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Different types of Juicer/Mixer/Grinders are available in the market. We

developed an innovative Prototype Model of manually operated Mechanical
Juicer-Mixer Grinder, which operates through bevel gear drive and epi cyclic gear
train drive power transmission controlled by manual power transmission system.
This innovative Juicer-Mixer-Grinder is more useful for rural areas and it is also
useful for urban areas. It helps to work at the time of power cut or power failure.
A lot of electrical energy can be saved by using this Juicer-Mixer-Grinder in
manual drive transmission.

Juicer-Mixer-Grinders are being used to fulfill human needs. There are different
applications of Juicer-Mixer-Grinders. There are also a number of available
devices for processing food and producing juice. At the present time there are a
number of commercially available juicer mixer grinders. [1] US Patent No. 2, 297,
880, Oct. 6, 1942 discloses a fruit and vegetable juicer and having its primary
object to provide a juicing machine of a form particularly convenient to use. [2] US
Patent No. 2, 311, 379, Feb. 16, 1943 disclose a juicer particularly adopted for
juicing fruit, vegetable and the like by cutting or grinding them between opposite
cutter plates and then separating the juice from the pulp by centrifugal force. [3]
US Patent No. 4, 345, 517, 1982 discloses a juice extractor, with improvement in
fruit and vegetable juice extractors of the type wherein the fruit and vegetables or
the like are grated or ground and centrifuged for separation of the juice from the
pulp or solid part. [4] US Patent No. 4, 506, 601, 1985 discloses a juice extractor
having a device for controlling the flow of pulp which automatically adjusts itself
to retard, discharge of the pulp from the juice extractor and thereby result in high
yield of the juice from a given product input quantity. [5] US Patent No. 5, 421,
248, 1985 discloses a Multi-Food Processor and Juice Extractor, which is used for
the processing a food and in particular to a device for the processing of food into
juice and smaller particulate food pieces. Most of these devices are powered
electrically and in some cases are operated manually. In developing countries
like India, the power demand is more than the power generation, so per capita
power consumption is very low. [6] Authors have developed an innovative
prototype model of Electro-Mechanical Juicer-Mixer-Grinder and a patent
application has been filed in Patent Office, New Delhi.

To provide a Juicer-Mixer-Grinder to save electrical energy

To provide a Juicer-Mixer-Grinder, this is very useful for rural areas.
To provide a Juicer-Mixer-Grinder, which can be operated in manual .
To provide a Juicer-Mixer-Grinder, which can be operated manually at the time
of power failure or power cut.
To provide a Juicer-Mixer-Grinder which is simple in design and easy in
To provide a Juicer-Mixer-Grinder which can be used in remote areas.






 Mixie blade with jar

Frame is carries an all part’s of the machine, It is made up of mild steel.
Bevel gears are the gears where the axes of the two shafts intersect and the tooth-
bearing faces of the gears themselves are conically shaped. Bevel gears are most
often mounted on shafts that are 90 degrees apart, but can be designed to work at
other angles as well. The pitch surface of bevel gears is a cone.

A handle is a part of, or attachment to, an object that can be moved or
used by hand.
A screw, or bolt, is a type of fastener, typically made of metal, and
characterized by a helical ridge, known as a male thread (external
thread) or just thread, wrapped around a cylinder. Some screw threads
are designed to mate with a complementary thread, known as a female
thread (internal thread), often in the form of a nut or an object that has
the internal thread formed into it. Other screw threads are designed to
cut a helical groove in a softer material as the screw is inserted. The
most common uses of screws are to hold objects together and to
position objects.

