commits a service

fault.
 When the opponent touches the ball on the other

side of the net, before the player's attack hit.


 When the opponent touches the net while
playing the ball.

Rally system

A rally is the sequence of playing actions that decides


each point, from the moment of service until the ball is
out of play. The 2000 Sydney Games marked the
implementation of a new scoring system in which a
point is awarded after every rally, regardless of which
team serves. If the serving team wins a rally, it scores a
point and continues to serve. If the receiving team wins
a rally, it scores a point and gains the right to serve. This
is called the "rally system" of scoring.
Previously, a team could only win a point if it served the
ball. If a rally was won by the receiving team, it would
only win back the serve, not a point. Winning the serve
back from the opposition was known as a side out. The
new system was designed to make the scoring easier to
follow, and to make games faster and more exciting. The
rally system also shortens games significantly, thus, sets
are now played to 25 points instead of 15 to make up for
some of that time. Previously, the first four sets had a
ceiling of 17 while the final set required at least a two-
point winning advantage.