A screw will almost always have a head on one end which contains a
specially formed shape that allows it to be turned, or driven, with a
tool. Common tools for driving screws include screwdrivers and
wrenches. The head is usually larger than the body of the screw, which
keeps the screw from being driven deeper than the length of the screw
and to provide a bearing surface. There are exceptions; for instance,
carriage bolts have a domed head that is not designed to be driven; set
screws often have a head smaller than the outer diameter of the screw;
J-bolts have a J-shaped head which is not designed to be driven, but
rather is usually sunk into concrete allowing it to be used as an anchor
bolt. The cylindrical portion of the screw from the underside of the
head to the tip is known as the shank; it may be fully threaded or
partially threaded.[1] The distance between each thread is called the

The majority of screws are tightened by clockwise rotation, which is

termed a right-hand thread; a common mnemonic device for
remembering this when working with screws or bolts is "righty-tighty,
lefty-loosey." Screws with left-hand threads are used in exceptional
cases. For example, when the screw will be subject to counterclockwise
torque (which would work to undo a right-hand thread), a left-hand-
threaded screw would be an appropriate choice. The left side pedal of a
bicycle has a left-hand thread.

More generally, screw may mean any helical device, such as a clamp, a
micrometer, a ship's propeller or an Archimedes' screw water pump.


Pipe cutting, or pipe profiling, is a mechanized industrial process that

removes material from pipe or tube to create a desired profile. Typical
profiles include straight cuts, mitres, saddles and midsection holes.


Welding is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials,

usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct
from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and
soldering, which do not melt the base metal. In addition to melting the
base metal, a filler material is often added to the joint to form a pool of
molten material (the weld pool) that cools to form a joint that can be as
strong, or even stronger, than the base material. Pressure may also be
used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce a weld.
Although less common, there are also solid state welding processes
such as friction welding or shielded active gas welding in which metal
does not melt.
Some of the best known welding methods include:
 Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) - also known as "stick welding
or electric welding", uses an electrode that has flux around it to
protect the weld puddle. The electrode holder holds the electrode
as it slowly melts away. Slag protects the weld puddle from
atmospheric contamination.
 Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) - also known as TIG (tungsten,
inert gas), uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode to produce
the weld. The weld area is protected from atmospheric
contamination by an inert shielding gas such as argon or helium.
Gas metal arc welding (GMAW) - commonly termed MIG (metal, inert
gas), uses a wire feeding gun that feeds wire at an adjustable speed and
flows an argon-based shielding gas or a mix of argon and carbon
dioxide (CO2) over the weld puddle to protect it from atmospheric

As shown in Fig. 1, Electro-Mechanical Juicer-Mixer-Grinder is in electrically

powered mode. As shown in Fig. 1, Spur gears 3, 24, 5 and 30 are mounted on
shafts 1, 26 and 11 which are supported on bearings 2, 4, 33, 6, 7, 9 and 27. A
handle 8 is attached with shaft 26 to rotate the shaft 26, which rotates gear 24. This
gear 24 is meshed with gear 3, which is mounted on shaft 1. Another gear 5 is also
mounted on the same shaft 1. The gear 5 is meshed with gear 30, which is mounted
on shaft 11. Thus gears 24, 3, 5 and 30 comprise a compound gear train. If the
shaft 26 is rotated, motion and power is transferred from this shaft to the shaft 11
though the above said compound gear train. A fly wheel 10, sleeve 12 AMAE Int.
J. on Manufacturing and Material Science, Vol. 01, No. 01, May 2011 © 2011
AMAE DOI: 01.IJMMS.01.01.533 39 and bevel gear 13 are mounted on the shaft
11.The sleeve 12 is fixed with bevel gear 13. The shaft 11 is made splined at
one end so that bevel gear 13 and sleeve 12 can be rotated with their axial
movements in either direction.

• saves the electric power.

• • Low cost automation.

• Maintenance cost is very low.

• Easy to install

• easy to operate


1. It takes more time to grinding ingredients.

2. fine grinding is not possible.


• Implementation in rural areas.

• Domestic application.

• Implementing in areas where there is no provision of electric power.



Materials require for the manufacturing of a components depends upon the

following factors:


The various factors which determine the choice of material are discussed below.
1. Properties:

The material selected must possess the necessary properties for the proposed
application. The various requirements to be satisfied can be weight, surface finish,
rigidity, ability to withstand environmental attack from chemicals, service life,
reliability etc.
The following four types of principle properties of materials decisively affect their
a. Physical
b. Mechanical
c. From manufacturing point of view
d. Chemical
The various physical properties concerned are melting point, Thermal conductivity,
Specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, specific gravity, electrical
conductivity, Magnetic purposes etc.
The various Mechanical properties Concerned are strength in tensile, compressive
shear, bending, torsional and buckling load, fatigue resistance, impact resistance,
elastic limit, endurance limit, and modulus of elasticity, hardness, wear resistance
and sliding properties.

The various properties concerned from the manufacturing point of view are.



surface properties,


Deep drawing etc.

2. Manufacturing Case:

Sometimes the demand for lowest possible manufacturing cost or surface

qualities obtainable by the application of suitable coating substances may
demand the use of special materials.
3. Quality Required:

This generally affects the manufacturing process and ultimately the material. For
example, it would never be desirable to go for casting of a less number of
components which can be fabricated much more economically by welding or
hand forging the steel.
4. Availability of Material:

Some materials may be scarce or in short supply. It then becomes obligatory for
the designer to use some other material which though may not be a perfect
substitute for the material designed. The delivery of materials and the delivery date
of product should also be kept in mind.
5. Space Consideration:

Sometimes high strength materials have to be selected because the forces involved
are high and the space limitations are there.

6. Cost:

As in any other problem, in selection of material the cost of material plays an

important part and should not be ignored. Sometimes factors like scrap utilization,
appearance, and non-maintenance of the designed part are involved in the
selection of proper materials


From the requirements choose suitable materials for pinion and gear, tooth profile
and pressure angle are selected.
Minimum cone distance, R can be determined by using equation,
Average module mav can be calculated based on the
beam strength using the equation

Diameter of pinion,

Diameter of the wheel,

Recalculate cone distance,

Calculate the face width ,

Checking conditions:

Check for surface compressive stress using the equation

Check for bending stress using the equation,

Tabulate the results

This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder can be operated manually if electricity is not
available. This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder is simple in design. This Juicer-Mixer-
Grinder is easy in maintenance resulting low maintenance cost.
This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder is easy to manufacture resulting low product cost.
This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder can be operated in manual or power mode according
to the requirement.
Electrical energy can be saved by using this Juicer-Mixer-Grinder in manual
Green house gases can be reduced by using this Juicer-Mixer-Grinder in manual
mode as the electrical energy can be saved in manual mode.
This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder is more useful for remote areas and undeveloped
countries where electrical energy is not available in remote areas.
This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder is compact in design as manual and power driven
systems are integrated.
This Juicer-Mixer-Grinder can be shifted from manual mode to power driven
mode or vice-versa by shifting a lever without any other change.

[1] C.A. Fredrickson, Fruit and vegetable juicer, US Patent No. 2, 297, 880, Oct. 6,
[2] M.D. Gillanders, Juicer, US Patent No. 2, 311, 379, Feb.16, 1943.
[3] Arao, et al., Juice Extractor, US Patent No. 4, 345, 517,Aug. 24, 1982.
[4] Ramirez, Justo F and Ramirez, Justo D, Juice Extrator with Automatic Pulp
Discharge, US Patent No. 4, 506, 601,Published on March, 26, 1985.
[5] Ramirez, et al. Multi-food Processor and Juice Extractor, US Patent no. 5, 421,
248, issued on June 6, 1995.
[6] Shamshad Ali and Gurdeep Singh, Electro-Mechanical Juicer-Mixer-Grinder,
Patent Application No. 1906/DEL/2010, File on 13.08.2010, Patent Office, New
Delhi, India
[7] Kawachi Group, 7, Nav, Ratna Apartment, Asara Col Road, Dattapada, Borivli,
(East) Mumbai 400001.
[8] Jagjeet Engg. Works, Zamir Street, Nawab Ganj, Azad Market, New Delhi-
110006, India.